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The Czech First League, known as the Fortuna liga for sponsorship reasons, is a Czech professional league for football clubs. At the top of the Czech football league system, it is the country's primary football competition. It is contested by 16 clubs, operating a system of promotion and relegation with the Czech National Football League. Since 2018/19 seasons run from July to May, with teams playing 30 games each. Then teams are divided into three groups playing superstructure for final positions. The league is currently ranked 13th in Europe in the UEFA league rankings.

Czech First League
Founded1993; 26 years ago (1993)
CountryCzech Republic
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams16
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toCzech National Football League
Domestic cup(s)Czech Cup
International cup(s)UEFA Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current championsSlavia Prague (5th title)
(2018–19)
Most championshipsSparta Prague (12 titles)
Top goalscorerDavid Lafata (198 goals)
TV partnersČT, O2
Websiteen.fortunaliga.cz
2019–20 Czech First League

The history of the Czech football league began at the end of the 20th century. It was reorganised for the 1993–1994 season, after the dissolution of former Czechoslovakia and therefore of the Czechoslovak League. Having won 12 of league titles, Sparta Prague is the most successful team in Czech First League history. Other clubs who have won the title are Slavia Prague, Slovan Liberec, Baník Ostrava and Viktoria Plzeň.

Gambrinus liga trophy

Contents

Competition formatEdit

1993–2018Edit

There are 16 clubs in the league. During the course of a season, which lasts from August to May, each club plays the others twice, once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents, for a total of 30 games. In the inaugural season, two points were awarded for a win, before switching to three points for a win in 1994.[1] Teams receive one point for a draw and no points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, in the case of two or more teams finishing with equal points, the head-to-head record between the teams is used for ranking, counting points in relevant games, then goal difference and then goals scored. The two lowest placed teams are relegated to the second tier (Czech National Football League).

Changes from 2018Edit

The 2018–19 season was the first season played with the new competition format. After a regular season, which lasts from July to April and which is played by the same key as previous season, the teams are divided into three groups. The top 6 teams from the regular season enter the championship group, with the first-placed team winning the championship of Czech Republic. The teams play against each other only once, having total of 5 matches. Earned points are added to the points from the regular season.

The teams from 7th–10th position in regular season take part in the Europa League play-offs. The best of them play against the forth-placed or fifth-placed (it depends on the result of the Czech Cup and on the Czech coefficient rankings between European football leagues) of the championship group to determine, who will participate in the Europa League.

The teams from 11th–16th position in regular season play by the same key as championship group. The team placed on 16th position is relegated straightly into the Czech National Football League, while teams on 15th and 14th places play relegation play-off against 2nd and 3rd team from the Czech National Football League.

Participating teams in 2019–20Edit

SponsorshipEdit

In 1997 the league started a sponsorship deal with Plzeňský Prazdroj, a. s. and became known as the Gambrinus liga (after the company's Gambrinus beer).[2] In 2008, the sponsorship was extended until the end of the 2013–14 season.[3]

In May 2014, the league announced a four-year sponsorship deal with betting firm Synot, becoming the Synot liga.[4] However, in January 2016 the company announced that their deal would conclude at the end of the 2015–16 season.[5]

In July 2016 a new two-year sponsorship deal was announced, with the league partnering ePojisteni.cz, an online insurance company. The league subsequently became known as the ePojisteni.cz liga. Due to a government subsidy scandal and the arrest of FAČR chairman Miroslav Pelta, ePojisteni.cz terminated the contract prematurely in May 2017.[6]

In October 2016 FAČR, LFA and Czech betting company Fortuna signed a 6-year partnership deal. In accordance with this deal, the Czech First League will be called Fortuna liga from the 2018–19 season.[7]

