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List of countries and dependencies by population

  (Redirected from List of countries by population)
A map of world population in 2014
World population percentage by country

This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population. It includes sovereign states, inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. For instance, the United Kingdom is considered as a single entity while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands are considered separately. In addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1.

The population figures do not reflect the practice of countries that report significantly different populations of citizens domestically and overall. Some countries, notably Thailand, do not report total population, exclusively counting citizens; for total populations an international agency must issue an estimate.[citation needed]

Also given in percent is each country's population compared with the population of the world, which the United Nations estimated at 7.5 billion in December 2016.[1]

Contents

MethodEdit

Figures used in this chart are based on the most up to date estimate or projections[2] by the national census authority where available, and are usually rounded off. Where updated national data are not available, figures are based on the projections for 2016 by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.[3]

Because the compiled figures are not collected at the same time in every country, or at the same level of accuracy, the resulting numerical comparisons may create misleading conclusions. Furthermore, the addition of figures from all countries may not equal the world total. A handful of nations have not conducted a census in over 30 years, providing high error margin estimates only.

Areas that form integral parts of sovereign states, such as the countries of the United Kingdom, are counted as part of the sovereign states concerned. Not included are other entities, such as the European Union,[Note 1] that are not sovereign states, and independent territories that do not have permanent populations, such as various countries' claims to Antarctica.

Sovereign states and dependencies by populationEdit

Note: All dependent territories or constituent countries that are parts of sovereign states are shown in italics.

