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Krems an der Donau (German pronunciation: [kʁɛms an dɛɐ̯ ˈdoːnaʊ̯]) is a town of 23,992 inhabitants[when?] in Austria, in the federal state of Lower Austria. It is the fifth-largest city of Lower Austria and is approximately 70 kilometres (43 miles) west of Vienna. Krems is a city with its own statute (or Statutarstadt), and therefore it is both a municipality and a district.

Krems
Statutory city (Austria)
View of Krems from the Kreuzberg mountain
View of Krems from the Kreuzberg mountain
Coat of arms of Krems
Coat of arms
Krems is located in Austria
Krems
Krems
Location of Krems in Austria
Coordinates: 48°25′N 15°37′E / 48.417°N 15.617°E / 48.417; 15.617
Country Austria Austria
State Lower Austria
District Statutory city (Austria)
Town rights 1305
Government
 • Mayor Reinhard Resch (SPÖ)
 • First Vice-Mayor Eva Hollerer (SPÖ)
 • Second Vice-Mayor Erwin Krammer (ÖVP)
Area
 • Statutory city (Austria) 51.61 km2 (19.93 sq mi)
Elevation 203 m (666 ft)
Population (2015)[1]
 • Statutory city (Austria) 23,992
 • Density 465/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Urban c. 50,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 3500, 3506 (Krems-Süd)
Area code 02732, 02739 (Krems-Süd)
License plate KS
Website www.krems.at

Contents

GeographyEdit

Krems is located at the confluence of the Krems and Danube Rivers at the eastern end of Wachau valley, in the southern Waldviertel.

Krems borders the following municipalities: Stratzing, Langenlois, Rohrendorf bei Krems, Gedersdorf, Traismauer, Nußdorf ob der Traisen, Paudorf, Furth bei Göttweig, Mautern an der Donau, Dürnstein, and Senftenberg.

HistoryEdit

 
View of Krems in 1679
 
View of Krems in 1900
 
View of Krems in 2006
 
Danube in Krems with the harbour in background

Krems was first mentioned in 995 in a certificate of Otto III,[2] but settlement was apparent even before then. For example, a child's grave, over 27,000 years old, was found here. This is the oldest grave found in Austria.

During the 11th and 12th centuries, Chremis, as it was then called, was almost as large as Vienna.

Krems is the primary producer of Marillenschnaps, an apricot brandy.

Krems is the hometown of Martin Johann Schmidt, called "Kremserschmidt", the leading painter, draughtsman and etcher of the Austrian late Baroque.

City divisionEdit

  • Innenstadt (Inner City)
  • Weinzierl
  • Mitterau
  • Stein
  • Egelsee
  • Rehberg
  • Am Steindl
  • Gneixendorf
  • Lerchenfeld
  • Krems-Süd (South Krems)

Population developmentEdit

 

The population (with principal residence status) in the agglomeration was about 50,000 at the end of 2010.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Krems
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
21.1
(70)
24.9
(76.8)
27.8
(82)
31.6
(88.9)
36.8
(98.2)
36.0
(96.8)
36.5
(97.7)
33.5
(92.3)
27.2
(81)
23.5
(74.3)
16.1
(61)
36.8
(98.2)
Average high °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
5.1
(41.2)
10.2
(50.4)
15.3
(59.5)
20.6
(69.1)
23.3
(73.9)
25.8
(78.4)
25.5
(77.9)
20.4
(68.7)
14.5
(58.1)
7.5
(45.5)
3.7
(38.7)
14.6
(58.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
0.8
(33.4)
4.9
(40.8)
9.3
(48.7)
14.6
(58.3)
17.6
(63.7)
19.5
(67.1)
18.9
(66)
14.3
(57.7)
8.9
(48)
3.7
(38.7)
0.7
(33.3)
9.4
(48.9)
Average low °C (°F) −3.2
(26.2)
−2.5
(27.5)
0.8
(33.4)
4.5
(40.1)
9.0
(48.2)
12.0
(53.6)
13.8
(56.8)
13.4
(56.1)
9.7
(49.5)
4.9
(40.8)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.1
(28.2)
5.1
(41.2)
Record low °C (°F) −22.8
(−9)
−20.0
(−4)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−4.7
(23.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
1.3
(34.3)
5.7
(42.3)
4.8
(40.6)
0.6
(33.1)
−7.9
(17.8)
−16.3
(2.7)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−22.8
(−9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.3
(0.681)
21.0
(0.827)
27.4
(1.079)
37.5
(1.476)
58.2
(2.291)
80.2
(3.157)
79.8
(3.142)
62.0
(2.441)
45.5
(1.791)
28.3
(1.114)
33.6
(1.323)
24.9
(0.98)
515.7
(20.302)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 8.3
(3.27)
7.5
(2.95)
6.2
(2.44)
0.2
(0.08)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
4.2
(1.65)
6.8
(2.68)
33.2
(13.07)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.0 5.1 5.8 6.5 9.0 9.9 9.6 8.4 6.9 5.0 7.2 6.0 84.4
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 10.1 6.9 2.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.8 6.2 27.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.3 88.8 127.4 171.5 219.6 214.2 238.5 234.9 157.3 120.9 53.9 41.9 1,724.2
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics[3]

