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The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States. There are 31 states in Mexico.[1] Mexico City is a federal entity with a level of autonomy comparable to that of a state, but is not a state itself.[2]

The states are further divided into municipalities.

ListEdit

States of Mexico
State Official Name

Estado Libre y Soberano de (English: "Free and Sovereign State of") :

Flag Capital Largest city Area[3] Population (2010)[4] Order of Admission
to Federation
Date of Admission
to Federation
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes   Aguascalientes Aguascalientes 0056185,618 km2 (2,169 sq mi) 011849961,184,996 2424 185702051857-02-05[5]
Baja California Baja California   Mexicali Tijuana 07144671,446 km2 (27,585 sq mi) 031550703,155,070 2929 195201161952-01-16[6]
Baja California Sur Baja California Sur   La Paz La Paz 07392273,922 km2 (28,541 sq mi) 00637026637,026 3131 197410081974-10-08[7]
Campeche Campeche   San Francisco de Campeche San Francisco de Campeche 05792457,924 km2 (22,365 sq mi) 00822441822,441 2525 186304291863-04-29[8]
Chiapas Chiapas   Tuxtla Gutiérrez Tuxtla Gutiérrez 07328973,289 km2 (28,297 sq mi) 047965804,796,580 1919 182409141824-09-14[9]
Ciudad de México Ciudad de México   Capital de México Iztapalapa 1,495 8,918,653
Chihuahua Chihuahua   Chihuahua Ciudad Juárez 247455247,455 km2 (95,543 sq mi) 034064653,406,465 1818 182407061824-07-06[9]
Coahuila1 4 Coahuila de Zaragoza   Saltillo Saltillo 151563151,563 km2 (58,519 sq mi) 027483912,748,391 1616 182405071824-05-07[9]
Colima6 Colima   Colima Manzanillo 0056255,625 km2 (2,172 sq mi) 00650,555 650,555 2323 185609121856-09-12[10][11]
Durango Durango   Victoria de Durango Victoria de Durango 123451123,451 km2 (47,665 sq mi) 016329341,632,934 1717 182405221824-05-22[9]
Guanajuato Guanajuato   Guanajuato León 03060830,608 km2 (11,818 sq mi) 054863725,486,372 022 182312201823-12-20[9]
Guerrero Guerrero   Chilpancingo de los Bravo Acapulco 06362163,621 km2 (24,564 sq mi) 033887683,388,768 2121 184910271849-10-27[12]
Hidalgo Hidalgo   Pachuca Pachuca 02084620,846 km2 (8,049 sq mi) 026650182,665,018 2626 186901161869-01-16[13]
Jalisco Jalisco   Guadalajara Guadalajara 07859978,599 km2 (30,347 sq mi) 073506827,350,682 099 182312231823-12-23[9]
México México   Toluca de Lerdo Ecatepec de Morelos 02235722,357 km2 (8,632 sq mi) 1517586215,175,862 011 182312201823-12-20[9]
Michoacán Michoacán de Ocampo   Morelia Morelia 05864358,643 km2 (22,642 sq mi) 043510374,351,037 055 182312221823-12-22[9]
Morelos Morelos   Cuernavaca Cuernavaca 0048934,893 km2 (1,889 sq mi) 017772271,777,227 2727 186904171869-04-17[14]
Nayarit Nayarit   Tepic Tepic 02781527,815 km2 (10,739 sq mi) 010849791,084,979 2828 191701261917-01-26[15]
Nuevo León4 Nuevo León   Monterrey Monterrey 06422064,220 km2 (24,800 sq mi) 046534584,653,458 1515 182405071824-05-07[9]
Oaxaca Oaxaca   Oaxaca de Juárez Oaxaca de Juárez 09379393,793 km2 (36,214 sq mi) 038019623,801,962 033 182312211823-12-21[9]
Puebla Puebla   Puebla de Zaragoza Puebla de Zaragoza 03429034,290 km2 (13,240 sq mi) 057798295,779,829 044 182312211823-12-21[9]
Querétaro Querétaro de Arteaga   Santiago de Querétaro Santiago de Querétaro 01168411,684 km2 (4,511 sq mi) 018279371,827,937 1111 182312231823-12-23[9]
Quintana Roo Quintana Roo   Chetumal Cancún 04236142,361 km2 (16,356 sq mi) 013255781,325,578 3030 197410081974-10-08[16]
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí   San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí 06098360,983 km2 (23,546 sq mi) 025855182,585,518 066 182312221823-12-22[9]
Sinaloa Sinaloa   Culiacán Culiacán 05737757,377 km2 (22,153 sq mi) 027677612,767,761 2020 183010141830-10-14[17]
Sonora2 Sonora   Hermosillo Hermosillo 179503179,503 km2 (69,306 sq mi) 026624802,662,480 1212 182401101824-01-10[9]
Tabasco5 Tabasco   Villahermosa Villahermosa 02473824,738 km2 (9,551 sq mi) 022386032,238,603 1313 182402071824-02-07[9]
Tamaulipas4 Tamaulipas   Ciudad Victoria Reynosa 08017580,175 km2 (30,956 sq mi) 032685543,268,554 1414 182402071824-02-07[9]
Tlaxcala Tlaxcala   Tlaxcala Vicente Guerrero 0039913,991 km2 (1,541 sq mi) 011699361,169,936 2222 185612091856-12-09[18]
Veracruz Veracruz de
Ignacio de la Llave
  Xalapa Veracruz 07182071,820 km2 (27,730 sq mi) 076431947,643,194 077 182312221823-12-22[9]
Yucatán3 Yucatán   Mérida Mérida 03961239,612 km2 (15,294 sq mi) 019555771,955,577 088 182312231823-12-23[9]
Zacatecas Zacatecas   Zacatecas Zacatecas 07553975,539 km2 (29,166 sq mi) 014906681,490,668 1010 182312231823-12-23[9]

Notes:

  1. Joined the federation with the name of Coahuila y Texas.
  2. Joined the federation with the name of Estado de Occidente also recognized as Sonora y Sinaloa.
  3. Joined the federation as República Federada de Yucatán[19] (English: Federated Republic of Yucatán) formed by the current states of Yucatan, Campeche and Quintana Roo. Became independent in 1841 constituting the second Republic of Yucatán and definitely rejoined in 1848.
  4. States of Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Coahuila became independent de facto in 1840 to form the República del Río Grande (English: Republic of the Rio Grande); never consolidated its independence because independent forces were defeated by the centralist forces.[20]
  5. State of Tabasco seceded from Mexico on two occasions, the first on February 13, 1841, rejoining again on December 2, 1842. And the second time was from November 9, 1846 to December 8 of that year.
  6. Includes the remote Revillagigedo Islands, which are federally administered.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit