Sancti Spíritus Province

Sancti Spíritus (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsaŋk.ti esˈpiɾitus]) is one of the provinces of Cuba. Its capital is the identically named Sancti Spíritus. Another major city is Trinidad.

Sanctí Spiritus
Provincia de Sancti Spiritus (Spanish)
Province of Sancti Spiritus (English)
Coat of arms of Sanctí Spiritus
Sancti Spiritus in Cuba.svg
CapitalSancti Spíritus
 • Total6,779.81 km2 (2,617.70 sq mi)
 • Total617,235
 • Density91/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
Area code+53-41
HDI (2019)0.767[2]
high · 12th of 16


The southern coast of the province is flat, but the western portion of Sancti Spíritus province is mountainous. The southeast has numerous mangroves and swamps. The northern coast contains significant wetlands and protected areas such as the Bay of Buena Vista and the Caguanes National Park.

The largest man made reservoir in Cuba, the Embalse Zaza, is in Sancti Spíritus province.


During the 17th century, both Dutch and British pirates attempted to take control of what is today Sancti Spíritus province, but with little success, as the Spanish garrison held them off. From 1660 to 1680, Trinidad was plagued by pirates from Jamaica and Tortuga, and on two occasions, pirates razed the city.

The provinces of Cienfuegos, Sancti Spíritus, and Villa Clara were once all part of the now defunct province of Las Villas.


Landscape in province Sancti Spíritus (August 2020)

Tourism is a big earner for the province, with most of the tourism centered on the old city of Trinidad, a World Heritage-listed city which has dozens of colonial buildings (and almost no 20th-century architecture), dating back to the Spanish conquest in the 16th century.

Francisco Iznaga,[3] a Basque landowner in the western portion of Cuba during the first thirty years of the colonization of Cuba, was elected Mayor of Bayamo in 1540. Iznaga was the originator of a powerful lineage which finally settled in Sancti Spíritus and Trinidad, the location of the Torre Iznaga. His descendants fought for the independence of Cuba and for annexation to the U.S., from 1820 to 1900.

In the area, as with most of Cuba, sugar cane and cattle are important commodities. Large surfaces are irrigated in the farmland between Zaza Reservoir, Zaza River, and Jatibonico River in La Sierpe region. Some tobacco and rice are also grown.


Municipality Population
(sq mi)
Location Remarks
Cabaiguán 67,224 597 231 22°05′2″N 79°29′43″W / 22.08389°N 79.49528°W / 22.08389; -79.49528 (Cabaiguán)
Fomento 33,528 471 182 22°06′19″N 79°43′12″W / 22.10528°N 79.72000°W / 22.10528; -79.72000 (Fomento)
Jatibonico 42,708 765 295 21°56′47″N 79°10′3″W / 21.94639°N 79.16750°W / 21.94639; -79.16750 (Jatibonico)
La Sierpe 16,937 1,035 400 21°45′39″N 79°14′36″W / 21.76083°N 79.24333°W / 21.76083; -79.24333 (La Sierpe)
Sancti Spíritus 133,843 1,151 444 21°56′3″N 79°26′37″W / 21.93417°N 79.44361°W / 21.93417; -79.44361 (Sancti Spíritus) Provincial capital
Taguasco 36,365 518 200 22°00′19″N 79°15′54″W / 22.00528°N 79.26500°W / 22.00528; -79.26500 (Taguasco)
Trinidad 73,466 1,155 446 21°48′16″N 79°58′58″W / 21.80444°N 79.98278°W / 21.80444; -79.98278 (Trinidad)
Yaguajay 58,938 1,032 398 22°19′50″N 79°14′13″W / 22.33056°N 79.23694°W / 22.33056; -79.23694 (Yaguajay)
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML
Source: Population from 2004 Census.[4] Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution.[5]


In 2004, the province of Sancti Spiritus had a population of 463,009.[4] With a total area of 6,736.51 km2 (2,600.98 sq mi),[6] the province had a population density of 68.7/km2 (178/sq mi).


  1. ^ a b "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población" (PDF). Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2022-01-24.
  3. ^ Jorge Iznaga. FRANCISCO IZNAGA Iznaga Genealogy (IZNAGA - 1420 - Present), Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  4. ^ a b (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
  5. ^ Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06.
  6. ^ Government of Cuba (2002). "Population by Province" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-02.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Sancti Spíritus Province at Wikimedia Commons