Houses at Ressel Square
|• Mayor||František Pilný|
|• Total||33.20 km2 (12.82 sq mi)|
|Elevation||240 m (790 ft)|
|• Density||700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The oldest archaeological findings which provide first signs of the settlement in this area date back to the 5th millennium BC. Various cultures succeeded one on another in the territory of today’s town of Chrudim and its vicinity. Chrudim town was established before 1276 and soon after came to be a dowry town of Bohemian Queens.
During the reign of Maria Theresa (1740-1780), Chrudim became the centre of the region and, in 1751, the seat of regional offices. The 18th and especially the 19th centuries brought vigorous development. The medieval ground plan of the historical heart of the town and its suburbs were no longer able to meet the growing requirements. The population reached 13,000 inhabitants at the end of the 19th century. The first industrial factory, with its foundry and forge, and a shoe factory launched industrial development. Social life also greatly expanded in the second half of the 19th century. The number of schools, cultural and social events led Chrudim to be known as "Athens of Eastern Bohemia".
- Viktorin Kornel of Všehrdy (c. 1460, Chrudim – 21 September 1520, Prague), humanist, lawyer and writer, since 1484 Dean of Charles University in Prague
- Johann Andreas Kauchlitz Colizzi (c. 1742–1808), musician and conductor
- Jan Nepomuk Štěpánek (1783–1844), actor and theatre director
- Josef Ressel (1793–1857), inventor (the Gymnasium school in Chrudim is named after him)
- Kurt Freund (1914–1996), physician and sexologist
- Dušan Salfický (1972– ), Hockey player and goaltender
- Petr Průcha (1982– ), KHL hockey player for SKA Saint Petersburg
Twin towns — sister citiesEdit
- "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 318. .
- Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
- "Athény východních Čech". Místní kultura (in czech). 2010-07-13. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
- "Partnerská města: Chrudim" (in Czech). Město Chrudim. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
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