Cabo San Lucas (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkaβo san ˈlukas], "Saint Luke Cape"), or simply just Cabo, is a resort city at the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula, in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. As at the 2020 Census, the population of the city was 202,694 inhabitants. Cabo San Lucas together with the famous San José del Cabo are collectively known as Los Cabos. Together, they form a metropolitan area of 351,111 inhabitants.
Cabo San Lucas
|Coordinates: 22°53′23″N 109°54′56″W / 22.88972°N 109.91556°WCoordinates: 22°53′23″N 109°54′56″W / 22.88972°N 109.91556°W|
|State||Baja California Sur|
|• City||48.11 km2 (18.58 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (Pacific (US Mountain))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−6 (Central Standard Time Zone)|
Rated as one of Mexico's top five tourist destinations, Cabo is known for its beaches, scuba diving locations, Balnearios, the sea arch El Arco de Cabo San Lucas, and marine life. The Los Cabos Corridor has become a heavily trafficked vacation destination for tourists, with numerous resorts and timeshares along the coast between Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo.
The waters around Cabo are home to marine wildlife including rays, sharks, mahi-mahi (dorado), and striped marlin.
Archaeological excavations have shown evidence of continual human habitation in the area for at least 10,000 years. When the first Europeans arrived, they encountered the Pericú people, who survived on a subsistence diet based on hunting and gathering seeds, roots, shellfish, and other marine resources. They called the location Yenecamú.
According to the narrative of Hatsutaro, a Japanese castaway, in the book Kaigai Ibun (written by Maekawa, Junzo, and Bunzo Sakai and narrated by Hatsutaro), when he arrived at Cabo San Lucas in May 1842, there were only two houses and about 20 inhabitants. However, American authors such as Henry Edwards and John Ross Browne claim that Cabo San Lucas's founder was an Englishman named Thomas "Old Tom" Ritchie. John Ross Browne says Ritchie arrived there about 1828, while Edwards says that he died in October 1874. The actual founder of Cabo San Lucas was Cipriano Ceseña in 1788 who arrived from Hermosillo, Sonora. Per The book by Pablo L. Martinez, Guia Familiar de Baja California 1700–1900.
A fishing village began growing in the area. In 1917, an American company built a floating platform to catch tuna, and ten years later founded Compañía de Productos Marinos S.A. The plant operated for several years.
Cabo San Lucas has become a prominent vacation and spa destination, with a variety of sites of interest and timeshares that have been built on the coast between San Lucas and San José del Cabo. The distinctive Arco de Cabo San Lucas is a local landmark.
Cabo San Lucas has the highest-paying marlin tournament in the world, the Bisbee's Los Cabos Offshore. This tournament takes place every year in the month of October.
In the winter, pods of whales can be observed in the area. They bear their calves in the warm waters of the Gulf of California after traveling up to 10,000 kilometres (6,000 mi) from Alaska and Siberia.
The beaches, surfing, and sport fishing opportunities in Cabo San Lucas have attracted a great number of Mexican natives and foreigners to spend their vacations in large-scale tourist developments. The development of Cabo's tourism industry was prompted by the Mexican government's development of infrastructure to turn Cabo San Lucas into a major centre for tourism in Mexico, beginning in 1974. Upon completion of the Transpeninsular Highway, also known as the Mexican Federal Highway 1, tourist developments in Los Cabos proceeded relatively unchecked.
