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Tábor (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtaːbor]; German: Tabor) is a city of the Czech Republic, in the South Bohemian Region. The name became popular and nowadays translates to "camp" or "encampment" in Czech.[2] The town is notable for giving its name to Taborites, a radical wing of the Hussites.

Tábor
Town
Southwest corner of the Žižka's square as viewed from the church tower
Southwest corner of the Žižka's square as viewed from the church tower
Flag of Tábor
Flag
Coat of arms of Tábor
Coat of arms
Tábor is located in Czech Republic
Tábor
Tábor
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°24′N 14°39′E / 49.400°N 14.650°E / 49.400; 14.650Coordinates: 49°24′N 14°39′E / 49.400°N 14.650°E / 49.400; 14.650
CountryCzech Republic
RegionSouth Bohemian
DistrictTábor
Founded1420
Government
 • MayorŠtěpán Pavlík
Area
 • Total62.22 km2 (24.02 sq mi)
Elevation
437 m (1,434 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
 • Total34,456
 • Density550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
390 01
Websitewww.tabor.cz

Contents

HistoryEdit

The town was founded in the spring of 1420 by Petr Hromádka of Jistebnice and Jan Bydlínský of Bydlín from the most radical wing of the Hussites, who soon became known as the Taborites. The town is iconic for the years in which it flourished as an egalitarian peasant commune. This spirit is celebrated in Smetana's "Song of Freedom", made famous in the English-speaking world by Paul Robeson's recording in Czech and English.

The historical part of the town is situated on the summit of an isolated hill separated from the surrounding country by the Lužnice river and by an extensive lake, to which the Hussites gave the biblical name of Jordan. This lake, founded 1492, is the oldest reservoir of its kind in Central Europe. The historical importance of the city of Tábor ceased only when it was captured by King George of Poděbrady in 1452.

Until 1918, the post town "TABOR - TÁBOR" was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the district with the same name, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[3]

A post-office was opened in the railway station in 1895.

Though a large part of the ancient fortifications has been demolished, Tábor (or Hradiště Hory Tábor, the castle of the Tábor Hill, as it was called in the Hussite period) still preserves many memorials of its past fame. In the centre of the city is Žižka Square. Only very narrow streets lead to it, to render the approach to it more difficult in time of war. First-time visitors may not even suspect that there is an ingenious labyrinth of tunnels under the houses and streets here. The townspeople dug cellars under their houses and these were subsequently interconnected; an approximately 1 km-long section of the tunnel system is open to the public.

In the centre of the square is the statue of Jan Žižka, the greatest of the Hussite leaders. Here also is the Dean Church of Lord's Conversion on Mount Tabor, built in 1516 in the style of the Bohemian Renaissance, and the town hall, in connection with which a museum has been founded, which contains interesting memorials of the Hussite period, such as the Altar Wings of Roudníky and farm carts which doubled as battle wagons. Major parts of the ancient fortifications and the ancient Kotnov tower and gate of Bechyně near the tower still exist.

GeographyEdit

Tábor is situated in the Czech Republic, in South Bohemian Region, 100 kilometers away from the capital city Prague. It lies on the river Lužnice. Lužnice starts in Austria. It is 153 km long. On the right shore, there is geologically interesting formation "Granátová skála". The rock is a deposit of red garnets that can be as big as a hazelnut. Bigger part of the rock was mined and used to build houses, roads etc. There is also geological exposition called "Geologická expozice Pod Klokoty". The exposition is supposed to show people what kinds of rock are around them while they walk and eyjoy the nature. The town is 437 m above the sea level, highest point is the observation tower Hýlačka and the lowest is the surface of the river.  The area of the town is 62,22 km²  .It is located in geomorphological unit Tabor’s rolling land. The historical old town is situated on a hill above the river, which was used for the protection of the city. In the middle of the city there is water reservoir Jordán, which was built is 1492. It was used as storage of water, but nowadays it´s mainly used for recreation. It is the oldest water tank in Middle Europe.

The Districts of TáborEdit

ČekaniceEdit

This suburb is former a village which belonged to the city of Sezimovo Ústí but nowadays it is a part of Tábor which borders the city from the northeast. It is also in close proximity to Jordán, the water pond of Tábor.

  • Two restaurants can be found close to each other in Čekanice: Restaurace U Nováků and Restaurace na pěkné vyhlídce.
  • There is also football field FK Meteor Tábor on the edge of the suburb and close to center, there is Paintball klub Tábor.

ČelkoviceEdit

Čelkovice: The smallest suburb of Tábor. It is built along the southern riverside of the river Lužnice. The Hotel Žižkovy Lázně, called after famous Czech commander Jan Žižka, is probably the most remarkable place to be visited. Close to the southern bridge one can find a boat rental for water trips on river Lužnice.