ChampionsEdit

Year by yearEdit

Season Champions Runner-up Third place Top goalscorer Club
1993–94 Sparta Prague (1) Slavia Prague Baník Ostrava   Horst Siegl (20) Sparta Prague
1994–95 Sparta Prague (2) Slavia Prague Brno   Radek Drulák (15) Drnovice
1995–96 Slavia Prague (1) Sigma Olomouc Jablonec   Radek Drulák (22) Drnovice
1996–97 Sparta Prague (3) Slavia Prague Jablonec   Horst Siegl (19) Sparta Prague
1997–98 Sparta Prague (4) Slavia Prague Sigma Olomouc   Horst Siegl (13) Sparta Prague
1998–99 Sparta Prague (5) Teplice Slavia Prague   Horst Siegl (18) Sparta Prague
1999–00 Sparta Prague (6) Slavia Prague Drnovice   Vratislav Lokvenc (22) Sparta Prague
2000–01 Sparta Prague (7) Slavia Prague Sigma Olomouc   Vítězslav Tuma (15) Drnovice
2001–02 Slovan Liberec (1) Sparta Prague Viktoria Žižkov   Jiří Štajner (15) Slovan Liberec
2002–03 Sparta Prague (8) Slavia Prague Viktoria Žižkov   Jiří Kowalík (16) 1. FC Synot
2003–04 Baník Ostrava (1) Sparta Prague Sigma Olomouc   Marek Heinz (19) Baník Ostrava
2004–05 Sparta Prague (9) Slavia Prague Teplice   Tomáš Jun (14) Sparta Prague
2005–06 Slovan Liberec (2) Mladá Boleslav Slavia Prague   Milan Ivana (11) Slovácko
2006–07 Sparta Prague (10) Slavia Prague Mladá Boleslav   Luboš Pecka (16) Mladá Boleslav
2007–08 Slavia Prague (2) Sparta Prague Baník Ostrava   Václav Svěrkoš (15) Baník Ostrava
2008–09 Slavia Prague (3) Sparta Prague Slovan Liberec   Andrej Kerić (15) Slovan Liberec
2009–10 Sparta Prague (11) Jablonec Baník Ostrava   Michal Ordoš (12) Sigma Olomouc
2010–11 Viktoria Plzeň (1) Sparta Prague Jablonec   David Lafata (19) Jablonec
2011–12 Slovan Liberec (3) Sparta Prague Viktoria Plzeň   David Lafata (25) Jablonec
2012–13 Viktoria Plzeň (2) Sparta Prague Slovan Liberec   David Lafata (20) Jablonec, Sparta Prague
2013–14 Sparta Prague (12) Viktoria Plzeň Mladá Boleslav   Josef Hušbauer (18) Sparta Prague
2014–15 Viktoria Plzeň (3) Sparta Prague Jablonec   David Lafata (20) Sparta Prague
2015–16 Viktoria Plzeň (4) Sparta Prague Slovan Liberec   David Lafata (20) Sparta Prague
2016–17 Slavia Prague (4) Viktoria Plzeň Sparta Prague   Milan Škoda /   David Lafata (15) Slavia Prague / Sparta Prague
2017–18 Viktoria Plzeň (5) Slavia Prague Jablonec   Michael Krmenčík (16) Viktoria Plzeň
2018–19 Slavia Prague (5) Viktoria Plzeň Sparta Prague   Nikolay Komlichenko (29) Mladá Boleslav

Performance by ClubEdit

Club Winners Runners-up Winning Years
Sparta Prague
12
9
1993–94, 1994–95, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2006–07, 2009–10, 2013–14
Slavia Prague
5
10
1995–96, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2016–17, 2018–19
Viktoria Plzeň
5
2
2010–11, 2012–13, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2017–18
Slovan Liberec
3
0
2001–02, 2005–06, 2011–12
Baník Ostrava
1
0
2003–04
Sigma Olomouc
0
1
Teplice
0
1
Mladá Boleslav
0
1
Jablonec
0
1