Until fairly recently,[when?] the unique and fragile environment of this part of Mexico was largely unprotected by law, and therefore was subjected to developers acting in concert with government agencies interested only in low-end tourist bonanzas. There is, however, a growing collection of activists and attorneys now involved in preserving many of Baja's desert habitats, marine mammals, and stretches of coastline. A number of agencies, including the Gulf of California Conservation Fund and the Centre for Environmental Law in La Paz, are challenging the destruction of wetlands and other ecosystems from Los Cabos to Ensenada. In the face of a growing international public demand for corporate-driven ecological stewardship, higher-end resorts in the Los Cabos area are increasingly sensitive to their environmental impact and are taking initial steps to institute sustainable practices such as reducing water usage and non-recyclable trash output. In 2017, Los Cabos was projected to be one of the leaders in travel in Latin America, many of the developments owed to its increased accessibility with added plane routes from the US and Canada. It is expected that by 2018, 4,000 new sleeping rooms will come online in Cabo, and the increase in tourism will contribute to its growth as a leader in leisure.
This article needs to be updated.(March 2022)
Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo are served by Los Cabos International Airport.
The town is also a popular port of call for many cruise ships. Cabo San Lucas has a small international airfield, which handles air traffic for general aviation flights and air taxi services.
Many tourists get around the area through the numerous local taxis that service the primary parts of Cabo, as well as the corridor and the airport. Another alternative is the bus system which is less expensive than taxis. It costs several pesos and it is mainly used by locals but also available to tourists. As of 2021, Uber is available as a means of transportation in the Los Cabos area.
Nightlife and activitiesEdit
Clubs in Cabo include the Cabo Wabo Cantina, a nightclub owned by rock star Sammy Hagar, founded originally by himself and other members of Van Halen, named after their hit single Cabo Wabo. There is also the Baja Brewing Company (also the first microbrewery in Baja California), La Vaquita, Mandala, Coco Bongo, El Squid Roe, Giggling Marlin, Nowhere Bar, and Tiki Bar, the Usual Suspects and the Jungle Bar. Restaurants in downtown Cabo include Edith's, Hacienda Cocina y Cantina, and Sunset da Mona Lisa. Tourists can also ride horses through the desert, and charter a boat for fishing, snorkeling, scuba, free diving, whale-watching, and parasail on the beach. The English-language newspaper for Cabo San Lucas, the biweekly Gringo Gazette, has news on tourist activities in Cabo San Lucas, San Jose, Todos Santos, La Paz, and the East Cape Baja.
The corridor is home to a variety of hotels and tourist attractions.
High-end luxury resorts in the corridor are Las Ventanas al Paraiso (Rosewood Resort), Waldorf Astoria Pedregal, Chileno Bay Resort (Auberge Resort), Esperanza (Auberge Resort), One&Only Palmilla, and the Montage Los Cabos.
Other hotels in the corridor include the Cape (Thompson Hotel), Villas del Palmar (Villagroup Resorts & Spa), Marquis Los Cabos, Casa Dorada, Cabo del Sol, Breathless (AMResorts), Riu Baja California, Riu Santa Fe & Riu Palace, SUR, Grand Velas, Grand Solmar, Le Blanc, Garza Blanca & Villa La Valencia, Hilton Los Cabos, Pueblo Bonito Resorts, Solaz, and Sheraton, among many others.
Chileno Bay is one of the most frequented beaches in the Corridor. It is home to tropical fish, sea turtles, invertebrates, and sponges. Snorkelers often visit this beach to observe underwater sea life.
The extreme south of Baja California has a tropical desert climate (Köppen: BWh). Even with the thermal amplitude, there are no freezes.
During summer, Cabo San Lucas is cooler than San José del Cabo by about 1.5 to 3 °C (3 to 5 °F). Sometimes during the summer, when winds blow from the Pacific Ocean instead of the Gulf of California, the differences in temperatures between San José del Cabo and Cabo San Lucas are higher.
Cabo San Lucas is less rainy than San José del Cabo, although hurricanes can bring heavy rain for long periods. Hurricane Odile made landfall at Cabo San Lucas on 14 September 2014, and caused widespread damage. Due to the position of the city and orography, local summer thunderstorms do not get near enough to bring rain to the town.
