The Puerto Rico Portal
The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
) is a archipelago located east of the Dominican Republic
in the northeastern Caribbean
. Puerto Rico, the smallest of the Greater Antilles
, includes the main island of Puerto Rico
and a number of smaller islands and keys
, including the populated island-municipalities of Vieques
, as well as unpopulated Mona
island, located halfway between the islands of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola
The nature of Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States is the subject of ongoing debate on and off the island. Those who support maintaining the current formula insist that upon attaining this status, Puerto Rico entered into a voluntary association with the U.S. "in the nature of a compact", but opponents of the Commonwealth status, disagree: according to them, Puerto Rico is no more than an unincorporated organized territory of the U.S., subject to the plenary powers of the United States Congress.
The fauna of Puerto Rico
is similar to other island archipelago faunas
, with high endemism
, and low, skewed taxonomic diversity
are the only extant
native terrestrial mammals in Puerto Rico
. All other terrestrial mammals in the area were introduced by humans, and include species such as cats, goats
, the Small Asian Mongoose
, and escaped monkeys
mammals include dolphins
, and whales
. Of the 349 bird
species, about 120 breed in the archipelago, and 47.5% are accidental or rare. The most recognizable and famous animal of Puerto Rico is probably the coquí
, a small endemic frog, and one of the 85 species that constitute Puerto Rico's herpetofauna
. No native freshwater fish inhabit Puerto Rico, but some species, introduced by humans, have established populations in reservoirs
. The low richness-high diversity pattern is also apparent among invertebrates
, which constitute most of the archipelago's fauna. (more...
represents the best of what Wikipedia
has to offer. The following Puerto Rico-related articles and lists have been designated as Featured
) by the community, as a result of many collaborative efforts of users and readers just like you.
Selected anniversaries for December
- December 3, 1824 - The Municipality of Naranjito was founded.
- December 3, 1938 - Death of Félix Córdova Dávila, politician and Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico (b. 1878)
- December 3, 1979 - Los Macheteros opened fire on a bus carrying U.S. sailors, killing CTO1 John R. Ball and RM3 Emil E. White as well as wounding nine.
- December 4, 1979 - Eurobank was founded.
- December 5, 1916 - U.S. Congress approves the Jones Act, establishing Puerto Rico as a U.S. territory and granting U.S. citizenship to all Puerto Ricans.
- December 5, 1941 - Birth of José Aponte de la Torre, mayor of Carolina (d. 2007)
- December 9, 1897 - Birth of Tomas Blanco, writer and historian (d. 1975)
- December 11, 1929 - Birth of Axel Anderson, actor
- December 11, 1931 - Birth of Rita Moreno, Academy Award-winning actress
- December 17, 1771 - The Municipality of Cabo Rojo was founded.
- December 21, 1982 - Birth of Eddie Colón, professional wrestling
- December 22, 1936 - Héctor Elizondo, Golden Globe-nominated and Emmy Award-winning actor
- December 24, 1971 - Birth of Ricky Martin, international pop star.
- December 25, 1855 - The Municipality of Arroyo was founded.
- December 25, 1982 - Birth of Rubén Gotay, Mayor League Baseball second baseman
- December 28, 1965 - The Ponce Museum of Art is inaugurated.
- December 31, 1972 - Death of Roberto Clemente, Major League Baseball player and first Hispanic American to be selected to the Hall of Fame (b. 1934)
Did you know...
- ...that Puerto Rico once had a President? Francisco Ramirez Medina, who participated in the Grito de Lares, was temporarily named President of the "Republic of Puerto Rico" on September 28, 1868 until the revolt was ended by the Spanish .
- ...That Dr. Nitza Margarita Cintrón, is the first Hispanic to be named Chief of Space Medicine and Health Care Systems Office at NASA's Johnson Space Center?
- ...that the reggaeton was invented in Puerto Rico and has since then spread to other places around the world?
In the news...
- September 8, 2011: The US Justice Department issues a report decrying systematic civil rights abuse by the Puerto Rico Police Department, including illegal searches, use of excessive force, and corruption, sparking a wide call for action from the public and an announcement of reform by Gov. Luis Fortuño.
- August 21, 2011: Tropical storm Irene passes through Puerto Rico and its surrounding islands while becoming a hurricane just north of San Juan, the first of the 2011 Atlantic season.
- June 29, 2011: Jose "Piculin" Ortiz, a former professional basketball player in the NBA (Utah Jazz) and the Puerto Rican Olympic team and the Superior Basketball League, is arrested for drug-related charges.
- June 12, 2011: In professional basketball, José Juan "J.J." Barea, helps the Dallas Mavericks defeat the Miami Heat (4-2) and win the 2011 NBA Championship. A national welcoming party is held in his honor in Puerto Rico.
Héctor Lavoe (September 30, 1946 - June 29, 1993) was an internationally renowned Puerto Rican salsa singer born and raised in Ponce, Puerto Rico. Lavoe joined Willie Colón's band, performing as the band vocalist, before forming his own band, performing as lead vocalist. Lavoe recorded several musical hits, including Bandolera, El periódico de ayer, Mi gente and El cantante (written by Ruben Blades just for him), reaching international star status. His career includes two stellar performances, one during the 1974 Congo promotional activities of the Ali-Foreman fight and a 1975 concert at Yankee stadium. However, Lavoe was stricken with several tragedies during his lifetime, including a lifelong addiction to heroin. After several failed attempts at a comeback, he died penniless from complications from AIDS. (more...)
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