HliniceEdit

The northeast part of Tábor which is from all sides surrounded by fields and meadows and from a distance even by forests. This part of Tábor is mostly visited for its nature which offers many activities such as mushrooms gathering.

HorkyEdit

The most southwest located suburb from the city of Tábor. Tourists may want to see the first Austrian-Hungarian electrificated raillway which led from Tábor through Horky to Bechyně. There is also a restaurant called restaurace Pintovka which can be found on the edge of this part of Tábor.

KlokotyEdit

The most northwest part of Tábor where over 600 years old roman catholic church called Poutní kostel Nanebevzetí Panny Marie can be found. The church was devoted to Mary, mother of Jesus, because according to an old myth she had revealed herself to nearby herdsmen.

MěšiceEdit

Is occupying the largest area out of all suburbs in Tábor. Besides the chapel of st. Anna (Kaple sv. Anny) and Memorable linden (Památná lípa) there is also a castle.

  • Kaple sv. Anny is catholic chapel that got almost destroyed during the communist regime.
  • Památná Lípa has main purpose as memorable monument and it stands in front of the casstle.
  • Zámek Měšice was former renaissance fortress which was later rebuild to present baroque castle. As well as the chapel and the rest of republic the castle had also suffered from communism in ČSSR.

NáchodEdit

-missing info-

SmyslovEdit

Stoklasná LhotaEdit

Sídliště Nad LužnicíEdit

VětrovyEdit

VšechovEdit

ZahrádkaEdit

ZálužíEdit

Zárybničná LhotaEdit

Southeastern suburb of Tábor surrounded by open fields and meadows.

Parks and natureEdit

Park Pod Kotnovem (Park Under the Kotnov castle)Edit

This park is placed next to Bechyňská gate and Kotnovská tower – near the Old Town. From there you can enjoy beautiful view of the river Lužnice. Originally, it was an old cemetery but in the 19th century, it has been changed in a park. We can still find there some of the gravestones – for example, one that belonged to Josef Němec, who was buried there. A husband of  Božena Němcová – a famous czech writer. In that time, the services were taking place in a chapel of St. Filip and Jacob, which was built in 14th century. It's the oldest sacred building in Tábor (building that is a place of worship). Lately, it was destroyed – during the Hussite Wars and then, in 1744 it was burned down by French soldiers. After this, it was rebuilt into a church of  today´s appearance but it has gone through a couple of reconstructions. Nowadays, the church is used for some culture events and the park is place for relaxation and has a playground for children. We can also find there a monument for the victims of World War I and II.

Husův park (The Park of Jan Hus)Edit

Also called The Square of J. H. or park by the train station. The park has started to form in 1871, after the train station was built. But it wasn't pretty enough and only after 1991 it was rebuilt (with some other buildings in the surroundings). The ceremonial opening was in 1997. At one part of this park, there stands a big monument (headstone) called „Mistr Jan Hus“ from famous czech sculptor František Bílek. It was built in 1928. There is granitic base with a bronze statue of Hus on it (3 meters tall), then a bronze relief boards with Hus’s life events and also a imitation of Kozí hrádek (place where he preached). In the other part, nearer to the train station, there is a fountain called Girl with a jug – it's almost 100 years old (from 1920).

Park U Popraviště (Park At the Scaffold)Edit

This is the biggest and one of the prettiest in Tábor. As the name suggests, in this park is a former scaffold, which was being used during the World War II. In 1942, there were executed 156 patriots by the nationalists. For these victims, a monument was built (in 1945 – 1950), which includes a pietistic path, some concrete fence and pylons, bronze board with lions and bronze relief board with figures. You can read the names of all the killed people from Tábor. The rest of the park rose in the end of 20th century. Some interesting statues are built there – e. g.: the statues of hippos in fountain or Plastika Tradice a současnost (Sculpture Tradition and present), which looks like a weird hand. It's a sure thing that there are some other fountains, avenues of trees, benches, flower patches and an adventurous playground.

Botanical gardenEdit

This Botanical garden was founded in 1866 so it´s the 2nd oldest in the Czech republic (at that time, it was much bigger – about 3600 m2). It belongs to the secondary school of agriculture, which is in front of it. You can see there more than 4000 different flowers and plants. The seeds from there are sent to more than 400 places in the world. Most of the garden is occupied by the arboretum (part devoted to trees and bushes). There is a small lake and a rock garden. The three glasshouses there contain cactuses, succulents, orchids, carnivorous plants and many other exotic plants. You can visit the garden for free (only the glasshouses are paid) and during the year, you can also see there some special exhibitions of plants.