Rank Country (or dependent territory) Population Date % of world
population
Source
1   China[Note 2] 1,383,980,000 June 28, 2017 18.4% Official population clock
2   India 1,317,830,000 June 28, 2017 17.5% Official population clock
3   United States[Note 3] 325,318,000 June 28, 2017 4.33% Official population clock
4   Indonesia 263,510,000 July 1, 2017 3.51% UN Projection
5   Brazil 207,667,000 June 28, 2017 2.76% Official population clock
6   Pakistan 197,654,000 June 28, 2017 2.63% Official population clock
7   Nigeria 191,836,000 July 1, 2017 2.55% UN Projection
8   Bangladesh 162,695,000 June 28, 2017 2.17% Official population clock
9   Russia[Note 4] 146,804,372 January 1, 2017 1.95% Official estimate
10   Japan 126,740,000 June 1, 2017 1.69% Monthly provisional estimate
11   Mexico 123,518,000 July 1, 2017 1.64% Official projection
12   Ethiopia 104,345,000 July 1, 2017 1.39% UN Projection
13   Philippines 104,233,000 June 28, 2017 1.39% Official population clock
14   Egypt 93,254,200 June 28, 2017 1.24% Official population clock
15   Vietnam 92,700,000 July 1, 2016 1.23% Annual official projection
16   Germany 80,637,060 June 23, 2017 1.1% Provisional official annual estimate
17   Democratic Republic of the Congo 82,190,430 June 23, 2017 1.090% UN Projection
18   Turkey 80,401,200 June 23, 2017 1.06% Annual official estimate
19   Iran 80,238,500 June 28, 2017 1.07% Official population clock
20   Thailand 68,294,460 June 23, 2017 0.91% UN Projection
21   France[Note 5] 67,032,000 May 1, 2017 0.89% Monthly official estimate
22   United Kingdom 65,648,100 July 1, 2016 0.87% Official mid-year estimate
23   Italy 60,589,445 December 31, 2016 0.81% Official estimate
24   Tanzania[Note 6] 56,841,000 June 23, 2017 0.76% UN projection
25   South Africa 55,426,000 June 23, 2017 0.74% Annual official estimate
26   Myanmar 54,826,000 June 23, 2017 0.73% UN projection
27   South Korea 50,700,000 June 23, 2017 0.68% Annual official estimate
28   Colombia 49,287,100 June 28, 2017 0.656% Official population clock
29   Kenya 48,467,000 July 1, 2017 0.64% UN projection
30   Spain 46,468,102 July 1, 2016 0.62% Official estimate
31   Argentina 44,272,000 July 1, 2017 0.58% UN projection
32   Ukraine[Note 7] 42,522,767 April 1, 2017 0.57% Monthly official estimate
33   Sudan 42,176,000 July 1, 2017 0.56% UN projection
34   Uganda 41,653,000 July 1, 2017 0.55% UN projection
35   Algeria 41,064,000 July 1, 2017 0.55% UN projection
36   Poland 38,424,000 January 1, 2017 0.51% Official estimate
37   Iraq 37,883,543 July 1, 2016 0.5% Official annual projection
38   Canada 36,582,000 June 28, 2017 0.487% Official estimate
39   Morocco[Note 8] 34,358,000 June 28, 2017 0.457% Official annual projection
40   Saudi Arabia 32,612,641 July 1, 2017 0.43% Official estimate
41   Uzbekistan 32,121,000 January 1, 2017 0.43% Official population report
42   Malaysia 32,115,700 June 28, 2017 0.427% Official population clock
43   Peru 31,826,018 July 1, 2017 0.42% Official annual projection
44   Venezuela 31,431,164 July 1, 2017 0.42% Official annual projection
45   Afghanistan 29,700,000 July 1, 2017 0.4% Annual official estimate
46   Ghana 28,956,587 July 1, 2017 0.39% Official annual projection
47   Nepal 28,825,709 July 1, 2017 0.38% Official annual projection
48   Angola 28,359,634 January 1, 2017 0.38% Official Estimate
49   Yemen 28,120,000 July 1, 2017 0.37% UN projection
50   Mozambique 27,128,530 July 1, 2017 0.36% Annual official projection
51   Madagascar 25,613,000 July 1, 2017 0.340% UN projection
52   Australia 24,505,200 June 28, 2017 0.326% Official population clock
53   North Korea 24,213,510 October 1, 2014 0.32% Preliminary 2014 census result
54   Ivory Coast 23,816,000 July 1, 2017 0.320% UN projection
55   Taiwan[Note 9] 23,550,077 May 1, 2017 0.31% Monthly official estimate
56   Cameroon 23,248,044 January 1, 2017 0.310% Annual official projection
57   Niger 21,564,000 July 1, 2017 0.29% UN projection
58   Sri Lanka 21,203,000 July 1, 2016 0.28% Official estimate
59   Romania 19,760,000 January 1, 2016 0.26% Annual official estimate
60   Burkina Faso 19,632,147 July 1, 2017 0.26% Annual official projection
61   Syria 18,907,000 July 1, 2017 0.25% UN projection
62   Mali 18,875,000 July 1, 2017 0.25% Official annual projection
63   Malawi 18,299,000 July 1, 2017 0.244% UN Projection
