The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is a country located at the southern tip of the Caribbean.
It borders the countries of Grenada and Venezuela. It was the first Caribbean country to host the Summit of the Americas.
It shares maritime boundaries with other nations including Barbados to the northeast, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and west.
A treaty between the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago and the Republic of Venezuela on the delimitation of marine and submarine areas, 18 April 1990.
The country covers an area of 5,128 square kilometres (1,980 sq mi) and consists of two eponymous main islands, Trinidad and Tobago, and numerous smaller landforms. Trinidad is the larger and more populous of the main islands; Tobago is much smaller, comprising about 6% of the total area and 4% of the entire population which is estimated at 1.3 million (2005). The nation lies outside the hurricane belt.
Scarborough is the largest town and capital of the island of Tobago, one of the two main islands of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Its population is around 17,000, almost one-third of the population of the island. The town is dominated by Fort King George, an 18th century fortification named after King George III which now hosts a historic/archaeologic museum. Scarborough's deepwater harbour was built in 1991; before that ships were forced to anchor offshore. Scarborough is located on the southwestern side of Tobago.
Scarborough became the capital of Tobago in 1769 when it replaced the then-capital of Georgetown. Under French rule it was named Port Louis from 1789 to 1814. The city of Scarborough serves as the main seat of the Tobago House of Assembly, which is responsible for local governance in Tobago.
Eric Williams was educated at Queen's Royal College in Port of Spain. He won an island scholarship in 1932 which allowed him to attend St Catherine's Society, Oxford. He was ranked first in the First Class of Oxford students in 1935 and graduated in history. On 15 January 1956 he established his own political party, the People's National Movement. At the time of the Federation Williams famous speech declared that one from ten leaves nought. In 1961 the PNM had introduced the Representation of the People Bill. He was known as the Father of the Nation. Williams made Trinidad and Tobago as an independent nation in 1962, when it ceded from the United Kingdom and was the first prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago, which office he retained until his death in 1981.