Denison is a city in Grayson County, Texas, United States, 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Texas–Oklahoma border. Its population was 24,479 at the 2020 and 22,682 at the 2010 censuses. Denison is part of the Texoma region and is one of two principal cities in the Sherman–Denison metropolitan statistical area. Denison is the birthplace of US President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
|• City Council||Mayor Janet Gott |
Michael Baecht (mayor pro tem)
|• City manager||Judson Rex|
|• City||29.06 sq mi (75.27 km2)|
|• Land||28.61 sq mi (74.09 km2)|
|• Water||0.46 sq mi (1.18 km2) 1.94%|
|Elevation||728 ft (222 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||892.44/sq mi (344.57/km2)|
|• Urban||61,900 (US: 438th)|
|• Urban density||1,722.9/sq mi (665.2/km2)|
|• Demonyms||Denisonite Denisonian|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1379652|
Denison was founded in 1872 in conjunction with the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad (MKT) or "Katy" depot. It was named after wealthy Katy vice president George Denison. Because the town was established close to where the MKT crossed the Red River (both important conduits of transportation in the industrial era), it came to be an important commercial center in the 19th-century American West. In 1875, Doc Holliday had offices in Denison.
During the phylloxera epidemic of the mid-19th century, which destroyed the vast majority of wine grapes in Europe, Denison horticulturalist T.V. Munson pioneered methods in creating phylloxera-resistant vines, and earned induction into the French Legion of Honor, as well as sister city status for Denison and Cognac, France.
Denison is located in northeastern Grayson County, with the city limits extending north to the Red River, which forms the Oklahoma state line. It is bordered to the south by the city of Sherman; the city centers are 11 miles (18 km) apart.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (NH)||2,003||8.18%|
|Native American or Alaska Native (NH)||471||1.92%|
|Pacific Islander (NH)||6||0.02%|
|Some other race (NH)||59||0.24%|
|Hispanic or Latino||3,225||13.17%|
As of the 2020 United States census, 24,479 people, 9,361 households, and 6,038 families were residing in the city.
At the census of 2000, 22,773 people, 9,185 households, and 6,135 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,008.1 people per square mile (389.2/km2). The 10,309 housing units had an average density of 456.3 per square mile (176.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.02% White, 8.62% African American, 1.67% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.19% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.23% of the population.
Of the 9,185 households, 29.8% had children under living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were not families. About 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.43, and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city, the age distribution was 24.6% under 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 83.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,474, and for a family was $39,820. Males had a median income of $30,459 versus $21,451 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,685. About 11.9% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under 18 and 11.8% of those 65 or over.
Major employers in Denison include:
- Denison Independent School District
- Ruiz Foods
- Texoma Medical Center
- Wal-Mart Stores
- Spectrum Brands
- ACS Manufacturing
- Denison Industries
- City of Denison
- Grayson College
- Dialogue Direct Contact Centers
- National Government Services
- Champion Cooler Corporation
Arts and cultureEdit
The Grayson County Frontier Village in Denison contains 11 of the oldest homes in Grayson County that were moved here for preservation.
Munson Stadium seats 5,262 people and is primarily used for football. It is the home field of Denison High School's football and soccer teams. The Denison High School football team won the 1984 Texas Class 4A State Championship by beating Tomball 27–13, completing a perfect 16–0 record. They also made appearances in the 1995, 1996, and 1997 Class 4A Division II State Championship games, losing each time to La Marque. They are home to the longest high school football rivalry in Texas: the Battle of the Ax, against Sherman High School.
Denison is served by the Denison Independent School District. Denison High School opened in 2014.
- Texoma Living! Magazine
Denison is served by two U.S. Highways—U.S. 69 and U.S. 75 (Katy Memorial Expressway) and two State Highways—State Highway 91 and Spur 503 (Eisenhower Parkway). State Highway 91, known as Texoma Parkway, is one of the main commercial strips that connects Sherman and Denison. It also extends north to Lake Texoma.
General aviation service is provided by North Texas Regional Airport.
TAPS, a regional public transportation system, offers limited service for disabled passengers.
Denison is served by Texoma Medical Center.
- Bill Anoatubby, governor of the Chickasaw Nation
- Clora Bryant, jazz trumpeter
- Joie Chitwood (1912–1988), race car driver and businessman
- Dwight D. Eisenhower, President of the United States; was born in Denison in 1890, and to date is the city's most notable resident. His birthplace was purchased by the city in 1946 (six years before he was elected President) and is now maintained as Eisenhower Birthplace State Historic Site. In addition, Eisenhower State Park on Lake Texoma is named in his honor.
- Booker Ervin, jazz musician who played tenor saxophone
- Michael Haynes, NFL Hall of Fame player
- Jim Hightower, former commissioner of Texas Department of Agriculture and a liberal commentator and author, born in Denison in 1943
- John Hillerman, the actor who played Higgins on Tom Selleck's Magnum, P.I.
- John Henry "Doc" Holliday, gunfighter, gambler, and western legend, maintained a dental practice in Denison
- Aaron Hunt and Reggie Hunt, brothers and professional football players in Canadian Football League
- Viola Van Katwijk, composer and pianist
- Thomas Volney Munson, horticulturalist
- Clifford Noe, international conman and swindler
- Beatrice Pearson, actress
- SoMo, singer
- Chesley Burnett "Sully" Sullenberger, airline pilot
- Jordan Taylor, NFL wide receiver, Super Bowl 50 champion with the Denver Broncos
- Zeb Terry, Major League Baseball infielder
- Fred Washington, NFL defensive tackle for Chicago Bears
- Harold Wertz, 1927–1999, "Bouncy" of Our Gang comedies (1932–1933)
In popular cultureEdit
In 2013, Lake Texoma and the Hampton Inn and Suites Denison were featured on a travel show entitled The Official Best of Texas, which aired on CBS and the Discovery Channel.
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- Website http://www.theofficialbestof.com