The Glorieta of Manzanillo
Manzanillo municipality (red) within
Granma Province (yellow) and Cuba
|Established||January 6, 1840|
|• Total||498 km2 (192 sq mi)|
|Elevation||25 m (82 ft)|
|• Density||262.6/km2 (680/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|Area code(s)||+53 23|
The municipality is divided into the barrios of Primero, Segundo, Tercero, Cuarto, Quinto y Sexto (part of the city of Manzanillo), as well as the rural communities of Blanquizal, Calicito, Canabacoa, Caño, Ceiba Caridad, Congo, Jibacoa, Palmas Altas, Purial, Remate, Tranquilidad and Zarzal.
Manzanillo was founded in 1784. The settlement was sacked by the French in 1792, and in the following year a fort was built for its protection. In 1833 it received an ayuntamiento (council) and in 1837, for its “loyalty” in not following the lead of Santiago in proclaiming the Spanish Constitution, received from the crown the title of Fiel. In 1827 the port was opened to commerce, national and foreign. It was the site of three battles during the Spanish–American War.
Manzanillo is also home of the medical science faculty of the University of Granma.
The town is crossed by the state highway "Circuito Sur de Oriente" (CSO) and by the highway 17 to Las Tunas. The railway station is the western terminus of a line from Bayamo, and is served by regional and long-distance trains, the last ones linking the city with Santiago de Cuba, Guantánamo, Camagüey, Ciego de Ávila, Santa Clara and Havana.
- Guije.com. "Manzanillo" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Encarta (2001). "Manzanillo Info". GreatestCities.com.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 626. .
Media related to Manzanillo, Cuba at Wikimedia Commons