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List of countries by GDP (nominal)

Largest economies by nominal GDP in 2018[1]

Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year.[2] Countries are sorted by nominal GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official exchange rates. Nominal GDP does not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency.[3] Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference in the standard of living of its population.[4]

Comparisons of national wealth are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem, but has its own drawbacks; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than nominal GDP.[5] On the whole, PPP per capita figures are less spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.[6]

The United States is the world's largest economy with a GDP of approximately $19.39 trillion, notably due to high average incomes, a large population,[7] capital investment, moderate unemployment,[8] high consumer spending,[9] a relatively young population,[10] and technological innovation.[11] Tuvalu is the world's smallest national economy, with a GDP of about $32 million, because of its very small population, a lack of natural resources, reliance on foreign aid, negligible capital investment, demographic problems, and low average incomes.[12]

Although the rankings of national economies have changed considerably over time, the United States has maintained its top position since the Gilded Age, a time period in which its economy saw rapid expansion, surpassing the British Empire and Qing dynasty in aggregate output.[13][14] Since China's transition to a market-based economy through privatisation and deregulation,[15][16] the country has seen its ranking increase from ninth in 1978 to second to only the United States in 2016 as economic growth accelerated and its share of global nominal GDP surged from 2% in 1980 to 15% in 2016.[14][17] India has also experienced a similar economic boom since the implementation of economic liberalisation in the early 1990s.[18] When supranational entities are included, the European Union is the second largest economy in the world. It was the largest from 2004, when ten countries joined the union,[19] to 2014, after which it was surpassed by the United States.[20]

The first list includes estimates compiled by the International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook, the second list shows the World Bank's data, and the third list includes data compiled by the United Nations Statistics Division. The IMF definitive data for the past year and estimates for the current year are published twice a year in April and October. Several economies which are not considered to be countries (the world, the European Union, and some dependent territories) are included in the lists because they appear in the sources as distinct economies. These economies are italicized and not ranked in the charts, but are listed where applicable.

