Cuba (; Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkuβa]), officially the Republic of Cuba (RCUB.ogg), is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet. It is east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the U.S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Haiti and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. The area of the Republic of Cuba is 110,860 square kilometers (42,800 sq mi) (109,884 square kilometers (42,426 sq mi) without the territorial waters). The island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and in the Caribbean, with an area of 105,006 square kilometers (40,543 sq mi), and the second-most populous after Hispaniola, with over 11 million inhabitants.
The territory that is now Cuba was inhabited by the Ciboney Taíno people from the 4th millennium BC until Spanish colonization in the 15th century. From the 15th century, it was a colony of Spain until the Spanish–American War of 1898, when Cuba was occupied by the United States and gained nominal independence as a de facto United States protectorate in 1902. As a fragile republic, in 1940 Cuba attempted to strengthen its democratic system, but mounting political radicalization and social strife culminated in a coup and subsequent dictatorship under Fulgencio Batista in 1952. Open corruption and oppression under Batista's rule led to his ousting in January 1959 by the 26th of July Movement, which afterwards established communist rule under the leadership of Fidel Castro. Since 1965, the state has been governed by the Communist Party of Cuba. The country was a point of contention during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and a nuclear war nearly broke out during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. Cuba is one of a few extant Marxist–Leninist socialist states, where the role of the vanguard Communist Party is enshrined in the Constitution. Independent observers have accused the Cuban government of numerous human rights abuses, including short-term arbitrary imprisonment.
Massive Soviet military assistance enabled Cuba to project power abroad
. It was involved in a broad range of military and humanitarian activities in Guinea-Bissau
, South Yemen
, North Vietnam
, Equatorial Guinea
, Sierra Leone
, Cape Verde
. Cuba sent more than 300,000 of its citizens to fight in Angola (1975–91) and defeated South Africa's armed forces
in conventional warfare
involving tanks, planes, and artillery. Cuban intervention in Angola
contributed to the downfall of the apartheid
regime in South Africa
. The presence of a substantial number of blacks and mulattos in the Cuban forces
(40–50 percent in Angola) helped give teeth to Castro's campaign against racism and related prejudice like xenophobia.
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Selected article -
Santiago de Cuba is the second-largest city in Cuba and the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province. It lies in the southeastern area of the island, some 870 km (540 mi) southeast of the Cuban capital of Havana.
The municipality extends over 1,023.8 square kilometers (395.3 sq mi), and contains the communities of Antonio Maceo, Bravo, Castillo Duany, Daiquirí
, El Caney
, El Cobre
, El Cristo, Guilera, Leyte Vidal, Moncada and Siboney
. Read more...
The following are images from various Cuba-related articles on Wikipedia.
The Casino Español, Matanzas
The Bay of Pigs Memorial in Miami, Florida
Cuban PT-76 tank crew on routine security duties in Angola
Rebel leaders engaged in extensive propaganda to get the U.S. to intervene, as shown in this cartoon in an American magazine. Columbia (the American people) reaches out to help oppressed Cuba in 1897 while Uncle Sam (the U.S. government) is blind to the crisis and will not use its powerful guns to help. Judge magazine, February 6, 1897.
A 1736 colonial map by Herman Moll of the West Indies and Mexico, together comprising "New Spain", with Cuba visible in the center.
The fortress of El Morro in Havana, built in 1589
Cuban victims of Spanish reconcentration policies
Banrarra Afro-Cuban dance troupe
Location of Cuba (red), Angola (green), and South Africa (blue)
The British Fleet Entering Havana, 21 August 1762, a 1775 painting by Dominic Serres
Russian T-34 tank at Museo Giron, Cuba
The wreckage of the USS Maine, photographed in 1898
Iznaga Tower in Trinidad used to watch slaves over sugar plantations
Three generations of women
Depiction of an engagement between Cuban rebels and Spanish Royalists during the Ten Years' War (1868–78)
Public transportation in Cuba during the "Special Period"
A monument to the Taíno chieftain Hatuey in Baracoa, Cuba
Did you know... -
Good article -
This is a Good article, an article that meets a core set of high editorial standards.
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (; American Spanish: [fiˈðel aleˈxandɾo ˈkastɾo ˈrus]; 13 August 1926 – 25 November 2016) was a Cuban revolutionary and politician who served as Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976 and President from 1976 to 2008. Ideologically a Marxist-Leninist and Cuban nationalist, he also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from 1961 until 2011. Under his administration the Republic of Cuba became a one-party communist state; industry and business were nationalized, and state socialist reforms were implemented throughout society.