64   Chile 18,191,900 July 1, 2016 0.24% Official annual projection
65   Kazakhstan 17,994,200 May 1, 2017 0.24% Official estimate
66   Netherlands 17,133,400 June 28, 2017 0.228% Official population clock
67   Ecuador 16,763,900 June 28, 2017 0.223% Official population clock
68   Guatemala 16,176,133 July 1, 2015 0.22% Official estimate
69   Zambia 15,933,883 July 1, 2016 0.21% Official annual projection
70   Cambodia 15,626,444 July 1, 2016 0.21% Official annual projection
71   Senegal 15,256,346 January 1, 2017 0.20% Official annual projection
72   Chad 14,965,000 July 1, 2017 0.2% UN projection
73   Zimbabwe 14,542,235 July 1, 2017 0.19% Official annual projection
74   Guinea 13,291,000 July 1, 2017 0.18% UN projection
75   South Sudan 12,131,000 July 1, 2016 0.16% Official annual projection
76   Rwanda 11,809,300 July 1, 2017 0.16% Official projection (medium scenario)
77   Somalia[Note 10] 11,392,000 July 1, 2017 0.15% UN projection
78   Belgium 11,356,191 March 1, 2017 0.15% Monthly official estimate
79   Tunisia 11,299,400 July 1, 2016 0.15% Official estimate
80   Haiti 11,244,774 July 1, 2017 0.15% Official projection
81   Cuba 11,239,224 December 31, 2016 0.15% Annual official estimate
82   Bolivia 11,145,770 July 1, 2017 0.15% Official Estimate
83   Greece 10,783,748 January 1, 2016 0.14% Official estimate
84   Benin 10,653,654 July 1, 2016 0.14% Official projection
85   Czech Republic 10,579,067 March 31, 2017 0.14% Official quarterly estimate
86   Burundi 10,400,938 July 1, 2017 0.14% Official annual projection
87   Portugal 10,309,573 December 31, 2016 0.14% Annual official estimate
88   Dominican Republic 10,169,172 July 1, 2017 0.14% Official projection
89   United Arab Emirates 10,139,000 May 6, 2017 0.13% Official annual projection
90   Sweden 10,047,500 June 28, 2017 0.134% Official Population Clock
91   Jordan 9,916,820 June 28, 2017 0.132% Official population clock
92   Azerbaijan 9,823,667 March 1, 2017 0.13% Official estimate
93   Hungary 9,799,000 January 1, 2017 0.13% Annual official estimate
94   Belarus 9,498,600 April 1, 2017 0.126% Quarterly official estimate
95   Honduras 8,866,351 July 1, 2017 0.118% Official annual projection
96   Austria 8,783,198 April 1, 2017 0.117% Quarterly provisional figure
97   Tajikistan 8,742,000 January 1, 2017 0.116% Official estimate
98   Israel 8,707,840 June 28, 2017 0.116% Official population clock
99   Switzerland 8,417,700 December 31, 2016 0.112% Quarterly provisional figure
100   Papua New Guinea 8,151,300 July 1, 2016 0.108% Annual official estimate
  Hong Kong (China) 7,374,900 December 31, 2016 0.098% Official estimate
101   Togo 7,178,000 July 1, 2017 0.096% Official estimate
102   Bulgaria 7,101,859 December 31, 2016 0.095% Official estimate
103   Serbia[Note 11] 7,076,372 January 1, 2016 0.094% Annual official estimate
104   Sierra Leone 7,075,641 December 4, 2015 0.094% Preliminary 2015 census result
105   Paraguay 6,953,646 January 1, 2017 0.093% Official estimate
106   El Salvador 6,581,940 July 1, 2017 0.088% Official projection
107   Laos 6,492,400 March 1, 2015 0.086% Preliminary 2015 census result
108   Libya 6,385,000 July 1, 2016 0.085% Official annual projection
109   Nicaragua 6,262,703 January 1, 2015 0.083% Official estimate
110   Kyrgyzstan 6,140,200 January 1, 2017 0.082% Official estimate
111   Lebanon 5,988,000 July 1, 2016 0.08% UN projection
112   Denmark 5,756,170 March 31, 2017 0.077% Quarterly official estimate
113   Singapore 5,607,300 July 1, 2016 0.075% Official estimate
114   Finland 5,505,575 April 30, 2017 0.073% Monthly official estimate
115   Eritrea 5,482,000 July 1, 2017 0.073% UN projection
116   Slovakia 5,435,343 December 31, 2016 0.072% Official estimate
117   Norway 5,267,146 April 1, 2017 0.07% Quarterly official estimate
118   Central African Republic 5,099,000 July 1, 2017 0.068% UN projection
119   Costa Rica 4,890,379 June 30, 2016 0.065% Official estimate
-   Palestine 4,816,503 July 1, 2016 0.064% Official estimate
120   New Zealand 4,795,370 June 28, 2017 0.0638% Official population clock
121   Ireland 4,757,976 July 14, 2016 0.063% Preliminary 2016 census result
122   Turkmenistan 4,751,120 December 26, 2012 0.063% Preliminary 2012 census result
123   Republic of the Congo 4,741,000 July 1, 2016 0.063% UN projection
124   Oman 4,573,075 February 1, 2017 0.061% Official estimate
