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Introduction

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Mexico (Spanish: México [ˈmexiko] (About this sound listen); Nahuatl languages: Mēxihco), officially the United Mexican States (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos, About this sound listen ), is a federal republic in the southernmost portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world.

With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, and Tijuana.

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In the news

30 September 2018 – Canada–United States trade relations
Canada agrees to sign the new United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement deal which replaces the North American Free Trade Agreement that was reached in August by the United States and Mexico. (The Washington Post)
28 September 2018 – 2018 Pacific hurricane season
Hurricane Rosa strengthens to a category 4 hurricane in the Pacific Ocean and is expected to affect parts of the coastlines of southwestern Mexico, the Baja California Peninsula, and Southern California. (NBC News)
26 September 2018 – 2018 Pacific hurricane season
Tropical Storm Rosa forms off the Pacific Coast of Mexico. Although Rosa is expected to strengthen, forecasters say that it will remain offshore. (ABC News) (CBS News)
6 September 2018 – Mexican Drug War
Mexican officials report the discovery of the remains of at least 166 people in a mass grave in Veracruz. (BBC)
3 September 2018 – 2018 Atlantic hurricane season
Tropical Storm Gordon forms in the Florida Keys and is forecast to strengthen over the next 48 hours as it brings strong winds and heavy rain to the Gulf of Mexico. (KXLY) (NBC News)

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