Contents

Lists

Per the International Monetary Fund (2018)[17] Per the World Bank (2017)[21] Per the United Nations (2017)[22][23]
Rank Country GDP
(US$million)
   World[20] 84,835,462
1   United States 20,513,000
2   China[n 1] 13,457,267
3   Japan 5,070,626
4   Germany 4,029,140
5   United Kingdom 2,808,899
6   France 2,794,696
7   India 2,689,992
8   Italy 2,086,911
9   Brazil 1,909,386
10   Canada 1,733,706
11   South Korea 1,655,608
12   Russia[n 2] 1,576,488
13   Spain 1,437,047
14   Australia 1,427,767
15   Mexico 1,199,264
16   Indonesia 1,005,268
17   Netherlands 909,887
18   Saudi Arabia 769,878
19   Turkey 713,513
20    Switzerland 709,118
21   Taiwan 602,678
22   Sweden 554,659
23   Poland 549,478
24   Belgium 536,055
25   Thailand 490,120
26   Argentina 475,429
27   Austria 459,401
28   Norway 441,439
29   United Arab Emirates 432,612
30   Iran 430,082
31   Nigeria 397,472
32   South Africa 376,679
33   Ireland 366,448
34   Israel 365,599
35   Hong Kong 360,315
36   Denmark 354,683
37   Malaysia 347,290
38   Singapore 346,621
39   Colombia 336,940
40   Philippines 331,678
41   Pakistan 306,987
42   Chile 299,887
43   Bangladesh 286,275
44   Finland 276,553
45   Egypt 249,471
46   Czech Republic 244,540
47   Vietnam 241,434
48   Romania 239,440
49   Portugal 237,962
50   Iraq 230,911
51   Peru 228,944
52   Greece 218,057
53   New Zealand 205,997
54   Algeria 188,342
55   Qatar 188,295
56   Kazakhstan 184,209
57   Hungary 156,393
58   Kuwait 144,523
59   Ukraine 126,390
60   Morocco 118,178
61   Angola 114,504
62   Ecuador 107,266
63   Slovakia 106,940
64   Puerto Rico 104,557
65   Venezuela 96,328
66   Sri Lanka 92,504
67   Kenya 89,591
68   Ethiopia 83,836
69   Oman 81,682
70   Dominican Republic 81,103
71   Guatemala 79,109
  Syria[n 3] 77,460/Na
72   Myanmar 71,543
73   Luxembourg 68,993
74   Panama 66,031
75   Bulgaria 63,651
76   Uruguay 60,933
77   Costa Rica 60,816
78   Croatia 59,971
79   Belarus 56,934
80   Lebanon 56,709
81   Tanzania 55,645
82   Slovenia 54,969
83   Macau 53,961
84   Lithuania 52,468
85   Ghana 51,815
86   Serbia 47,564
87   Côte d'Ivoire 45,875
88   Azerbaijan 45,592
89   Uzbekistan 43,303
90   Libya 43,236
91   Democratic Republic of the Congo 42,692
92   Turkmenistan 42,764
93   Jordan 41,869
94   Paraguay 41,851
95   Bolivia 41,833
96   Tunisia 41,662
97   Bahrain 39,300
98   Cameroon 38,445
99   Latvia 34,286
100   Sudan 33,249
101   Estonia 29,527
102     Nepal 28,813
103   Yemen 28,524
104   Uganda 27,855
105   Iceland 26,684
106   El Salvador 25,833
107   Zambia 25,778
108   Senegal 24,240
109   Cambodia 24,141
110   Cyprus 23,963
111   Honduras 23,835
112   Trinidad and Tobago 23,284
113   Papua New Guinea 20,767
114   Afghanistan 20,367
115   Bosnia and Herzegovina 19,984
116   Zimbabwe 19,367
117   Botswana 19,070
118   Laos 18,230
119   Mali 17,407
120   Gabon 17,212
121   Georgia 16,716
122   Jamaica 15,424
123   Albania 15,121
124   Brunei 14,695
125   Mozambique 14,601
126   Burkina Faso 14,284
127   Malta 14,270
128   Namibia 14,148
129   Mauritius 14,033
130   Nicaragua 13,380
131   Equatorial Guinea 13,225
132   Bahamas 12,928
133   Mongolia 12,724
134   Armenia 12,533
135   Madagascar 12,499
136   Macedonia 12,374
137   Guinea 11,503
138   Republic of Congo 11,460
139   Moldova 11,436
140   Chad 11,112
141   Benin 10,546
142   Haiti 9,717
143   Rwanda 9,709
144   Niger 9,458
145   Kyrgyzstan 8,013
146   Kosovo 7,839
147   Tajikistan 7,350
148   Malawi 6,885
149   Eritrea 6,722
150   Montenegro 5,389
151   Togo 5,347
152   Fiji 5,223
153   Mauritania 5,200
154   Barbados 5,172
155   Maldives 4,809
156   Eswatini 4,756
157   South Sudan 3,980
158   Suriname 3,840
159   Sierra Leone 3,754
160   Guyana 3,636
161   Burundi 3,436
162   Liberia 3,218
163   Timor-Leste 3,155
164   Lesotho 2,981
165   Bhutan 2,624
166   Central African Republic 2,307
167   Djibouti 2,187
168   Cape Verde 1,972
169   Belize 1,912
170   St. Lucia 1,774
171   San Marino 1,769
172   Antigua and Barbuda 1,612
173   The Gambia 1,605
174   Seychelles 1,564
175   Guinea-Bissau 1,480
176   Solomon Islands 1,424
177   Grenada 1,192
178   St. Kitts and Nevis 1,005
179   Vanuatu 957
180   Samoa 878
181   St. Vincent and the Grenadines 828
182   Comoros 745
183   Dominica 485
184   Tonga 468
185   São Tomé and Príncipe 450
186   Federated States of Micronesia 335
187   Palau 300
188   Marshall Islands 230
189   Kiribati 205
190   Tuvalu 45
Rank Country GDP
(US$million)
   World 80,683,787
1   United States 19,390,604
