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List of countries and dependencies by population

A map of world population in 2014
World population percentage by country as of 2017.
A cartogram of the world population in 2002.

This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population. It includes sovereign states, inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. For instance, the United Kingdom is considered as a single entity while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands are considered separately. In addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1.

Also given in percent is each country's population compared with the population of the world, which the United Nations estimates at 7.67 billion as of today.

Contents

MethodEdit

Figures used in this chart are based on the most up to date estimate or projections[1] by the national census authority where available, and are usually rounded off. Where updated national data are not available, figures are based on the projections for 2018 by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.[2]

Because the compiled figures are not collected at the same time in every country, or at the same level of accuracy, the resulting numerical comparisons may create misleading conclusions. Furthermore, the addition of figures from all countries may not equal the world total. A handful of nations have not conducted a census in over 30 years, providing high error margin estimates only.

Areas that form integral parts of sovereign states, such as the countries of the United Kingdom, are counted as part of the sovereign states concerned. Not included are other entities, such as the European Union,[Note 1] that are not sovereign states, and independent territories that do not have permanent populations, such as various countries' claims to Antarctica.

Sovereign states and dependencies by populationEdit

Note: All dependent territories or constituent countries that are parts of sovereign states are shown in italics and not assigned a numbered rank.

Rank Country
(or dependent territory)
Population Date % of world
population
Source
1   China[Note 2] 1,395,610,000 December 8, 2018 18.2% Official population clock
2   India[Note 3] 1,340,570,000 December 8, 2018 17.5% Official population clock
3   United States[Note 4] 328,309,000 December 8, 2018 4.28% Official population clock
4   Indonesia 265,015,300 July 1, 2018 3.46% Official annual projection
5   Brazil 209,950,000 December 8, 2018 2.74% Official population clock
6   Pakistan 202,928,000 December 8, 2018 2.65% Official population clock
7   Nigeria 193,392,517 July 1, 2016 2.52% Official estimate
8   Bangladesh 165,666,000 December 8, 2018 2.16% Official population clock
9   Russia[Note 5] 146,877,088 January 1, 2018 1.91% Official estimate
10   Japan 126,450,000 November 1, 2018 1.65% Monthly provisional estimate
11   Mexico 119,938,473 March 15, 2015 1.56% 2015 census result
12   Ethiopia 107,534,882 July 1, 2018 1.4% UN Projection
13   Philippines 106,874,000 December 8, 2018 1.39% Official population clock
14   Egypt 97,989,800 December 8, 2018 1.28% Official population clock
15   Vietnam 94,660,000 July 1, 2018 1.23% Official annual estimate
16   DR Congo 84,004,989 July 1, 2018 1.1% UN Projection
17   Germany 82,887,000 June 30, 2018 1.08% Official estimate
18   Iran 82,018,800 December 8, 2018 1.07% Official population clock
19   Turkey 80,810,525 December 31, 2017 1.05% Official estimate
20   Thailand 69,183,173 July 1, 2018 0.9% UN Projection
21   France[Note 6] 67,372,000 November 1, 2018 0.88% Monthly official estimate
22   United Kingdom[Note 7] 66,040,229 June 30, 2017 0.86% Official annual estimate
23   Italy 60,398,794 July 31, 2018 0.79% Monthly official estimate
24   South Africa 57,725,600 July 1, 2018 0.75% Official annual estimate
