Granma Province

Granma is one of the provinces of Cuba. Its capital is Bayamo. Other towns include Manzanillo (a port on the Gulf of Guacanayabo) and Pilón.

Granma Province
Oriental Province of Granma
Coat of arms of Granma Province
Granma in Cuba.svg
 • Vice-PresidentYanetsy Terry Gutiérrez
 • Total8,376.79 km2 (3,234.30 sq mi)
 • Total1,001,678
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Granmanese, -a
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
Area code+53-023
HDI (2019)0.756[2]
high · 15th of 16


The province takes its name from the yacht Granma, used by Che Guevara and Fidel Castro to land in Cuba with 82 guerrillas on December 2, 1956; until 1976 the area formed part of Santiago de Cuba larger province "Oriente Province". The American who sold the guerillas the secondhand yacht in Mexico apparently had named it "Granma" ("Granma", more usually "Grandma", is an affectionate term for a grandmother) after his grandmother.[3] The name of the vessel became an icon for Cuban communism.

The province is full of reminders of the Cuban Revolution, and of the Cuban Wars of Independence; plaques in the mountain commemorate the 1959 struggle against Fulgencio Batista. Other sites, unmarked, include archaeological digs, the sites of several palenques, and the fortified hamlets of escaped slaves. In 2005 Hurricane Dennis destroyed the site of Castro's headquarters at La Plata. There are numerous abandoned gold, silver, and manganese mine sites.

At the 2018 parliamentary election, Granma was the province with the highest proportion of votes recorded for the full list.[4]

On 12 April 2020, Veguitas, a town in Gramna Province, recorded a temperature of 39.7 °C (103.5 °F). This is the highest temperature to have ever been recorded in Cuba.[5]


The majority of the revenue comes from coffee grown in the mountainous regions of the province. During the coffee harvest soldiers may set up roadblocks to ensure the delivery of the coffee to the government and not to the black market.[citation needed]


Municipality Population
Location Remarks
Bartolomé Masó 53,024 629 20°10′7″N 76°56′33″W / 20.16861°N 76.94250°W / 20.16861; -76.94250 (Bartolomé Masó)
Bayamo 222,118 918 20°22′54″N 76°38′33″W / 20.38167°N 76.64250°W / 20.38167; -76.64250 (Bayamo) Provincial capital
Buey Arriba 31,327 452 20°10′25″N 76°44′57″W / 20.17361°N 76.74917°W / 20.17361; -76.74917 (Buey Arriba)
Campechuela 46,092 577 20°14′0″N 77°16′44″W / 20.23333°N 77.27889°W / 20.23333; -77.27889 (Campechuela)
Cauto Cristo 21,159 550 20°33′44″N 76°28′10″W / 20.56222°N 76.46944°W / 20.56222; -76.46944 (Cauto Cristo)
Guisa 50,923 596 20°15′40″N 76°32′17″W / 20.26111°N 76.53806°W / 20.26111; -76.53806 (Guisa)
Jiguaní 60,320 646 20°22′24″N 76°25′20″W / 20.37333°N 76.42222°W / 20.37333; -76.42222 (Xiguaní)
Manzanillo 130,789 498 20°20′23″N 77°06′31″W / 20.33972°N 77.10861°W / 20.33972; -77.10861 (Manzanillo)
Media Luna 35,330 376 20°08′40″N 77°26′10″W / 20.14444°N 77.43611°W / 20.14444; -77.43611 (Media Luna)
Niquero 41,252 582 20°02′50″N 77°34′41″W / 20.04722°N 77.57806°W / 20.04722; -77.57806 (Niquero)
Pilón 29,751 462 19°54′20″N 77°19′15″W / 19.90556°N 77.32083°W / 19.90556; -77.32083 (Pilón)
Río Cauto 47,833 1,500 20°33′50″N 76°55′2″W / 20.56389°N 76.91722°W / 20.56389; -76.91722 (Río Cauto)
Yara 59,415 576 20°16′37″N 76°56′49″W / 20.27694°N 76.94694°W / 20.27694; -76.94694 (Yara)
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML

Source: Population from 2004 Census.[6] Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution.[7]


In 2004, the province of Granma had a population of 829,333.[6] With a total area of 8,375.49 km2 (3,233.79 sq mi),[8] the province had a population density of 99.0/km2 (256/sq mi).

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población" (PDF). Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2022-01-24.
  3. ^ The Independent. At home with Castro: Cuba's 'maximum chief' Archived 2006-08-21 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 April 2018. Retrieved 11 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "State of the Global Climate 2020". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  6. ^ a b (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-02.
  7. ^ Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06.
  8. ^ Government of Cuba (2002). "Population by Province" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-02.

External linksEdit