Districts of the Czech Republic

Districts of the Czech Republic are territorial units, formerly used as second-level administrative divisions of the Czech Republic. After their primary administrative function has been abolished in 2003, they still exist for the activities of specific authorities and as statistical units. Their administrative function was moved to selected municipalities.

Districts of the Czech Republic
  • Also known as:
  • Okresy České Republiky
Czech Republic districts.png
LocationCzech Republic
Found inRegions of the Czech Republic (13+1)
Created
  • 1960
Abolished
  • 2003 (as administrative units)
Number76 (as of 2021)
Possible status
  • still exist as territorial units
Additional status
Subdivisions
  • Administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence (205)

EstablishmentEdit

In 1960, Czechoslovakia was re-divided into districts (okres, plural okresy) often without regard to traditional division and local relationships. In the area of the Czech Republic, there were 75 districts; the 76th Jeseník District was split in the 1990s from Šumperk District. Three consisted only of statutory cities Brno, Ostrava and Plzeň which gained the status of districts only in 1971; Ostrava and Plzeň districts were later expanded. The capital city of Prague has a special status, being considered a municipality and region at the same time and not being a part of any district, but ten districts of Prague (obvody) were in some ways equivalent to okres.

Municipalities with extended competenceEdit

A reform in effect since January 2003 replaced the districts with 205 Administrative Districts of Municipalities with Extended Competence (abbreviated AD MEC; správní obvody obcí s rozšířenou působností, abbreviated SO ORP), also called third-level municipalities, or unofficially "little districts". These municipalities took over most of the administration of the former district authorities. The old districts still exist as territorial units and remain as seats of some of the offices, especially courts, police and archives.

In 2007 the borders of the districts were slightly adjusted and 119 municipalities were moved into different districts.[1] In 2021 another reform was made and 18 municipalities were moved between districts or between administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence.[2]

After the 2021 reform, borders of AD MECs respect borders of districts, with only exception granted by law being AD MEC of Turnov, which is partly in districts of Semily, Jablonec nad Nisou and Liberec. The reasons are the vastness of this territory and different requirements of the territory's population.[2]

Municipalities with commissioned local authorityEdit

Administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence are further divided into 393 Administrative Districts of Municipalities with Commissioned Local Authority (abbreviated AD CLA; správní obvody obcí s pověřeným obecním úřadem, abbreviated SO POÚ), also called "second-level municipalities"). A municipality with commissioned local authority is a municipality to which the state delegates part of its powers, but not to the extent that it delegates it to a municipality with extended competence.

Maps of districtsEdit

Map of districts (borders as of 2016)
Map of administrative districts of municipalities with extended competences (borders as of 2016)

List of districtsEdit

Region District Area
(km2)
Population
(2021)[3]
Mun.
Prague

 

Prague 496 1,335,084 1
Central Bohemian Region

 

Benešov 1,475 99,742 114
Beroun 662 96,403 85
Kladno 720 166,845 100
Kolín 748 103,932 90
Kutná Hora 917 76,310 88
Mělník 701 109,987 69
Mladá Boleslav 1,023 131,042 120
Nymburk 846 101,539 86
Prague-East 755 188,939 110
Prague-West 580 152,285 79
Příbram 1,693 115,236 120
Rakovník 896 55,737 83
South Bohemian Region

 

České Budějovice 1,639 196,602 109
Český Krumlov 1,616 61,320 47
Jindřichův Hradec 1,944 90,279 106
Písek 1,127 71,588 75
Prachatice 1,375 50,779 65
Strakonice 1,032 70,532 112
Tábor 1,326 102,451 110
Plzeň Region

 

Domažlice 1,052 55,268 76
Klatovy 1,946 86,253 94
Plzeň-City 261 194,840 15
Plzeň-South 1,068 70,131 99
Plzeň-North 1,287 80,671 98
Rokycany 575 49,489 68
Tachov 1,378 54,389 51
Karlovy Vary Region

 

Cheb 1,046 91,434 40
Karlovy Vary 1,515 114,374 56
Sokolov 754 87,503 38
Ústí nad Labem Region

 

Chomutov 935 124,600 44
Děčín 909 128,449 52
Litoměřice 1,032 119,177 105
Louny 1,118 86,364 70
Most 467 110,933 26
Teplice 469 128,830 34
Ústí nad Labem 405 118,651 23
Liberec Region

 

Česká Lípa 1,073 102,998 57
Jablonec nad Nisou 439 91,533 35
Liberec 989 175,465 59
Semily 662 74,660 65
Hradec Králové Region

 

Hradec Králové 892 164,435 104
Jičín 887 80,134 111
Náchod 852 109,487 78
Rychnov nad Kněžnou 982 79,333 80
Trutnov 1,147 117,414 75
Pardubice Region

 

Chrudim 993 104,708 108
Pardubice 880 176,137 112
Svitavy 1,379 104,000 116
Ústí nad Orlicí 1,267 138,011 115
Vysočina Region

 

Havlíčkův Brod 1,265 94,612 120
Jihlava 1,199 113,664 123
Pelhřimov 1,290 72,298 120
Třebíč 1,463 110,337 167
Žďár nad Sázavou 1,579 117,941 174
South Moravian Region

 

Blansko 862 109,104 116
Břeclav 1,038 116,482 63
Brno-City 230 382,405 1
Brno-Country 1,499 226,442 187
Hodonín 1,099 153,607 82
Vyškov 876 92,735 80
Znojmo 1,590 114,552 144
Olomouc Region

 

Jeseník 719 37,709 24
Olomouc 1,620 235,441 98
Přerov 845 128,901 105
Prostějov 770 108,504 97
Šumperk 1,313 119,967 78
Zlín Region

 

Kroměříž 796 104,826 79
Uherské Hradiště 991 141,630 78
Vsetín 1,131 141,896 59
Zlín 1,046 191,767 91
Moravian-Silesian Region

 

Bruntál 1,537 90,971 67
Frýdek-Místek 1,208 214,587 72
Karviná 356 242,779 17
Nový Jičín 882 151,398 54
Opava 1,113 175,777 77
Ostrava-City 332 317,322 13

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Změny hranic okresů k 1. 1. 2007". czso.cz (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  2. ^ a b "Obecně o novém zákonu č. 51/2020 Sb". mvcr.cz (in Czech). Ministry of the interior of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  3. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.