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Mexican National Women's Championship

The Mexican National Women's Championship (Spanish: Campeonato Nacional Femenil) is a women's professional wrestling championship for female wrestlers sanctioned by the Comisión de Box y Lucha Libre Mexico D.F. (the Mexico City Boxing and Wrestling Commission). While the Commission sanctions the title, it does not promote the events in which the Championship is defended. The championship is currently promoted by the Mexican Lucha Libre wrestling based promotion Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL) and has in the past also been promoted by the Mexican-based Asistencia Asesoría y Administración (AAA) promotion.

Mexican National Women's Championship
A golden front plate on a championship belt
The current championship design
Details
PromotionConsejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL)
AAA (previously)
Date established1955
Current champion(s)La Metálica[1]
Date wonDecember 29, 2018[1]
Past design(s)Mexican National Women's Championship.png
Other name(s)
  • Women's Championship[2]
  • Occidente Women's championship
  • Mexican Women's Championship[2]

The championship is one of the oldest, still-promoted female professional wrestling championship, preceded only by the NWA World Women's Championship that was created in 1954 while the first Mexican women's champion was crowned in 1955. The current champion is La Metálica, who defeated Princesa Sugehit on December 29, 2018, to win the championship. She is the 21st champion of the modern era.

HistoryEdit

Female wrestlers first appeared in Mexico in 1935 when United States-based wrestlers Mac Stein, Teddy Meyers, Katherine Hart and Dont Apollo wrestled in Arena México. Women would not be allowed to wrestle in Mexico again until 1942 and then again in 1945 but each time Mexican promoters brought in women from the United States.[2] In the early-, to mid-1950s Jack O'Brien, a successful wrestler in the 1930s and 1940s, trained several Mexican women. The group included Chabela Romero, La Enfermera, Irma González, Rosita Williams, and La Dama Enmascarada ("The Masked Lady"). The first recognized Mexican Women's champion was La Dama Enmascarada who won a tournament in Monterrey in the first half of 1955.[2] The title was originally identified simply as the "Women's Championship" or alternately the "Mexican Women's Championship" in contemporary newspaper coverage.[3] The title would later be won by Irma González on a show held in the el Toreo de Cuatro Caminos bullfighting arena in Naucalpan, State of Mexico.[2] In 1961 then-champion Irma Gonzales was billed as defending the "Occidente" Women's Championship in Guadalajara, but records of the various "Occidente" ("Western States") championships contain no reference to a women's championship before or after 1961, leading to researchers concluding that it was most likely González Women's Championship that was defended that day just labelled as "Occidente".[4]

In the late 1950s the Regent of Mexico City, Ernesto P. Uruchurtu, banned women's wrestling in Mexico City, effectively relegating them to minor shows in other Mexican states.[2] The championship lineage from 1959 until the Mexico City ban on women's wrestling was lifted in Mexico City in 1986 is unclear and was undocumented for a long period of time.[5] In 1986 the Comisión de Box y Lucha Libre Mexico D.F. (the Mexico City Boxing and Wrestling Commission) started licensing female wrestlers to work in Mexico City and officially recognized Reyna Gallegos as the "Mexican National Women's Champion", based on the fact that she was the reigning Mexican Women's Champion, adopting the lineage of the championship retroactively.[5] The commission allowed Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre ("Mexican Wrestling Enterprise") to promote the championship and determine who should challenge or win it. Unlike most championships that belong to a specific promotion the Mexican National Women's Championship was not owned by a single promotion, instead promoters holding shows in Mexico City could petition the commission to have the champion work on their show.[6] From the early 1990s the championship essentially became exclusive to Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL, a renamed EMLL) as it was only defended on CMLL shows for years and only won by wrestlers under CMLL contract.[6] In 1995 Martha Villalobos won the championship on an AAA show, officially transitioning control from CMLL to AAA.[5] In 2004 Lady Apache won the championship from Tiffany on an AAA show, and took the title with her when she joined CMLL in 2005. Lady Apache would later win the CMLL World Women's Championship and then vacated the Mexican National Women's Championship.[6] The championship has remained under CMLL's control since then.[7]

ReignsEdit

The current champion is La Metálica, who defeated Princesa Sugehit on December 29, 2018 to win the championship.[1] It is her first reign with the title, she is the 21st champion since the Mexico City Boxing and Wrestling Commission sanctioned the championship, and the 30th documented champion overall. Martha Villalobos holds the record for the longest verified individual reign with 1,399 days while Lady Apache's two reigns combine for 1,470 days the longest verified reign of any champion.[6] Due to the undocumented periods prior to 1986 it is possible that someone else has actually held the championship longer, but no verification of such a fact has been found.[6] Isabel Romero has held the title three times, the most for any champion, while five women have held the championship twice since it was officially sanctioned in 1986; Lady Apache, La Sirenita, Tiffany, Martha Villalobos and Zuleyma. La Diabólica holds the record for the shortest documented title reign, with 50 days.[6]

RulesEdit

From 1986 the championship has been classified as a "National" title, which means that officially non-Mexican citizens are prohibited from challenging or holding the championship, just like all other Mexican National Championships. There have been instances where those rules have not been strictly enforced, including Puerto Rican Zeuxis winning the championship. Later CMLL announced that she actually had joint citizenship in Puerto Rico and Mexico after she won the championship in 2015. It is unclear if Zeuxis' Puerto Rican heritage is a storyline or not.[8]< All title matches take place under best two-out-of-three falls rules. On occasion single fall title matches have taken place, for example when promoting CMLL title matches in Japan, conforming to the traditions of the local promotion, for instance when Princesa Blanca defended the championship against Lady Apache in Korakuen Hall in Tokyo, Japan.[9] As it is a professional wrestling championship, it is not won legitimately; it is instead won via a scripted ending to a match or awarded to a wrestler because of a storyline.[10]

Title historyEdit

Key
No. Overall reign number
Reign Reign number for the specific champion
Days Number of days held
N/A Unknown information
(NLT) Championship change took place "no later than" the date listed
Championship change is unrecognized by the promotion
+ Current reign is changing daily
No. Champion Championship change Reign statistics Notes Ref.
Date Event Location Reign Days
1 La Dama Enmascarada 1955 Live event Monterrey, Nuevo León 1 N/A Won a tournament to become the first women's champion. [2]
2 Irma Gonzales 1955 Live event Naucalpan, State of Mexico 1 N/A   [2]
Championship history is unrecorded from 1955 to July 1, 1957.
3 Rose Williams July 1, 1957 Live event Guadalajara, Jalisco 1 N/A   [2]
Championship history is unrecorded from 1957 to 1958.
4 Chabela Romero 1959 (nlt) Live event [Note 1] 1 N/A Also known as "Isabela Romero" [6][5]
5 Irma Gonzales 1959 Live event [Note 1] 2 N/A   [5][6]
Championship history is unrecorded from 1959 to 1964.
6 Isabel Romero 1964 Live event [Note 1] 2 N/A   [5][6]
7 Jarochita Rivero May 12, 1966 Live event Puebla, Puebla 1 91   [5][6]
8 Isabel Romero August 11, 1966 Live event Tampico, Tampico 3 N/A   [5][6]
Championship history is unrecorded from August 11, 1966 to 1980.
9 Rossy Moreno 1980 Live event [Note 1] 1 N/A   [5][6]
Championship history is unrecorded from 1980 to March 30, 1986.
10 Reyna Gallegos March 30, 1986 Live event Apatlaco, Morelos 1 [Note 2] Defeated La Briosa to win the championship, unclear if La Briosa was the defending champion or if it was a tournament final. [5][6]
Vacated 1988 The championship was vacated when Reyna Gallegos retired. [5][6]
11 La Briosa March 30, 1988 Live event Apatalco, Morelos 1 102 Defeated Zuleyma in tournament final to win the championship. [5][6]
12 Zuleyma July 10, 1988 Live event Xochimilco, Mexican Federal District 1 394   [5][6]
13 La Marquesa August 8, 1989 Live event Apatalco, Morelos 1 234   [5][6]
14 Zuleyma March 30, 1990 Live event Mexico City 2 330   [5][6]
Vacated February 23, 1991 Championship vacated when Zuleyma won the UWA World Women's Championship. [5][6]
15 Neftali November 7, 1991 Live event Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl, State of Mexico 1 253 Defeated Vicky Carranza to win the vacant championship. [5][6]
16 La Sirenita July 17, 1992 Live event Cuautla, Morelos 1 [Note 3]   [5][6]
Vacated January 1993 The championship vacated when La Sirenita became pregnant. [5][6]
17 La Diabólica August 21, 1993 CMLL live event[11] Mexico City 1 50 Defeated Lady Apache in a tournament final to win the championship [5][6]
Vacated October 10, 1993 The championship was vacated when La Diabólica won the CMLL World Women's Championship. [5][6]
18 La Sirenita January 18, 1994 CMLL Martes De Coliseo[12] Mexico City 2 676 Defeated Maria del Angel to win the vacant championship [5][6]
19 Martha Villalobos November 25, 1995 AAA live event[13] Culiacán, Sinaloa 1 [Note 4]   [5][6]
Championship history is unrecorded from 1995 to 1996.
20 Martha Villalobos June 21, 1996 AAA live event Culiacán, Sinaloa 2 1,399 Defeated La Practicante to win the vacant championship [5][6]
21 Tiffany April 20, 2000 AAA Sin Limite[14] San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí 1 745   [5][6]
22 Lady Apache May 5, 2002 AAA live event[6] Monterrey, Nuevo León 1 301   [6][15]
23 Tiffany March 2, 2003 Live event Monterrey, Nuevo León[16] 2 336   [6]
24 Lady Apache February 1, 2004 AAA live event[17] Zapopan, Jalisco 2 1,169   [6]
Vacated April 15, 2007 The championship was vacated four months after Lady Apache won the CMLL World Women's Championship. [6]
25 Marcela May 4, 2007 CMLL live event Mexico City 1 637 Defeated Princesa Sujei in a tournament final to win the vacant championship. [18][19]
26 Princesa Blanca January 30, 2009 CMLL live event Mexico City 1 1,397   [20]
27 Estrellita November 27, 2012 CMLL live event Guadalajara, Jalisco 1 783   [21]
28 Zeuxis January 19, 2015 CMLL live event Puebla, Puebla 1 768 [7]
29 Princesa Sugehit February 25, 2017 CMLL live event Mexico City 1 672
30 La Metálica December 29, 2018 CMLL live event Mexico City 1 319+ [1]

