The U.S. Women's Open, one of 15 national golf championships conducted by the United States Golf Association (USGA), is the oldest of the LPGA Tour's five major championships, which includes the Chevron Championship, Women's PGA Championship, Women's Open Championship, and The Evian Championship.

U.S. Women's Open
Tournament information
LocationPebble Beach, California
(in 2023)
Established1946, 78 years ago
Course(s)Pebble Beach Golf Links, course in 2023
Par72 (in 2023)
Length6,505 yd (5,948 m) (in 2023)
Organized byUSGA (since 1953)
Tour(s)LPGA Tour
FormatStroke play
Prize fund$11 million (in 2023)
Month playedJuly
Tournament record score
Aggregate271 Minjee Lee (2022)
To par–16 Juli Inkster (1999)
Current champion
United States Allisen Corpuz
2023 U.S. Women's Open

Established 78 years ago in 1946, the U.S. Women's Open is the only event to have been recognized as a major by the LPGA since the group's founding in 1950. Originally operated by the Women's Professional Golfers Association (WPGA) for its first three years and the LPGA for the next four, it became a USGA event in 1953.[1] Since 2018, the tournament has normally been held the week after Memorial Day. The U.S. Women's Open is the second major of the LPGA season and has the highest purse in women's golf. The most recent increase, announced in January 2022, saw the purse nearly double from its previous $5.5 million (20192021)[2] to $10 million starting in 2022. The 2022 purse increase came about when the nonprofit health care company ProMedica was announced as the tournament's presenting sponsor.[3]

For 2020, it was the final major of the year and be held for the first time over two courses, as it was postponed to December, due to the COVID-19 pandemic that postponed golf tournaments from March through June.[4]

In 2007, international players outnumbered Americans for the first time.[5] The 2008 tournament was won South Korean Inbee Park, who became the event's youngest winner ever at age 19 years, 11 months, 17 days. In 2021, Yuka Saso matched Park as the youngest winner ever.[6]

Since 2018, the U.S. Women's Open has normally been held prior to its men's counterpart rather than following it and the U.S. Senior Open. In announcing this schedule change, the USGA stated that it would "provide optimum playing conditions for the world's best players across a broader variety of the country's finest golf courses."[7]

The playoff format was modified in 2018, reduced from three to two aggregate holes, followed by sudden death.[8] The last 18-hole playoff was in 2006; the three-hole playoff was introduced the following year and used in 2011 and 2016.

Qualification edit

The U.S. Women's Open is open to any professional or amateur female golfer. Amateurs must have an up-to-date USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 2.4,[9] lowered in 2014 from 4.4 in 2013.[10] Players may obtain a place by being exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying.

In 2002, a two-stage method of qualification was introduced: 18 holes for local qualifying and 36 holes for sectional qualifying. In 2010, the qualification process reverted to a single sectional stage of 36 holes played on a single day.

The criteria for exemption from qualifying has changed through the years. In 2010, there were eleven exemption categories, including winners of the U.S. Women's Open for the last ten years, winners of the other three majors for the last five years, the top 50 from the previous year's LPGA Tour money list, the top five from the previous year's Japan LPGA Tour, Korea LPGA Tour, and Ladies European Tour money lists, and official winners of LPGA co-sponsored events for the 52-week period prior to the U.S. Women's Open.[11]

There is no upper or lower age limit. The youngest-ever qualifiers were 11-year-old Lucy Li in 2014,[12] and 12-year-old Lexi Thompson in 2007.[13]

Winners of major amateur tournaments are also exempt. Currently, winners of the U.S. Girls' Junior, and U.S. Women's Mid-Amateur and the finalist of the U.S. Women's Amateur (all USGA events) are exempt provided they did not turn professional beforehand. Winners of the Augusta National Women's Amateur Championship will qualify effective with the inaugural tournament in 2019. The U.S. Women's Amateur champion is exempt, regardless of turning professional between the Women's Amateur and the U.S. Women's Open as a result of an August 2019 rule change by the USGA.[14]

Winners edit

The number following some winners' names indicates the cumulative number of U.S. Women's Open wins for that player.