The sea temperature experiences lows of 21–22 °C (70–72 °F) in winter, and highs of 28–29 °C (82–84 °F) during the summer months.
|Climate data for Cabo San Lucas, 1951–2010 normals, extremes 1937–2010|
|Record high °C (°F)||36.0
|Average high °C (°F)||25.4
|Daily mean °C (°F)||19.2
|Average low °C (°F)||13.0
|Record low °C (°F)||4.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||11.7
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||1.2||0.4||0.3||0.1||0.1||0.0||1.1||2.9||3.3||1.6||0.7||1.0||12.7|
|Source: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional|
As of 2015, the population was 81,111 and has experienced very rapid growth and development. It is the third-largest city in Baja California Sur after La Paz and San José del Cabo.
The majority of non-Mexican inhabitants in the community originate from the United States, and along with residents from San José del Cabo they account for 80% of the U.S. population in the state.
- Moises Saenz Garza Downtown Los Cabos, public school
- Colegio Papalotl known as Liceo. Complex of multiple education levels
- Colegio Amaranto, a private school in Cabo San Lucas
- Colegio El Camino, IB accredited K–12 private school, in Pedregal, Cabo San Lucas
- High School
- CETMAR N°31 Public High School, Multiple ocean education branches.
- Cobach N°04 Public High School, Technic education.
- Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Los Cabos, a campus of the National Technological Institute of Mexico
- UABCS Los Cabos, a branch campus of the public Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur
- El tezal, new residential zone
- Mexican Federal Highway 1
- Mexican Federal Highway 19
- Sebastián Vizcaíno
- ^ a b c d e "Poblacion Por Municipio, Superficie, Densidad De Poblacion" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 June 2018. Retrieved 2018-04-30.
- ^ a b c 2020 Census of Mexico.
- ^ "Los Cabos". Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Mexico: INAFED. 2010. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- ^ John Howells and Don Merwin (2007). Choose Mexico for retirement. Guilford, CT: The Globe Pequot Press. p. 182. ISBN 9780762743926.
- ^ "Best Destinations in Mexico - Travelers' Choice Awards - TripAdvisor".
- ^ "An Interview with Harumi Fujita on the Archaeology of Baja California Sur".
- ^ Inc., DAGTech Solutions. "Home Page - Bisbees.com". www.bisbees.com. Retrieved 2017-08-07.
|last=has generic name (help)
- ^ "Error". www.conservation.org. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
- ^ "The Center for Environmental Law in La Paz". Archived from the original on 2011-03-14. Retrieved 2011-01-08.
- ^ "Going Green in Los Cabos".
- ^ "Is Los Cabos Becoming a Luxury Leader in the Americas?". TravelPulse.
- ^ Vacations, Cabo San Lucas (3 May 2020). "Getting around in Cabo San Lucas & Los Cabos". www.cabosanlucas.net.
- ^ "Mexican Newspapers and News Sites".
- ^ "Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2019-02-21.
- ^ "Hurricane Odile Timeline: Unprecedented Cyclone Leaves Widespread Damage in Cabo San Lucas, Baja California". weather.com. Archived from the original on 2014-09-17. Retrieved 2014-09-17.
- ^ Ltd, Copyright Global Sea Temperatures - A-Connect. "Cabo San Lucas Sea Temperature January Average, Mexico - Sea Temperatures".
- ^ "Estado de Baja California Sur-Estacion: Cabo San Lucas". Normales Climatologicas 1951–2010 (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorologico Nacional. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Cabo San Lucas 1937–2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- ^ "Tabulados básicos - descarga". Archived from the original on 2014-09-15. Retrieved 2014-09-15.
- ^ Morales, Omar Lizárraga (1 January 2010). "The US citizens Retirement Migration to Los Cabos, Mexico. Profile and social effects". Recreation and Society in Africa, Asia and Latin America. 1 (1) – via journal.lib.uoguelph.ca.
Tropical Storm Lidia (August 2017) creates mudslide in Cabo San Lucas - Pure Cabo
- Cabo San Lucas travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Cabo San Lucas links at Curlie