Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, lit. "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea, approximately 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Miami, Florida.
An archipelago among the Greater Antilles, Puerto Rico includes the main island of Puerto Rico and a number of smaller ones, such as Mona, Culebra, and Vieques. The capital and most populous city is San Juan. Its official languages are Spanish and English, though Spanish predominates. The island's population is approximately 3.4 million. Puerto Rico's history, tropical climate, natural scenery, traditional cuisine, and tax incentives make it a destination for travelers from around the world.
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Selected anniversaries for July
- July 1, 1881 - The Municipality of Barceloneta was founded.
- July 1, 1898 - The "Porto Rico Regiment of Infantry, United States Army", later renamed the 65th Infantry Regiment, was created.
- July 1, 1982 - The Nutrition Assistance for Puerto Rico program commenced operations.
- July 1, 1927 - The Municipality of Cataño was founded.
- July 1, 1951 - Birth of Luisito Vigoreaux, actor and producer
- July 4, 1950 - President Harry S. Truman signed Public Act 600, which allowed Puerto Ricans to draft their own constitution establishing the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
- July 6, 1987 - Birth of Ricky Sánchez, professional basketball player
- July 9, 1965 - Birth of Anthony Romero, civil rights leader and executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union
- July 15, 1821 - The Municipality of Nagüabo was founded.
- July 15, 1905 - Birth of Enrique Laguerre, writer and poet (d. 2005)
- July 16, 1918 - Death of José de Diego, statesman, journalist, poet and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain (b. 1866)
- July 17, 1859 - Birth of Luis Muñoz Rivera, statesman and Resident Commissioner
- July 19, 1760 - The Municipality of Mayagüez was founded.
- July 23, 1967 - The first plebiscite on the political status of Puerto Rico was held, with most supporting the current Commonwealth status.
- July 25, 1840 - The Municipality of Río Grande was founded.
- July 25, 1898 - General Nelson A. Miles lands unopposed in Guánica with the first contingent of American troops during the Spanish–American War.
- July 25, 1952 - The Constitution of Puerto Rico went into effect, and the islands were renamed as the Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico (Commonwealth of Puerto Rico).
- July 25, 1978 - The Cerro Maravilla murders occurred.
- July 26, 1898 - Shortly after the arrival of American troops, the Battle of Yauco occurred.
- July 27, 1857 - Birth of Dr. José Celso Barbosa, founder of Puerto Rico's statehood movement (d. 1921)
- July 30, 1979 - Birth of Carlos Arroyo, professional basketball player
- July 31, 1936 - Pedro Albizu Campos, Juan Antonio Corretjer, Clemente Soto Vélez and other Nationalists were sentenced to federal prison for instigating protests.
Did you know...
- ...that in 1596, Sir Francis Drake, the famed British Admiral who defeated the Spanish Armada, was defeated twice in his attempts to take San Juan and that he died of dysentry while attacking the island?
- ...That Dr. Nitza Margarita Cintrón, is the first Hispanic to be named Chief of Space Medicine and Health Care Systems Office at NASA's Johnson Space Center?
- ...that the reggaeton was invented in Puerto Rico and has since then spread to other places around the world?
- ...that Wilfredo Gómez won thirty two straight fights by knockout thus making him the World Champion with the longest knockout streak in boxing history?
In the news...
- September 8, 2011: The US Justice Department issues a report decrying systematic civil rights abuse by the Puerto Rico Police Department, including illegal searches, use of excessive force, and corruption, sparking a wide call for action from the public and an announcement of reform by Gov. Luis Fortuño.
- August 21, 2011: Tropical storm Irene passes through Puerto Rico and its surrounding islands while becoming a hurricane just north of San Juan, the first of the 2011 Atlantic season.
- June 29, 2011: Jose "Piculin" Ortiz, a former professional basketball player in the NBA (Utah Jazz) and the Puerto Rican Olympic team and the Superior Basketball League, is arrested for drug-related charges.
- June 12, 2011: In professional basketball, José Juan "J.J." Barea, helps the Dallas Mavericks defeat the Miami Heat (4-2) and win the 2011 NBA Championship. A national welcoming party is held in his honor in Puerto Rico.
Ramón (Raymond) Ayala
(born February 3, 1977 in San Juan, Puerto Rico
), known artistically as Daddy Yankee
, is a Latin Grammy Award
-winning Puerto Rican reggaeton
recording artist. Ayala was born in Río Piedras
the largest district of San Juan, where he became interested in music at a young age. After receiving lessons from several artists within the genre, he developed an independent career, first recording in a production titled Playero 37
. After this he began to produce independent albums. His first solo album was No Mercy
. He subsequently formed a duo with Nicky Jam
, and then continued his solo career with the releases of El Cartel
and El Cartel II
. In 2002 El Cangri.com
became Ayala's first album with international success, receiving coverage in the markets of New York City
. Barrio Fino
was released in 2004, and the album received numerous awards, including a Premio Lo Nuestro
and a Latin Billboard, as well as receiving nominations for the Latin Grammy and MTV Video Music Awards
. Barrio Fino
performed well in the sales charts of the United States
, Latin America
, and Japan
. On June 5, 2007, El Cartel Records
released El Cartel: The Big Boss
, which was ranked as the top-selling album in Latin music genres in 2007. He promoted the album with an international tour which began in the United States and continued through Latin America, breaking attendance records in Ecuador
. His performances have appeared on more than 70 albums, including compilations such as Mas Flow 2
and Blin Blin Vol. 1
||And yet, despite this assault on their will and their historical destiny, the people of Puerto Rico have preserved their culture, their Latin character, their national feelings, which in themselves give proof of the implacable desire for independence lying within the masses on that Latin American island.
|— Che Guevara, speech given to the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1964.
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