Cleburne is a city in and the county seat of Johnson County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 29,337. The city is named in honor of Patrick Cleburne, a Confederate general. Lake Pat Cleburne, the reservoir that provides water to the city and surrounding area, is also named after him.
Johnson County courthouse
"This is Texas"
|Established||March 23, 1867|
|• City Council||Mayor Scott Cain|
Dr. Robert Kelly
|• City Manager||Steve Polasek|
|• Total||32.46 sq mi (84.07 km2)|
|• Land||29.58 sq mi (76.62 km2)|
|• Water||2.88 sq mi (7.45 km2)|
|Elevation||764 ft (233 m)|
|• Density||992/sq mi (382.9/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1332964|
Cleburne is Johnson County's third county seat. It was formerly known as Camp Henderson, a temporary Civil War outpost from which Johnson County soldiers would depart for war (most of them would serve under General Cleburne). The city was formally incorporated in 1871.
In August 1886 the Texas Farmers' Alliance met at Lee's Academy and adopted a seventeen-point political resolution, commonly known as the Cleburne Demands, which was the first major document of the agrarian revolt occurring at the end of the late nineteenth century.
Cleburne was primarily an agricultural center and county seat until the Santa Fe Railroad opened a major facility there in 1898. During this time the population boomed, as it became a sizable city for the area with over 12,000 residents by 1920.
Cleburne is on the fringe of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. Growth in the area can be primarily attributed to suburbanization. It is the second most populous city in Johnson County (slightly less populous than Burleson).
On May 15, 2013, Cleburne was hit by a powerful tornado that cut a mile-wide path through part of the city and damaged about 600 homes and two schools. The weather service said it was an EF-3, which has winds between 136 and 165 miles per hour (219 and 266 km/h). No deaths or severe injuries were reported.
Cleburne is west of the center of Johnson County, 30 miles (48 km) south of the center of Fort Worth. It is bordered to the north by Joshua and to the east by Keene. U.S. Route 67 runs through the north side of the city on a freeway bypass; the highway leads east 12 miles (19 km) to Alvarado and west 53 miles (85 km) to Stephenville. State Highways 171 and 174 run through the center of Cleburne on Main Street. Highway 171 leads northwest 19 miles (31 km) to Cresson and southeast 29 miles (47 km) to Hillsboro, while Highway 174 leads north 15 miles (24 km) to Burleson and southwest 38 miles (61 km) to Meridian.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Cleburne has a total area of 32.5 square miles (84.1 km2), of which 29.6 square miles (76.6 km2) are land and 2.9 square miles (7.4 km2), or 8.86%, are water. East and West Buffalo Creek run through the center of Cleburne, flowing south to the Nolan River and part of the Brazos River watershed.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 26,005 people, 9,335 households, and 6,767 families residing in the city. The population density was 935.9 people per square mile (361.3/km²). There were 9,910 housing units at an average density of 356.7 per square mile (137.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.32% White, 4.44% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 6.42% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 24.90% of the population.
There were 9,335 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,481, and the median income for a family was $41,975. Males had a median income of $32,131 versus $21,778 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,762.
The City of Cleburne Parks and Recreation Department maintains Splash Station, a small water park for people of all ages.
The 96-acre (390,000 m2) Cleburne Sports Complex contains seven baseball/softball fields, two football fields, and twenty soccer fields.
The Depot at Cleburne Station is a 1,750 seat baseball stadium, home to the Cleburne Railroaders of the American Association of Independent Professional Baseball.
Plaza Theatre Company is a 158-seat theatre-in-the-round which operates year-round in Cleburne's historic downtown. The troupe provides family-friendly musicals and comedies and has been the recipient of numerous awards for theatrical excellence since opening in November 2006.
The Johnson County Chisholm Trail Museum is an outdoor museum located in the western part of Cleburne at the site of Wardville, the original county seat of Johnson County, established in 1854. The original courthouse is there and is the oldest log courthouse in Texas. There is a one-room schoolhouse, a jail with the original iron doors from the Wardville jail, a blacksmith shop, an original mule barn, and a restored stagecoach from two early John Wayne movies. There is also the Big Bear Native American Museum. It was recently named as one of Texas' top 10 open-air museums.
