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Grapevine is a city and suburb of Dallas and Fort Worth located in northeast Tarrant County, Texas, United States, with minor portions extending into Dallas County and Denton County. The city is located in the Mid-Cities suburban region between Dallas and Fort Worth and includes a larger portion of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport than other cities.

Grapevine, Texas
Main Street with City Hall to the right
Main Street with City Hall to the right
Official seal of Grapevine, Texas
Seal
Location of Grapevine in Tarrant County, Texas
Location of Grapevine in Tarrant County, Texas
Coordinates: 32°56′6″N 97°5′9″W / 32.93500°N 97.08583°W / 32.93500; -97.08583Coordinates: 32°56′6″N 97°5′9″W / 32.93500°N 97.08583°W / 32.93500; -97.08583
Country United States
State Texas
Counties Tarrant

Dallas

Denton
Grape Vine Prairie1844
Grape Vine1854
Grapevine1907
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor William D. Tate
 • City ManagerBruno Rumbelow
Area
 • Total35.9 sq mi (92.9 km2)
 • Land32.3 sq mi (83.6 km2)
 • Water3.6 sq mi (9.3 km2)  9.98%
Elevation
640 ft (195 m)
Population
(2010)
 • Total46,334
 • Density1,303.0/sq mi (503.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
76051, 76092, 76099
Area code(s)817, 214, 469, 972
FIPS code48-30644[1]
GNIS feature ID1336834[2]
Websitehttps://www.grapevinetexas.gov/

The city is adjacent to Grapevine Lake, a large reservoir impounded by the Army Corps of Engineers in 1952 that serves as a source of water and recreational area.

Contents

HistoryEdit

In October 1843, General Sam Houston and fellow Republic of Texas Commissioners camped at Tah-Wah-Karro Creek, also known as Grape Vine Springs, to meet with leaders of 10 Indian nations.[3] This meeting culminated in the signing of a treaty of "peace, friendship, and commerce," which opened the area for homesteaders. The settlement that emerged was named Grape Vine due to its location on the appropriately-named Grape Vine Prairie near Grape Vine Springs, both names in homage to the wild grapes that grew in the area.

The first recorded white settlement in what would become the modern city occurred in the late 1840s and early 1850s. General Richard Montgomery Gano owned property near Grape Vine and helped organize the early settlement against Comanche raiding parties before leading his band of volunteers to battle in the American Civil War. Growth during the 19th century was slow but steady; by 1890, Grape Vine had approximately 800 residents supported by such amenities as a newspaper, a public school, several cotton gins, a post office, and railroad service. The settlement made continued gains early in the 20th century and on January 12, 1914, the post office altered the town's name to one word: Grapevine.

On Easter Sunday, April 1, 1934, Henry Methvin, an associate of Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, killed two police officers, E.B. Wheeler and H.D. Murphy, during an altercation near Grapevine. A historical marker remains at the intersection of Dove Road and State Highway 114.[4]

Grapevine's population fell during the interwar period as the economy stagnated, though the city was officially incorporated in 1936. Cotton was the primary crop for Grapevine until the early 20th century when it was overtaken by cantaloupe farms that accounted for 25,000 acres. For several decades, until the early 1970s, the Rotary Club sign outside of town boasted Grapevine as the "Cantaloupe Capital of the World".[5] Population growth and economic gains resumed to some extent in the decades after World War II. The opening of Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport in 1974 spurred massive development. Grapevine depended heavily upon agricultural production prior to the mid-20th century but transformed into a regional center of commerce because of its proximity to the airport's north entrance.

In recent years, several wineries have opened in Grapevine and the city has been active in maintaining its historic downtown corridor.

 
The conductor assists a passenger as the Grapevine Vintage Railroad stops at the Fort Worth Stockyards.

GeographyEdit

Grapevine is located at 32°56′6″N 97°5′9″W / 32.93500°N 97.08583°W / 32.93500; -97.08583 (32.935025, −97.085784).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.9 square miles (93 km2), of which 32.3 square miles (84 km2) is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) is water.