Year Champion Score To Par Margin of
Victory
Runner(s)-up Purse
($)[15]
Winner's
share ($)
Venue Location
2023   Allisen Corpuz 279 −9 3 strokes   Charley Hull
  Jiyai Shin
11,000,000 2,000,000 Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California
2022   Minjee Lee 271 −13 4 strokes   Mina Harigae 10,000,000 1,800,000 Pine Needles Lodge and Golf Club Southern Pines, NC
2021   Yuka Saso 280 −4 Playoff   Nasa Hataoka 5,500,000 1,000,000 Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, CA
2020   Kim A-lim 281 −3 1 stroke   Ko Jin-young
  Amy Olson
5,500,000 1,000,000 Champions Golf Club Houston, TX
2019   Lee Jeong-eun 278 −6 2 strokes   Ryu So-yeon
  Lexi Thompson
  Angel Yin
5,500,000 1,000,000 Country Club of Charleston Charleston, SC
2018   Ariya Jutanugarn 277 −11 Playoff   Kim Hyo-joo 5,000,000 900,000 Shoal Creek Golf and Country Club Shoal Creek, AL
2017   Park Sung-hyun 277 −11 2 strokes   Choi Hye-jin (a) 5,000,000 900,000 Trump National Golf Club Bedminster, NJ
2016   Brittany Lang 282 −6 Playoff   Anna Nordqvist 4,500,000 810,000 CordeValle Golf Club San Martin, CA
2015   Chun In-gee 272 −8 1 stroke   Amy Yang 4,500,000 810,000 Lancaster Country Club Lancaster, PA
2014   Michelle Wie 278 −2 2 strokes   Stacy Lewis 4,000,000 720,000 Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, NC
2013   Inbee Park (2) 280 −8 4 strokes   I.K. Kim 3,250,000 585,000 Sebonack Golf Club Southampton, NY
2012   Na Yeon Choi 281 −7 4 strokes   Amy Yang 3,250,000 585,000 Blackwolf Run, composite course Kohler, WI
2011   Ryu So-yeon 281 −3 Playoff   Hee Kyung Seo 3,250,000 585,000 Broadmoor Golf Club, East Course Colorado Springs, CO
2010   Paula Creamer 281 −3 4 strokes   Na Yeon Choi
  Suzann Pettersen
3,250,000 585,000 Oakmont Country Club Plum, PA
2009   Ji Eun-hee 284 E 1 stroke   Candie Kung 3,250,000 585,000 Saucon Valley Country Club Upper Saucon Township, PA
2008   Inbee Park 283 −9 4 strokes   Helen Alfredsson 3,250,000 585,000 Interlachen Country Club Edina, MN
2007   Cristie Kerr 279 −5 2 strokes   Angela Park
  Lorena Ochoa
3,100,000 560,000 Pine Needles Lodge and Golf Club Southern Pines, NC
2006   Annika Sörenstam (3) 284 E Playoff   Pat Hurst 3,100,000 560,000 Newport Country Club Newport, RI
2005   Birdie Kim 287 +3 2 strokes   Brittany Lang (a)
  Morgan Pressel (a)
3,100,000 560,000 Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, CO
2004   Meg Mallon (2) 274 −10 2 strokes   Annika Sörenstam 3,100,000 560,000 The Orchards Golf Club South Hadley, MA
2003   Hilary Lunke 283 −1 Playoff   Angela Stanford
  Kelly Robbins
3,100,000 560,000 Pumpkin Ridge Golf Club, Witch Hollow Course North Plains, OR
2002   Juli Inkster (2) 276 −4 2 strokes   Annika Sörenstam 3,000,000 535,000 Prairie Dunes Golf Club Hutchinson, KS
2001   Karrie Webb (2) 273 −7 8 strokes   Pak Se-ri 2,900,000 520,000 Pine Needles Lodge and Golf Club Southern Pines, NC
2000   Karrie Webb 282 −6 5 strokes   Cristie Kerr
  Meg Mallon
2,750,000 500,000 Merit Club Libertyville, IL
1999   Juli Inkster 272 −16 5 strokes   Sherri Turner 1,750,000 315,000 Old Waverly Golf Club West Point, MS