Cleburne State Park is in a hilly area 12 miles (19 km) west of the city center. It has fishing in Cedar Lake, camping, swimming, and hiking trails.
Major employers include Walmart, which maintains a Supercenter retail outlet, as well as a distribution center. Together those facilities employ 914 workers. Local government is also a major employer, providing 335 jobs. Johns Manville, Texas Resources Harris Methodist Hospital, Greenbrier rail service (operating at the rail yards previously occupied by Burlington Northern Santa Fe), Supreme Corporation of Texas and Broan-Nutone are among other major private sector employers. A recent natural gas boom has now brought related companies to the district and surrounding areas.
The 1998 television movie Still Holding On: The Legend of Cadillac Jack was filmed in Cleburne. The film starred Clint Black in the title role of rodeo star Jack Favor, wrongfully convicted in 1967 of two murders near Haughton, Louisiana.
The city is served by the Cleburne Independent School District. Cleburne High School is the one high school. CISD also maintains an alternative school, the Team School, and Phoenix which is the disciplinary school. The district operates two middle schools for grades 6 though 8: A.D. Wheat Middle School and Lowell Smith Middle School. Elementary level schools serving the Cleburne area are Adams, Coleman, Cooke, Gerard, Irving, Marti and Santa Fe (grades K through 5). A K4 - 12th grade private school (Cleburne Christian Academy) is also available.
Hill College's Johnson County Campus is in Cleburne.
Cleburne High School sportsEdit
Cleburne High School is in UIL district 8-5A.
Cleburne's most notable sports stadium is nicknamed "The Rock". It is primarily made of stone and was constructed by the Public Works Administration workers in 1934. Football and soccer are played on this field.
Cleburne High School fields teams in the following sports:
- Basketball, boys and girls
- Softball, girls
- Volleyball, girls
- Track, boys and girls
- Cross country, boys and girls
- Tennis, boys and girls
- Power lifting
- Soccer, boys and girls
- Swimming, boys and girls
- Golf, boys and girls
Cleburne High School has the following arts programs:
- Marching Band
- Concert Band
- Jazz Band
- William H. Bledsoe, member of both houses of Texas legislature from Lubbock, 1915 to 1929; co-author of bill establishing Texas Tech University, born in Cleburne in 1869
- DeWayne Burns, Republican member of Texas House of Representatives from Johnson and Bosque counties, effective January 2015
- Johnny Carroll, rockabilly singer who recorded for Sun Records, Decca Records, and Warner Brothers
- Pat Culpepper, All-American linebacker for the University of Texas. Inducted into the Longhorn Hall of Honor in 1994 and to the Texas High School Football Hall of Fame in 2010, along with Drew Brees. Also well known Texas High School football coach and college football coach.
- Donnie Dacus, former guitarist of Chicago
- Dillon Gee, pitcher for New York Mets, Minnesota Twins, Texas Rangers
- Joe Keeble, football player
- David McWilliams, former player and head football coach of the University of Texas and head coach at Texas Tech University
- Spike Owen, former Major League Baseball shortstop
- Derrell Palmer, 1950s Cleveland Browns lineman
- Randy Rogers, singer and front man of Randy Rogers Band
- Del Sharbutt, radio and television announcer, songwriter, composer of popular Campbell's Soup jingle
- Barbara Staff, co-chairman of 1976 Ronald Reagan Texas presidential primary campaign; born in Cleburne in 1924
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cleburne has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
- United States Postal Service (2012). "USPS - Look Up a ZIP Code". Retrieved 2012-02-15.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Cleburne city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 84.
- "The Handbook of Texas Online: Johnson County". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2012-01-28.
- Goodwyn, Lawrence (1978), The Populist Moment: A Short History of the Agrarian Revolt in America, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-502417-6, p.46-49.
- Ruth Alice Allen 1889–1979. Chapters in the history of organized labor in Texas The University of Texas publication #4143 November 15, 1941 Austin, TX: University of Texas, p.123
- North Central Texas Council of Governments
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Johnson County Chisholm Trail Museum
- Cleburne Times Review, April 22, 2016
- Source: Cleburne Chamber of Commerce
- "Still Holding On: The Legend of Cadillac Jack". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- Statistical Surveys, Incorporated
- Community Life Magazine June/July 2016 Vol. 11, No. 3
- "Cleburne, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 21 March 2018.