Climate data for Grapevine, Texas (Grapevine Dam), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 56.1
(13.4)
60.1
(15.6)
67.6
(19.8)
75.9
(24.4)
83.4
(28.6)
90.8
(32.7)
95.5
(35.3)
96.5
(35.8)
88.6
(31.4)
78.8
(26)
67.0
(19.4)
57.2
(14)
76.5
(24.7)
Average low °F (°C) 32.1
(0.1)
35.3
(1.8)
44.1
(6.7)
51.8
(11)
61.5
(16.4)
68.7
(20.4)
72.7
(22.6)
72.5
(22.5)
64.6
(18.1)
53.2
(11.8)
43.5
(6.4)
33.9
(1.1)
52.8
(11.6)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.24
(57)
2.80
(71)
3.62
(92)
3.16
(80)
4.80
(122)
4.00
(102)
2.38
(60)
1.83
(46)
3.26
(83)
4.02
(102)
2.94
(75)
2.68
(68)
37.73
(958)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.1 7.4 8.7 6.8 9.2 8.3 5.2 5.2 6.2 7.6 7.1 7.6 86.4
Source: NOAA [7]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1880199
1890442122.1%
1910681
192082120.6%
193093614.0%
19401,04311.4%
19501,82474.9%
19602,82154.7%
19707,049149.9%
198011,80167.4%
199029,202147.5%
200042,05944.0%
201046,33410.2%
Est. 201651,971[8]12.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 United States CensusEdit

As of the 2010 census,[1] there were 46,334 people, 18,223 households, and 12,332 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,451 people per square mile. There were 19,685 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 81.1% White, 3.3% African American, 0.7% Native American, 4.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 8.0% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.0% of the population.

There were 18,223 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.06.

The population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 74.9% over the age of 18, 5.6% from 20 to 24, 13.3% from 25 to 34, 24.7% from 35 to 49, 20.9% from 50 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.5 years.

Recent EstimatesEdit

According to a 2010 estimate, the median household income was $76,040, and the median family income was $93,587.[10] Males had a median income of $66,378 versus $47,995 for females. The per capita income was $38,304. About 5.2% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.[11]

GovernmentEdit

Municipal governmentEdit

 
Grapevine City Hall

Grapevine uses a council–manager government, consisting of an elected city council, composed of the mayor and six at-large councilmembers, with a city manager appointed by the council. The current city manager is Bruno Rumbelow[12].

The government is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments.

Grapevine City CouncilEdit

Office Name Term Expires
Mayor William D. Tate May 2021
City Council, Place 1 Paul Slechta May 2021
City Council, Place 2 Sharron Rogers May 2021
City Council, Place 3 Mike Lease May 2019
City Council, Place 4

Mayor Pro Tem

Darlene Freed May 2019
City Council, Place 5 Chris Coy May 2020
City Council, Place 6 Duff O'Dell May 2020

PoliticsEdit

Grapevine, located in conservative Northeast Tarrant County, votes overwhelmingly Republican[13] in all elections, as do most suburban cities in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex.

Tarrant County OfficialsEdit

Office Name Party
  County Commissioner, Precinct 3 Gary Fickes Republican
  Justice of the Peace, Precinct 3 Bill Brandt Republican
  Constable, Precinct 3 Darrell Huffman Republican

Texas LegislatureEdit

Office Name Party
  Texas State Representative, District 63 Tan Parker Republican
  Texas State Representative, District 98 Giovanni Capriglione Republican
  Texas State Representative, District 115 Matt Rinaldi Republican
  Texas State Senator, District 9 Kelly Hancock Republican
  Texas State Senator, District 10 Konni Burton Republican
  Texas State Senator, District 12 Jane Nelson Republican
  Texas State Senator, District 16 Don Huffines Republican

The city almost entirely lies within the boundaries of Texas House District 98 and Texas Senate Districts 9 and 12, with very small portions lying within Texas House Districts 63 and 115 and Texas Senate Districts 10 and 16.[14]

Texas State Board of EducationEdit

Office Name Party
  State Board of Education Member, District 11 Patricia "Pat" Hardy Republican
  State Board of Education Member, District 14 Sue Melton-Malone Republican

The city almost entirely lies withing the boundaries of Texas State Board of Education District 11 with a very small portion lying within District 14.

