Vlašim (Czech pronunciation: [ˈvlaʃɪm]; German: Wlaschim) is a town in Benešov District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 11,000 inhabitants. It is situated on the Blanice river, 70 kilometres (43 mi) south-east from Prague. Vlašim is known for its castle and English style park.

Vlašim
Žižkovo Square
Žižkovo Square
Flag of Vlašim
Coat of arms of Vlašim
Vlašim is located in Czech Republic
Vlašim
Vlašim
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°42′23″N 14°53′56″E / 49.70639°N 14.89889°E / 49.70639; 14.89889Coordinates: 49°42′23″N 14°53′56″E / 49.70639°N 14.89889°E / 49.70639; 14.89889
Country Czech Republic
RegionCentral Bohemian
DistrictBenešov
First mentioned1318
Government
 • MayorLuděk Jeništa
Area
 • Total41.42 km2 (15.99 sq mi)
Elevation
365 m (1,198 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total11,496
 • Density280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
258 01
Websitewww.mesto-vlasim.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Villages of Bolina, Domašín, Hrazená Lhota, Nesperská Lhota, Polánka and Znosim are administrative parts of Vlašim.

HistoryEdit

 
Vlašim Castle

According to archeologists, the first inhabitants settled here as long as 30 thousand years ago. About 4,000 years ago, the place was inhabited by Celts, and later by Germanic and Slavic peoples.[citation needed]

The castle is Vlašim was probably built in 1303 by Hynek of Vlašim. The first written mention of the castle and therefore of Vlašim is from 1318.[2]

DemographyEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18694,040—    
18804,547+12.5%
18904,791+5.4%
19004,936+3.0%
19105,115+3.6%
19215,075−0.8%
19305,464+7.7%
19507,444+36.2%
YearPop.±%
19618,747+17.5%
197010,515+20.2%
198012,613+20.0%
199112,809+1.6%
200112,270−4.2%
201111,723−4.5%
202111,496−1.9%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic[3]

EconomyEdit

Commuting to Prague is very common in Vlašim. The most significant engineering factory in Vlašim is Sellier & Bellot, manufacturing ammunition. Packaging machinery companies are also successful worldwide and employ local people.

TransportEdit

Vlašim is situated on the BenešovTrhový Štěpánov railway line.

Vlašim aerodrome, LKVL, has been re-opened in 2019 for national public traffic.

SightsEdit

 
Vlašim castle gate
 
Church of Saint Giles

The Vlašim Castle is the main landmark of the town. The original Gothic castle was rebuilt in the 16th century.[2] It is surrounded with an English landscape garden with many pieces of romantic architecture such as the Chinese pavilion, Old castle and its three gates.[4]

The Church of Saint Giles is a late Gothic building from 1522–1523.[5]

CultureEdit

The castle park hosts an annual festival on 1 May, which is a public holiday in the Czech Republic.[4]

SportEdit

The town is home to an association football team, FC Sellier & Bellot Vlašim, which plays in the Czech National Football League, the second tier of Czech football.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ a b "Zámek Vlašim" (in Czech). Hrady.cz. Retrieved 2021-06-30.
  3. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Benešov" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 31–32.
  4. ^ a b "O Vlašimi" (in Czech). Město Vlašim. Retrieved 2021-06-30.
  5. ^ "Kostel sv. Jiljí" (in Czech). Hrady.cz. Retrieved 2021-06-30.

External linksEdit