25   Tanzania[Note 8] 54,199,163 July 1, 2018 0.71% Official annual projection
26   Myanmar 53,862,731 July 1, 2018 0.7% Official annual projection
27   South Korea 51,635,256 July 1, 2018 0.67% Official annual estimate
28   Kenya 50,950,879 July 1, 2018 0.66% UN projection
29   Colombia 49,464,683 July 1, 2018 0.64% UN projection
30   Spain 46,659,302 January 1, 2018 0.61% Official estimate
31   Argentina 44,494,502 July 1, 2018 0.58% Official annual projection
32   Algeria 42,545,964 July 1, 2018 0.55% Official annual projection
33   Ukraine[Note 9] 42,220,824 October 1, 2018 0.55% Monthly official estimate
34   Sudan 41,075,226 December 8, 2018 0.54% Official population clock
35   Iraq 39,339,753 July 1, 2018 0.51% UN projection
36   Uganda 38,823,100 July 1, 2018 0.51% Official annual projection
37   Poland 38,433,600 December 31, 2017 0.5% Official estimate
38   Canada 37,058,856 July 1, 2018 0.48% Official quarterly estimate
39   Morocco[Note 10] 34,867,100 December 8, 2018 0.455% Official population clock
40   Saudi Arabia 33,413,660 January 1, 2018 0.44% Official estimate
41   Uzbekistan 32,653,900 January 1, 2018 0.43% Official annual estimate
42   Malaysia 32,564,300 December 8, 2018 0.425% Official population clock
43   Peru 32,162,184 June 30, 2018 0.42% Official estimate
44   Venezuela 31,828,110 July 1, 2018 0.41% Official annual projection
45   Afghanistan 31,575,018 July 1, 2018 0.41% Official annual estimate
46   Ghana 29,614,337 January 1, 2018 0.39% Official projection
47   Angola 29,250,009 January 1, 2018 0.38% Official projection
48   Nepal 29,218,867 July 1, 2018 0.38% Official annual projection
49   Yemen 28,915,284 July 1, 2018 0.38% UN projection
50   Mozambique 28,861,863 August 1, 2017 0.38% Official census result
51   Madagascar 26,262,810 July 1, 2018 0.34% UN projection
52   North Korea 25,610,672 July 1, 2018 0.33% UN projection
53   Australia 25,148,100 December 8, 2018 0.328% Official population clock
54   Ivory Coast 24,571,044 July 1, 2017 0.32% Official estimate
55   Cameroon 23,794,164 January 1, 2018 0.31% Official annual projection
56   Taiwan[Note 11] 23,580,833 October 1, 2018 0.31% Monthly official estimate
57   Sri Lanka 21,670,000 July 1, 2018 0.28% Official estimate
58   Niger 21,466,863 July 1, 2018 0.28% Official annual projection
59   Burkina Faso 20,244,080 July 1, 2018 0.26% Official annual projection
60   Romania 19,523,621 January 1, 2018 0.25% Official annual estimate
61   Mali 19,107,706 July 1, 2018 0.25% UN projection
62   Kazakhstan 18,334,300 October 1, 2018 0.24% Official estimate
63   Syria 18,284,407 July 1, 2018 0.24% UN projection
64   Malawi 17,931,637 July 1, 2018 0.23% Official annual projection
65   Chile 17,574,003 April 19, 2017 0.23% Final or definitive 2017 census result
66   Guatemala 17,302,084 July 1, 2018 0.23% Official annual projection
67   Netherlands 17,283,400 December 8, 2018 0.225% Official population clock
68   Ecuador 17,131,600 December 8, 2018 0.223% Official population clock
69   Zambia 16,887,720 July 1, 2018 0.22% Official annual projection
70   Cambodia 16,069,921 July 1, 2018 0.21% Official annual projection
71   Senegal 15,726,037 July 1, 2018 0.21% Official annual projection
72   Chad 15,353,184 July 1, 2018 0.2% UN projection
73   Somalia[Note 12] 15,181,925 July 1, 2018 0.2% UN projection
74   Zimbabwe 14,848,905 July 1, 2018 0.19% Official annual projection
75   South Sudan 12,323,419 July 1, 2018 0.16% Official annual projection
76   Rwanda 12,001,136 July 1, 2018 0.16% Official projection annual
77   Guinea 11,883,516 July 1, 2018 0.15% Official projection
78   Belgium 11,439,756 October 1, 2018 0.15% Monthly official estimate
79   Tunisia 11,434,994 July 1, 2017 0.15% Official estimate
80   Benin 11,362,269 July 1, 2018 0.15% Official projection