1998   Pak Se-ri 290 +6 Playoff   Jenny Chuasiriporn (a) 1,500,000 267,500 Blackwolf Run, composite course Kohler, WI
1997   Alison Nicholas 274 −10 1 stroke   Nancy Lopez 1,300,000 232,500 Pumpkin Ridge Golf Club, Witch Hollow Course North Plains, OR
1996   Annika Sörenstam (2) 272 −8 6 strokes   Kris Tschetter 1,200,000 212,500 Pine Needles Lodge and Golf Club Southern Pines, NC
1995   Annika Sörenstam 278 −2 1 stroke   Meg Mallon 1,000,000 175,000 Broadmoor Golf Club, East Course Colorado Springs, CO
1994   Patty Sheehan (2) 277 −7 1 stroke   Tammie Green 850,000 155,000 Indianwood Golf and Country Club, Old Course Lake Orion, MI
1993   Lauri Merten 280 −8 1 stroke   Helen Alfredsson
  Donna Andrews
800,000 144,000 Crooked Stick Golf Club Carmel, IN
1992   Patty Sheehan 280 −4 Playoff   Juli Inkster 700,000 130,000 Oakmont Country Club Plum, PA
1991   Meg Mallon 283 −1 2 strokes   Pat Bradley 600,000 110,000 Colonial Country Club Fort Worth, TX
1990   Betsy King (2) 284 −4 1 stroke   Patty Sheehan 500,000 85,000 Atlanta Athletic Club, Riverside Course Duluth, GA[N 1]
1989   Betsy King 278 −2 4 strokes   Nancy Lopez 450,000 80,000 Indianwood Golf and Country Club, Old Course Lake Orion, MI
1988   Liselotte Neumann 277 −7 3 strokes   Patty Sheehan 400,000 70,000 Baltimore Country Club, Five Farms, East Course Baltimore, MD
1987   Laura Davies 285 −3 Playoff   Ayako Okamoto
  JoAnne Carner
325,000 55,000 Plainfield Country Club Edison, NJ
1986   Jane Geddes 287 −1 Playoff    Sally Little 300,000 50,000 NCR Country Club Kettering, OH
1985   Kathy Baker 280 −8 3 strokes   Judy Clark 250,000 41,975 Baltusrol Golf Club, Upper Course Springfield, NJ
1984   Hollis Stacy (3) 290 +2 1 stroke   Rosie Jones 225,000 36,000 Salem Country Club Peabody, MA
1983   Jan Stephenson 290 +6 1 stroke   JoAnne Carner
  Patty Sheehan
200,000 32,780 Cedar Ridge Country Club Broken Arrow, OK
1982   Janet Alex 283 −5 6 strokes   Beth Daniel
  Donna White
  JoAnne Carner
  Sandra Haynie
175,000 27,315 Del Paso Country Club Sacramento, CA
1981   Pat Bradley 279 −9 1 stroke   Beth Daniel 150,000 22,000 La Grange Country Club La Grange, IL
1980   Amy Alcott 280 −4 9 strokes   Hollis Stacy 140,000 20,047 Richland Country Club Nashville, TN
1979   Jerilyn Britz 284 E 2 strokes   Debbie Massey
  Sandra Palmer
125,000 19,000 Brooklawn Country Club Fairfield, CT
1978   Hollis Stacy (2) 289 +5 1 stroke   JoAnne Carner
  Sally Little
100,000 15,000 Country Club of Indianapolis Indianapolis, IN
1977   Hollis Stacy 292 +4 2 strokes   Nancy Lopez 75,000 11,040 Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, MN
1976   JoAnne Carner (2) 292 +8 Playoff   Sandra Palmer 60,000 9,054 Rolling Green Golf Club Springfield, PA
1975   Sandra Palmer 295 +7 4 strokes   JoAnne Carner
  Sandra Post
  Nancy Lopez (a)
55,000 8,044 Atlantic City Country Club Northfield, NJ
1974   Sandra Haynie 295 +7 1 stroke   Beth Stone
  Carol Mann
40,000 6,073 La Grange Country Club La Grange, IL
1973   Susie Berning (3) 290 +2 5 strokes   Gloria Ehret