Born in Birán
as the son of a wealthy Spanish farmer, Castro adopted leftist anti-imperialist
ideas while studying law at the University of Havana
. After participating in rebellions against right-wing governments in the Dominican Republic
, he planned the overthrow of Cuban President Fulgencio Batista
, launching a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks
in 1953. After a year's imprisonment, Castro traveled to Mexico where he formed a revolutionary group, the 26th of July Movement
, with his brother Raúl Castro
and Ernesto "Che" Guevara
. Returning to Cuba, Castro took a key role in the Cuban Revolution
by leading the Movement in a guerrilla war
against Batista's forces from the Sierra Maestra
. After Batista's overthrow in 1959, Castro assumed military and political power as Cuba's Prime Minister. The United States came to oppose Castro's government and unsuccessfully attempted to remove him by assassination
, economic blockade
, and counter-revolution, including the Bay of Pigs Invasion
of 1961. Countering these threats, Castro aligned with the Soviet Union
and allowed the Soviets to place nuclear weapons in Cuba, resulting in the Cuban Missile Crisis
– a defining incident of the Cold War
– in 1962. Read more...
Selected biography -
Tomás Gutiérrez Alea (Spanish pronunciation: [aˈlea]; December 11, 1928 – April 16, 1996) was a Cuban filmmaker. He wrote and directed more than twenty features, documentaries, and short films, which are known for his sharp insight into post-Revolutionary Cuba, and possess a delicate balance between dedication to the revolution and criticism of the social, economic, and political conditions of the country.
Gutiérrez's work is representative of a cinematic movement occurring in the 1960s and 1970s known collectively as the New Latin American Cinema
. This collective movement, also referred to by various writers by specific names such as “Third Cinema
”, “Cine Libre”, and “Imperfect Cinema
,” was concerned largely with the problems of neocolonialism
and cultural identity. The movement rejected both the commercial perfection of the Hollywood style, and the auteur-oriented European art cinema, for a cinema created as a tool for political and social change. Due not in a small part to the filmmakers’ lack of resources, aesthetic was of secondary importance to cinema's social function. The movement's main goal was to create films in which the viewer became an active, self-aware participant in the discourse of the film. Viewers were presented with an analysis of a current problem within society that as of that time had no clear solution, hoping to make the audience aware of the problem and to leave the theater willing to become actors of social change. Read more...
Featured article -
This is a Featured article, which represents some of the best content on English Wikipedia..
The 1910 Cuba hurricane, popularly known as the Cyclone of the Five Days, was an unusual and destructive tropical cyclone that struck Cuba and the United States in October 1910. It formed in the southern Caribbean on October 9 and strengthened as it moved northwestward, becoming a hurricane on October 12. After crossing the western tip of Cuba, it peaked in intensity on October 16, corresponding to Category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. That same day, the hurricane moved in a counterclockwise loop and hit Cuba again. It then tracked toward Florida, landing near Cape Romano. After moving through the state, it hugged the coast of the Southeastern United States on its way out to sea.
Due to its unusual loop, initial reports suggested it was two separate storms that developed and hit land in rapid succession. Its track was subject to much debate at the time; eventually, it was identified as a single storm. Analysis of the event gave a greater understanding of weather systems that took similar paths. Read more...
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Quote of the day
||I believe that writers, unless they consider themselves terribly exquisite, are at heart people who live by night, a little bit outside society, moving between delinquency and conformity.
Cuban writer Guillermo Cabrera Infante.
Things you can do
Wikipedia's maxim is that anyone can edit. If you are interested in Cuba and have useful information that would form a new article or would enhance an existing article, please feel free to take part. Here are some tasks you can do to help with WikiProject Cuba:
- New article announcements: Rolando Valdés-Blain
- Requests: Cementerio de Santa Ifigenia, consejo popular (Cuba), Cuba and the United Nations, Cuban Liberation Army
- Stubs: Alberto Yarini, Celia Sánchez, Dollar store (Cuba), Sport in Cuba
- Verify: History of Cuba, Fulgencio Batista
- Update: Nochebuena
- NPOV: Armando Valladares, Delfín Fernández, History of Cuba
- Copyedit: Armando Peraza, Bay of Pigs Invasion, Fabio Grobart, Julio Antonio Mella
- Cleanup: Abelardo Colomé Ibarra, Antonio Maceo Grajales, Bay of Pigs Invasion, History of Cuba, List of Cubans, Máximo Gómez, War against the Bandits
- Style: Fidel Castro
- Expand: Cuba–Soviet Union relations, Baseball in Cuba, Religion in Cuba, Havana's International Book Fair, Cuba–Venezuela relations, Antonio Sánchez de Bustamante y Sirven
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