( Argentina Spanish pronunciation: [aɾxenˈtina] (), officially the ) listen Argentine Republic (Spanish: República Argentina), is a country in the southern half of South America. Argentina covers an area of 2,780,400 km 2 (1,073,500 sq mi), making it the second-largest country in South America after Brazil, the fourth-largest country in the Americas, and the eighth-largest country in the world. It shares the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, and is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. Argentina is a federal state subdivided into twenty-three provinces, and one autonomous city, which is the federal capital and largest city of the nation, Buenos Aires. The provinces and the capital have their own constitutions, but exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over a part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
The earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the
Paleolithic period. The Inca Empire expanded to the northwest of the country in Pre-Columbian times. The country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century. Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence (1810–1818) was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation. The country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration, mainly Italians and Spaniards, radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook; over 60% of the population has full or partial Italian ancestry, and Argentine culture has significant connections to Italian culture.
Argentina is a
regional power, and retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs. A Major non-NATO ally, Argentina is a developing country that ranks 46th in the Human Development Index, the second-highest in Latin America after Chile. It maintains the second-largest economy in South America, and is a member of G-15 and G20. Argentina is also a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Mercosur, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Since January 2022 Argentina is an OECD candidate country. ( )
Triatoma infestans 1st nymph on a human host
doença de Chagas
enfermedad de Chagas-Mazza
mal de Chagas
in both languages; also called
) is a
tropical parasitic disease
caused by the
flagellate protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi
is commonly transmitted to humans and other mammals by an insect
insects of the subfamily
) most commonly species belonging to the
The disease may also be spread through
blood transfusion and organ transplantation, ingestion of food contaminated with parasites, and from a mother to her fetus. The symptoms of Chagas disease vary over the course of an infection. In the early, acute stage, symptoms are mild and usually produce no more than local swelling at the site of infection. After 4–8 weeks, individuals with active infections enter the chronic phase of Chagas disease that is asymptomatic for 60–80% of chronically infected individuals through their lifetime. ( )
Selected picture General images
The following are images from various Argentina-related articles on Wikipedia.
Liga Federal, the hatched areas are subject to change during the period. (from )
History of Argentina
The changing state of Argentina. The light green area was allocated to indigenous peoples, the light pink area was the
Wikiprojects Things you can do Did you know (auto-generated)
... that Internet activist
was refused entry into Argentina because her presence was considered to be disruptive? Sally Burch ... that despite an attempted "extermination" of homosexuals in the 1960s and 1970s, the
is now the most accepted in Latin America? LGBT community in Argentina ... that
Lewis Hamilton's physiotherapist, , once cycled from Angela Cullen Tierra del Fuego, Argentina, to northern Colombia? ... that the combination of
is so popular in Argentina that the country consumes more than 75 percent of all fernet and cola fernet produced globally? ... that "
" (Keep us, God) is a Bewahre uns, Gott hymn for protection and blessing that Eugen Eckert derived from a 1968 peace song written and composed in Argentina? ... that Bob Dylan rhymes " " with " Angelina concertina", " hyena", " subpoena", " Argentina" and " arena"?
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