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The Czech First League, known as the Fortuna liga for sponsorship reasons, is a Czech professional league for football clubs. At the top of the Czech football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. It is contested by 16 clubs, operating a system of promotion and relegation with the Czech National Football League. Since 2018/19 seasons run from July to May, with teams playing 30 games each. Then teams are divided into three groups playing superstructure for final positions. The league is currently ranked 11th in Europe in the UEFA league rankings.

Czech First League
Founded1993
CountryCzech Republic
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams16
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toCzech National Football League
Domestic cup(s)Czech Cup
International cup(s)UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current championsViktoria Plzeň (5th title)
(2017–18)
Most championshipsSparta Prague (12 titles)
Top goalscorerDavid Lafata (198 goals)
TV partnersČT, O2
Websiteen.hetliga.cz
2018–19 Czech First League

The history of the Czech football league began at the end of the 20th century. It was reorganised for the 1993–1994 season, after the dissolution of former Czechoslovakia and therefore of the Czechoslovak League. Having won more than half of league titles, Sparta Prague are the most successful team in Czech First League history. Other clubs who have won the title are Slavia Prague, Slovan Liberec, Baník Ostrava and Viktoria Plzeň.

Contents

Competition formatEdit

CompetitionEdit

There are 16 clubs in the league. During the course of a season, which lasts from August to May, each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 30 games. In the inaugural season, two points were awarded for a win, before switching to three points for a win in 1994.[1] Teams receive one point for a draw and no points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, in the case of two or more teams finishing with equal points, the head-to-head record between the teams is used for ranking, counting points in relevant games, then goal difference and then goals scored. The two lowest placed teams are relegated to the second tier Czech National Football League.

Participating teams in 2018–19Edit

SponsorshipEdit

In 1997 the league started a sponsorship deal with Plzeňský Prazdroj, a. s. and became known as the Gambrinus liga (after the company's Gambrinus beer).[2] In 2008, the sponsorship was extended until the end of the 2013–14 season.[3]

In May 2014, the league announced a four-year sponsorship deal with betting firm Synot, becoming the Synot liga.[4] However, in January 2016 the company announced that their deal would conclude at the end of the 2015–16 season.[5]

In July 2016 a new two-year sponsorship deal was announced, with the league partnering ePojisteni.cz, an online insurance company. The league subsequently became known as the ePojisteni.cz liga. Due to a government subsidy scandal and the arrest of FAČR chairman Miroslav Pelta, ePojisteni.cz terminated the contract prematurely in May 2017.[6]

In October 2016 FAČR, LFA and Czech betting company Fortuna signed a 6-year partnership deal. In accordance with this deal, the Czech First League will be called Fortuna liga from the 2018–19 season.[7]