United States House of RepresentativesEdit

Office Name Party
  United States Representative, Texas's 24th congressional district Kenny Marchant Republican

EducationEdit

Grapevine-Colleyville Independent School District serves most of the city. The District operates eleven elementary schools (pre-kindergarten through 5th grade), four middle schools (6th-8th grades), and two high schools (9th-12th grades). Colleyville Heritage High School and Grapevine High School both draw students from different areas of Grapevine and are well-regarded by various national news outlets.

Northwestern Grapevine lies inside Carroll Independent School Distrct, while smaller portions are served by Lewisville Independent School Distict and Coppell Independent School District.

The Faith Christian School, a private school, is also in Grapevine.

EconomyEdit

Grapevine's economy is largely centered around tourism. Travelers arriving to and departing from Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport make up the majority of the city's visitors. The Gaylord Texan and Great Wolf Lodge stand in a separate class as massive entertainment complexes that offer hotel, convention, and performance space in addition to serving the recreational desires of both locals and tourists.

Nearby Grapevine Mills Mall is a regional outlet shopping center with many amenities, including a movie theater. Many of the top brands in fashion and other retail sectors maintain a space within the mall. Embassy Suites Grapevine and the DFW Lakes Hilton complex also lay adjacent to Grapevine Mills and Bass Pro Shops.

In addition to these areas, Main Street in historic downtown Grapevine is a popular attraction. City Hall, the Grapevine Convention and Visitor's Bureau, public library, and recreation center are on Main Street in addition to many small businesses. These include antique stores, restaurants, bars, theaters, a park, and many specialty shops. The Grapevine Vintage Railroad follows a historic route between Grapevine and the Fort Worth Stockyards, departing from a station on South Main Street. The city is also the home of several wineries and tasting rooms to include Umbra Winery as well as the Texas Wine and Grape Growers Association.

According to the City's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[15] the city's top employers are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport 60,000
2 Game Stop Corporation 2,400
3 United Parcel Service 2,000
4 Grapevine Colleyville ISD 1,800
5 Gaylord Texan Resort 1,800
6 Baylor Scott & White Medical Center 1,100
7 Great Wolf Lodge 600
8 City of Grapevine 600
9 Pavestone Mfg. 400
10 Hilton DFW Lakes 400

GameStop, a national electronics retailer and one of the city's largest corporate employers, is headquartered in Grapevine.[16]

As of 2015 Kubota Corp. is establishing a new U.S. headquarters in Grapevine, moving about 350 employees from California and spending $51 million.[17]

The facility at 1639 West 23rd Street is on the property of DFW Airport and in Grapevine.[18][19][20] Tenants include China Airlines,[21] Lufthansa Cargo,[22] and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.[23]

Historically, Grapevine was the headquarters of a collection of now-defunct air carriers. In 1978 Braniff Place, the final world headquarters for Braniff International Airways, was built in what is now Grapevine, on the grounds of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. Following Braniff's 1982 bankruptcy, the structure is now known as Verizon Place.[24][25][26] In the 1990s Metro Airlines maintained its main offices in the city of Grapevine, as did Kitty Hawk Aircargo for a time.[27][28][29][30]

TransportationEdit

HighwaysEdit

Two grade-separated highways run through the city. State Highways 114 and 121 trisect Grapevine south and slightly west of downtown. 121 runs from the south and 114 from the northwest. The highways intersect near Mustang Drive and William D. Tate Avenue and continue together towards the airport before splitting again at the north entrance of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. Grapevine's highways as of 2010 underwent a significant overhaul to improve traffic flow through the area, with heavy construction expected to last until 2014.