  Shelley Hamlin
40,000 6,000 Country Club of Rochester Rochester, NY
1972   Susie Berning (2) 299 +11 1 stroke   Kathy Ahern
  Pam Barnett
  Judy Rankin
40,000 6,000 Winged Foot Golf Club, East Course Mamaroneck, NY
1971   JoAnne Carner 288 E 7 strokes   Kathy Whitworth 31,000 5,000 Kahkwa Club Erie, PA
1970   Donna Caponi (2) 287 +3 1 stroke   Sandra Haynie
  Sandra Spuzich
20,000 4,000 Muskogee Golf Club Muskogee, OK
1969   Donna Caponi 294 +2 1 stroke   Peggy Wilson 31,040 5,000 Scenic Hills Country Club Pensacola, FL
1968   Susie Berning 289 +5 3 strokes   Mickey Wright 25,000 5,000 Moselem Springs Golf Club Fleetwood, PA
1967   Catherine Lacoste (a) 294 +6 2 strokes   Susie Maxwell
  Beth Stone
25,000 0 The Homestead Hot Springs, VA
1966   Sandra Spuzich 297 +9 1 stroke   Carol Mann 20,000 4,000 Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, MN
1965   Carol Mann 290 +2 2 strokes   Kathy Cornelius 17,780 3,800 Atlantic City Country Club Northfield, NJ
1964   Mickey Wright (4) 290 −2 Playoff   Ruth Jessen 9,900 2,090 San Diego Country Club Chula Vista, CA
1963   Mary Mills 289 −3 3 strokes   Louise Suggs
  Sandra Haynie
9,000 1,900 Kenwood Country Club Cincinnati, OH
1962   Murle Lindstrom 301 +13 2 strokes   Ruth Jessen
  Jo Ann Prentice
8,000 1,800 Dunes Golf and Beach Club Myrtle Beach, SC
1961   Mickey Wright (3) 293 +5 6 strokes   Betsy Rawls 8,000 1,800 Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, NJ
1960   Betsy Rawls (4) 292 +4 1 stroke   Joyce Ziske 7,200 1,710 Worcester Country Club Worcester, MA
1959   Mickey Wright (2) 287 +7 2 strokes   Louise Suggs 7,200 1,800 Churchill Valley Country Club Pittsburgh, PA
1958   Mickey Wright 290 −2 5 strokes   Louise Suggs 7,200 1,800 Forest Lake Country Club Bloomfield Hills, MI
1957   Betsy Rawls (3) 299 +7 6 strokes   Patty Berg 7,200 1,800 Winged Foot Golf Club, East Course Mamaroneck, NY
1956   Kathy Cornelius 302 +7 Playoff   Barbara McIntire (a) 6,000 1,500 Northland Country Club Duluth, MN
1955   Fay Crocker 299 +11 4 strokes   Mary Lena Faulk
  Louise Suggs
7,500 2,000 Wichita Country Club Wichita, KS
1954   Babe Zaharias (3) 291 +3 12 strokes   Betty Hicks 7,500 2,000 Salem Country Club Peabody, MA
1953   Betsy Rawls (2) 302 +6 Playoff   Jackie Pung 7,500 2,000 Country Club of Rochester Rochester, NY
1952   Louise Suggs (2) 284 +8 7 strokes   Marlene Bauer
  Betty Jameson
7,500 1,750 Bala Golf Club Philadelphia, PA
1951   Betsy Rawls 293 +5 5 strokes   Louise Suggs 7,500 1,500 Druid Hills Golf Club Atlanta, GA
1950   Babe Zaharias (2) 291 −9 9 strokes   Betsy Rawls (a) 5,000 1,250 Rolling Hills Country Club Wichita, KS
1949   Louise Suggs 291 −9 14 strokes   Babe Zaharias 7,500 1,500 Prince George's Golf and Country Club Landover, MD
1948   Babe Zaharias 300 E 8 strokes   Betty Hicks 7,500 1,200 Atlantic City Country Club Northfield, NJ
1947   Betty Jameson 295 −9 6 strokes   Polly Riley (a)
  Sally Sessions (a)
7,500 1,200 Starmount Forest Country Club Greensboro, NC
1946   Patty Berg 5 & 4   Betty Jameson 19,700 5,600 Spokane Country Club Spokane, WA