ChampionsEdit

 
Gambrinus liga trophy

Year by yearEdit

Season Champions Runner-up Third place Top goalscorer Club
1993–94 Sparta Prague (1) Slavia Prague Baník Ostrava Horst Siegl (20) Sparta Prague
1994–95 Sparta Prague (2) Slavia Prague FC Brno Radek Drulák (15) Drnovice
1995–96 Slavia Prague (1) Sigma Olomouc Jablonec Radek Drulák (22) Drnovice
1996–97 Sparta Prague (3) Slavia Prague Jablonec Horst Siegl (19) Sparta Prague
1997–98 Sparta Prague (4) Slavia Prague Sigma Olomouc Horst Siegl (13) Sparta Prague
1998–99 Sparta Prague (5) Teplice Slavia Prague Horst Siegl (18) Sparta Prague
1999–00 Sparta Prague (6) Slavia Prague Drnovice Vratislav Lokvenc (22) Sparta Prague
2000–01 Sparta Prague (7) Slavia Prague Sigma Olomouc Vítězslav Tuma (15) Drnovice
2001–02 Slovan Liberec (1) Sparta Prague Viktoria Žižkov Jiří Štajner (15) Slovan Liberec
2002–03 Sparta Prague (8) Slavia Prague Viktoria Žižkov Jiří Kowalík (16) 1. FC Synot
2003–04 Baník Ostrava (1) Sparta Prague Sigma Olomouc Marek Heinz (19) Baník Ostrava
2004–05 Sparta Prague (9) Slavia Prague Teplice Tomáš Jun (14) Sparta Prague
2005–06 Slovan Liberec (2) Mladá Boleslav Slavia Prague Milan Ivana (11) FC Slovácko
2006–07 Sparta Prague (10) Slavia Prague Mladá Boleslav Luboš Pecka (16) Mladá Boleslav
2007–08 Slavia Prague (2) Sparta Prague Baník Ostrava Václav Svěrkoš (15) Baník Ostrava
2008–09 Slavia Prague (3) Sparta Prague Slovan Liberec Andrej Kerić (15) Slovan Liberec
2009–10 Sparta Prague (11) Jablonec Baník Ostrava Michal Ordoš (12) Sigma Olomouc
2010–11 Viktoria Plzeň (1) Sparta Prague Jablonec David Lafata (19) Jablonec
2011–12 Slovan Liberec (3) Sparta Prague Viktoria Plzeň David Lafata (25) Jablonec
2012–13 Viktoria Plzeň (2) Sparta Prague Slovan Liberec David Lafata (20) Jablonec / Sparta Prague
2013–14 Sparta Prague (12) Viktoria Plzeň Mladá Boleslav Josef Hušbauer (18) Sparta Prague
2014–15 Viktoria Plzeň (3) Sparta Prague Jablonec David Lafata (20) Sparta Prague
2015–16 Viktoria Plzeň (4) Sparta Prague Slovan Liberec David Lafata (20) Sparta Prague
2016–17 Slavia Prague (4) Viktoria Plzeň Sparta Prague Milan Škoda / David Lafata (15) Slavia Prague / Sparta Prague
2017–18 Viktoria Plzeň (5) Slavia Prague Jablonec Michael Krmenčík (16) Viktoria Plzeň
2018–19 Slavia Prague (5) Viktoria Plzeň Sparta Prague Nikolay Komlichenko (27) FK Mladá Boleslav

Performance by ClubEdit

Club Winners Runners-up Winning Years
Sparta Prague
12
9
1993–94, 1994–95, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2006–07, 2009–10, 2013–14
Slavia Prague
5
10
1995–96, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2016–17, 2018-2019
Viktoria Plzeň
5
2
2010–11, 2012–13, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2017–18
Slovan Liberec
3
0
2001–02, 2005–06, 2011–12
Baník Ostrava
1
0
2003–04
Sigma Olomouc
0
1
Teplice
0
1
Mladá Boleslav
0
1
Jablonec
0
1

Media coverageEdit

Country Broadcaster
  Austria Sportdigital
  Germany
   Switzerland
  Czech Republic ČT Sport, O2 TV, Tipsport, Chance, Fortuna
  Poland Polsat Sport
  Romania Telekom Sport
  Slovakia Orange Sport
  Slovenia ŠTV 3
  Albania Arena Sport
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Croatia
  Montenegro
  Republic of Macedonia
  Serbia

ManagersEdit

Last update: 14 May 2019

Name Club Appointed
Jan Kameník Zlín 2 May 2019
Václav Jílek Sigma Olomouc 19 October 2015
Stanislav Hejkal Teplice 25 September 2018
Roman Skuhravý Dukla Prague 7 September 2018
Martin Hašek Bohemians 1905 5 April 2017
Bohumil Páník Baník Ostrava 12 March 2018
Roman Nádvorník Příbram 18 March 2019
Michal Horňák Sparta Prague 25 April 2019
Jozef Weber Mladá Boleslav 27 February 2018
Pavel Vrba Viktoria Plzeň 1 July 2017
Martin Svědík Slovácko 10 November 2018
Ivan Kopecký Opava 5 September 2018
František Straka Karviná 13 March 2019
Petr Rada Jablonec 14 December 2017
Zsolt Hornyák Slovan Liberec 6 June 2018
Jindřich Trpišovský Slavia Prague 22 December 2017