125   Croatia 4,190,669 December 31, 2015 0.056% Annual official estimate
126   Kuwait 4,183,658 June 30, 2015 0.056% Official estimate
127   Liberia 4,076,530 July 1, 2016 0.054% Official projection
128   Panama 3,814,672 July 1, 2016 0.051% Official estimate
129   Mauritania 3,718,678 July 1, 2016 0.049% Annual official projection
130   Georgia[Note 12] 3,718,200 January 1, 2017 0.049% Annual official estimate
131   Moldova[Note 13] 3,550,900 January 1, 2017 0.047% Official estimate
132   Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,531,159 October 15, 2013 0.047% Final 2013 census result
133   Uruguay 3,493,205 June 30, 2017 0.046% Annual official projection
  Puerto Rico (U.S.) 3,411,307 July 1, 2016 0.045% Official estimate
134   Mongolia 3,155,050 June 28, 2017 0.042% Official population clock
135   Armenia 2,981,500 March 31, 2017 0.04% Quarterly official estimate
136   Albania 2,876,591 January 1, 2017 0.038% Annual official estimate
137   Lithuania 2,823,618 June 1, 2017 0.038% Monthly official estimate
138   Jamaica 2,730,894 December 31, 2016 0.036% Official estimate
139   Qatar 2,675,522 January 31, 2017 0.036% Monthly official estimate
140   Namibia 2,324,388 July 1, 2016 0.031% Official projection
141   Botswana 2,230,905 July 1, 2016 0.03% Official annual projection
142   Macedonia 2,071,278 December 31, 2015 0.028% Official estimate
143   Slovenia 2,064,241 July 1, 2016 0.027% Official estimate
144   Latvia 1,941,300 May 1, 2017 0.026% Monthly official estimate
145   Lesotho 1,916,000 July 1, 2014 0.025% Official estimate
146   The Gambia 1,882,450 April 15, 2013 0.025% Preliminary 2013 census result
  Kosovo[Note 14] 1,836,978 January 1, 2016 0.024% Official annual projection
147   Gabon 1,811,079 June 2, 2016 0.024% Estimate (press release)
148   Guinea-Bissau 1,547,777 July 1, 2016 0.021% Official projection
149   Bahrain 1,404,900 July 1, 2016 0.019% Official annual projection
150   Trinidad and Tobago 1,353,895 July 1, 2016 0.018% Official estimate
151   Estonia 1,317,797 January 1, 2017 0.018% Official estimate
152   Mauritius 1,263,747 July 1, 2016 0.017% Official estimate
153   Equatorial Guinea 1,222,442 July 4, 2015 0.016% Preliminary 2015 census result
154   East Timor 1,167,242 July 11, 2015 0.016% Preliminary 2015 census result
155   Swaziland 1,132,657 July 1, 2016 0.015% Official projection
156   Djibouti 900,000 July 1, 2016 0.012% UN projection
157   Fiji 869,458 July 1, 2015 0.0116% Annual official estimate
158   Cyprus 848,300 December 31, 2015 0.011% Official estimate
159   Comoros 806,153 July 1, 2016 0.011% Official estimate
160   Bhutan 788,360 June 28, 2017 0.0105% Official population clock
161   Guyana 746,900 July 1, 2013 0.01% Official estimate
  Macau (China) 648,300 March 31, 2017 0.009% Official quarterly estimate
162   Solomon Islands 642,000 July 1, 2015 0.009% Annual official estimate
163   Montenegro 626,388 April 29, 2017 0.008% Official estimate
  Western Sahara[Note 15] 584,000 July 1, 2016 0.0078% UN projection
164   Luxembourg 590,667 January 1, 2017 0.0079% [1]
165   Suriname 541,638 August 13, 2012 0.0072% Final 2012 census result
166   Cape Verde 531,239 July 1, 2016 0.0071% Official annual projection
  Transnistria[Note 16] 475,665 October 15, 2015 0.006% Preliminary 2015 census result
167   Malta 429,344 December 31, 2014 0.0057% Official estimate
168   Brunei 417,200 July 1, 2015 0.0056% Official estimate
169   Belize 380,010 October 1, 2016 0.0051% Official estimate
170   Bahamas 378,040 July 1, 2016 0.005% Official projection
171   Maldives 344,023 September 20, 2014 0.0046% Preliminary 2014 census result
172   Iceland 340,110 March 31, 2017 0.0045% Official quarterly estimate
  Northern Cyprus[Note 17] 313,626 June 30, 2014 0.0042% Official estimate
173   Barbados 285,000 July 1, 2016 0.0038% UN projection
174   Vanuatu 277,500 July 1, 2015 0.0037% Annual official estimate
  French Polynesia (France) 271,800 December 31, 2014 0.0036% Official estimate
  New Caledonia (France) 268,767 August 26, 2014 0.0036% Preliminary 2014 census result
  Abkhazia[Note 18] 240,705 February 28, 2011 0.0032% 2011 census result
175   Samoa 196,315 January 1, 2017 0.0026% Official projection
176   São Tomé and Príncipe 187,356 May 13, 2012 0.0025% 2012 census result
177   Saint Lucia 186,000 July 1, 2016 0.0025% UN projection