Media coverageEdit

Country Broadcaster
  Austria Sportdigital
  Germany
   Switzerland
  Czech Republic ČT Sport, O2 TV, Tipsport, Chance, Fortuna
  Poland Polsat Sport
  Romania Telekom Sport
  Slovakia Orange Sport
  Slovenia ŠTV 3
  Albania Arena Sport
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Croatia
  Montenegro
  Republic of Macedonia
  Serbia
  Egypt Time Sports

ManagersEdit

Last update: 14 June 2019

Name Club Appointed
  Jindřich Trpišovský Slavia Prague 22 December 2017
  Pavel Vrba Viktoria Plzeň 1 July 2017
  Václav Jílek Sparta Prague 30 May 2019
  Petr Rada Jablonec 14 December 2017
  Bohumil Páník Baník Ostrava 12 March 2018
  Pavel Hoftych Slovan Liberec 13 June 2019
  Jozef Weber Mladá Boleslav 27 February 2018
  Radoslav Látal Sigma Olomouc 31 May 2019
  Josef Csaplár Zlín 3 June 2019
  Stanislav Hejkal Teplice 25 September 2018
  Martin Svědík Slovácko 10 November 2018
  Ivan Kopecký Opava 5 September 2018
  Martin Hašek Bohemians 1905 5 April 2017
  Roman Nádvorník Příbram 18 March 2019
  František Straka Karviná 13 March 2019
  David Horejš České Budějovice 12 October 2015

All time Czech First League tableEdit

The table counts all the seasons since the Czech First League was founded in 1993.[8]

Pos Team Seas GP W D L GF GA GD Pts
1 AC Sparta Prague 26 785 490 165 130 1452 617 835 1617
2 SK Slavia Prague 26 785 403 209 173 1273 745 528 1402
3 FC Slovan Liberec 26 785 342 221 222 1050 834 216 1236
4 FK Jablonec 25 755 297 212 246 1020 867 153 1103
5 FC Viktoria Plzeň 22 665 308 162 195 973 747 226 1074
6 SK Sigma Olomouc 24 722 282 196 244 919 829 90 1028
7 FC Baník Ostrava 25 756 258 222 276 967 961 6 982
8 FK Teplice 23 692 258 203 231 875 809 66 977
9 FC Zbrojovka Brno 24 720 242 186 292 840 948 -108 902
10 1. FK Příbram 20 605 180 155 270 650 866 -216 695
11 FK Mladá Boleslav 15 455 190 122 143 683 567 116 692
12 1. FC Slovácko 17 515 162 140 213 568 651 -83 626
13 SK Dynamo České Budějovice 18 540 151 153 236 551 798 -247 595
14 Bohemians 1905 17 515 138 149 228 496 707 -211 555
15 FK Viktoria Žižkov 14 420 144 106 170 478 539 -61 526
16 FC Fastav Zlín 14 424 124 116 184 408 568 -160 478
17 FC Hradec Králové 14 420 105 113 202 374 601 -227 419
18 FK Drnovice 10 300 114 67 119 392 398 -6 396
19 FK Dukla Prague 9 275 77 76 122 325 420 -95 306
20 SFC Opava 9 275 75 71 129 307 411 -104 296
21 FK Chmel Blšany 8 240 67 63 110 255 350 -95 264
22 FC Vysočina Jihlava 7 210 55 61 94 221 315 -94 226
23 SK Kladno 4 120 28 30 62 99 173 -74 114
24 FC Union Cheb 3 90 29 26 35 95 121 -26 100
25 MFK Karviná 3 95 25 21 49 113 147 -34 96
26 FK SIAD Most 3 90 19 30 41 96 140 -44 87
27 FK Bohemians Praha (Střížkov) 2 60 14 8 38 60 111 -51 50
28 FC Karviná 2 60 12 12 36 53 105 -52 48
29 1. SC Znojmo 1 30 6 9 15 32 49 -17 27
30 FK Ústí nad Labem 1 30 4 7 19 22 67 -45 19
31 FC Slovácká Slavia Uherské Hradiště 1 30 3 8 19 19 65 -46 17
32 MFK Vítkovice 1 30 3 7 20 22 64 -42 13
33 FK Švarc Benešov 1 30 3 3 24 23 78 -55 12
34 AFK Atlantic Lázně Bohdaneč 1 30 2 5 23 18 61 -43 11
  • Point deductions are not counted into this historical table (2004–05: 1. FC Slovácko −12, SFC Opava −6, Slovan Liberec −6; 2009–10: Bohemians Praha (Střížkov) −15; 2011–12: Sigma Olomouc −9).
  • In season 1993–94 wins were awarded by 2 points.
  • Highlighted teams will be competing in the 2019–20 Czech First League.