81   Bolivia 11,307,314 July 1, 2018 0.15% Official projection annual
82   Cuba 11,221,060 December 31, 2017 0.15% Official annual estimate
83   Haiti 11,112,945 July 1, 2018 0.14% UN projection
84   Greece 10,768,193 January 1, 2017 0.14% Official estimate
85   Burundi 10,681,186 July 1, 2018 0.14% Official annual projection
86   Czech Republic 10,625,449 June 30, 2018 0.14% Official quarterly estimate
87   Jordan 10,301,200 December 8, 2018 0.134% Official population clock
88   Portugal 10,291,027 December 31, 2017 0.13% Official annual estimate
89   Dominican Republic 10,266,149 July 1, 2018 0.13% Official projection
90   Sweden 10,215,250 October 31, 2018 0.13% Official monthly estimate
91   Azerbaijan 9,959,245 October 1, 2018 0.13% Official estimate
92   Hungary 9,771,000 January 1, 2018 0.13% Official annual estimate
93   United Arab Emirates 9,541,615 July 1, 2018 0.12% UN projection
94   Belarus 9,477,100 October 1, 2018 0.12% Official quarterly estimate
95   Honduras 9,012,229 July 1, 2018 0.12% Official annual projection
96   Israel 8,958,260 December 8, 2018 0.117% Official population clock
97   Tajikistan 8,931,000 January 1, 2018 0.12% Official estimate
98   Austria 8,857,960 October 1, 2018 0.12% Quarterly provisional figure
99   Papua New Guinea 8,558,800 July 1, 2018 0.11% Official annual estimate
100   Switzerland 8,508,904 June 30, 2018 0.11% Official provisional figure
101   Sierra Leone 7,719,729 July 1, 2018 0.101% UN projection
  Hong Kong (China) 7,448,900 July 1, 2018 0.097% Official estimate
102   Togo 7,352,000 July 1, 2018 0.096% Official annual projection
103   Paraguay 7,052,983 January 1, 2018 0.092% Official estimate
104   Bulgaria 7,050,034 December 31, 2017 0.092% Official estimate
105   Serbia[Note 13] 7,001,444 January 1, 2018 0.091% Official annual estimate
106   Laos 6,961,210 July 1, 2018 0.091% UN projection
107   El Salvador 6,643,359 July 1, 2018 0.087% Official annual projection
108   Libya 6,470,956 July 1, 2018 0.084% UN projection
109   Kyrgyzstan 6,350,500 October 1, 2018 0.083% Official estimate
110   Nicaragua 6,284,757 July 1, 2018 0.082% UN projection
111   Lebanon 6,093,509 July 1, 2018 0.079% UN projection
112   Turkmenistan 5,851,466 July 1, 2018 0.076% UN projection
113   Denmark 5,806,015 October 1, 2018 0.076% Official quarterly estimate
114   Singapore 5,638,700 June 30, 2018 0.074% Official estimate
115   Finland 5,521,533 October 31, 2018 0.072% Official monthly estimate
116   Slovakia 5,443,120 January 1, 2018 0.071% Official estimate
117   Republic of the Congo 5,399,895 July 1, 2018 0.07% UN projection
118   Norway 5,323,933 October 1, 2018 0.069% Official quarterly estimate
119   Eritrea 5,187,948 July 1, 2018 0.068% UN projection
120   Costa Rica 5,003,393 June 30, 2018 0.065% Official annual projection
121   New Zealand 4,924,430 December 8, 2018 0.0642% Official population clock
122   Ireland 4,857,000 April 1, 2018 0.063% Official estimate
123   Palestine 4,780,978 December 1, 2017 0.062% Official census result
124   Central African Republic 4,737,423 July 1, 2018 0.062% UN projection
125   Oman 4,653,799 December 7, 2018 0.061% Official estimate
126   Liberia 4,382,387 July 1, 2018 0.057% Official projection
127   Kuwait 4,226,920 January 1, 2018 0.055% Official annual estimate
128   Panama 4,158,783 July 1, 2018 0.054% Official annual projection
129   Croatia 4,105,493 December 31, 2017 0.054% Official estimate
130   Mauritania 3,984,233 July 1, 2018 0.052% Official annual projection
131   Georgia[Note 14] 3,729,600 January 1, 2018 0.049% Official annual estimate
132   Moldova[Note 15] 3,547,539 January 1, 2018 0.046% Official estimate
133   Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,511,372 June 30, 2016 0.046% Official estimate