2   China[n 4] 12,237,700
3   Japan 4,872,137
4   Germany 3,677,439
5   United Kingdom 2,622,434
6   India 2,597,491
7   France 2,582,501
8   Brazil 2,055,506
9   Italy 1,934,798
10   Canada 1,653,043
11   South Korea 1,577,524
12   Russia[n 2] 1,530,751
13   Australia 1,323,421
14   Spain 1,311,320
15   Mexico 1,149,919
16   Indonesia 1,015,539
17   Turkey 851,102
18   Netherlands 826,200
19   Saudi Arabia 683,827
20    Switzerland 678,887
21   Argentina 637,590
22   Sweden 538,040
23   Poland 524,510
24   Belgium 492,681
25   Thailand 455,221
26   Iran 439,514
27   Austria 416,596
28   Norway 398,832
29   United Arab Emirates 382,575
30   Nigeria 375,771
31   Israel 350,851
32   South Africa 349,419
-   Hong Kong 341,449
34   Ireland 333,731
35   Denmark 324,872
36   Singapore 323,907
37   Malaysia 314,500
38   Philippines 313,595
39   Colombia 309,191
40   Pakistan 304,952
41   Chile 277,076
42   Finland 251,885
43   Bangladesh 249,724
44   Egypt 235,369
45   Vietnam 223,864
46   Portugal 217,571
47   Czech Republic 215,726
48   Romania 211,803
49   Peru 211,389
50   New Zealand 205,853
51   Greece 200,288
52   Iraq 197,716
53   Algeria 170,371
54   Qatar 167,605
55   Kazakhstan 159,407
56   Hungary 139,135
57   Angola 124,209
58   Kuwait 120,126
59   Sudan 117,488
60   Ukraine 112,154
61   Morocco[n 5] 109,139
62   Ecuador 103,057
63   Slovak Republic 95,769
64   Sri Lanka 87,175
65   Ethiopia 80,561
66   Dominican Republic 75,932
67   Guatemala 75,620
68   Kenya 74,938
69   Oman 72,643
70   Myanmar 69,322
71   Luxembourg 62,404
72   Panama 61,838
73   Costa Rica 57,057
74   Bulgaria 56,832
75   Uruguay 56,157
76   Croatia 54,849
77   Belarus 54,442
78   Tanzania[n 6] 52,090
79   Lebanon 51,844
80   Libya 50,984
81   Macau 50,361
82   Slovenia 48,770
83   Uzbekistan 48,718
84   Ghana 47,330
85   Lithuania 47,168
86   Turkmenistan 42,355
87   Serbia 41,432
88   Azerbaijan 40,748
89   Cote d'Ivoire 40,389
90   Tunisia 40,257
91   Jordan 40,068
92   Bolivia 37,509
93   Democratic Republic of the Congo 37,241
94   Bahrain 35,307
95   Cameroon 34,799
96   Latvia 30,264
97   Paraguay 29,735
98   Estonia 25,921
99   Uganda 25,891
100   Zambia 25,809
101   El Salvador 24,805
102     Nepal 24,472
103   Iceland 23,909
104   Honduras 22,979
105   Cambodia 22,158
106   Trinidad and Tobago 22,105
107   Cyprus[n 7] 21,652
108   Papua New Guinea 21,089
109   Afghanistan 20,815
110   Bosnia and Herzegovina 18,169
111   Zimbabwe 17,846
112   Botswana 17,407
113   Laos 16,853
114   Senegal 16,375
115   Mali 15,288
116   Georgia[n 8] 15,159
117   Jamaica 14,768
118   Gabon 14,623
119   West Bank and Gaza 14,498
120   Nicaragua 13,814
121   Mauritius 13,338
122   Namibia 13,245
123   Albania 13,039
124   Burkina Faso 12,873
125   Malta 12,538
126   Equatorial Guinea 12,487
127   Mozambique 12,334
128   The Bahamas 12,162
129   Brunei 12,128
130   Armenia 11,537
131   Madagascar 11,500
132   Mongolia 11,488
133   Macedonia 11,338
134   Guinea 10,491
135   Chad 9,981
136   Benin 9,274
137   Rwanda 9,137
138   Republic of the Congo 8,723
139   Haiti 8,408
140   Moldova[n 9] 8,128
141   Niger 8,120
142   Kyrgyzstan 7,565
143   Somalia 7,369
144   Tajikistan 7,146
145   Kosovo 7,129
146   Malawi 6,303
147   Fiji 5,061
148   Mauritania 5,025
149   Togo 4,813
150   Barbados 4,797
151   Montenegro 4,774
152   Maldives 4,597
153   Swaziland 4,409
154   Sierra Leone 3,774
155   Guyana 3,676
156   Burundi 3,478
157   Suriname 3,324
158   Andorra 3,013
159   Timor-Leste 2,955
160   Lesotho 2,639
161   Bhutan 2,512
162   Liberia 2,158
163   Central African Republic 1,949
164   Djibouti 1,845
165   Belize 1,838
166   Cabo Verde 1,754
167   Saint Lucia 1,712
168   San Marino 1,659
169   Antigua and Barbuda 1,532
170   Seychelles 1,486
171   Guinea-Bissau 1,347
172   Solomon Islands 1,303
173   Grenada 1,119
174   The Gambia 1,015
175   Saint Kitts and Nevis 946
176   Vanuatu 863
177   Samoa 857
178   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 790
179   Comoros 649
180   Dominica 563
181   Tonga 426
182   Sao Tome and Principe 391
183   Federated States of Micronesia 336
184   Palau 292
185   Marshall Islands 199
186   Kiribati 196
187   Nauru 114
188   Tuvalu 40
Rank Country GDP
(US$million)
   World[24] 80,501,413
1   United States 19,485,394
2   China[n 4] 12,234,781
3   Japan 4,872,415
4   Germany 3,693,204
5   United Kingdom 2,631,228
6   France 2,582,492
7   India 2,575,666
8   Brazil 2,055,512
9   Italy 1,943,835
10   Canada 1,647,120
