Administratively, Cuba is divided into 15 provinces and one special municipality (the Isla de la Juventud). The last modification was approved in August 2010 (by the Cuban National Assembly), splitting Havana province into two new provinces: Artemisa (which incorporates the three eastern municipalities of the neighbour Pinar del Río) and Mayabeque. The new provinces started functioning from January 1, 2011. Havana City Province (Ciudad de La Habana) recovered its original name: La Habana (Havana in English).
|Provinces of Cuba|
Provincias de Cuba (Spanish)
|Location||Republic of Cuba|
1 Special Municipality
|Populations||84,263 (Isla de la Juventud) – 2,154,454 (La Habana)|
|Areas||281.18 square miles (728.3 km2) (Isla de la Juventud) – 5,951.31 square miles (15,413.8 km2) (Camagüey Province)|
List of provincesEdit
From west to east, Cuba's provinces are:
The provinces were created in 1879 by the Spanish colonial government. From 1879 to 1976, Cuba was divided into 6 provinces, which maintained with little changes the same boundaries and capital cities, although with modifications in official names. These "historical" provinces are the following (from west to east):
- Pinar del Río
- La Habana, included the city of Havana, current Mayabeque, some municipalities of current Artemisa Province (prior to 1970: 5 municipalities; from 1970 to 2011, 8 municipalities, including Artemisa city itself). Isla de Pinos ("Isle of Pines"), known as Isla de la Juventud ("Island of Youth") since the 1970s, was considered a "special municipality" in the Province of La Habana.
- Las Villas (before 1940 named "Santa Clara"), contained the present-day provinces of Cienfuegos, Villa Clara, Sancti Spíritus, and Southern Matanzas Province.
- Camagüey (before 1899 named "Puerto Príncipe"), contained the present-day provinces of Camagüey and Ciego de Ávila, as well as two municipalities of current Las Tunas Province (prior to 1970).
- Oriente (before 1905 named "Santiago de Cuba"), contained the present-day provinces of Las Tunas, Granma, Holguín, Santiago de Cuba and Guantánamo
Pop. = Population. Source: Cuba census 2002 
|Province||Capital||Pop. (2012)||Pop. (%)||Area (km2)||Area (%)||Density|
|Ciego de Ávila||Ciego de Ávila||424,750||3.68||6,971.64||5.6||60.70|
|La Habana||La Habana (Havana)||2,154,454||19.70||728.26||0.7||3,053.49|
|Isla de la Juventud||Nueva Gerona||84,263||0.77||2,419.27||2.1||35.78|
|Las Tunas||Las Tunas||525,729||4.70||6,592.66||6.0||79.77|
|Mayabeque||San José de las Lajas||371,198||3.41||3,743.81||3.49||102.2|
|Pinar del Río||Pinar del Río||585,452||5.32||8,883.74||8.32||67.00|
|Sancti Spíritus||Sancti Spíritus||462,114||4.12||6,777.28||6.3||68.33|
|Santiago de Cuba||Santiago de Cuba||1,053,837||9.27||6,227.78||5.9||168.32|
|Villa Clara||Santa Clara||783,708||7.31||8,441.81||7.6||97.17|
Presidents of the People's Power Provincial CouncilsEdit
The following are the presidents of the Provincial People's Councils in each province in the country (local governments).
The Provincial People's Councils replaced the Provincial Assemblies in the 2019 Constitution and are made up of provincial representatives elected by the municipal assemblies or councils.