North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea.
North America covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), about 16.5% of the earth's land area and about 4.8% of its total surface.
North America is the third largest continent by area, following Asia and Africa, and the fourth by population after Asia, Africa, and Europe. In 2013, its population was estimated at nearly 579 million people in 23 independent states, or about 7.5% of the world's population, if nearby islands (most notably the Caribbean) are included.
Countries and territories
The New Orleans Mint
operated in New Orleans
, as a branch mint
of the United States Mint
from 1838 to 1861 and from 1879 to 1909. During its years of operation, it produced over 427 million gold
coins of nearly every American denomination
, with a total face value of over US$307 million. It was closed during most of the American Civil War
After its decommissioning as a mint, the building served a variety of purposes, including as an assay office, a United States Coast Guard storage facility and a fallout shelter. Since 1981 it has served as a branch of the Louisiana State Museum. Damaged by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, after over two years of closure for repair and renovation, the museum reopened in October 2007. The New Orleans Mint has been designated a National Historic Landmark, and is currently the oldest surviving structure to have served as a U.S. Mint. Along with the Charlotte Mint, it is one of two former mint facilities in the United States to house an art gallery.
The eye of Hurricane Isabel, 2003. Hurricane Isabel was the costliest, deadliest, and most intense hurricane in the season. At the time of the image, Isabel had weakened to a Category 4 and was located about 450 miles northeast of Puerto Rico.
Did you know...
Earl William "Madman" Muntz
(January 3, 1914 – June 21, 1987) was an American businessman
who sold and promoted cars and consumer electronics
in the United States from the 1930s until his death in 1987. He was a pioneer in television commercials
with his oddball "Madman" persona
– an alter ego
who generated publicity with his unusual costumes, stunts, and outrageous claims. Muntz also pioneered car stereos by creating the Muntz Stereo-Pak
, better known as the 4-track cartridge, a predecessor to the 8-track cartridge
developed by Lear Industries
He invented the practice that came to be known as Muntzing, which involved simplifying otherwise complicated electronic devices. Muntz produced and marketed the first black-and-white television receivers to sell for less than $100, and created one of the earliest functional widescreen projection TVs. The Sarasota Herald-Tribune, Detroit News and Los Angeles Times credit him with coining the abbreviation "TV" for television, although the term had earlier been in use in call letters for stations such as WCBS-TV.
||Who could conquer Tenochitlán? Who could shake the foundation of heaven?
— Unknown Aztec