The Puerto Rico Portal
The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
) is a archipelago located east of the Dominican Republic
in the northeastern Caribbean
. Puerto Rico, the smallest of the Greater Antilles
, includes the main island of Puerto Rico
and a number of smaller islands and keys
, including the populated island-municipalities of Vieques
, as well as unpopulated Mona
island, located halfway between the islands of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola
The nature of Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States is the subject of ongoing debate on and off the island. Those who support maintaining the current formula insist that upon attaining this status, Puerto Rico entered into a voluntary association with the U.S. "in the nature of a compact", but opponents of the Commonwealth status, disagree: according to them, Puerto Rico is no more than an unincorporated organized territory of the U.S., subject to the plenary powers of the United States Congress.
(Spanish pronunciation: [saŋ xwaŋ]
), named after Saint John the Baptist
: San Juan Bautista
) is the capital
and largest city of Puerto Rico
. The latest census
estimates place the city's population at 433,733, making it the 42nd-largest
city under the jurisdiction of the United States
. It is currently composed of 18 wards (barrios
), with an overall population density of 3,507 km2
. The city is also the center of the island's main metropolitan area (Spanish
: area metropolitana
), also including the municipalities of Bayamón
, Toa Alta
, Toa Baja
and Trujillo Alto
, with a total population of about 2 million inhabitants; hence about half the population of Puerto Rico now lives and works in this area.
San Juan was founded by Spanish colonists in 1521, and is the oldest city in Puerto Rico and the United States, and the second oldest European-established city in the Americas. Today, San Juan serves as one of Puerto Rico's most important seaport, and is the island's manufacturing, financial, cultural, and tourism center. It is the seat of the island's largest university campus, and has hosted numerous important events within the sports community, including the 1979 Pan American Games, 1966 Central American and Caribbean Games, 2006 World Baseball Classic and the Caribbean Series. (more...)
Photo credit: Mtmelendez
City halls in Puerto Rico, such as the one in Ponce, are usually the centerpieces of each Municipality's town center. Most are located across the town plaza, and are frequented by the public and tourists alike.
represents the best of what Wikipedia
has to offer. The following Puerto Rico-related articles and lists have been designated as Featured
) by the community, as a result of many collaborative efforts of users and readers just like you.
Selected anniversaries for March
- March 1, 1954 - Four Puerto Rican nationalists attack the U.S. Capitol in protest of Puerto Rico's new Commonwealth status. 5 U.S. Representatives are injured.
- March 1, 1958 - Westernbank was founded.
- March 2, 1917 - The Jones Act is signed into law, granting U.S. citizenship to all Puerto Ricans and revised the system of government.
- March 2, 1940 - Birth of Tony Croatto, Italian-Puerto Rican singer and composer (d. 2005)
- March 3, 1908 - Birth of Juan Antonio Corretjer, poet, [journalist and independence political activist (d. 1985)
- March 7, 1894 - Birth of Ana María O'Neill, women's rights activist (d. 1981)
- March 9, 1940 - Birth of Raúl Juliá, Golden Globe Award-winning screen and stage actor (d. 1994)
- March 10, 1898 - Puerto Rican leaders of the Cuban Revolutionary Party corresponded with the United States hoping they would include Puerto Rico in the intervention planned for Cuba.
- March 12, 1903 - The University of Puerto Rico is established.
- March 12, 1958 - Death of Luis R. Esteves, the first Puerto Rican to graduate from West Point (b. 1893)
- March 13, 1824 - The Municipality of Aibonito is founded.
- March 14, 1901 - Federico Degetau takes office in Washington, D.C. as the first Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico.
- March 17, 1995 - Death of Rick Aviles, comedian and actor (b. 1952)
- March 19, 1962 - Birth of Iván Calderón, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player (d. 2003)
- March 21, 1937 - The Ponce massacre occurred.
- March 22, 1873 - The Spanish National Assembly officially abolished, with a few special clauses, slavery in Puerto Rico.
- March 22, 1979 - Death of René Marqués, renowned short story writer and playwright (b. 1919)
- March 26, 1965 - Birth of Raymond Arrieta, comedian
- March 28, 1969 - Birth of Gisselle (Giselle Ortíz Cáceres), merengue singer
- March 29, 1977 - Birth of Kristina Brandi, professional tennis player
- March 30, 1933 - Birth of Braulio Castillo , telenovela actor
Did you know...
- ...that in 1596, Sir Francis Drake, the famed British Admiral who defeated the Spanish Armada, was defeated twice in his attempts to take San Juan and that he died of dysentry while attacking the island?
- ...that the myth of the Chupacabra has its origins in Puerto Rico?
In the news...
- September 8, 2011: The US Justice Department issues a report decrying systematic civil rights abuse by the Puerto Rico Police Department, including illegal searches, use of excessive force, and corruption, sparking a wide call for action from the public and an announcement of reform by Gov. Luis Fortuño.
- August 21, 2011: Tropical storm Irene passes through Puerto Rico and its surrounding islands while becoming a hurricane just north of San Juan, the first of the 2011 Atlantic season.
- June 29, 2011: Jose "Piculin" Ortiz, a former professional basketball player in the NBA (Utah Jazz) and the Puerto Rican Olympic team and the Superior Basketball League, is arrested for drug-related charges.
- June 12, 2011: In professional basketball, José Juan "J.J." Barea, helps the Dallas Mavericks defeat the Miami Heat (4-2) and win the 2011 NBA Championship. A national welcoming party is held in his honor in Puerto Rico.
Lieutenant General Pedro Augusto del Valle
(August 28, 1893 – April 28, 1978) was a United States Marine Corps
officer who became the first Hispanic to reach the rank of Lieutenant General
. His military career included service in World War I
during the so-called Banana Wars
of the 1920s, and in the seizure of Guadalcanal
and later as Commanding General of the 1st Marine Division
during World War II
On May 29, 1945, del Valle participated in one of the most important events which led to victory in Okinawa. After five weeks of fighting, his Battalion captured Shuri Castle, a medieval fortress of the ancient Ryukyuan kings, which represented a moral blow for the Japanese and was an undeniable milestone in the Okinawa campaign. He was awarded the Navy Distinguished Service Medal for outstanding leadership as Commanding General of the First Marine Division, during the attack and occupation of Okinawa from 1 April to 21 July 1945. (more...)
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