|• Total||6.80 sq mi (17.61 km2)|
|• Land||6.77 sq mi (17.53 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)|
|Elevation||928 ft (283 m)|
|• Density||873/sq mi (337.2/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1338888|
Joshua is located in north-central Johnson County at  It is bordered to the north by Burleson and to the south by Cleburne, the county seat. Texas State Highway 174 (Broadway Street) runs through the city, leading north 7 miles (11 km) to the center of Burleson and south 8 miles (13 km) to the center of Cleburne. Fort Worth is 22 miles (35 km) north of Joshua.(32.455198, -97.393622).
According to the United States Census Bureau, Joshua has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.6 km2), of which 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.47%, are water. The north side of the city is drained by Village Creek, a tributary of the Trinity River, while the south side is drained by tributaries of East Buffalo Creek, flowing to the Nolan River, part of the Brazos River watershed.
Joshua is in the Cross Timbers region of Texas, on land patented by W. W. Byers in 1867. The section was sold in 1874 to John Powell. Caddo Grove, 2 miles (3 km) east of Joshua, was the first community in the area. It had its own post office and was a thriving town until the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway was completed from Cleburne to Fort Worth in 1881. The railroad missed Caddo Grove, and a station was built on the tracks at the site of future Joshua. The station was originally called "Caddo Peak", but the name was rejected by the post office because of another community with that name. The name "Joshua" was chosen, purportedly by Dr. D. B. McMillan, after the biblical Joshua. W. L. West was the first postmaster when the community received a post office in 1882. In 1883 Caddo Grove's post office was withdrawn.
The plat for Joshua was first surveyed in 1880, and the community was organized in 1881 when the railroad arrived. The first store, opened in 1882 by W. L. West, also housed the post office. By 1890 Joshua had a population of 300, two steam-powered corn mills and cotton gins, a hotel, a general store, and a newspaper, the Johnson County Record. The railroad shipped farm produce, Joshua's largest export. The first one-room school opened in 1890, and in 1899 it moved into a new building. In 1917 this school became Joshua High School. In 1900 and 1912 Joshua suffered major fires. In spite of this, new businesses continued to open. The Citizen's Banking Company, opened in 1904, was run by J. W. Spencer. Two years later a public water system began. Truck gardens, orchards, and corn and cotton farms surrounded Joshua.
In 1912 the Fort Worth South Traction Line began to provide interurban rail service from Cleburne to Fort Worth, with a stop in Joshua. Service stopped in 1932 because of the growing importance of automobile travel. The first car in Joshua was purchased in 1913. By 1914 the community had a population of 824, two cotton gins, an ice plant, a bank, a newspaper named the Joshua Star, and four churches. Local farms grew cotton and potatoes.
In the mid-1950s Joshua was incorporated, with Ted Strube as the first mayor. The population dropped to 550 during the 1950s and rose to 924 in 1970. By 1980 it was 1,470. Because of its proximity to Fort Worth, the population grew to 3,828 by 1990. Joshua had 14 businesses in 1970 and 58 in 1980, when seven local manufacturers made such items as aluminum products, boat trailers, leather goods, and windows. The Joshua Tribune began publication in 1970 and was published until the early 1990s, when it moved to Burleson.
William Leech West, a Confederate Civil War veteran born in Alabama but more recently from Mississippi, owned a large farm to the east of the town of Caddo Grove. Family legend says that upon arriving in Texas, he temporarily left his wife and children in the wagon yards in Fort Worth and rode a horse south. His intent was to find an area where there were no fences. He journeyed for several days until he found the area he liked near the geographic feature of Caddo Peak in Johnson County.
W.L. West owned and operated a grocery store and post office in Caddo Grove, until the railroad bypassed the small community of Caddo Grove. Along with the rest of the businessmen of Caddo Grove, he moved the entire building housing his store into Joshua when the railroad came. This building, with its actual dimensional lumber, was later dismantled in the 1940s and the salvaged wood used for an addition to his son Samuel A. West's house on Main Street in Joshua. The original house on the old West farm burned in a fire in the 1930s. The Wests donated a large portion of the land for the Caddo Grove Cemetery. He, his wife and many of his descendants are buried in this cemetery in a large plot near the center of the cemetery. A portion of the original homestead land is still owned by one of his grandchildren today.
W.L. West's son Samuel Abe West was a prominent citizen of Joshua for 93 years. He was an Army veteran of World War I, although he had a difficult time being accepted for enlistment due to an injury received as a child. While crossing the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad tracks and under a stopped train, the train moved and pinched a portion of his upper arm. Due to this injury and the lack of a biceps muscle, he was only allowed to enlist in the Finance Corps. He served at Camp Travis, which is now in the location of the parade fields at Fort Sam Houston, Texas. He ended his enlistment never serving overseas. S.A. West was mustered out as a Sergeant First Class paymaster. He was born in a cabin on the West homestead in 1887 and worked in various banking operations for relatives. Later he owned the grocery store on Main Street in Joshua (where the private detective agency is located now). He was known to lend people money and food during hard times, especially the Depression. When he finally closed down the store in the early 1970s, his son and daughter found numerous unpaid IOUs. He was also a town alderman during the 1950s, a member of the First United Methodist Church and a member of the Masonic Lodge. He was one of the very few Republicans in Johnson County at the time.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,528 people, 1,610 households, and 1,252 families residing in the city. The population density was 695.3 people per square mile (268.6/km²). There were 1,723 housing units at an average density of 264.6 per square mile (102.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.46% White, 0.27% African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 2.85% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.91% of the population.
There were 1,610 households out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.6% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.2% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.17.
In the city, the population was spread out with 29.7% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $43,431, and the median income for a family was $50,785. Males had a median income of $36,686 versus $23,674 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,363. About 3.9% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Joshua city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 11, 2019.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Johnson County History Book Committee, History of Johnson County, Texas (Dallas: Curtis Media, 1985)
- Joshua Historical Committee, Joshua: As It Was and Is (Cleburne, Texas, 1977)
- Lisa C. Maxwell, "Joshua", Handbook of Texas Online,  (accessed July 16, 2006), copyright © Texas State Historical Association]
- Strube, Sylvia (September 2008). "Obituary". Cleburne, Tx: Cleburne Times Review. Archived from the original on 2013-01-20. Retrieved 11/12/2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter
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- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Joshua ISD Attendance Zone Map – Joshua Independent School District. Retrieved 6 May 2009.