Dole, Jura

Dole (French: [dɔl][2] sometimes pronounced [dol][3]) is a commune in the Jura department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region, in eastern France, of which it is a subprefecture (sous-préfecture).

Dole
Old Dole
Old Dole
Coat of arms of Dole
Coat of arms
Location of Dole
Dole is located in France
Dole
Dole
Dole is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Dole
Dole
Coordinates: 47°05′35″N 5°29′26″E / 47.0931°N 5.4906°E / 47.0931; 5.4906Coordinates: 47°05′35″N 5°29′26″E / 47.0931°N 5.4906°E / 47.0931; 5.4906
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentJura
ArrondissementDole
CantonDole-1 and 2
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jean-Baptiste Gagnoux
Area
1
38.38 km2 (14.82 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
23,770
 • Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
39198 /39100
Elevation196–341 m (643–1,119 ft)
Website[1]
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

Dole was the capital of Franche-Comté until Louis XIV conquered the region; he shifted the parlement from Dole to Besançon. The university, founded by Duke Philippe le Bon of Burgundy in 1422, was also transferred to Besançon at that time.

In January 1573, Gilles Garnier was put to death after being found guilty of lycanthropy and witchcraft. He had confessed to murdering and cannibalizing at least six children. The 1995 film Happiness Is in the Field was set in Dole.

GeographyEdit

Dole is located on the river Doubs. The commune has a land area of 38.38 km2 (14.82 sq mi).

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 9,000—    
1800 8,235−1.26%
1806 8,678+0.88%
1821 9,647+0.71%
1831 9,927+0.29%
1836 10,137+0.42%
1841 10,713+1.11%
1846 10,519−0.36%
1851 10,830+0.58%
1856 10,985+0.28%
1861 10,605−0.70%
1866 11,093+0.90%
1872 11,679+0.86%
1876 12,924+2.56%
1881 13,190+0.41%
1886 13,293+0.16%
1891 14,253+1.40%
1896 14,437+0.26%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 14,627+0.26%
1906 14,838+0.29%
1911 16,294+1.89%
1921 16,208−0.05%
1926 18,093+2.22%
1931 18,066−0.03%
1936 18,117+0.06%
1946 18,250+0.07%
1954 22,022+2.38%
1962 24,525+1.35%
1968 27,188+1.73%
1975 29,295+1.07%
1982 26,889−1.22%
1990 26,577−0.15%
1999 24,949−0.70%
2007 25,051+0.05%
2012 23,685−1.12%
2017 23,708+0.02%
Source: EHESS[4] and INSEE (1968-2017)[5]

It is the largest commune in Jura, although the préfecture is Lons-le-Saunier.

TransportEdit

Dole – Jura Airport is located in the commune of Tavaux, 7 km southwest of Dole.

Famous residentsEdit

MuseumsEdit

The Museum of Fine Arts, Dole founded in 1821, is located in the House of the Officers, an example of military architecture of Franche-Comté at the 18th century.

Twin towns - sister citiesEdit

Dole is twinned with:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ (in French) Henri Bertand in the video Henri Bertand se livre Archived February 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, tvdole.com
  3. ^ (in French) Francis Guthleben in Imagine ce pays - Dôle, France 3 Bourgogne-Franche Comté
  4. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Dole, EHESS. (in French)
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External linksEdit