StatisticsEdit

UEFA coefficientsEdit

The following data indicates Czech coefficient rankings between European football leagues.[9]

 

AttendanceEdit

Season Total Average Highest Home Av. Club
1993–94 1,116,885 4,653 23,111 9,501 Brno
1994–95 1,380,060 5,750 34,770 20,523 Brno
1995–96 1,225,755 5,107 26,872 12,283 Brno
1996–97 1,710,045 7,125 44,120 21,659 Brno
1997–98 1,477,515 6,156 31,730 15,365 Brno
1998–99 1,447,875 6,033 24,400 13,207 Brno
1999–00 1,433,355 5,972 23,800 11,280 Opava
2000–01 1,091,882 4,549 16,350 7,718 Olomouc
2001–02 1,113,325 4,722 16,300 7,490 Ostrava
2002–03 935,927 3,899 18,228 6,175 Sparta Prague
2003–04 1,158,523 4,827 20,032 15,376 Ostrava
2004–05 921,658 3,840 15,419 8,028 Ostrava
2005–06 980,633 4,085 20,318 7,211 Sparta Prague
2006–07 1,173,869 4,891 20,565 11,848 Sparta Prague
2007–08 1,237,660 5,156 20,698 11,022 Ostrava
2008–09 1,119,410 4,664 20,500 11,971 Slavia Prague
2009–10 1,177,014 4,924 19,370 10,766 Sparta Prague
2010–11 1,073,690 4,473 18,873 8,665 Sparta Prague
2011–12 1,130,540 4,710 18,299 10,322 Sparta Prague
2012–13 1,151,464 4,797 19,410 10,046 Plzeň
2013–14 1,216,389 5,068 19,089 11,340 Sparta Prague
2014–15 1,137,131 4,738 18,665 10,868 Plzeň
2015–16 1,219,366 5,080 18,684 10,618 Plzeň
2016–17 1,172,619 4,886 19,084 11,625 Slavia Prague
2017–18 1,331,016 5,546 19,084 12,431 Slavia Prague
2018–19 1,533,390 5,536 19,370 13,456 Slavia Prague

[12]

Player recordsEdit

As of 1 June 2019.[13]

Following statistics count only seasons of Czech First League since its inception in 1993.

Clubs are in order of first appearance.

Highlighted players are currently playing in the Czech First League.

Most appearancesEdit

# Name Matches Years active Clubs
1   Stanislav Vlček 436 1993–2012 Bohemians 1905, České Budějovice, Olomouc, Slavia Prague
2   Martin Vaniak 432 1993–2011 Olomouc, Drnovice, Most, Slavia Prague
  Rudolf Otepka 432 1996–2012 Zlín, Příbram, Drnovice, Ostrava, Olomouc, České Budějovice
4   Pavel Horváth 426 1993–2015 Sparta Prague, Jablonec, Slavia Prague, Teplice, Plzeň
5   David Lafata 418 1999–2018 České Budějovice, Jablonec, Sparta Prague
6   Libor Došek 407 1998–2016 Brno, Blšany, Liberec, Sparta Prague, Teplice, Slovácko
7   Miroslav Holeňák 404 1993–2011 Zlín, Drnovice, Liberec, Slavia Prague
8   Jaromír Blažek 401 1993–2015 Žižkov, Bohemians 1905, Slavia Prague, Sparta Prague, Příbram, Jihlava
9   Marek Kulič 389 1998–2014 Lázně Bohdaneč, Drnovice, Příbram, České Budějovice, Mladá Boleslav, Sparta Prague, Hradec Králové
10   Pavel Verbíř 379 1996–2011 Teplice
  David Limberský 364 2003– Plzeň, Sparta Prague
  Milan Petržela 362 2003– Slovácko, Jablonec, Sparta Prague, Plzeň

Most appearances (foreign players)Edit

# Name Matches Years active Clubs
1   Karol Kisel 279 2000–2013 Bohemians 1905, Liberec, Sparta Prague, Slavia Prague
2   Admir Ljevaković 274 2007– Teplice
3   Matúš Kozáčik 242 2003– Slavia Prague, Sparta Prague, Plzeň
4   Marek Bakoš 217 2009–2019 Plzeň, Liberec
5   Alexandre Mendy 207 2003–2011 Příbram, Most, Mladá Boleslav
6   Aidin Mahmutović 206 2008–2016 Teplice, Plzeň, Olomouc, Příbram
7   Daniel Rossi Silva 205 2007–2016 Olomouc, Jablonec
8   Kennedy Chihuri 200 1996–2004 Slavia Prague, Žižkov
9   Róbert Zeher 187 2004–2012 Opava, Ostrava, Blšany, Slovácko, Jablonec
10   Rastislav Michalík 185 1997–2004 Příbram, Liberec, Sparta Prague

Appearances by ageEdit

Record Name Club Season Age
Youngest player   Dominik Mašek Příbram 2014–15 15 years, 10 months, 18 days
Oldest player   Jaromír Blažek Jihlava 2018–19 42 years, 4 months, 24 days

Most goalsEdit

# Name Goals Matches Years active Clubs
1   David Lafata 198 418 1999–2018 České Budějovice, Jablonec, Sparta Prague
2   Horst Siegl 134 310 1993–2006 Sparta Prague, Příbram, Plzeň, Most
3   Libor Došek 125 407 1998–2016 Brno, Blšany, Liberec, Sparta Prague, Teplice, Slovácko
4   Stanislav Vlček 94 436 1993–2012 Bohemians 1905, České Budějovice, Olomouc, Slavia Prague
5   Luděk Zelenka 92 342 1995–2009 Jablonec, Žižkov, Slavia Prague, Teplice, Blšany, Brno, Bohemians 1905
6   Milan Škoda 89 288 2007– Bohemians 1905, Slavia Prague
7   Marek Kulič 88 389 1998–2014 Lázně Bohdaneč, Drnovice, Příbram, České Budějovice, Mladá Boleslav, Sparta Prague, Hradec Králové
8   Vratislav Lokvenc 82 201 1993–2000 Hradec Králové, Sparta Prague
  Pavel Horváth 82 426 1993–2015 Sparta Prague, Jablonec, Slavia Prague, Teplice, Plzeň
10   Jan Nezmar 80 311 1999–2012 Opava, Liberec, Slovácko

Most goals (foreign players)Edit

# Name Goals Matches Years active Clubs
1   Aidin Mahmutović 70 206 2008–2016 Teplice, Plzeň, Olomouc, Příbram
2   Marek Bakoš 67 217 2009–2019 Plzeň, Liberec
3   Karol Kisel 49 279 2000–2013 Bohemians 1905, Liberec, Sparta Prague, Slavia Prague
4   Michal Ďuriš 38 164 2010–2016 Plzeň, Mladá Boleslav
5   Andrej Kerić 36 135 2008–2013 Liberec, Sparta Prague, Teplice
  Muris Mešanović 36 118 2012– Jihlava, Slavia Prague, Mladá Boleslav
  Nikolay Komlichenko 36 61 2016– Liberec, Mladá Boleslav
8   Leandro Lázzaro Liuni 34 83 1998–2001 Liberec, Sparta Prague
9   Ľubomír Reiter 31 90 2001–2007 Olomouc, Slavia Prague
  Leonard Kweuke 31 74 2010–2013 Sparta Prague

