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The Czech National Football League (Czech: Fotbalová národní liga, FNL), currently known as Fortuna národní liga due to sponsorship reasons, is the second level professional association football league in the Czech Republic. Before 2013 it was known as 2. liga or Druhá liga. The top two teams each season are eligible for promotion to the Czech First League.

Czech National Football League
Founded1993
CountryCzech Republic
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams16
Level on pyramid2
Promotion toCzech First League
Relegation toČFL
MSFL
Domestic cup(s)Czech Cup
Current championsSK Dynamo České Budějovice
Most championshipsSK Dynamo České Budějovice (3 titles)
WebsiteOfficial
2019–20 Czech National Football League

The league replaced the I.ČNL (I. Česká národní liga; First Czech National League), which had been established following the end of the nationwide Czechoslovak Second League in 1977. The league became known as simply II. liga (Second League) in 1993 following the establishment of the Czech Republic as an independent state.[1]

StructureEdit

There are 16 clubs in the FNL. During the season, which runs from August to May or June, with a winter break between November and February or March, each club plays each of the other clubs twice (once at home, once away) and is awarded three points for a win, one for a draw and zero for a loss. From these points a league table is constructed.

Teams are ranked by total points, then goal difference and then goals scored. At the end of each season the top two teams are promoted to the First League, providing they obtain a license and meet league requirements, and are replaced by the two teams that finished bottom of that division.

Similarly the two teams that finished at the bottom of the FNL are relegated to either the Bohemian Football League or the Moravian–Silesian Football League, based on geographical criteria. In turn, the champions of each of these regional divisions are promoted to the FNL.

In the 1993–94 season the league was played with 16 teams, before expanding to 18 teams in the 1994–95 season. Since 1995, the league has always been played with 16 teams, but on two occasions a team did not fulfil its fixtures and the full 30 rounds were not completed. Firstly in the 1997–98 Czech 2. Liga as Ústí nad Labem did not fulfil their fixtures and their results were cancelled,[2] and secondly in the 2004–05 Czech 2. Liga as Bohemians' results were expunged after playing only the first half of the season.[3]

Participating teams in 2018–19Edit

FNL championsEdit

Teams promoted to the First League since 1993Edit

Top scorersEdit

All information in this table can be found at [7] except for the 2003–04 season, which is sourced from the following link.[8]

Season Top scorer Club Goals
1993–94   Tibor Mičinec Benešov 18
1994–95   Bedřich Hamsa LeRK Brno 22
1995–96   Patrik Holomek Poštorná 16
1996–97   Václav Koloušek Dukla Prague 18
1997–98   Vítězslav Tuma Karviná 19
1998–99   Patrik Holomek St. Město 18
1999–00   Vladimír Malár St. Město 24
2000–01   Pavel Černý Hradec Králové 17
2001–02   Radek Drulák HFK Olomouc 16
2002–03   Petr Švancara Opava 20
2003–04   Tomáš Kaplan Jihlava 10
  Roman Bednář Mladá Boleslav 10
  Vojtěch Schulmeister Sigma Olomouc B 10
2004–05   Horst Siegl Most 16
2005–06   Petr Faldyna České Budějovice 19
2006–07   Petr Faldyna Jihlava 15
2007–08   Petr Faldyna Jihlava 13
2008–09   Martin Jirouš Sokolov 18
2009–10   Pavel Černý Hradec Králové 14
  Dani Chigou Dukla Prague 14
  Karel Kroupa Tescoma Zlín 14
2010–11   Dani Chigou Dukla Prague 19
2011–12   Jiří Mlika Sokolov 19
2012–13   Lukáš Železník Zlín 13
2013–14   David Vaněček Hradec Králové 17
2014–15   Václav Vašíček Sigma Olomouc 13
2015–16   Jan Pázler Hradec Králové 17
2016–17   Jakub Plšek Sigma Olomouc 18
2017–18   Jan Pázler Hradec Králové 21
2018–19   David Ledecký České Budějovice 18

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Due to dissolution of Czechoslovakia
  2. ^ Union Cheb was relegated due to bankruptcy
  3. ^ Drnovice were refused a Czech First League license so Plzeň were promoted to replace them[4]
  4. ^ Čáslav wasn't able to play 1st liga due to financial problems.[5]
  5. ^ Ústí wasn't able to play 1st liga due to problems with their stadium[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jeřábek, Luboš (2007). Ceský a ceskoslovenský fotbal - lexikon osobností a klubu (in Czech). Prague: Grada Publishing. pp. 34–35. ISBN 978-80-247-1656-5.
  2. ^ "Czech Republic 1997/98". RSSSF. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
  3. ^ "Bohemians přišli o licenci, ve 2. lize končí" (in Czech). iDNES.cz. 28 February 2005. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  4. ^ "Drnovice v první lize končí, na řadě je Plzeň" (in Czech). iDNES.cz. 14 June 2005. Retrieved 13 February 2013.
  5. ^ "Slovácko se vrací do ligy, koupilo postup od Čáslavi". denik.cz (in Czech). 10 June 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  6. ^ Novák, Jaromír (6 June 2012). "Brno postupuje do první ligy, Ústí doplatilo na nevyhovující stadion" (in Czech). idnes.cz. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  7. ^ Republic., Football association of Czech. "FOTBAL.CZ - Historie Fotbalové národní ligy". nv.fotbal.cz. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Czech Republic 2003/04". www.rsssf.com. Retrieved 6 April 2018.

External linksEdit