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Tropical rainforest climate

Worldwide zones of Tropical rainforest climate (Af).

A tropical rainforest climate is a tropical climate usually found within 10 to 15 degrees latitude of the equator, and has at least 60 mm (2.4 inches) of rainfall every month of the year. Regions with this climate are typically designated Af by the Köppen climate classification. A tropical rainforest climate is typically hot and wet.

Contents

DescriptionEdit

Tropical rainforests have a type of tropical climate in which there is no dry season—all months have an average precipitation value of at least 60 mm (2.4 in). In rainforest climates the dry season is very short, and rainfall is normally heavy throughout the year. One day in an equatorial climate can be very similar to the next, while the change in temperature between day and night may be larger than the average change in temperature during the year. [1]

DistributionEdit

 
Upland rainforest in Borneo. Sabah, Malaysia

A tropical rainforest climate is usually found at latitudes within 15 degrees North and South of the equator, which are dominated by the Intertropical Convergence Zone. The climate is most commonly found in South America, Central Africa, Southeast Asia and Oceania. These rainforests are uniformly and monotonously wet throughout the year. Locations in Oceania, areas along the coast of South and Central America, from Ecuador to Belize, parts of Central Africa, and much of Indonesia have this type of climate.

Notable cities with Tropical rainforest climatesEdit

ExamplesEdit

Western Samoa
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
450
 
 
30
23
 
 
380
 
 
29
24
 
 
350
 
 
30
23
 
 
250
 
 
30
23
 
 
260
 
 
29
23
 
 
120
 
 
29
23
 
 
80
 
 
29
23
 
 
80
 
 
28
23
 
 
130
 
 
28
23
 
 
170
 
 
29
23
 
 
260
 
 
30
23
 
 
370
 
 
29
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [1]
Paramaribo, Suriname
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
200
 
 
30
22
 
 
140
 
 
30
22
 
 
150
 
 
30
22
 
 
210
 
 
31
22
 
 
290
 
 
30
23
 
 
290
 
 
31
22
 
 
230
 
 
31
22
 
 
170
 
 
32
23
 
 
90
 
 
32
23
 
 
90
 
 
33
23
 
 
120
 
 
32
23
 
 
180
 
 
30
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [2]
Mbandaka, DR Congo
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
80
 
 
31
19
 
 
100
 
 
32
20
 
 
150
 
 
32
20
 
 
140
 
 
31
20
 
 
130
 
 
31
20
 
 
110
 
 
30
19
 
 
100
 
 
30
17
 
 
100
 
 
29
17
 
 
200
 
 
30
19
 
 
210
 
 
30
19
 
 
190
 
 
30
19
 
 
120
 
 
30
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [3]
Biak, Indonesia
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
250
 
 
29
25
 
 
240
 
 
28
25
 
 
250
 
 
29
25
 
 
200
 
 
29
25
 
 
250
 
 
29
25
 
 
230
 
 
29
25
 
 
250
 
 
28
25
 
 
240
 
 
29
25
 
 
220
 
 
29
25
 
 
180
 
 
29
25
 
 
190
 
 
30
25
 
 
230
 
 
29
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [4]
Kuching, Malaysia
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
466
 
 
30
23
 
 
445
 
 
29
23
 
 
465
 
 
30
23
 
 
251
 
 
32
23
 
 
347
 
 
33
24
 
 
310
 
 
32
23
 
 
184
 
 
31
23
 
 
326
 
 
32
23
 
 
208
 
 
32
23
 
 
307
 
 
32
23
 
 
482
 
 
32
24
 
 
516
 
 
30
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Monthly Statistical Bulletin Sarawak
Quibdó, Colombia
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
579
 
 
30
23
 
 
505
 
 
30
23
 
 
526
 
 
30
23
 
 
655
 
 
31
23
 
 
776
 
 
31
23
 
 
762
 
 
31
23
 
 
803
 
 
31
23
 
 
852
 
 
31
23
 
 
702
 
 
31
23
 
 
654
 
 
30
23
 
 
728
 
 
30
23
 
 
589
 
 
30
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ McKnight, Tom L; Hess, Darrel (2000). "Climate Zones and Types". Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pretice Hall. pp. 205&ndash, 8. ISBN 0-13-020263-0.