  Guam (U.S.) 184,200 July 1, 2015 0.0025% Annual official estimate
  Curaçao (Netherlands) 158,986 January 1, 2016 0.0021% Annual official estimate
  Nagorno-Karabakh Republic[Note 19] 150,932 December 1, 2015 0.002% Preliminary 2015 census result
178   Kiribati 113,400 July 1, 2015 0.0015% Annual official estimate
  Aruba (Netherlands) 110,108 December 31, 2015 0.0015% Official quarterly estimate
179   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 109,991 June 12, 2012 0.0015% Preliminary 2012 census result
  United States Virgin Islands (U.S.) 106,000 July 1, 2016 0.0014% UN projection
180   Grenada 103,328 May 12, 2011 0.0014% 2011 census result
181   Tonga 103,252 November 30, 2011 0.0014% 2011 census result
182   Federated States of Micronesia 102,800 July 1, 2015 0.0014% Annual official estimate
  Jersey (UK) 102,700 December 31, 2015 0.0014% Annual official estimate
183   Seychelles 94,205 December 31, 2016 0.0013% Official estimate
184   Antigua and Barbuda 86,295 May 27, 2011 0.0011% Preliminary 2011 census result
  Isle of Man (UK) 83,314 April 24, 2016 0.0011% 2016 census result
185   Andorra 78,264 December 31, 2016 0.001% Annual official estimate
186   Dominica 71,293 May 14, 2011 0.00095% Preliminary 2011 census result
  Guernsey (UK) 62,723 March 31, 2016 0.00083% Official estimate
  Bermuda (UK) 61,954 July 1, 2013 0.00082% Official estimate
  Cayman Islands (UK) 60,413 December 31, 2015 0.0008% Official estimate
  American Samoa (U.S.) 57,100 July 1, 2015 0.00076% Annual official estimate
  Northern Mariana Islands (U.S.) 56,940 July 1, 2015 0.00076% Annual official estimate
  Greenland (Denmark) 56,483 September 14, 2016 0.00075% Annual official estimate
187   Marshall Islands 54,880 July 1, 2015 0.00073% Annual official estimate
  South Ossetia[Note 20] 53,532 October 15, 2015 0.00071% Preliminary 2015 census result
  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 50,045 April 1, 2017 0.00067% Monthly official estimate
188   Saint Kitts and Nevis 46,204 May 15, 2011 0.00061% 2011 census result
  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 39,410 January 1, 2016 0.00052% Official estimate
189   Liechtenstein 37,815 December 31, 2016 0.0005% Semi annual official estimate
190   Monaco 37,550 December 31, 2016 0.0005% Annual official estimate
  Saint-Martin (France) 36,457 January 1, 2015 0.00049% Annual official estimate
  Gibraltar (UK) 33,140 December 31, 2014 0.00044% Annual official estimate
191   San Marino 33,121 September 30, 2016 0.00044% Monthly official estimate
  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 31,458 January 25, 2012 0.00042% 2012 census result
  British Virgin Islands (UK) 28,514 July 1, 2013 0.00038% Official estimate
  Bonaire (Netherlands) 18,905 January 1, 2015 0.00025% Official estimate
  Cook Islands (NZ) 18,100 March 1, 2016 0.00024% Official quarterly estimate
192   Palau 17,950 July 1, 2015 0.00024% Annual official estimate
  Anguilla (UK) 13,452 May 11, 2011 0.00018% Preliminary 2011 census result
  Wallis and Futuna (France) 11,750 July 1, 2015 0.00016% Annual official estimate
193   Tuvalu 10,640 November 4, 2012 0.00014% 2012 census result
194   Nauru 10,084 October 30, 2011 0.00013% 2011 census result
  Saint Barthélemy (France) 9,417 January 1, 2015 0.00013% Annual official estimate
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 6,286 January 1, 2015 0.000084% Annual official estimate
  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 5,633 February 7, 2016 0.000075% 2016 census result
  Montserrat (UK) 4,922 May 12, 2011 0.000065% 2011 census result
  Sint Eustatius (Netherlands) 3,877 January 1, 2015 0.000052% Official estimate
  Falkland Islands (UK) 2,563 April 15, 2012 0.000034% 2012 census result
  Norfolk Island (Australia) 2,302 August 9, 2011 0.000031% 2011 census result
  Christmas Island (Australia) 2,072 August 9, 2011 0.000028% 2011 census result
  Saba (Netherlands) 1,811 January 1, 2015 0.000024% Official estimate
  Niue (NZ) 1,470 July 1, 2015 0.00002% Annual official estimate
  Tokelau (NZ) 1,411 October 18, 2011 0.000019% 2011 census result
195   Vatican City 800 January 1, 2014 0.000011% Official estimate
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 550 August 9, 2011 0.0000073% 2011 census result
  Pitcairn Islands (UK) 57 July 1, 2014 0.00000076% Official estimate

