Kroměříž ([ˈkromɲɛr̝iːʃ] (listen); German: Kremsier, Polish: Kromieryż) is a Moravian town in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. The town's main landmark is the Baroque Archbishop's Palace, where some scenes from Amadeus and Immortal Beloved were filmed. The Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž were added to the list of World Heritage Sites in 1998.
Town square seen from the Kroměříž Castle tower
Athens of Hanakia
|• Mayor||Jaroslav Němec|
|• Total||50.97 km2 (19.68 sq mi)|
|Elevation||201 m (659 ft)|
|• Density||570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
767 01 - 767 04; 767 07
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Official name||Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž|
|Inscription||1998 (22nd Session)|
The settlement, inhabited by Slavs since at least the 7th century, was founded in 1260 by Bruno von Schauenburg, bishop of Olomouc. Bruno chose Kroměříž to become his see and he also made his castle the centre of his dominion, which consisted of more than 60 vassals from all over Moravia. Kroměříž is referred to as a market village in a document by Přemysl Otakar II from 1256, but by 1266 it was already referred to as a town. Bruno established what was to become the famous Archbishop's Palace. The town was badly damaged in the Thirty Years' War, was plundered twice by Swedish troops (1643 and 1645), and after this the Black Death took its toll on the population. Bishop Karl II von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn rebuilt the city and the palace after that war. The Constitutive Imperial Congress sat in Kroměříž in 1848.
- Heinrich Ignaz Biber (1644–1704), composer and violinist
- Filip Chytil (born 1999), ice hockey player
- Miloslav Gajdoš (born 1948), composer and double bassist
- Gabriela Gunčíková (born 1993), singer
- Jaroslav Koutecký (1922–2005), chemist
- Karel Kryl (1944-1994), musician
- Robert Land (1887–1942), film director
- Jan Milíč z Kroměříže (died 1374), ideal predecessor of Jan Hus; initiated the practice of preaching in the Czech language in Prague.
- Martin Miller, (1899–1969), actor
- Jan Rypka (1886-1968), orientalist, translator, professor of Iranology and Turkology at Charles University, Prague.
- Josef Silný (1902-1981), football player; played at the 1934 FIFA World Cup, where Czechoslovakia reached the final.
- Pepča Stejskal (born 1945) graphic designer, poet, surrealist
- Max Švabinský (born 17 September 1873; died 10 February 1962), painter
- Ludvík Svoboda (1895–1979), army general and president
- Václav Talich (1883–1961), conductor
Twin towns — sister citiesEdit
Kroměříž is twinned with:
- "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.