Highways SH 26, SH 121, SH 360, SH 114, Spur 97, and FM 2499 run into Grapevine.

AirportsEdit

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport is the main provider of air service to Grapevine and the region, providing connections to places around the state, country, and abroad. DFW is the main hub for American Airlines, though other major carriers maintain a large presence. Love Field in Dallas is relatively close to Grapevine.

RailEdit

The Grapevine Vintage Railroad provides service to and from Fort Worth along the former Cotton Belt Railroad right-of-way. The service acts more as a tourist attraction due to its slow speeds. However, the city's 50-year commitment to the Fort Worth Transportation Authority and approval of a half-cent sales tax increase is expected to pay dividends through the introduction of the TEX Rail service to northeast Tarrant County by 2018. New train stations downtown and north of the airport are included in the plans, as is a connection to DART Rail to provide mass transit service to the metroplex's eastern half.[31]

The closest connections to rail are the DFW airport, Terminal A, DART Rail station and the Hurst station for the Trinity Rail Express. Amtrak passenger service is available in both downtown Dallas and Fort Worth.

BusEdit

The Convention and Visitor's Bureau operates the Grapevine Visitor's Shuttle between points of interest within the city. Additional information including stops and pricing can be found here.[32]

BicycleEdit

The majority of Grapevine's transportation infrastructure is centered around the automobile, though amenities for bicycles can be found. A bicycle route runs along the length of Dove Road beginning at the intersection of Dove and North Main Street, connecting Grapevine and Southlake. Additionally, the Cotton Belt trail runs parallel to State Highway 26, from the Colleyville city limits to downtown Grapevine. Other bicycle paths can be found at the various city parks, most notably the trail from Parr Park to Bear Creek Park. Off-road trails are also available. Northshore Mountain Bike trail begins at Rockledge Park on the north side of Grapevine Lake and continues into Flower Mound along the shore. Mileage is 22.5 miles broken up into two major loops: East Loops, 1 - 4, which are 12.5 miles and the West Loops, 5 - 7. Horseshoe Trail begins at Catfish Lane, continues to Dove Road, and loops back to the trail head, for a total of 5.4 miles.

RunningEdit

Grapevine received the Runner Friendly Community designation from the Road Runners Club of America. The goals of the Runner Friendly Community program are to shine a national spotlight on communities that stand out as runner-friendly and provide incentives and ideas for communities to work towards becoming runner friendly communities. Grapevine has approximately 24-miles of hike and bike trails that link parks, schools, and businesses. The hike and bike trails have mileage markers that also have GPS coordinates for location identification in case of emergencies. The city also has an indoor 1/8 mile walking/jogging track and several outdoor tracks that belong to the local school district. The city has joint-use agreement with the school district for the use of school facilities.

The hike and bike trails in Grapevine include water fountains, community bathrooms or portable toilets, available parking, signs linking pedestrian networks, mile markers, walk lights at busy intersections, stop signs at residential intersections, and painted crosswalks. One trail in Grapevine links with four other communities, creating an additional 11-mile trail.

The City Parks & Recreation Board has worked with the running club, Lake Grapevine Runners and Walkers (LGRAW), over the last 15 years to make the city's trails runner friendly. The City of Grapevine invites LGRAW club to city sponsored health events to promote running, walking a healthy lifestyle

MediaEdit

  • Grapevine is mentioned in the National Geographic Channel special, The Real Bonnie and Clyde. The historical marker (at Dove Road and Highway 114) where Bonnie, Clyde, and Henry Methvin shot two Texas state troopers is shown.[33]
  • An episode of true crime show Snapped is set in Grapevine.
  • Some scenes from the film Tender Mercies are also set in Grapevine.
  • Miracle Dogs Too was filmed in Grapevine in 2006
  • Portions of Robocop filmed at B&D Mills

