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Trinidad and Tobago (/ˈtrɪnɪdæd ... təˈbɡ/ (About this soundlisten), /t-/), officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a twin island country that is the southernmost nation of the West Indies in the Caribbean. It is situated 130 kilometres (81 miles) south of Grenada off the northern edge of the South American mainland, 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) off the coast of northeastern Venezuela. It shares maritime boundaries with Barbados to the northeast, Grenada to the northwest, Guyana to the southeast, and Venezuela to the south and west.

The island of Trinidad was a Spanish colony from the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1498 until Spanish governor Don José María Chacón surrendered the island to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby in 1797. During the same period, the island of Tobago changed hands among Spanish, British, French, Dutch and Courlander colonizers more times than any other island in the Caribbean. Trinidad and Tobago were ceded to Britain in 1802 under the Treaty of Amiens as separate states and unified in 1889. Trinidad and Tobago obtained independence in 1962 and became a republic in 1976.

Selected panorama

Castara village Beach
Credit:
Castara village Beach is lay on an island of Tobago.

Selected society biography

George McDonald was born in San Fernando, Trinidad on 16 August 1939. In public, people known George McDonald under the name of Trevor McDonald. Trevor McDonald is the first black news reader in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. In 1969 McDonald was employed by BBC Radio as a producer, based in London, when he came to Britain, but still broadcasting to the Caribbean. In 1973 he began his long association with ITV, first as a general reporter, later as a sports correspondent, but ultimately concentrating on international politics. In the 1980s he spent some time with Channel 4 News, but returned to ITN in 1989, presenting the early-evening news. Mr. McDonald was promoted as a sole presenter of the News at Ten in 1992 , he became one of the best known faces on British television screens. McDonald stayed with ITN when News at Ten was axed in 1999, moving to present the new ITV Evening News. News at Ten was briefly relaunched in 2001 and Mr. McDonald returned to presenting. He presented the ITV News at 10.30 following News at Ten's second axing. From 1999-2009, McDonald hosted ITV's flagship current affairs programme Tonight with Trevor McDonald. In June 2007, McDonald began hosting the new ITV television series News Knight with Sir Trevor McDonald. He was awarded with a BAFTA fellowship at the British Academy Television Awards 2011. In 1993, he was awarded an OBE in the Queen's honours list. He received a knighthood in 1999 for his services to journalism.

Selected location

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The Borough of Chaguanas is the largest municipality[1] (83,516 at the 2011 census) and fastest-growing[2][3] town in Trinidad and Tobago. Located in west-central Trinidad, south of Port of Spain, north of Couva and San Fernando, named after the indigenous tribe who originally settled there, it grew in size due to its proximity to the Woodford Lodge sugar refinery. It remained a minor town until the 1980s when it began to grow rapidly as it drew people for its bargain shopping and moderately-priced housing. However, its rapid growth has seen property values increase dramatically.[2] Chaguanas became a borough in 1990; prior to that it was part of the Caroni County. It's current mayor is Gopaul Boodhan.

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Selected quote

We cannot allow our young people to die through ignorance. Ignorance will not save lives...sex education and facing facts will.

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Selected cuisine

Indian Curry Chicken.jpg
The Cuisine of Trinidad and Tobago is indicative of the blends of Indian, Amerindian, European, African, Creole, Chinese and Lebanese gastronomic influences. Many dishes are popular choices for the morning meal in Trinidad and Tobago. These dishes include: salt fish buljol, tomato choka, black pudding, fresh coconut bread, fried Accra, Tannia cakes, and boiled casava.



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Considered as a "parental" project, together with the countries project.
Considered as a "parental" project, together with the countries project.

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  • 1842, Edward Trotter Archdeacon and Vicar General of Trinidad (1896-1903).


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  1. ^ Table from 2000 Census on Central Statistical Office of Trinidad and Tobago website [1]
  2. ^ a b Chaguanas – Trinidad’s fastest growing town - Afra Raymond, 29 July 2004.
  3. ^ The Borough of Chaguanas - the Fastest Growing Commercial Centre Archived 7 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine. - Trinidad Guardian, 1 October 1998