Districts of the Czech Republic

Districts of the Czech Republic are territorial units, formerly used as second-level administrative divisions of the Czech Republic. After their primary administrative function has been abolished in 2003, they still exist for the activities of specific authorities and as statistical units. Their administrative function was moved to selected municipalities.

Districts of the Czech Republic
  • Also known as:
  • Okresy České Republiky
Czech Republic districts.png
LocationCzech Republic
Found inRegions of the Czech Republic (13+1)
Created
  • 1960
Abolished
  • 2003 (as administrative units)
Number76 (as of 2021)
Possible status
  • still exist as territorial units
Additional status
Subdivisions
  • Administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence (205)

EstablishmentEdit

In 1960, Czechoslovakia was re-divided into districts (okres, plural okresy) often without regard to traditional division and local relationships. In the area of the Czech Republic, there were 75 districts; the 76th Jeseník District was split in the 1990s from Šumperk District. Three consisted only of statutory cities Brno, Ostrava and Plzeň which gained the status of districts only in 1971; Ostrava and Plzeň districts were later expanded. The capital city of Prague has a special status, being considered a municipality and region at the same time and not being a part of any district, but ten districts of Prague (obvody) were in some ways equivalent to okres.

Municipalities with extended competenceEdit

A reform in effect since January 2003 replaced the districts with 205 Administrative Districts of Municipalities with Extended Competence (abbreviated AD MEC; správní obvody obcí s rozšířenou působností, abbreviated SO ORP), also called third-level municipalities, or unofficially "little districts". These municipalities took over most of the administration of the former district authorities. The old districts still exist as territorial units and remain as seats of some of the offices, especially courts, police and archives.

In 2007 the borders of the districts were slightly adjusted and 119 municipalities were moved into different districts.[1] In 2021 another reform was made and 18 municipalities were moved between districts or between administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence.[2]

After the 2021 reform, borders of AD MECs respect borders of districts, with only exception granted by law being AD MEC of Turnov, which is partly in districts of Semily, Jablonec nad Nisou and Liberec. The reasons are the vastness of this territory and different requirements of the territory's population.[2]

Municipalities with commissioned local authorityEdit

Administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence are further divided into 393 Administrative Districts of Municipalities with Commissioned Local Authority (abbreviated AD CLA; správní obvody obcí s pověřeným obecním úřadem, abbreviated SO POÚ), also called "second-level municipalities"). A municipality with commissioned local authority is a municipality to which the state delegates part of its powers, but not to the extent that it delegates it to a municipality with extended competence.

Maps of districtsEdit

Map of districts (borders as of 2016)
Map of administrative districts of municipalities with extended competences (borders as of 2016)

List of districtsEdit

Region District Area
(km2)
Population
(2022)[3]
Mun.
Prague

 

Prague 496 1,275,406 1
Central Bohemian Region

 

Benešov 1,475 99,323 114
Beroun 662 96,624 85
Kladno 720 164,493 100
Kolín 748 103,894 90
Kutná Hora 917 75,683 88
Mělník 701 109,354 69
Mladá Boleslav 1,023 127,592 120
Nymburk 846 101,120 86
Prague-East 755 188,384 110
Prague-West 580 151,093 79
Příbram 1,693 114,366 120
Rakovník 896 54,898 83
South Bohemian Region

 

České Budějovice 1,639 195,533 109
Český Krumlov 1,616 60,096 46
Jindřichův Hradec 1,944 89,283 106
Písek 1,127 70,769 75
Prachatice 1,375 50,230 65
Strakonice 1,032 69,773 112
Tábor 1,326 101,363 110
Plzeň Region

 

Domažlice 1,052 54,391 76
Klatovy 1,946 84,614 94
Plzeň-City 261 188,407 15
Plzeň-South 1,068 68,918 99
Plzeň-North 1,287 80,666 98
Rokycany 575 48,770 68
Tachov 1,378 52,941 51
Karlovy Vary Region

 

Cheb 1,046 87,958 40
Karlovy Vary 1,515 110,052 55
Sokolov 754 85,200 38
Ústí nad Labem Region

 

Chomutov 935 121,480 44
Děčín 909 126,294 52
Litoměřice 1,032 117,582 105
Louny 1,118 85,381 70
Most 467 106,773 26
Teplice 469 124,472 34
Ústí nad Labem 405 116,916 23
Liberec Region

 

Česká Lípa 1,073 101,962 57
Jablonec nad Nisou 439 90,171 35
Liberec 989 173,890 59
Semily 662 71,547 65
Hradec Králové Region

 

Hradec Králové 892 162,400 104
Jičín 887 78,713 111
Náchod 852 107,973 78
Rychnov nad Kněžnou 982 78,424 80
Trutnov 1,147 115,073 75
Pardubice Region

 

Chrudim 993 103,746 108
Pardubice 880 172,224 112
Svitavy 1,379 102,866 116
Ústí nad Orlicí 1,267 135,682 115
Vysočina Region

 

Havlíčkův Brod 1,265 93,692 120
Jihlava 1,199 112,415 123
Pelhřimov 1,290 71,571 120
Třebíč 1,463 109,183 167
Žďár nad Sázavou 1,579 117,164 174
South Moravian Region

 

Blansko 862 107,912 116
Břeclav 1,038 114,801 63
Brno-City 230 379,466 1
Brno-Country 1,499 225,514 187
Hodonín 1,099 151,096 82
Vyškov 876 92,317 79
Znojmo 1,590 113,462 144
Olomouc Region

 

Jeseník 719 36,752 24
Olomouc 1,620 233,588 97
Přerov 845 126,613 105
Prostějov 770 107,580 97
Šumperk 1,313 118,397 78
Zlín Region

 

Kroměříž 796 103,445 79
Uherské Hradiště 991 139,829 78
Vsetín 1,131 140,171 59
Zlín 1,046 188,987 91
Moravian-Silesian Region

 

Bruntál 1,537 89,547 67
Frýdek-Místek 1,208 212,347 72
Karviná 356 240,319 17
Nový Jičín 882 149,919 54
Opava 1,113 173,753 77
Ostrava-City 332 312,104 13

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Změny hranic okresů k 1. 1. 2007". czso.cz (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  2. ^ a b "Obecně o novém zákonu č. 51/2020 Sb". mvcr.cz (in Czech). Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  3. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.