Havaner lebn (Yiddish: האװאנער לעבּן, 'Havana Life'), known in Spanish as Vida Habanera, was a Yiddish and Spanish language newspaper published from Havana, Cuba 1932–1960.[1][2] The first issue came out on November 11, 1932.[3] It was the first commercial Jewish newspaper in the country with a longer duration.[3] It was the main publication of the Ashkenazi Jewish community in the country at the time.[1]

Havaner lebn
TypeWeekly (1932–1937), Twice-weekly (1937–1960)
EditorOscar Pinis (1932–1935), Sender Kaplan (1935–1960)
FoundedNovember 11, 1932 (1932-11-11)
LanguageYiddish language
Spanish language
Ceased publicationDecember 31, 1960 (1960-12-31)
OCLC number8392744

History edit

Havaner lebn was founded by Elieser Aronowsky, Oscar Pinis and Carlos Shwarzapel.[4] During its first years it came out weekly.[4] Pinis was the editor of Havaner lebn 1932–1935.[5] Sender Meyer Kaplan became the editor of Havaner lebn in 1935.[6][7] He was assisted by Abraham J. Dubelman, who acted as co-editor of the newspaper.[3][8] The authors of the newspaper were generally male.[2]

The newspaper carried advertisements for Jewish businesses.[2] Havaner lebn published a yearly almanac, which became a key source on the history of the Jewish community in Cuba for this period.[9]

In 1936 attacks on Havaner lebn were issued in the press organs of José Ignacio Rivero, which accused the newspaper of being leftist and anti-Cuban. As a result, Kaplan was arrested and detained for four weeks.[7]

From 1937 onwards it was published twice-weekly.[10] It became a bilingual (Yiddish/Spanish) publication in the 1950s.[4]

The last issue was published on December 31, 1960. Many of the companies advertising in the newspaper had been nationalized, and would no longer pay the bills for ordered adverts.[11] Both Kaplan and Dubelman migrated to Miami, United States shortly afterwards.[1][11]

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Ruth Behar (1 October 2007). An Island Called Home: Returning to Jewish Cuba. Rutgers University Press. pp. 9, 270. ISBN 978-0-8135-4386-4.
  2. ^ a b c Marjorie Agosín (1999). Passion, Memory, and Identity. UNM Press. p. 199. ISBN 978-0-8263-2049-0.
  3. ^ a b c Jay Levinson (5 February 2006). Jewish Community of Cuba: The Golden Age, 1906–1958. Westview Publishing Co. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-9776207-0-8.
  4. ^ a b c Project MUSE. Yiddish in Cuba: A Love Story
  5. ^ Guide to the YIVO Archives. Havaner Lebn
  6. ^ Jewish Virtual Library. Kaplan, Sender Meyer
  7. ^ a b David S. Wyman; Charles H. Rosenzveig (30 September 1996). The World Reacts to the Holocaust. JHU Press. p. 787. ISBN 978-0-8018-4969-5.
  8. ^ Cyrus Adler; Henrietta Szold (1957). The American Jewish Year Book. American Jewish Committee. p. vii.
  9. ^ Boris Kozolchyk (1966). The Political Biographies of Three Castro Officials. Rand Corporation. p. 2.
  10. ^ Jacob Shatzky (1952). Comunidades judías en Latinoamérica. American Jewish Committee. p. 110.
  11. ^ a b Louis A. Perez, Jr.; K. Lynn Stoner; Gladys Marel Garcia-Perez (January 2006). Cuban Studies. University of Pittsburgh Pre. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-8229-7100-9.