134   Uruguay 3,505,985 June 30, 2018 0.046% Official annual projection
  Puerto Rico (U.S.) 3,294,626 July 1, 2018 0.043% Official estimate
135   Mongolia 3,231,896 December 8, 2018 0.042% Official population clock
136   Armenia 2,969,200 September 30, 2018 0.039% Official quarterly estimate
137   Albania 2,870,324 January 1, 2018 0.037% Official annual estimate
138   Lithuania 2,795,674 November 1, 2018 0.036% Monthly official estimate
139   Qatar 2,757,437 November 30, 2018 0.036% Monthly official estimate
140   Jamaica 2,728,864 December 31, 2017 0.036% Official estimate
141   Namibia 2,413,643 July 1, 2018 0.031% Official projection
142   Botswana 2,302,878 July 1, 2018 0.03% Official annual projection
143   The Gambia 2,163,765 July 1, 2018 0.028% UN projection
144   Macedonia 2,075,301 December 31, 2017 0.027% Official estimate
145   Slovenia 2,070,050 July 1, 2018 0.027% Official estimate
146   Gabon 2,067,561 July 1, 2018 0.027% UN projection
147   Lesotho 2,007,201 April 10, 2016 0.026% 2016 census result
148   Latvia 1,921,800 November 1, 2018 0.025% Monthly official estimate
  Kosovo[Note 16] 1,798,506 December 31, 2017 0.023% Official annual estimate
149   Guinea-Bissau 1,584,763 July 1, 2018 0.021% Official annual projection
150   Bahrain 1,566,993 July 1, 2018 0.02% UN projection
151   Trinidad and Tobago 1,359,193 July 1, 2018 0.018% Official estimate
152   Estonia 1,319,133 January 1, 2018 0.017% Official estimate
153   Mauritius 1,265,577 July 1, 2018 0.017% Official estimate
154   East Timor 1,261,407 July 1, 2018 0.016% Official projection
155   Equatorial Guinea 1,222,442 July 4, 2015 0.016% Preliminary 2015 census result
156   Swaziland 1,093,238 May 11, 2017 0.014% Official census result
157   Djibouti 1,049,001 July 1, 2018 0.014% Official annual projection
158   Fiji 884,887 September 17, 2017 0.012% Official census result
159   Cyprus 864,200 December 31, 2017 0.011% Official annual estimate
160   Comoros 850,688 July 1, 2018 0.011% Official estimate
161   Guyana 782,225 July 1, 2018 0.0102% UN projection
162   Bhutan 727,145 May 30, 2017 0.009% Official census result
163   Solomon Islands 667,044 July 1, 2018 0.0087% Official annual projection
  Macau (China) 663,400 September 30, 2018 0.0086% Official quarterly estimate
164   Montenegro 622,359 January 1, 2018 0.0081% Official estimate
165   Luxembourg 602,005 January 1, 2018 0.0078% Official estimate
166   Suriname 568,301 July 1, 2018 0.0074% UN projection
  Western Sahara[Note 17] 567,421 July 1, 2018 0.0074% UN projection
167   Cape Verde 544,081 July 1, 2018 0.0071% Official annual projection
168   Malta 475,701 December 31, 2017 0.0062% Official estimate
  Transnistria[Note 18] 469,000 January 1, 2018 0.0061% Official estimate
169   Brunei 421,300 July 1, 2017 0.0055% Official estimate
170   Belize 398,050 July 1, 2018 0.0052% Official estimate
171   Bahamas 381,320 July 1, 2018 0.005% Official annual projection
172   Maldives 378,114 December 31, 2017 0.0049% Official annual estimate
173   Iceland 355,620 September 30, 2018 0.0046% Official quarterly estimate
  Northern Cyprus[Note 19] 335,455 July 1, 2016 0.0044% Official estimate
174   Vanuatu 304,500 July 1, 2018 0.004% Official annual estimate
175   Barbados 286,388 July 1, 2018 0.0037% UN projection
  New Caledonia (France) 278,500 January 1, 2017 0.0036% Official annual estimate
  French Polynesia (France) 275,918 August 17, 2017 0.0036% 2017 census results
  Abkhazia[Note 20] 243,564 July 1, 2016 0.0032% Official estimate
176   Samoa 199,052 July 1, 2018 0.0026% Official projection
177   São Tomé and Príncipe 197,700 July 1, 2017 0.0026% Official estimate
178   Saint Lucia 179,667 July 1, 2018 0.0023% UN projection
  Guam (U.S.) 172,400 July 1, 2018 0.0022% Official annual estimate
  Curaçao (Netherlands) 160,012 January 1, 2018 0.0021% Official annual estimate
