Central Bohemian Region

The Central Bohemian Region (Czech: Středočeský kraj, German: Mittelböhmische Region) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the central part of its historical region of Bohemia. Its administrative centre is in the Czech capital Prague, which lies in the centre of the region. However, the city is not part of it but is a region of its own.

Central Bohemia Region
Středočeský kraj
Cityscape of Kutná Hora with St. James church
Cityscape of Kutná Hora with St. James church
Flag of Central Bohemia Region
Coat of arms of Central Bohemia Region
Location of Central Bohemia Region
Country Czech Republic
CapitalPrague (administrative only)
DistrictsBenešov District, Beroun District, Kladno District, Kolín District, Kutná Hora District, Mělník District, Mladá Boleslav District, Nymburk District, Prague-East District, Prague-West District, Příbram District, Rakovník District
 • GovernorPetra Pecková (STAN)
 • Total11,014.97 km2 (4,252.90 sq mi)
Highest elevation
865 m (2,838 ft)
 • Total1,455,940
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
 • TotalCZK 688.764 billion
(€26.862 billion)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166-2CZ-ST
Licence plateS
NUTS codeCZ02
GDP per capita (PPS) (2018)€24,900
HDI (2021)0.847[3]
very high · 7th

The Central Bohemian Region is in the centre of Bohemia. In terms of area, it is the largest region in the Czech Republic, with 11,014 km2, almost 14% of the total area of the country. It surrounds the country's capital, Prague, and borders Liberec Region (in the north), Hradec Králové Region (northeast), Pardubice Region (east), Vysočina Region (southeast), South Bohemian Region (south), Plzeň Region (west) and Ústí nad Labem Region (northwest).

Administrative divisions


The Central Bohemian Region is divided into 12 districts:

Districts of the Central Bohemian Region
  Kutná Hora
  Mladá Boleslav
  Praha-Východ (Prague-East)
  Praha-Západ (Prague-West)

Příbram District is the region's largest district in terms of area (15% of the total region's area), while Prague-West District is the smallest one (5%). In 2019, the region counted in total 1,144 municipalities where of 26 were municipalities with a delegated municipal office. 1,028 municipalities had less than 2,000 inhabitants and they accounted for 41% of the total population of the region. 82 municipalities had a status of town.


The Sázava River at the Kliment's View

With an area of 11,014 km2, the Central Bohemian Region is the largest region of the Czech Republic, occupying 14% of its total area. The region has relatively diversified terrain. The highest point of the region is located on Tok hill (865 m[4]) in Brdy Highlands in the southwestern part of the region. The lowest point of the region is situated on the water surface of the Elbe River (Czech: Labe) near Dolní Beřkovice.

The region is divided into two landscape types. The northeastern part is formed by the Polabí lowlands with a high share of land being used for agricultural purposes and deciduous forests. The south-western part of the region is hilly with coniferous and mixed forests.

Important rivers in the region are Labe, Vltava, Berounka, Jizera and Sázava. On the Vltava river, a series of nine dams (Czech: Vltavská kaskáda) was constructed throughout the 20th century.

The agricultural land accounts for 83.5% of all land in the region, which 11p.p. more than the national average. The highest share of the agricultural land can be found in Polabí, especially in Kolín and Nymburk districts.

There are a number of landscape parks located in the region. Křivoklátsko is the largest and most important landscape park in the region, being at the same time a UNESCO Biosphere Reservation. Another remarkable area is the Bohemian Karst, the largest karst area in the Czech republic, where the Koněprusy Caves (Czech: Koněpruské jeskyně) are located. Finally, a large part of Kokořínsko Landscape Park is situated in the Central Bohemian Region.



As of January 1, 2024 the Central Bohemian Region had 1,455,940 inhabitants and was the most populous region in the country. About 53% of the inhabitants lived in towns or cities. This is the lowest proportion among the regions of the Czech Republic.

