The Puerto Rico Portal
The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
) is a archipelago located east of the Dominican Republic
in the northeastern Caribbean
. Puerto Rico, the smallest of the Greater Antilles
, includes the main island of Puerto Rico
and a number of smaller islands and keys
, including the populated island-municipalities of Vieques
, as well as unpopulated Mona
island, located halfway between the islands of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola
The nature of Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States is the subject of ongoing debate on and off the island. Those who support maintaining the current formula insist that upon attaining this status, Puerto Rico entered into a voluntary association with the U.S. "in the nature of a compact", but opponents of the Commonwealth status, disagree: according to them, Puerto Rico is no more than an unincorporated organized territory of the U.S., subject to the plenary powers of the United States Congress.
The fauna of Puerto Rico
is similar to other island archipelago faunas
, with high endemism
, and low, skewed taxonomic diversity
are the only extant
native terrestrial mammals in Puerto Rico
. All other terrestrial mammals in the area were introduced by humans, and include species such as cats, goats
, the Small Asian Mongoose
, and escaped monkeys
mammals include dolphins
, and whales
. Of the 349 bird
species, about 120 breed in the archipelago, and 47.5% are accidental or rare. The most recognizable and famous animal of Puerto Rico is probably the coquí
, a small endemic frog, and one of the 85 species that constitute Puerto Rico's herpetofauna
. No native freshwater fish inhabit Puerto Rico, but some species, introduced by humans, have established populations in reservoirs
. The low richness-high diversity pattern is also apparent among invertebrates
, which constitute most of the archipelago's fauna. (more...
Photo credit: User:Jmoliver
Many garitas 'sentry boxes', such as this one in Fort San Felipe del Morro, were constructed by the Spaniards to guard Old San Juan against enemy invaders. Long after their decommission, they now commonly used as the iconic representation of Puerto Rico's history and tourism.
represents the best of what Wikipedia
has to offer. The following Puerto Rico-related articles and lists have been designated as Featured
) by the community, as a result of many collaborative efforts of users and readers just like you.
Selected anniversaries for October
- October 3, 1776 - The Municipality of Vega Baja was founded.
- October 5, 1893 - Banco Popular was established.
- October 11, 1918 - A 7.3 (Richter scale) earthquake occurred off the west coast of Puerto Rico, accompanied by a 6.1 m (20 ft) tsunami.
- October 13, 1981 - Birth of Ángel Figueroa, professional basketball player
- October 14, 1952 - Birth of Rick Aviles, comedian and actor (d. 1995)
- October 15, 1938 - Birth of Antonio R. Barceló, first PR Senate President and grandfather of Governor Carlos Romero Barceló (d. 1868)
- October 18, 1733 - The Municipality of Añasco was founded.
- October 21, 2003 - Death of Luis A. Ferré, third Governor of Puerto Rico (b. 1904)
- October 22, 1928 - Fi Sigma Alfa Fraternity is established at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus
- October 22, 1979 - Birth of Kermit Cintrón, professional boxer
- October 23, 1939 - Death of Antonio S. Pedreira, renowned author and educator (b. 1899)
- October 24, 1935 - The Río Piedras massacre occurred.
- October 24, 1994 - Death of Raúl Juliá, Golden Globe award winning screen and stage actor (b. 1940)
- October 25, 1852 - The Municipality of Santa Isabel was founded.
- October 27, 1880 - The Municipality of Culebra was founded.
- October 29, 1908 - Birth of Jaime Benítez, author, academic, politician (d. 2001)
- October 29, 1980 - Birth of Miguel Cotto, welterweight boxing champion
- October 30, 1950 - The Jayuya Uprising occurred.
- October 31, 1960 - Birth of Luis Fortuño, tenth Governor of Puerto Rico
Did you know...
- ...That Dr. Nitza Margarita Cintrón, is the first Hispanic to be named Chief of Space Medicine and Health Care Systems Office at NASA's Johnson Space Center?
- ...that the reggaeton was invented in Puerto Rico and has since then spread to other places around the world?
- ...that Teófilo Cruz is the first and currently only American player to be inducted to the FIBA International Basketball Hall of Fame?
In the news...
- September 8, 2011: The US Justice Department issues a report decrying systematic civil rights abuse by the Puerto Rico Police Department, including illegal searches, use of excessive force, and corruption, sparking a wide call for action from the public and an announcement of reform by Gov. Luis Fortuño.
- August 21, 2011: Tropical storm Irene passes through Puerto Rico and its surrounding islands while becoming a hurricane just north of San Juan, the first of the 2011 Atlantic season.
- June 29, 2011: Jose "Piculin" Ortiz, a former professional basketball player in the NBA (Utah Jazz) and the Puerto Rican Olympic team and the Superior Basketball League, is arrested for drug-related charges.
- June 12, 2011: In professional basketball, José Juan "J.J." Barea, helps the Dallas Mavericks defeat the Miami Heat (4-2) and win the 2011 NBA Championship. A national welcoming party is held in his honor in Puerto Rico.
Ramón (Raymond) Ayala
(born February 3, 1977 in San Juan, Puerto Rico
), known artistically as Daddy Yankee
, is a Latin Grammy Award
-winning Puerto Rican reggaeton
recording artist. Ayala was born in Río Piedras
the largest district of San Juan, where he became interested in music at a young age. After receiving lessons from several artists within the genre, he developed an independent career, first recording in a production titled Playero 37
. After this he began to produce independent albums. His first solo album was No Mercy
. He subsequently formed a duo with Nicky Jam
, and then continued his solo career with the releases of El Cartel
and El Cartel II
. In 2002 El Cangri.com
became Ayala's first album with international success, receiving coverage in the markets of New York City
. Barrio Fino
was released in 2004, and the album received numerous awards, including a Premio Lo Nuestro
and a Latin Billboard, as well as receiving nominations for the Latin Grammy and MTV Video Music Awards
. Barrio Fino
performed well in the sales charts of the United States
, Latin America
, and Japan
. On June 5, 2007, El Cartel Records
released El Cartel: The Big Boss
, which was ranked as the top-selling album in Latin music genres in 2007. He promoted the album with an international tour which began in the United States and continued through Latin America, breaking attendance records in Ecuador
. His performances have appeared on more than 70 albums, including compilations such as Mas Flow 2
and Blin Blin Vol. 1
We should not be forced to give up our children's U.S. citizenship so that we can get a fuller measure of self-government.
|— Aníbal Acevedo Vilá, eighth elected and ex Governor of Puerto Rico, in U. S. Senate hearings on Puerto Rico's sovereignty (June 23, 1998.)
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