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San Fernando, officially the City of San Fernando, is the second most populous municipality in Trinidad and Tobago, after Chaguanas and the most populous city. It occupies 19 km² and is located in the southwestern part of the island of Trinidad. It is bounded to the north by the Guaracara River, the south by the Oropouche River, the east by the Sir Solomon Hochoy Highway, and the west by the Gulf of Paria. The former borough was elevated to the status of a city corporation on 18 November 1989. The motto of San Fernando is: "Sanitas Fortis" - In a Healthy Environment We Will Find Strength. Many local Trinidadians refer to the city with the shortened name "Sando." San Fernando is called Trinidad and Tobago's "industrial capital" because of its proximity to the Pointe-à-Pierre oil refinery and many other petrochemical, LNG, iron and steel and aluminium smelters in places such as Point Lisas in Couva, Point Fortin, and La Brea.

San Fernando
City of San Fernando
Independence Avenue in Downtown San Fernando
Independence Avenue in Downtown San Fernando
Nickname(s): 
Sando
The Industrial Capital of Trinidad and Tobago[1]
Motto(s): 
Sanitas Fortis
In a Healthy Environment We Will Find Strength.
San Fernando is located in Trinidad and Tobago
San Fernando
San Fernando
Location on the island of Trinidad
San Fernando is located in Caribbean
San Fernando
San Fernando
San Fernando (Caribbean)
San Fernando is located in North America
San Fernando
San Fernando
San Fernando (North America)
Coordinates: 10°17′N 61°28′W / 10.283°N 61.467°W / 10.283; -61.467Coordinates: 10°17′N 61°28′W / 10.283°N 61.467°W / 10.283; -61.467
Country Trinidad and Tobago
JurisdictionCity of San Fernando
Settled1595
Borough1853
CityNovember 18th, 1989
Named forSaint Ferdinand III of Castile
Government
 • MayorJunia Regrello
Area
 • City19 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation1 m (3 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • City48,838
 • Rank2nd
 • Density2,570/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
 • Urban
82,997
Demonym(s)San Fernandian
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Postal Code
60xxxx, 61xxxx, 65xxxx[3]
Area code(s)(868)
ISO 3166 codeTT-SFO
Telephone Exchanges652, 653, 657, 658, 697, 831
HDI The HDI for Trinidad and Tobago is 0.814, which gives the country a rank of 19th out of 177 countries with data (2007/2008) – high

GeographyEdit

 
San Fernando Hill

San Fernando is a coastal city. It is bounded by the Guaracara River to the north, the Sir Solomon Hochoy Highway to the east, the Southern Main Road to the southeast, and the Oropouche River to the south. The city proper is located on the flanks of two hills - San Fernando Hill (formerly known as Naparima Hill) and Alexander Hill. Several mansions on the pinnacle of Alexander Hill house belong to some of the more prominent San Fernandian families. The Cipero, Vistabella, Marabella and the Godineau Rivers all enter the sea within the city limits.

ClimateEdit

San Fernando has a tropical monsoon climate with a wet season lasting from May to January and a dry season lasting from February to April.[4][failed verification]

Climate data for San Fernando area, Trinidad and Tobago
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.77
(76.59)
24.93
(76.87)
25.40
(77.72)
26.27
(79.29)
26.63
(79.93)
26.26
(79.27)
26.21
(79.18)
26.45
(79.61)
26.61
(79.90)
26.45
(79.61)
26.13
(79.03)
25.30
(77.54)
25.95
(78.71)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 80.86
(3.18)
44.22
(1.74)
42.53
(1.67)
62.75
(2.47)
123.26
(4.85)
233.91
(9.21)
249.72
(9.83)
239.96
(9.45)
181.03
(7.13)
193.41
(7.61)
206.55
(8.13)
157.96
(6.22)
1,816.16
(71.49)
Source: World Bank Group[5]

DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±%
1980 33,395—    
1990 26,483−20.7%
2000 48,784+84.2%
2011 48,838+0.1%

AncestryEdit

City of San Fernando racial breakdown
Racial composition 2011[6]
African (Afro-Trinidadian/Tobagonian) 35.7%
South Asian (Indo-Trinidadian) 30.3%
Multiracial 17.3%
Dougla (South Asian and Black) 8.2%
European (White Trinidadian) 0.5%
East Asian (Chinese) 0.6%
Native American (Amerindian) 0.08%
Arab (Syrian/Lebanese) 0.9%
Other 0.02%
Not stated 6.7%


Prominent San FernandiansEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Touring Trinidad: the 'deep south'", Discover Trinidad & Tobago.
  2. ^ "Elevation of San Fernando,Trinidad and Tobago Elevation Map, Topo, Contour". floodmap.net. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
  3. ^ "List of Postal Districts". TTPOST. 29 July 2018. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  4. ^ "Trinidad and Tobago (Climate Data > Historical)". The World Bank Group. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  5. ^ "Climate San Fernando". The World Bank Group. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  6. ^ Central Statistical Office. "NON-INSTITUTIONAL POPULATION BY SEX, AGE GROUP, ETHNIC GROUP AND MUNICIPALITY" (PDF).
  7. ^ Felmine, Kevon (2012-03-03). "San Fernando farewell to actor Sullivan Walker". Trinidad Guardian. Retrieved 3 March 2012.

External linksEdit

  San Fernando travel guide from Wikivoyage