(a) = Amateur
† = Won 5 and 4 over Betty Jameson in 36-hole match play final

  1. ^ The club is located in a portion of the Duluth postal area that became part of the newly incorporated city of Johns Creek in 2006. Although the club is still served by the Duluth post office, it now lists its mailing address as Johns Creek.

Multiple champions edit

This table lists the golfers who have won more than one U.S. Women's Open.

Career Grand Slam winners ‡
Golfer Country Total Years
Betsy Rawls   United States 4 1951, 1953, 1957, 1960
Mickey Wright   United States 4 1958, 1959, 1961, 1964
Babe Zaharias   United States 3 1948, 1950, 1954
Susie Berning   United States 3 1968, 1972, 1973
Hollis Stacy   United States 3 1977, 1978, 1984
Annika Sörenstam   Sweden 3 1995, 1996, 2006
Louise Suggs   United States 2 1949, 1952
Donna Caponi   United States 2 1969, 1970
JoAnne Carner   United States 2 1971, 1976
Betsy King   United States 2 1989, 1990
Patty Sheehan   United States 2 1992, 1994
Karrie Webb   Australia 2 2000, 2001
Juli Inkster   United States 2 1999, 2002
Meg Mallon   United States 2 1991, 2004
Inbee Park   South Korea 2 2008, 2013

The defending champion has retained the title on seven occasions, most recently 23 years ago in 2001:

  • 2001 - Karrie Webb
  • 1996 - Annika Sörenstam
  • 1990 - Betsy King
  • 1978 - Hollis Stacy
  • 1973 - Susie Berning
  • 1970 - Donna Caponi
  • 1959 - Mickey Wright

Through 2022, three consecutive championships has not been achieved.

Future sites edit

Year Edition Course Location Dates Previous championships hosted
2024 79th Lancaster Country Club Lancaster, Pennsylvania May 30 – June 2 2015
2025 80th Erin Hills Erin, Wisconsin May 29 – June 1
2026 81st Riviera Country Club Pacific Palisades, California TBD
2027 82nd Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio TBD
2028 83rd Oakmont Country Club Plum, Pennsylvania TBD 1992, 2010
2029 84th Pinehurst No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina TBD 2014
2030 85th Interlachen Country Club Edina, Minnesota TBD 2008
2031 86th Oakland Hills Country Club Bloomfield Township, Michigan TBD
2032 87th Los Angeles Country Club Los Angeles, California TBD
2033 88th Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois TBD
2034 89th Merion Golf Club Haverford, Pennsylvania TBD
2035 90th Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California TBD 2023
  • Oakmont Country Club is also slated to host in 2038.
  • Pebble Beach Golf Links is also slated to host in 2040 and 2048.
  • Oakland Hills Country Club is also slated to host in 2042.
  • The Country Club (Brookline) is also slated to host in 2045.
  • Merion Country Club is also slated to host in 2046.

Source:[16][17]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "U.S. Women's Open: History". USGA. 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
  2. ^ Nichols, Beth Ann (May 28, 2019). "U.S. Women's Open champion will earn $1 million for the first time". USA Today.
  3. ^ Azzi, Alex (January 7, 2022). "U.S. Women's Open doubles purse with new presenting sponsor". On Her Turf. NBC Sports. Retrieved January 7, 2022.
  4. ^ "U.S. Women's Open moved to December; LPGA shuffles schedule". ESPN. April 3, 2020.
  5. ^ "U.S. Women's Open Notebook". PGA Tour. Associated Press. June 26, 2007. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
  6. ^ "Yuka Saso birdies third playoff hole, becomes second teen to win U.S. Women's Open". ESPN. Associated Press. June 6, 2021.
  7. ^ "Shoal Creek to Host 2018 U.S. Women's Open". USGA. May 26, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2017.
  8. ^ "U.S. Open abandons 18 holes for 2-hole playoff". ESPN. Associated Press. February 26, 2018. Retrieved June 7, 2018.
  9. ^ "U.S. Women's Open sectional qualifying complete". USGA. June 4, 2014. Archived from the original on June 6, 2014. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  10. ^ "2013 Women's Open Fact Sheet". USGA. 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
  11. ^ "2010 U.S. Open Qualifying". Archived from the original on June 12, 2009.
  12. ^ "Lucy Li, 11, qualifies for U.S. Open". ESPN. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  13. ^ Dixon, Peter (June 30, 2007). "Thompson proves that youngsters can have fun". The Times. London. Retrieved April 24, 2008.
  14. ^ "New Exemption Changes for U.S. Women's and U.S. Amateur" (Press release). USGA. August 5, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  15. ^ "1946-2010 - US Women's Open - history - purses & winners' shares" (PDF). LPGA. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
  16. ^ Pine, Julia. "LACC to Host 2032 Women's Open, 2039 U.S. Open". USGA. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  17. ^ Pine, Julia. "Chicago G.C. to Host 2033 Women's Open, 2036 Walker Cup". USGA. Retrieved November 1, 2022.

External links edit