  Artsakh[Note 21] 145,053 December 1, 2015 0.0019% 2015 census result
179   Kiribati 120,100 July 1, 2018 0.0016% Official annual estimate
  Aruba (Netherlands) 111,350 March 31, 2018 0.0015% Official quarterly estimate
180   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 109,803 July 1, 2017 0.0014% Official estimate
181   Grenada 108,339 July 1, 2018 0.0014% UN projection
  Jersey (UK) 105,500 December 31, 2017 0.0014% Official estimate
182   Federated States of Micronesia 105,300 July 1, 2018 0.0014% Official annual estimate
  United States Virgin Islands (U.S.) 104,914 July 1, 2018 0.0014% UN projection
183   Antigua and Barbuda 103,050 July 1, 2018 0.0013% UN projection
184   Tonga 100,651 November 30, 2016 0.0013% 2016 census result
185   Seychelles 96,762 June 30, 2018 0.0013% Official estimate
  Isle of Man (UK) 83,314 April 24, 2016 0.0011% 2016 census result
186   Andorra 74,794 December 31, 2017 0.001% Official estimate
187   Dominica 74,308 July 1, 2018 0.001% UN projection
  Cayman Islands (UK) 64,420 March 31, 2018 0.00084% Official estimate
  Bermuda (UK) 63,779 May 21, 2016 0.00083% 2016 Census Preliminary Report
  Guernsey (UK) 62,063 December 31, 2017 0.00081% Official estimate
  American Samoa (U.S.) 56,700 July 1, 2018 0.00074% Official annual estimate
  Northern Mariana Islands (U.S.) 56,200 July 1, 2018 0.00073% Official annual estimate
  Greenland (Denmark) 56,025 July 1, 2018 0.00073% Official estimate
188   Saint Kitts and Nevis 55,850 July 1, 2018 0.0007% UN projection
189   Marshall Islands 55,500 July 1, 2018 0.00072% Official annual estimate
  South Ossetia[Note 22] 53,532 October 15, 2015 0.0007% Preliminary 2015 census result
  Faroe Islands (Denmark) 51,095 October 1, 2018 0.00067% Monthly official estimate
  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 39,410 January 1, 2016 0.00051% Official estimate
190   Monaco 38,300 December 31, 2017 0.0005% Official annual estimate
191   Liechtenstein 38,111 December 31, 2017 0.0005% Official semi annual estimate
  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 37,910 July 1, 2016 0.00049% Official estimate
  Saint-Martin (France) 36,457 January 1, 2015 0.00048% Official estimate
  Gibraltar (UK) 33,573 December 31, 2015 0.00044% Official estimate
192   San Marino 33,344 May 31, 2018 0.00043% Monthly official estimate
  British Virgin Islands (UK) 31,719 July 1, 2018 0.00041% UN projection
193   Palau 17,900 July 1, 2018 0.00023% Official annual estimate
  Cook Islands (NZ) 15,200 July 1, 2018 0.0002% Official annual estimate
  Anguilla (UK) 15,045 July 1, 2018 0.0002% UN projection
  Wallis and Futuna (France) 11,700 July 1, 2018 0.00015% Official annual estimate
194   Nauru 11,000 July 1, 2018 0.00014% Official annual estimate
195   Tuvalu 10,200 July 1, 2018 0.00013% Official annual estimate
  Saint Barthélemy (France) 9,417 January 1, 2015 0.00012% Official estimate
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 6,286 January 1, 2015 0.000082% Official estimate
  Saint Helena, Ascension
and Tristan da Cunha
(UK)
5,633 February 7, 2016 0.000073% 2016 census result
  Montserrat (UK) 5,203 July 1, 2018 0.000068% UN projection
  Falkland Islands (UK) 3,198 October 9, 2016 0.000042% 2016 census result
  Christmas Island (Australia) 1,843 August 9, 2016 0.000024% 2016 census result
  Norfolk Island (Australia) 1,748 August 9, 2016 0.000023% 2016 census result
  Niue (NZ) 1,520 July 1, 2018 0.000020% Official annual estimate
  Tokelau (NZ) 1,499 October 18, 2016 0.000020% 2016 census result
196   Vatican City 800 January 1, 2014 0.000010% Official estimate
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 544 August 9, 2016 0.0000071% 2016 census result
  Pitcairn Islands (UK) 50 January 1, 2018 0.00000065% Official estimate

