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Manzanillo is a municipality and city in the Granma Province of Cuba. By population, it is the 14th largest Cuban city and the most populated one not being a provincial seat.

Manzanillo
The Glorieta of Manzanillo
The Glorieta of Manzanillo
Manzanillo municipality (red) within Granma Province (yellow) and Cuba
Manzanillo municipality (red) within
Granma Province (yellow) and Cuba
Coordinates: 20°20′23″N 77°06′31″W / 20.33972°N 77.10861°W / 20.33972; -77.10861Coordinates: 20°20′23″N 77°06′31″W / 20.33972°N 77.10861°W / 20.33972; -77.10861
CountryCuba
ProvinceGranma
EstablishedJanuary 6, 1840[1]
Area
 • Total498 km2 (192 sq mi)
Elevation
25 m (82 ft)
Population
 (2004)[3]
 • Total130,789
 • Density262.6/km2 (680/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Manzanillero/a
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
Postal code
87510
Area code(s)+53 23

Contents

GeographyEdit

It is a port city in the Granma Province in eastern Cuba on the Gulf of Guacanayabo, near the delta of the Cauto River. Its access is limited by the coral reefs of Cayo Perla.[citation needed]

The municipality is divided into the barrios of Primero, Segundo, Tercero, Cuarto, Quinto y Sexto (part of the city of Manzanillo), as well as the rural communities of Blanquizal, Calicito, Canabacoa, Caño, Ceiba Caridad, Congo, Jibacoa, Palmas Altas, Purial, Remate, Tranquilidad and Zarzal.[1]

HistoryEdit

Manzanillo was founded in 1784.[4][5] The settlement was sacked by the French in 1792, and in the following year a fort was built for its protection.[5] In 1833 it received an ayuntamiento (council) and in 1837, for its “loyalty” in not following the lead of Santiago in proclaiming the Spanish Constitution, received from the crown the title of Fiel.[5] In 1827 the port was opened to commerce, national and foreign.[5] It was the site of three battles during the Spanish–American War.

EconomyEdit

The agriculture is based on raising coffee, sugar,[5] rice, fruit and tobacco[5] crops, as well as honey and cattle.

The industry is composed of sawmills, fish-canning, molasses plants, as well as some cigar and leather goods factories.[4]

Zinc and copper deposits are present in the municipality.

DemographicsEdit

In 2004, the municipality of Manzanillo had a population of 130,789.[3] With a total area of 498 km2 (192 sq mi),[2] it has a population density of 262.6/km2 (680/sq mi).

CultureEdit

Manzanillo is also home of the medical science faculty of the University of Granma.

TransportEdit

The town is crossed by the state highway "Circuito Sur de Oriente" (CSO) and by the highway 17 to Las Tunas. The railway station is the western terminus of a line from Bayamo, and is served by regional and long-distance trains, the last ones linking the city with Santiago de Cuba, Guantánamo, Camagüey, Ciego de Ávila, Santa Clara and Havana.

PersonalitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Guije.com. "Manzanillo" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-06.
  2. ^ a b Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06.
  3. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
  4. ^ a b Encarta (2001). "Manzanillo Info". GreatestCities.com.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Manzanillo (Cuba)" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 626.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Manzanillo, Cuba at Wikimedia Commons