Goal scorers by ageEdit

Record Name Club Season Age
Youngest scorer   Adam Hložek Sparta Prague 2018–19 16 years, 7 months, 15 days
Oldest scorer   Pavel Zavadil Opava 2018–19 41 years, 0 months, 12 days

Most clean sheetsEdit

# Name Clean sheets Matches Years active Clubs
1   Jaromír Blažek 157 401 1993–2015 Žižkov, Bohemians 1905, Slavia Prague, Sparta Prague, Příbram, Jihlava
2   Martin Vaniak 153 432 1993–2011 Olomouc, Drnovice, Most, Slavia Prague
3   Matúš Kozáčik 111 242 2003– Slavia Prague, Sparta Prague, Plzeň
4   Tomáš Poštulka 110 309 1993–2008 Drnovice, Dukla Prague, Hradec Králové, Sparta Prague, Teplice, Plzeň
5   Michal Špit 101 300 2000–2016 Příbram, Sparta Prague, Jablonec
6   Tomáš Grigar 92 259 2005– Sparta Prague, Teplice
7   Radek Černý 90 212 1994–2014 České Budějovice, Cheb, Slavia Prague
8   Petr Drobisz 88 289 1998–2014 Jablonec, Slovácko, Olomouc, Znojmo
9   Vít Baránek 83 276 1995–2012 Ostrava, Opava, Zlín
10   Luboš Přibyl 77 241 1993–2002 Olomouc, Brno

Most yellow cardsEdit

# Name Yellow cards Matches Years active Clubs
1   Admir Ljevaković 101 274 2007– Teplice
2   Pavel Horváth 97 426 1993–2015 Sparta Prague, Jablonec, Slavia Prague, Teplice, Plzeň
3   Tomáš Hunal 89 346 1995–2010 Slavia Prague, Žižkov, Teplice, Příbram, České Budějovice

Most red cardsEdit

# Name Red cards Matches Years active Clubs
1   Jaroslav Šilhavý 9 137 1993–1999 Slavia Prague, Drnovice, Žižkov
  Stanislav Marek 9 199 1993–2002 Liberec, České Budějovice
  Marcel Mácha 9 235 1995–2008 Liberec, Příbram
  Miloslav Penner 9 249 1995–2008 Slovácká Slavia Uherské Hradiště, FC Karviná, České Budějovice, Příbram, Zlín

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "A Recap: Red Cards, TV Woes, Goodbye Dukla". Prague Post. 3 August 1994. Archived from the original on 4 April 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Gambrinus zůstává u fotbalu dalších šest let". fotbal.cz (in Czech). 28 July 2008. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  3. ^ "Gambrinus liga se bude hrát dalších šest let". idnes.cz (in Czech). Mladá fronta DNES. 28 July 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
  4. ^ "Alkohol střídá hazard. Z Gambrinus ligy bude Synot liga" [Alcohol replaced by gambling. Gambrinus Liga will be Synot Liga]. Czech Radio (in Czech). 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  5. ^ "Synot končí s podporou fotbalové ligy. O sponzora přijde Sparta, Jablonec i Nymburk". aktualne.cz (in Czech). 21 January 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Titulární sponzor fotbalové ligy končí i kvůli Peltově aféře. Podobný krok zvažuje i Tvrdík s CEFC". aktualne.cz (in Czech). 29 May 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  7. ^ "Fortuna je partnerem reprezentace a dá jméno první lize. Pelta: Výše kontraktu nemá obdoby". aktualne.cz (in Czech). 18 October 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Tabulka". Fortuna liga. 1 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  9. ^ "UEFA European Cup Coefficients Database". Bert Kassies. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  10. ^ "UEFA Country Ranking 2019 – kassiesA – Xs4all". Kassiesa.home.xs411.nl. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Club coefficients". uefa.com. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Stats Leaders". Fortuna Liga. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Detailed stats". Fortuna liga.

External linksEdit