Main sightsEdit

 
Old Town of Krems
 
The Steiner Tor in Krems
 
Piarist Church
 
Dreifaltigkeitssäule
 
View of Stein an der Donau, a quarter in the west end of the city
 
View of Stein (from the left to the right: Frauenbergkirche, Pfarrkirche Hl. Nikolaus, Minoritenkirche)

Old townEdit

  • Bürgerspitalkirche
  • Dominikanerkirche
  • Dreifaltigkeitssäule
  • Göglhaus
  • Gozzoburg
  • Großes Sgraffitohaus
  • Pfarrkirche St. Veit
  • Piaristenkirche
  • Pulverturm
  • Rathaus
  • Simandlbrunnen
  • Steiner Tor: The gate, erected in 1480, is the second remaining medieval gate

Outside the Old TownEdit

TransportEdit

 
Krems Central Station
 
Motorway to Vienna in the industrial area of Krems

The city's main railway station is a junction of the Franz-Josefs Railway to Vienna, the Kremser Railway to St. Pölten, the Donauufer Railway to Spitz and the regional railway to Horn. It is at the intersection of the Stockerauer Speedway S5 and the Kremser Speedway S33, and is traversed by the Danube Road B3, the Retzer Road B35, the Kremser Road B37 and the Langenloiser Road B218. Krems is a junction of the Wieselbus bus lines, which provides radial connections between Sankt Pölten and the different regions of Lower Austria.

Main Roads

  • Stockerauer Schnellstraße (S5) from Krems to Vienna
  • Kremser Schnellstraße (S33) from Krems to St. Pölten
  • Donau Straße (B3) from Krems to Linz
  • Aggsteiner Straße (B33) from Krems to Melk
  • Retzer Straße (B35) from Krems to Retz
  • Kremser Straße (B37) from Krems to Rastenfeld
  • Langenloiser Straße (B218) from Krems to Langenlois

Railroad

Air traffic

In the cityEdit

A network of four bus lines operates at regular intervals within the city. Every summer, a tourist train connects the ancient parts of the city with museums, the central railway station and the passenger ship terminal of Krems.

PoliticsEdit

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council consists of 40 members and since the municipal elections in 2017 it consists of the following parties:

Municipal elections in Krems were held, as the same time as the Austrian legislative election, 2017 on 15th October 2017.

City's senateEdit

The city's senate consists of 10 members:

  • SPÖ: 5 members
  • ÖVP: 4 members
  • FPÖ: 1 members

Public facilitiesEdit

Educational facilitiesEdit

 
Bundesrealgymnasium Krems Ringstraße
 
Danube University Krems

PrisonEdit

Leisure and sports sitesEdit

Swimming is available at Kremser Strandbad (indoor swimming pool) and outdoor.

Personalities linked to Krems an der DonauEdit

 
Wilhelm Miklas, 3rd President of Austria
 
Franz Cölestin Schneider 1854

Twin townsEdit

Krems is twinned with the following cities:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Krems, Stadtkommunikation. "Krems". 
  2. ^ "Krems an der Donau - Wasserwerk". 
  3. ^ "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971-2000 -Krems" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Retrieved 2012-09-06. 

External linksEdit