National Bureau of Statistics of China
The National Bureau of Statistics (Chinese: 国家统计局), abbreviated as NBS, is an deputy-cabinet level agency directly under the State Council of the People's Republic of China. It is responsible for collection, investigation, research and publication of statistics concerning the nation's economy, population and other aspects of the society. Ning Jizhe is the commissioner of the bureau since 2016.
Logo of NBS
|Formed||7 August 1952|
|Headquarters||Xicheng District, Beijing|
|Parent agency||State Council of the People's Republic of China|
|National Bureau of Statistics|
The bureau's authority and responsibilities are defined in China's Statistics Law. It is responsible for the research of the nation's overall statistics and oversee the operations of its local counterparts. 
The bureau is lead by a commissioner, joined by several deputy commissioner (currently four), a chief methodologist, a chief economist, and a chief information officer. It is composed of 18 departments, oversees 12 affiliated institutions and manages 32 survey organizations stationed in respective provinces. It also operates China Statistics Press.
The national bureau has a headcount of 535 employees as authorized by the state council.
The current commissioner is Ning Jizhe, who assumed office in February 2016.
- Xue Muqiao (August 1952 – November 1958)
- Jia Qiyun (November 1958 – June 1961)
- Wang Sihua (June 1961 – December 1969)
- Chen Xian (September 1974 – October 1981)
- Li Chengrui (October 19891 – May 1984)
- Zhang Sai (May 1984 – February 1997)
- Liu Hong (February 1997 – June 2000)
- Zhu Zhixin (June 2000 – March 2003)
- Li Deshui (March 2003 – March 2006)
- Qiu Xiaohua (March 2006 – October 2006)
- Xie Fuzhan (October 2006 – September 2008)
- Ma Jiantang (September 2008 – April 2015)
- Wang Bao'an (April 2015 – January 2016)
- Ning Jizhe (February 2016 – present)
Its Statistical Communiqué on the National Economic and Social Development and the China Statistical Yearbook are the bureau's most notable publications. It also runs and publishes the national census of economy, population and agriculture.
National Data (National Statistical Data Repository) is operated by the bureau, which have both Chinese and English interfaces. All publishable statistical results by the bureau are released on this website, includes monthly, quarterly, and annual data of price indices, industrial data etc.
Since the December of 2018, the agency began to release detailed dataset to authorized researchers and universities, which uses an application-based system for researchers resides within China. This includes dataset from the 3rd economic census, 6th population census, 3rd agricultural census, sampled 1% population survey of 2015, residents income survey and financials survey on industrial enterprises above designated size.
The bureau also operates an archive filled with almanacs ever published by the bureau since 1982, some of the files are not digitalized, hence only accessible through the archive. Citizens can access the archive with their national identification card.
- "Statistics Law of the People's Republic of China".
- "Organizational Chart". National Bureau of Statistics of China.
- "Statistical Communique". National Statistics Bureau of China.
- "National Data". data.stats.gov.cn. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
- "国家统计局向科研机构开放六大类微观数据-新华网". www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
- Official website
- Official website(in Chinese)
- National Data, open national data repository of China.
- THE STATUS QUO AND ISSUES OF R&D STATISTICS IN CHINA