11   South Korea 1,577,524
12   Russia[n 2] 1,530,750
13   Australia 1,408,675
14   Spain 1,314,314
15   Mexico 1,158,229
16   Indonesia 1,015,539
17   Turkey 851,541
18   Netherlands 830,572
19   Saudi Arabia 683,827
20    Switzerland 678,938
21   Argentina 637,486
22   Sweden 535,607
23   Poland 526,211
24   Belgium 494,763
25   Iran 460,976
26   Thailand 455,302
27   Austria 416,835
28   Norway 399,470
29   United Arab Emirates 382,575
30   Nigeria 375,769
31   Israel 353,268
32   South Africa 348,872
33   Hong Kong 341,659
34   Ireland 331,430
35   Denmark 329,865
36   Singapore 323,901
37   Malaysia 314,707
38   Philippines 313,595
39   Colombia 309,191
40   Pakistan 302,139
41   Chile 277,080
42   Venezuela 255,092
43   Finland 252,246
44   Bangladesh 245,633
45   Vietnam 223,779
46   Czech Republic 215,824
47   Romania 211,803
48   Peru 211,402
49   Greece 203,085
50   New Zealand 202,044
51   Egypt 195,135
52   Portugal 195,041
53   Iraq 182,023
54   Qatar 167,605
55   Algeria 167,555
56   Kazakhstan 159,406
57   Hungary 139,761
58   Angola 126,505
59   Sudan 120,265
60   Kuwait 119,534
61   Ukraine 112,154
62   Morocco 109,708
63   Ecuador 104,295
64   Puerto Rico 104,218
65   Cuba 96,851
66   Slovakia 95,617
67   Sri Lanka 87,356
68   Dominican Republic 75,931
69   Guatemala 75,619
70   Ethiopia 75,605
71   Kenya 74,938
72   Oman 70,783
73   Myanmar 67,101
74   Luxembourg 62,316
75   Panama 61,838
76   Uruguay 59,180
77   Ghana 58,996
78   Bulgaria 58,222
79   Costa Rica 57,564
80   Croatia 55,201
81   Belarus 54,441
82   Lebanon 53,393
83   Tanzania 52,090
84   Macau 50,361
85   Uzbekistan 49,677
86   Slovenia 48,455
87   Lithuania 47,544
88   Serbia 41,589
89   Azerbaijan 40,748
90   Jordan 40,708
91   Tunisia 40,068
92   Côte d'Ivoire 38,054
93   Turkmenistan 37,915
94   Democratic Republic of the Congo 37,642
95   Bolivia 37,508
96   Bahrain 35,325
97   Cameroon 34,924
98   Latvia 30,463
99   Paraguay 29,435
100   Yemen 27,956
101   Uganda 27,698
102   Estonia 25,921
103   Zambia 25,868
104   Libya 25,127
105     Nepal 24,870
106   El Salvador 24,805
107   Iceland 24,476
108   Honduras 22,978
109   Cambodia 22,121
110   Trinidad and Tobago 22,104
111   Cyprus 22,054
112   Papua New Guinea 22,005
113   Afghanistan 21,992
114   Senegal 21,126
115   Bosnia and Herzegovina 18,169
116   Zimbabwe 18,036
117   Botswana 17,406
118   North Korea 17,364
119   Laos 16,853
120   Mali 15,235
121   Georgia 15,159
122   State of Palestine 14,498
123   Gabon 14,623
124   Mozambique 12,651
125   Equatorial Guinea 12,487
126   Brunei 12,128
127   Congo, Republic of the 11,292
128   Jamaica 14,826
129   Nicaragua 13,814
130   Mauritius 13,366
131   Namibia 13,244
132   Albania 13,039
133   Malta 12,553
134   Burkina Faso 12,324
135   The Bahamas 11,791
136   Armenia 11,536
137   Macedonia 11,279
138   Mongolia 11,135
139   Chad 10,716
140   Madagascar 10,674
141   Guinea 10,208
142   New Caledonia 9,894
143   Benin 9,236
144   Rwanda 9,136
145   Haiti 8,521
146   Moldova 8,128
147   Niger 8,119
148   Kyrgyzstan 7,564
149   Kosovo 7,227
150   Tajikistan 7,145
151   Monaco 6,400
152   Malawi 6,339
153   Liechtenstein 6,295
154   South Sudan 5,693
155   French Polynesia 5,623
156   Bermuda 5,601
157   Suriname 5,210
158   Mauritania 5,092
159   Timor-Leste 4,970
160   Sierra Leone 4,893
161   Montenegro 4,588
162   Togo 4,576
163   Fiji 4,532
164   Swaziland 4,482
165   Barbados 4,353
166   Eritrea 3,858
167   Cayman Islands 3,480
168   Andorra 3,278
169   Curaçao 3,159
170   Guyana 3,086
171   Maldives 3,032
172   Burundi 2,869
173   Aruba 2,664
174   Bhutan 2,562
175   Greenland 2,441
176   Liberia 2,122
177   Lesotho 2,081
178   Central African Republic 1,992
179   Belize 1,902
180   Cape Verde 1,855
181   Djibouti 1,844
182   Saint Lucia 1,718
183   San Marino 1,689
184   Somalia 1,535
185   Seychelles 1,486
186   Zanzibar 1,391
187   Antigua and Barbuda 1,248
188   Guinea-Bissau 1,209
189   Solomon Islands 1,103
190   Sint Maarten 1,059
191   British Virgin Islands 902
192   Grenada 884
193   Saint Kitts and Nevis 852
194   The Gambia 851
195   Samoa 824
196   Vanuatu 812
197   Turks and Caicos Islands 797
198   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 729
199   Comoros 648
200   Dominica 533
201   Tonga 435
202   São Tomé and Príncipe 337
203   Federated States of Micronesia 308
204   Cook Islands 311
205   Anguilla 311
206   Palau 234
207   Marshall Islands 209
208   Nauru 182
209   Kiribati 180
210   Montserrat 63
211   Tuvalu 38