Notable peopleEdit

PlacesEdit

GalleryEdit

Sister citiesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "Tehuacana Creek Treaty". Republic-of-Texas.net. Archived from the original on 2003-06-11. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
  4. ^ Anderson, Brian (2003-04-15). "Reality less romantic than outlaw legend". Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on February 25, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-17.
  5. ^ Cantaloupe capital – Community Impact Newspaper Archived 2014-02-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-10-01.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "2006–2008 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
  11. ^ Bird, Chris (2008). The Concealed Handgun Manual (5th ed.). San Antonio, TX: Privateer Publications. pp. 375–382. ISBN 978-0-9656784-7-6.
  12. ^ "City Manager | Grapevine, TX - Official Website". www.grapevinetexas.gov. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  13. ^ "Tarrant Election Results".
  14. ^ "Texas Redistricting". tlc.texas.gov. Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  15. ^ City of Grapevine CAFR - Sept 30, 2014
  16. ^ "Contact Us." GameStop. Retrieved on December 8, 2009. Archived January 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ "Japan hopes for closer ties with Texas" (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. June 17, 2015. Retrieved on September 4, 2015.
  18. ^ "U.S. Federal Inspection Agencies." Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. Retrieved on November 17, 2011. "U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) 1639 West 23rd Street, Suite 105 DFW Airport, TX 75261"
  19. ^ "2010 Zoning Maps." (Archive) City of Grapevine. Retrieved on November 17, 2011."Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-26. Retrieved 2011-11-17.
  20. ^ "Tax Maps." (Archive) City of Grapevine. Retrieved on November 17, 2011."Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-26. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  21. ^ "North America Archived 2011-11-28 at the Wayback Machine.." China Airlines. Retrieved on November 17, 2011. "1639 W. 23rd street, Suite 300 P.O. Box 610065 Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas 75261"
  22. ^ "Contact USA Archived 2011-11-15 at the Wayback Machine.." Lufthansa Cargo. Retrieved on November 17, 2011. "1639 West 23rd Street," "Ste 400 Dallas Fort Worth, TX 75261"
  23. ^ "WILDLIFE INSPECTOR-DALLAS/FORT WORTH AIRPORT, TEXAS." U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved on November 17, 2011.
  24. ^ Miller, Robert (November 8, 1985). "Their inspiration of entrepreneurship wins honors". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 17, 2009.
  25. ^ "Hotels" (PDF). City of Grapevine. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 17, 2009. Retrieved August 17, 2009.
  26. ^ "Resorts for rent: Once mainly for top executives, some private conference and training centers with high amenities now welcome outside business as their owners seek ways to break even". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. February 13, 2006. Retrieved August 17, 2009.
  27. ^ "World Airline Directory". Flight Global Archive. March 14–20, 1990. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
  28. ^ "Trails" (PDF). City of Grapevine. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 27, 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
  29. ^ "Grapevine 1990 Tiger Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 27, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2009.
  30. ^ "Kitty Hawk Overview". Kitty Hawk Aircargo. February 14, 1997. Archived from the original on February 14, 1997. Retrieved January 29, 2010.
  31. ^ [1] Archived October 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ Grapevine, TX Shuttle Schedule | GrapevineTexasUSA.com Archived 2011-08-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  33. ^ "Inside: The Real Bonnie and Clyde". Website. National Geographic Channel. Archived from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
  34. ^ "Discover Historic Downtown Grapevine". Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  35. ^ "9/11 Flight Crew Memorial". Retrieved 11 October 2010.32°56′27″N 097°03′54″W / 32.94083°N 97.06500°W / 32.94083; -97.06500 (9/11 Flight Crew Memorial)
  36. ^ "International Sister City Program". City official website. Archived from the original on 7 August 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2011.

External linksEdit