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The European Union is a sui generis supranational union whose sovereign members delegate to it by treaty certain powers that are often exercised by sovereign states. Its combined population has been estimated at 510,284,430 on January 1, 2016, and it would be ranked 3rd if it were included in the list. It has 6.65% of the world's population — see "Eurostat-Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface(TGM)table". European Commission.
  2. ^ The census figure refers to mainland China, excluding its special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, the former of which returned to Chinese sovereignty on 1 July 1997 and the latter on 20 December 1999.
  3. ^ Does not include the figures of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  4. ^ Population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
  5. ^ Including the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol, Russia's disputed administrative areas on the Crimean Peninsula. The Ukrainian government and many of the world's other states consider the Crimean Peninsula de jure a part of Ukraine's territory.
  6. ^ Population of the 18 regions of France. Excluding Overseas Territories and Collectivities: French Polynesia, New Caledonia, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Clipperton Island, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Wallis and Futuna.
  7. ^ Excluding the 14 Overseas Territories and 3 Crown dependencies shown separately.
  8. ^ Including Zanzibar.
  9. ^ Excluding the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and City of Sevastopol, Ukraine's administrative areas on the Crimean Peninsula which are disputed with and de facto administered by Russia. However includes all territory in the Donbass region where there are ongoing insurgencies by separatist forces.
  10. ^ Excluding the population of the disputed territory of Western Sahara (Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic).
  11. ^ Taiwan (Republic of China) also includes the minor islands of Kinmen, Matsu, Penghu, etc.
  12. ^ Includes Puntland and Somaliland.
  13. ^ Excludes Kosovo.
  14. ^ Excludes Abkhazia (242,862, census 2011) and South Ossetia (53,559, census 2015).
  15. ^ Excludes Transnistria.
  16. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  17. ^ Administration is split between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim the entire territory.
  18. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Moldova.
  19. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Cyprus.
  20. ^ Abkhazia is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Abkhazia and the Republic of Georgia. The Republic of Abkhazia unilaterally declared independence on 23 July 1992, but Georgia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Abkhazia has received formal recognition as an independent state from 7 out of 193 United Nations member states, 2 of which have subsequently withdrawn their recognition.
  21. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Azerbaijan.
  22. ^ South Ossetia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider South Ossetia de jure a part of Georgia's territory.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit