Senftenberg (Sorbian languages: Zły Komorow) is a town in Lower Lusatia, Brandenburg, Germany, capital of the Oberspreewald-Lausitz district.

Zły Komorow
Market Square
Market Square
Coat of arms of Senftenberg
Location of Senftenberg within Oberspreewald-Lausitz district
Senftenberg in OSL.svg
Senftenberg is located in Germany
Senftenberg is located in Brandenburg
Coordinates: 51°31′N 14°01′E / 51.517°N 14.017°E / 51.517; 14.017Coordinates: 51°31′N 14°01′E / 51.517°N 14.017°E / 51.517; 14.017
 • Mayor (2014–22) Andreas Fredrich[1] (SPD)
 • Total127.56 km2 (49.25 sq mi)
102 m (335 ft)
 • Total23,371
 • Density180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
01945 (Peickwitz), 01968 (Brieske, Großkoschen, Niemtsch, Sedlitz, Senftenberg), 01996 (Hosena)
Dialling codes03573, 035756 (Hosena, Peickwitz)
Vehicle registrationOSL, CA, SFB


Senftenberg is located in the southwest of the historic Lower Lusatia region at the border with Saxony. Its town centre is situated north of the river Black Elster and the artificial Senftenberger Lake, part of the Lusatian Lake District chain, approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) northwest of Hoyerswerda, and 35 kilometres (22 mi) southwest of Cottbus.

Senftenberg station is north of the centre and a major railway freight yard is located to its north-east, with a locomotive depot.


Historical affiliations

  March of Lusatia 1279–1368
  Kingdom of Bohemia 1368–1448
  Electorate of Saxony 1448–1806
  Kingdom of Saxony 1806–1815
  Kingdom of Prussia 1815–1871
  German Empire 1871–1918
  Weimar Republic 1918–1933
  Nazi Germany 1933–1945
  Allied-occupied Germany 1945–1949
  East Germany 1949–1990
  Germany 1990–present

Senftenberg was first mentioned in a 1279 deed issued by Henry III the Illustrious of Wettin, then margrave of Lusatia. With Lower Lusatia, the settlement was acquired by the Kingdom of Bohemia under Charles IV of Luxembourg in 1368. Elector Frederick II of Saxony acquired Senftenberg in 1448, whereafter the area as a border stronghold of the House of Wettin was separated from Bohemian Lusatia, until in 1635 all Lusatian territories fell to Saxony by the Peace of Prague. According to the 1815 Congress of Vienna, Lower Lusatia was annexed by Prussia and incorporated into the Province of Brandenburg. From 1952 to 1990, it was part of the Bezirk Cottbus of East Germany.


Lake SenftenbergEdit

Lake Senftenberg is a popular tourist destination. In 1973, the former open cast mine, was officially opened to the public. Today, the lake is known for its excellent water quality. It is part of the so-called Lusatian Lakeland, a group of 23 artificial lakes.


After the second half of the 19th century the inhabitants increased because of workers coming to Senftenberg to work in the coal mines. After the German Reunion, many inhabitants moved to the western part of Germany.

Senftenberg: Population development
within the current boundaries (2020)[3]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 6,972—    
1890 10,536+2.79%
1910 24,024+4.21%
1925 30,467+1.60%
1939 31,032+0.13%
1950 32,419+0.40%
1964 36,687+0.89%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1971 35,909−0.31%
1981 39,589+0.98%
1985 39,363−0.14%
1990 36,894−1.29%
1995 34,413−1.38%
2000 31,374−1.83%
2005 28,774−1.72%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2010 26,530−1.61%
2015 24,625−1.48%
2016 24,773+0.60%
2017 24,558−0.87%
2018 24,275−1.15%
2019 23,895−1.57%
2020 23,371−2.19%


In Senftenberg is the soccer club FSV Glückauf Brieske-Senftenberg.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Senftenberg is twinned with:[4]

Notable peopleEdit



  1. ^ Landkreis Oberspreewald-Lausitz Wahl der Bürgermeisterin / des Bürgermeisters, accessed 2 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2020". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). June 2021.
  3. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  4. ^ "Senftenberger Städtepartnerschaften". (in German). Senftenberg. Retrieved 2021-03-25.

External linksEdit