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Figures exclude Taiwan, and special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
  2. ^ a b c Figures exclude Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol.
  3. ^ Data for Syria's 2014 GDP is from the September 2011 WEO Database, the latest available from the IMF.
  4. ^ a b Figures exclude special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
  5. ^ Includes Western Sahara.
  6. ^ Covers mainland Tanzania only.
  7. ^ Data are for the area controlled by the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.
  8. ^ Excludes Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
  9. ^ Excludes data for Transnistria.

References

  1. ^ https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2018/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=104&pr.y=16&sy=2018&ey=2018&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=924%2C132%2C134%2C534%2C158%2C112%2C111&s=NGDPD&grp=0&a=
  2. ^ "What is GDP and why is it so important?". Investopedia. IAC/InterActiveCorp. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  3. ^ Moffatt, Mike. "A Beginner's Guide to Purchasing Power Parity Theory". About.com. IAC/InterActiveCorp. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  4. ^ Ito, Takatoshi; Isard, Peter; Symansky, Steven (January 1999). "Economic Growth and Real Exchange Rate: An Overview of the Balassa-Samuelson Hypothesis in Asia" (PDF). Changes in Exchange Rates in Rapidly Development Countries: Theory, Practice, and Policy Issues. National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  5. ^ Callen, Tim (28 March 2012). "Purchasing Power Parity: Weights Matter". Finance & Development. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  6. ^ Callen, Tim (28 March 2012). "Gross Domestic Product: An Economy's All". Finance & Development. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
  7. ^ Vo, Lam Thuy (30 May 2012). "The World's Richest Countries and Biggest Economies, In 2 Graphics". Planet Money. National Public Radio. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  8. ^ Burgen, Emily et. al. (5 April 2012). "An Elusive Relation Between Unemployment and GDP Growth: Okun's Law". Economic Trends. Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  9. ^ Vitez, Osmond. "The Importance of Consumer Spending". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
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