Since the second half of the 1990s the areas surrounding Prague have been significantly influenced by suburbanization. High numbers of young people have moved to the region and since 2006 the region has been experiencing a natural population growth. As of 2024, the average age in the region is 41.5 years, the lowest number among the regions in the Czech Republic.[5]

The table shows cities and towns in the region that had more than 10,000 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2024):[6]

Name Population Area (km2) District
  Kladno 69,078 37 Kladno District
  Mladá Boleslav 46,428 29 Mladá Boleslav District
  Kolín 33,229 35 Kolín District
  Příbram 32,992 33 Příbram District
  Kutná Hora 21,556 33 Kutná Hora District
  Beroun 21,272 31 Beroun District
  Mělník 20,350 25 Mělník District
  Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav 20,073 23 Prague-East District
  Kralupy nad Vltavou 18,782 22 Mělník District
  Benešov 17,035 47 Benešov District
  Říčany 16,955 26 Prague-East District
  Slaný 16,740 35 Kladno District
  Neratovice 16,217 20 Mělník District
  Rakovník 15,739 19 Rakovník District
  Nymburk 15,510 21 Nymburk District
  Poděbrady 15,156 34 Nymburk District
  Milovice 13,920 31 Nymburk District
  Čelákovice 12,463 16 Prague-East District
  Vlašim 11,455 41 Benešov District
  Čáslav 10,512 26 Kutná Hora District
  Jesenice 10,483 17 Prague-West District
Historical population
Source: Censuses[7][8]
Silver mining in Kutná Hora in the 15th century
Škoda Superb produced in Mladá Boleslav



The gross domestic product (GDP) of the region was 24.1 billion € in 2018, accounting for 11.6% of Czech economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 25,300 € or 82% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 84% of the EU average, which makes Central Bohemia one of the wealthiest regions in the Czech Republic.[9] Six out of ten employees in the region work in the tertiary sector and the share of this sector on the total employment has been increasing over time. On the other hand, the share of primary and secondary sector has been decreasing. The unemployment rate in the region is in the long-term lower than the national average. As of December 31, 2012 the registered unemployment rate was 7.07%. However, there were considerable differences in the unemployment rate within the region. The lowest unemployment rate was in Prague-East District (3.35%) while the highest in Příbram District (10.10%). The average wage in the region in 2012 was CZK 24,749 (approximately EUR 965).



The most important branches of industry in the region are mechanical engineering, chemical industry and food industry. Other significant industries are glass production, ceramics and printing. On the other hand, some traditional industries such as steel industry, leather manufacturing and coal mining have been declining in the recent period.

In 2006, 237 industrial companies with 100 or more employees were active in the region. A car manufacturer ŠKODA AUTO a.s. Mladá Boleslav became a company of nationwide importance. Another car manufacturer which is active in the region is TPCA Czech, s.r.o. in Kolín.



The north-eastern part of the region has very favourable conditions for agriculture. The agriculture in the region is oriented especially in crop farming, namely the production of wheat, barley, sugar beet and in suburban areas also fruit farming, vegetable growing and floriculture. Since the beginning of the 1990s the employment in agriculture, forestry and fishing has been decreasing.



The region has an advantageous position thanks to its proximity to the capital. A significant proportion of region's population commutes daily to Prague for work or to schools. Compared to other regions, the Central Bohemian region has the densest (and the most overloaded) transport network. The roads and railways connecting the capital with other regions all cross the Central Bohemian region.



Central Bohemia official tourist board is based in Husova street 156/21 Prague 1 Old Town. The official website of Central bohemia is www.centralbohemia.eu (Currently under reconstruction). There are also social pages on Facebook and Instagram.




  1. ^ "Population of cohesion regions, regions and districts of the Czech Republic, 1 January 2024". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2024-05-17.
  2. ^ https://www.czso.cz/csu/xb/regionalni_hdp Language - Czech, Access date - 01/30/2021
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2024-05-17.
  4. ^ "Mapy.cz". Archived from the original on 2018-02-10. Retrieved 2018-02-09.
  5. ^ "Population of territorial units of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  6. ^ "Population of municipalities of the Czech Republic, 1 January 2024". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2024-05-17.
  7. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21.
  8. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
  9. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.

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