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Flag of Suriname
Flag of Suriname
Coat of Arms for Suriname
Coat of Arms for Suriname
Map of Suriname.

Suriname (/ˈsʊərɪnæm, -nɑːm/ SOOR-ih-NAM, -⁠NAHM), officially the Republic of Suriname (Dutch: Republiek Suriname [reːpyˌblik ˌsyːriˈnaːmə]), is a country in northern South America. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west, and Brazil to the south. At approximately 163,820 square kilometers (63,250 square miles), it is the smallest country in South America.

It has a population of approximately 612,985,0 dominated by descendants from the slaves and labourers brought in from Africa and Asia by the Dutch Empire and Republic. Most of the people live by the country's (north) coast, in and around its capital and largest city, Paramaribo. It is also one of the least densely populated countries on Earth. Situated slightly north of the equator, Suriname is a tropical country covered in rainforests. Its extensive tree cover is vital to the country's efforts to mitigate climate change and maintain carbon negativity. A developing country with a relatively high level of human development, Suriname's economy is heavily dependent on its abundant natural resources, namely bauxite, gold, petroleum, and agricultural products.

Suriname was inhabited as early as the fourth millennium BC by various indigenous peoples, including the Arawaks, Caribs, and Wayana. Europeans arrived in the 16th century, with the Dutch establishing control over much of the country's current territory by the late 17th century. During the Dutch colonial period, Suriname was a lucrative source of sugar. Its plantation economy was driven by African slave labour, and after the abolition of slavery in 1863, by indentured servants from Asia, predominantly from British India, as well as the Dutch East Indies. In 1954, Suriname became one of the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. On 25 November 1975, it left the Kingdom to become an independent state. In contrast to Indonesia's earlier war for independence from the Netherlands, the path toward Suriname's independence was an initiative of the then left-wing Dutch government. Suriname continues to maintain close diplomatic, economic, and cultural ties with the Netherlands.

Suriname is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). It is the only sovereign nation outside Europe in which Dutch is the official and prevailing language of government, business, media, and education. According to research by the Dutch Language Union, Dutch is the native language of 60% of Surinamese. Sranan Tongo, an English-based creole language, is a widely used lingua franca.

Suriname is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings, including the United Nations and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. (Full article...)

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Street in Nieuw Nickerie

Nieuw Nickerie is the third largest city in Suriname with a population estimated at 12,818. It is the capital city of the Nickerie district, and the terminus of the East-West Link.

Nieuw Nickerie lies on the mouth of the Nickerie river on the Atlantic coast, opposite the mouth of the Corantijn river (Courantyne) and the Guyanese town of Corriverton (Springlands), to which a ferry service operates. A bridge between Suriname and Guyana is still being planned. Major Henk Fernandes Airport, also known as Nieuw Nickerie Airport, is located near the city. (Full article...)
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Lodewijk 'Lou' Lichtveld (7 November 1903 – 10 July 1996) was a Surinamese politician, playwright, poet and resistance fighter who wrote under the pseudonym "Albert Helman".

He gained notability in 1923 when he published the poetry collection De glorende dag (The Dawning Day), a milestone in immigrant literature in the Netherlands. He followed it three years later with Zuid-Zuid-West (South-South-West). (Full article...)

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Map of Suriname

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Largest cities or towns in Suriname
Rank Name District Pop.
Paramaribo
Paramaribo
Lelydorp
Lelydorp
1 Paramaribo Paramaribo 223 757 Nieuw Nickerie
Nieuw Nickerie
Moengo
Moengo
2 Lelydorp Wanica 18 223
3 Nieuw Nickerie Nickerie 13 143
4 Moengo Marowijne 7 074
5 Nieuw Amsterdam Commewijne 4 935
6 Mariënburg Commewijne 4 427
7 Wageningen Nickerie 4 145
8 Albina Marowijne 3 985
9 Groningen Saramacca 3 216
10 Brownsweg Brokopondo 2 696
  1. ^ "Biggest Cities Suriname". www.geonames.org.

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