All time Czech first league tableEdit

1993–94 – 2017–18

Pos Team Seasons Matches Wins Draws Defeats GF GA GD Points
1 AC Sparta Praha 25 750 470 159 121 1393 584 809 1551
2 SK Slavia Praha 25 750 377 204 169 1194 719 475 1319
3 FC Slovan Liberec 25 750 330 211 209 1016 802 214 1184
4 FK Baumit Jablonec 24 720 280 206 234 962 835 127 1046
5 FC Viktoria Plzeň 21 630 284 156 190 916 715 201 996
6 SK Sigma Olomouc 23 690 269 192 229 879 783 96 976
7 FK Teplice 22 660 248 196 216 842 758 84 940
8 FC Baník Ostrava 24 720 245 214 261 928 917 11 935
9 FC Zbrojovka Brno 24 720 242 186 292 840 948 -108 902
10 1. FK Příbram 19 570 169 148 253 607 793 -186 655
11 FK Mladá Boleslav 14 420 176 112 132 617 519 98 640
12 SK Dynamo České Budějovice 18 540 151 153 236 551 798 -247 595
13 1. FC Slovácko 16 480 149 134 197 525 604 -79 569
14 FK Viktoria Žižkov 14 420 144 106 170 478 509 -31 538
15 Bohemians 1905 16 480 129 136 215 463 664 -201 515
16 FC Fastav Zlín 13 390 110 113 167 370 521 -151 433
17 FC Hradec Králové 14 420 105 113 202 374 601 -227 419
18 FK Drnovice 10 300 114 67 119 392 398 -6 409
19 FK Dukla Praha 8 240 72 69 99 295 348 -53 284
20 FK Chmel Blšany 8 240 67 63 110 255 350 -95 264
21 SFC Opava 8 240 63 64 113 260 354 -94 247
22 FC Vysočina Jihlava 7 210 55 61 94 221 315 -94 226
23 SK Kladno 4 120 28 30 62 99 173 -74 114
24 FK Hvězda Cheb 3 90 29 26 35 95 121 -26 113
25 FK Baník Most 3 90 19 30 41 96 140 -44 87
26 MFK Karviná 2 60 16 16 28 71 89 -18 64
27 FC Karviná 2 60 12 12 36 53 105 -52 48
28 FK Bohemians Praha (Střížkov) 2 60 14 8 38 60 111 -51 35
29 1. SC Znojmo 1 30 6 9 15 32 49 -17 12
30 FK Ústí nad Labem 1 30 4 7 19 22 67 -45 19
31 FC JOKO Slovácká Slavia Uherské Hradiště 1 30 3 8 19 19 65 -46 17
32 FC Vítkovice 1 30 3 7 20 22 64 -42 16
33 SK Benešov 1 30 3 3 24 23 78 -55 12
34 AFK Atlantic Lázně Bohdaneč 1 30 2 5 23 18 61 -43 11

[8]

Point deductions:

  • 2004–05: 1. FC Slovácko −12
  • 2004–05: SFC Opava −6
  • 2004–05: Slovan Liberec −6
  • 2009–10: Bohemians Praha −15
  • 2011–12: Sigma Olomouc −9

StatisticsEdit

UEFA coefficientsEdit

The following data indicates Czech coefficient rankings between European football leagues.[9]

 

