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Trinidad and Tobago (/ˈtrɪnɪdæd ... təˈbɡ/ (About this sound listen), /t-/), officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island sovereign state that is the southernmost nation of the West Indies in the Caribbean. It is situated 130 kilometres (81 miles) south of Grenada off the northern edge of the South American mainland, 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) off the coast of northeastern Venezuela. It shares maritime boundaries with Barbados to the northeast, Grenada to the northwest, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and west.

The island of Trinidad was a Spanish colony from the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1498 until Spanish governor Don José María Chacón surrendered the island to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby in 1797. During the same period, the island of Tobago changed hands among Spanish, British, French, Dutch and Courlander colonizers more times than any other island in the Caribbean. Trinidad and Tobago were ceded to Britain in 1802 under the Treaty of Amiens as separate states and unified in 1889. Trinidad and Tobago obtained independence in 1962 and became a republic in 1976.

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Castara village Beach
Castara village Beach is lay on an island of Tobago.

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On Friday July 27, 1990, 114 members of the Jamaat al Muslimeen, led by Yasin Abu Bakr and Bilaal Abdullah attempted to stage a coup d'état against the government of Trinidad and Tobago. Forty-two insurgents stormed the Red House (the seat of Parliament) and took the Prime Minister, A.N.R. Robinson and most of his Cabinet hostage, including Horace James, while seventy-two of their compatriots attacked the offices of Trinidad and Tobago Television (TTT), then the only television station in the country at that time and the Trinidad Broadcasting Company, then one of only two radio stations in the country. At 6.00 p.m.


Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg You are invited to participate in WikiProject Trinidad and Tobago, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about Trinidad and Tobago.

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The secluded Englishman's Bay
The secluded Englishman's Bay in Tobago.

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Eric Williams was educated at Queen's Royal College in Port of Spain. He won an island scholarship in 1932 which allowed him to attend St Catherine's Society, Oxford. He was ranked first in the First Class of Oxford students in 1935 and graduated in history. On 15 January 1956 he established his own political party, the People's National Movement. At the time of the Federation Williams famous speech declared that one from ten leaves nought. In 1961 the PNM had introduced the Representation of the People Bill. He was known as the Father of the Nation. Williams made Trinidad and Tobago as an independent nation in 1962, when it ceded from the United Kingdom and was the first prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago, which office he retained until his death in 1981.

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The City of San Fernando with a population of 50,208 according to the 2011 census,[1] is the larger of Trinidad and Tobago's two cities and the second largest municipality after Chaguanas. It occupies 18 km² and is located in the southwestern part of the island of Trinidad. It is bounded to the north by the Guaracara River, the south by the Oropouche River, the east by the Sir Solomon Hochoy Highway, and the west by the Gulf of Paria.

Did you know?

  • ...Pope John Paul went to Trinidad and Tobago in 1985.
  • ...V.S.Naipaul, is one of the most famous Caribbean authors of the twenteenth century and was born on August 17, 1932, in Chaguanas, Trinidad.
  • ...Trinidad Tobago is known as the home of the cricket legend Brian Charles Lara.

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We will build on our collective strength and character and everyone of us will rise; No one will be left behind.


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Indian Curry Chicken.jpg
The Cuisine of Trinidad and Tobago is indicative of the blends of Indian, Amerindian, European, African, Creole, Chinese and Lebanese gastronomic influences. Many dishes are popular choices for the morning meal in Trinidad and Tobago. These dishes include: salt fish buljol, tomato choka, black pudding, fresh coconut bread, fried Accra, Tannia cakes, and boiled casava.


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Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago Wikipedians' Notice BoardTrinidad and Tobago Wikipedians

The Project page was designed with the aim of improving the quality of articles related to Trinidad and Tobago, in Wikipedia and other media. Feel free to join in!
Considered as a "parental" project, together with the countries project.
Considered as a "parental" project, together with the countries project.
Considered as a "parental" project, together with the countries project.

On this day

On this day for the Trinidad and Tobago

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18 September:
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  • 1962 - Rwanda, Burundi, Jamaica and Trinidad admitted to the United Nations


  • 1857 - Sir Galba, calypso singer, commits suicide after stabbing his girlfriend.

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  1. ^ The 2011 Population and Housing Census Preliminary Count. People in San Fernando are often called San Fernandian's [1]