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The European Union is a sui generis supranational union whose sovereign members delegate to it by treaty certain powers that are often exercised by sovereign states. Its combined population has been estimated at 510,284,430 on January 1, 2016, and it would be ranked 3rd if it were included in the list. It has 6.79% of the world's population — see "Eurostat-Tables,Graphs and Maps Interface(TGM)table". European Commission. 
  2. ^ The census figure refers to mainland China, excluding its special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, the former of which returned to Chinese sovereignty on 1 July 1997 and the latter on 20 December 1999.
  3. ^ Population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
  4. ^ Including Crimea and Sevastopol.
  5. ^ Excluding Overseas Territories and Collectivities: French Polynesia, New Caledonia, French Southern and Antarctic Land, Clipperton Island, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Wallis and Futuna.
  6. ^ Including Zanzibar.
  7. ^ Excluding Crimea and Sevastopol but including Donbass region.
  8. ^ It excludes the population of the disputed territory of the Western Sahara (the so-called Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic).
  9. ^ Taiwan (Republic of China) also includes the minor islands of Kinmen, Matsu, Penghu, etc.
  10. ^ Includes Puntland and Somaliland.
  11. ^ Excludes Kosovo.
  12. ^ Excludes Abkhazia (242,862, census 2011) and South Ossetia (53,559, census 2015).
  13. ^ Excludes Transnistria (505,153, census 2014).
  14. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  15. ^ Administration is split between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim the entire territory.
  16. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Moldova.
  17. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Cyprus.
  18. ^ Abkhazia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider Abkhazia de jure a part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.
  19. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Azerbaijan.
  20. ^ South Ossetia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider South Ossetia de jure a part of Georgia's territory.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "World Population Clocks". 21 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-03-21. 
  2. ^ "China's Population: The Most Surprising Demographic Crisis". The Economist. 2013. 
  3. ^ "World Population Prospects The 2015 Revision: Key Findings and Advance Tables" (PDF). The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations. pp. 51–55. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 

External linksEdit