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Administratively, Cuba is divided into 15 provinces and a special municipality that is not included in any province. The last modification was approved in August 2010 (by the Cuban National Assembly), splitting Havana province into two new provinces: Artemisa (which incorporates the three eastern municipalities of the neighbour Pinar del Río) and Mayabeque. The new provinces started functioning from January 1, 2011. Havana City Province (Ciudad de La Habana) recovered its original name: La Habana (Havana in English).

Provinces of Cuba
Provincias de Cuba (Spanish)
CubaSubdivisions.png
CategoryUnitary state
LocationRepublic of Cuba
Number15 Provinces
1 Special Municipality
Populations84,263 (Isla de la Juventud) – 2,154,454 (La Habana)
Areas281.18 square miles (728.3 km2) (Isla de la Juventud) – 5,951.31 square miles (15,413.8 km2) (Camagüey Province)
GovernmentSingle Party Government
SubdivisionsMunicipality

Contents

List of provincesEdit

From west to east, Cuba's provinces are:

  1. Pinar del Río
  2. Artemisa
  3. La Habana
  4. Mayabeque
  5. Matanzas
  6. Cienfuegos
  7. Villa Clara
  8. Sancti Spíritus
  9. Ciego de Ávila
  10. Camagüey
  11. Las Tunas
  12. Granma
  13. Holguín
  14. Santiago de Cuba
  15. Guantánamo
  16. Isla de la Juventud is a "special municipality". Isla de la Juventud ("Island of Youth") was known until the 1970s as the Isla de Pinos ("Isle of Pines").

HistoryEdit

 
Cuban Provinces 1879 to 1976

The provinces were created in 1879 by the Spanish colonial government. From 1879 to 1976, Cuba was divided into 6 provinces, which maintained with little changes the same boundaries and capital cities, although with modifications in official names. These "historical" provinces are the following (from west to east):

  1. Pinar del Río
  2. La Habana, included the city of Havana, current Mayabeque, some municipalities of current Artemisa Province (prior to 1970: 5 municipalities; from 1970 to 2011, 8 municipalities, including Artemisa city itself).
    The Isle of Pines (currently named "Isle of Youth") was considered a "special municipality" in The Province of La Habana.
  3. Matanzas
  4. Las Villas (before 1940 named "Santa Clara"), contained the present-day provinces of Cienfuegos, Villa Clara, Sancti Spíritus, and Southern Matanzas Province.
  5. Camagüey (before 1899 named "Puerto Príncipe"), contained the present-day provinces of Camagüey and Ciego de Ávila, as well as two municipalities of current Las Tunas Province (prior to 1970).
  6. Oriente (before 1905 named "Santiago de Cuba"), contained the present-day provinces of Las Tunas, Granma, Holguín, Santiago de Cuba and Guantánamo

DemographicsEdit

Pop. = Population. Source: Cuba census 2002 [1]

Province Capital Pop. (2012) Pop. (%) Area (km²) Area (%) Density
Camagüey Camagüey 768,311 7.02 15,386.16 13.2 50.22
Ciego de Ávila Ciego de Ávila 424,750 3.68 6,971.64 5.6 60.70
Cienfuegos Cienfuegos 400,768 3.54 4,188.61 3.9 94.54
La Habana     La Habana 2,154,454 19.70 728.26 0.7 3,053.49
Granma Bayamo 830,645 7.36 8,374.24 7.9 98.20
Guantánamo Guantánamo 506,369 4.54 6,167.97 6.0 82.22
Holguín Holguín 1,027,683 9.14 9,215.72 8.5 109.90
Isla de la Juventud Nueva Gerona 84,263 0.77 2,419.27 2.1 35.78
Artemisa Artemisa 487,339 4.49 4,003.24 3.75 125.5
Las Tunas Las Tunas     525,729 4.70 6,592.66 6.0 79.77
Matanzas Matanzas 679,314 6.00 11,791.82 10.0 56.80
Mayabeque San José de las Lajas 371,198 3.41 3,743.81 3.49 102.2
Pinar del Río Pinar del Río 585,452 5.32 8,883.74 8.32 67.00
Sancti Spíritus Sancti Spíritus 462,114 4.12 6,777.28 6.3 68.33
Santiago de Cuba Santiago de Cuba 1,053,837 9.27 6,227.78 5.9 168.32
Villa Clara Santa Clara 783,708 7.31 8,441.81 7.6 97.17
Cuba La Habana 11,163,934 109,884.01 101.72

Presidents of the People's Power Provincial AssembliesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cuba Census 2002 Archived 2008-01-17 at the Wayback Machine Population table
  2. ^ "Presidentes de las Asambleas Provinciales del Poder Popular en cada provincia" (in Spanish). Parlamento Cubano. Archived from the original on 2007-06-09. Retrieved 2007-02-10.

External linksEdit