AttendanceEdit

Season Total Average Highest Home Av. Club
1993–94 1,116,885 4,653 23,111 9,501 FC Zbrojovka Brno
1994–95 1,380,060 5,750 34,770 20,523 FC Zbrojovka Brno
1995–96 1,225,755 5,107 26,872 12,283 FC Zbrojovka Brno
1996–97 1,710,045 7,125 44,120 21,659 FC Zbrojovka Brno
1997–98 1,477,515 6,156 31,730 15,365 FC Zbrojovka Brno
1998–99 1,447,875 6,033 24,400 13,207 FC Zbrojovka Brno
1999–00 1,433,355 5,972 23,800 11,280 SFC Opava
2000–01 1,091,882 4,549 16,350 7,718 Sigma Olomouc
2001–02 1,113,325 4,722 16,300 7,490 Baník Ostrava
2002–03 935,927 3,899 18,228 6,175 Sparta Prague
2003–04 1,158,523 4,827 20,032 15,376 Baník Ostrava
2004–05 921,658 3,840 15,419 8,028 Baník Ostrava
2005–06 980,633 4,085 20,318 7,211 Sparta Prague
2006–07 1,173,869 4,891 20,565 11,848 Sparta Prague
2007–08 1,237,660 5,156 20,698 11,022 Baník Ostrava
2008–09 1,119,410 4,664 20,500 11,971 Slavia Prague
2009–10 1,177,014 4,924 19,370 10,766 Sparta Prague
2010–11 1,073,690 4,473 18,873 8,665 Sparta Prague
2011–12 1,130,540 4,710 18,299 10,322 Sparta Prague
2012–13 1,151,464 4,797 19,410 10,046 Viktoria Plzeň
2013–14 1,216,389 5,068 19,089 11,340 Sparta Prague
2014–15 1,137,131 4,738 18,665 10,868 Viktoria Plzeň
2015–16 1,219,366 5,080 18,684 10,618 Viktoria Plzeň
2016–17 1,172,619 4,886 19,084 11,625 SK Slavia Prague
2017–18 1,331,016 5,546 19,084 12,431 SK Slavia Prague

[12]

Player and manager recordsEdit

Bold names are of those, who are currently active in the Czech First League (in the respective category, which their records are relevant to). For example: A player only, if he is still playing and not, if he is, for example, coaching at the moment.

CardsEdit

AppearancesEdit

GoalsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "A Recap: Red Cards, TV Woes, Goodbye Dukla". Prague Post. 3 August 1994. Archived from the original on 4 April 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Gambrinus zůstává u fotbalu dalších šest let". fotbal.cz (in Czech). 28 July 2008. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  3. ^ "Gambrinus liga se bude hrát dalších šest let". idnes.cz (in Czech). Mladá fronta DNES. 28 July 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  4. ^ "Alkohol střídá hazard. Z Gambrinus ligy bude Synot liga" [Alcohol replaced by gambling. Gambrinus Liga will be Synot Liga]. Czech Radio (in Czech). 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  5. ^ "Synot končí s podporou fotbalové ligy. O sponzora přijde Sparta, Jablonec i Nymburk". aktualne.cz (in Czech). 21 January 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Titulární sponzor fotbalové ligy končí i kvůli Peltově aféře. Podobný krok zvažuje i Tvrdík s CEFC". aktualne.cz (in Czech). 29 May 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  7. ^ "Fortuna je partnerem reprezentace a dá jméno první lize. Pelta: Výše kontraktu nemá obdoby". aktualne.cz (in Czech). 18 October 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Historická tabulka - První fotbalová liga". Synotliga.cz. 20 January 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  9. ^ "UEFA European Cup Coefficients Database". Bert Kassies. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  10. ^ "UEFA Country Ranking 2019 – kassiesA – Xs4all". Kassiesa.home.xs411.nl. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Club coefficients". uefa.com. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  12. ^ "20let Synot ligy Úvodní stránka". Historiegambrinusligy.cz. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  13. ^ "Pohlavek nezabral! Ljevakovič nasbíral nejvíc žlutých, překonal Horvátha". isport.blesk.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  14. ^ "Starty cizinců v české lize: Kiselův rekord se třese, teplický patriot se blíží". isport.blesk.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  15. ^ "Liga má nového rekordmana: Mašek je nejmladším hráčem historie". idnes.de (in Czech). 28 May 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  16. ^ "Po sezoně ukončím fotbalovou kariéru, potvrdil kapitán Sparty Lafata". aktualne.cz (in Czech). 9 May 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  17. ^ "Hložek, nejmladší střelec historie. Sparťan o tři dny překonal rekord". idnes.cz (in Czech). 9 March 2019. Retrieved 21 March 2019.

External linksEdit