Holečkovy sady (Holeček park)Edit

It's the oldest „park“ in Tábor, it was founded in the 1930s. This green ring around the historic core of Tábor is named after a famous writer and translator Josef Holeček. Actually, is doesn't look like a normal park – it's on a hill and there are many paths and stairs made from rocks and these are lined with large trees. Some smaller monuments are also there – a memorial to Josef Holeček, White gazebo, cross and two small chapels. During the day you can meet there a lot of people walking dogs or kids on a big adventurous playground. Housův mlýn - a mill on the creek at the foot of the hill offers a film armory (including weapons, used in famous films), a medieval tavern and some events for families takes place here, during the weekends. If you go on, you will come to Tismenické údolí (valley), where is also a place for relax and mainly for kids.

Free time activities possible in TáborEdit

Winter stadium

In Tábor there is the winter stadium where you can try ice skating. You can also enjoy matches of a hockey club HC Tábor.

Football stadium

Tábor has a football stadium of the team FCT Táborsko, where you can enjoy matches of the second league. For children it is possible to become member of the club.

Swimming pool

Near the football stadium there is also a swimming pool with a free parking outside. You can use an indoor and outdoor swimming pools and also newly renovated wellness area and children´s pool.

Lake Jordan

In the summer Tábor offers very nice outdoor swimming in lake Jordan. Around the lake is a trail which could be used for walks, running or cycling. It has a sandy surface so it is not a good choice for in-line skating. In the winter when there is ice on the lake, people use it for ice skating too. Lake Jordan has really nice surrounding.

Lužnice river

For in-line skating there is a very nice trail along the Lužnice river. It is used by cyclist and in-line skaters. On this trail is located sport and relax area called Komora.

Komora

Komora is sport and relax area in Sídliště nad Lužnicí. It offers an eight-way circuit, the longer one is 904 meters long and the shorter on is 68 meters long. Inside of the circuit there is a lot of space for any kind of free time activities such as frisbee, etc. There is also an outdoor gym for outdoor workout and two beach volleyball courts.

Ferrata and climbing

For the brave ones, Tábor offers also one ferrata (rock with a fixed metal rope). It is a small ferrata for beginners with climbing. On the other side of this rock there is První lom, which is a rock prepared for classical climbing (with your own rope and belaying). Another rock like this one is about  200 meters from this and it is called Modrý lom, it offers more climbing routes than První lom. In the same area there is also a lot of boulders used for another type of climbing called bouldering (no rope, not so high, but more demanding strength). All of these are in the same area near the Lužnice river below the Old Town.

Tábor does not have an indoor climbing centre. But one connected with a really nice pub is in a neighbouring town Sezimovo Ústí called Wall club.

TransportEdit

How to get to TáborEdit

By car and by busEdit

  • Travelling north-south: Prague - Tábor - České Budějovice - Linz (A) (international motorway E 55)
  • Travelling east-west: Plzeň - Písek - Tábor - Pelhřimov – Brno

By trainEdit

  • A southern railway corridor Prague – České Budějovice - Linz (A)
  • Travelling east-west: Plzeň - Ražice - Tábor - Jihlava – Brno

Local transportEdit

Large benefit of local transport in Tábor is fact, that main bus station and main train station are really close to each other and to main station of local transport.

How local transport worksEdit

Local transport is provided by the public transport system bus services. The city’s public transport system serves three cities - Tábor – Sezimovo Ústí – Planá nad Lužnicí and the surrounding villages. Tickets cost 10, 12, 14, 16 CZK. Fares depend on the time of transit from the departure point to the place of destination and if passenger is an adult (children's fares are half price).

Tickets can be purchased at newspaper stands, the main bus station and automatic ticket dispensers at junction stops (exceptionally from the bus driver but the price is fixed on 18 CZK). The ticket must be marked in a yellow box on the bus immediately after boarding.

Between 11pm and 5am all prices are fixed on 18 CZK.

LinesEdit

Local transport has 15 lines. Lines 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 20, 21, 50 serve in cities.

Lines 30, 31, 40 also serve in surrounding villages.

Minibuses on line 60 and 61 go to the historic centre of the town.

Car parksEdit

In Tábor are several parking places. Among the paid ones is for example parking house “Parking Centrum“ and “Na Parkánech“ which are close to the old town. All of the parking places between main train station and the old town are paid.

Free parking places are in front of winter stadium, aquapark or in the “Vodňanského“ street nearby the train station.

TaxiEdit

In Tábor are also several taxi companies. Most of the taxi cars stands nearby main transport stations or in the town centre.


International relationsEdit

GalleryEdit

Notable ResidentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  2. ^ Profous, Antonín (1957). Místní jména v Čechách: Jejich vznik, původní význam a změny; part 4, S-Ž. Prague, Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences.
  3. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit