Trinidad and Tobago ( ( listen), ), officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island sovereign state that is the southernmost nation of the West Indies in the Caribbean. It is situated 130 kilometres (81 miles) south of Grenada off the northern edge of the South American mainland, 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) off the coast of northeastern Venezuela. It shares maritime boundaries with Barbados to the northeast, Grenada to the northwest, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and west.
The island of Trinidad was a Spanish colony from the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1498 until Spanish governor Don José María Chacón surrendered the island to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby in 1797. During the same period, the island of Tobago changed hands among Spanish, British, French, Dutch and Courlander colonizers more times than any other island in the Caribbean. Trinidad and Tobago were ceded to Britain in 1802 under the Treaty of Amiens as separate states and unified in 1889. Trinidad and Tobago obtained independence in 1962 and became a republic in 1976.
On Friday July 27, 1990, 114 members of the Jamaat al Muslimeen, led by Yasin Abu Bakr and Bilaal Abdullah attempted to stage a coup d'état against the government of Trinidad and Tobago. Forty-two insurgents stormed the Red House (the seat of Parliament) and took the Prime Minister, A.N.R. Robinson and most of his Cabinet hostage, including Horace James, while seventy-two of their compatriots attacked the offices of Trinidad and Tobago Television (TTT), then the only television station in the country at that time and the Trinidad Broadcasting Company, then one of only two radio stations in the country. At 6.00 p.m.
The secluded Englishman's Bay in Tobago.
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Selected society biography
Eric Williams was educated at Queen's Royal College in Port of Spain. He won an island scholarship in 1932 which allowed him to attend St Catherine's Society, Oxford. He was ranked first in the First Class of Oxford students in 1935 and graduated in history. On 15 January 1956 he established his own political party, the People's National Movement. At the time of the Federation Williams famous speech declared that one from ten leaves nought. In 1961 the PNM had introduced the Representation of the People Bill. He was known as the Father of the Nation. Williams made Trinidad and Tobago as an independent nation in 1962, when it ceded from the United Kingdom and was the first prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago, which office he retained until his death in 1981.
Did you know?
- ...Arthur N.R. Robinson, the country's third President is the only person to have served as both Prime Minister and President of Trinidad and Tobago
The Cuisine of Trinidad and Tobago
is indicative of the blends of Indian
gastronomic influences. Many dishes are popular choices for the morning meal in Trinidad and Tobago. These dishes include: salt fish buljol, tomato choka, black pudding, fresh coconut bread, fried Accra, Tannia cakes, and boiled casava.