Reigns by combined lengthEdit

Key
Symbol Meaning
¤ The exact length of at least one title reign is uncertain, so the shortest possible length is used.
Indicates the current champion
+ Indicates that the date changes daily for the current champion.
Rank Wrestler # of reigns Combined days[Note 5] Ref(s).
1 Lady Apache 2 1,470 [6]
2 Martha Villalobos 2 1,399¤[Note 4] [5][6]
3 Princesa Blanca 1 1,397 [20][21]
4 Tiffany 2 1,081 [5][6]
5 La Sirenita 2 844¤ [Note 3][5][6]
6 Estrellita 1 783 [7][21]
7 Zeuxis 1 768 [7]
8 Zuleyma 2 724 [5][6]
9 Princesa Sugehit 1 672 [7][1]
10 Reyna Gallegos 1 642¤[Note 2] [5][6]
11 Marcela 1 637 [18][20]
12 Neftali 1 253 [5][6]
13 La Marqueza 1 234 [5][6]
14 La Briosa 1 102 [5][6]
15 Jarochita Rivero 1 91 [5][6]
16 La Diabólica 1 51 [5][6]
17 La Metálica 1 319+ [1]

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d The location of the championship match was not captured as part of the result documentation.
  2. ^ a b The exact date on which the title was vacated is not known, which means the title reign lasted between 642 and 730 days
  3. ^ a b The exact date on which the title was vacated is not known, which means the title reign lasted between 168 and 198 days
  4. ^ a b The exact date that Villalobos' title reign ended is unknown which lasted between 1 day and 208 days.
  5. ^ Due to the uncertainty of dates and events prior to the modern age of the Mexican National Women's Championship these reigns are not included in the combined reigns list

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "¡La juventud triunfó! Metálica, nueva Campeona Nacional Femenil" [The Youth triumphs! Metálica new national women's champion]. MedioTiempo (in Spanish). MSN. December 30, 2018. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "3.8 - Lucha Feminil". Fuego en el Ring (in Spanish). Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  3. ^ "Lucha Libre en Guadalajara". El Informador (in Spanish). XXXVIII. Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. May 25, 1955.
  4. ^ "Lucha Libre en Guadalajara". El Informador (in Spanish). XXXXIII. Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. September 8, 1961.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai Royal Duncan and Gary Will (2000). "Mexico: National Women's Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 394. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar "Mexican National Women's Championship". CageMatch. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Zeuxis campeona nacional y Demus va por el mundial mini". Fuego en el Ring (in Spanish). January 20, 2015. Archived from the original on January 21, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
  8. ^ "tecnicos: Zeuxis". Fuego en el Ring (in Spanish). Archived from the original on July 30, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
  9. ^ Cage match
  10. ^ Madigan, Dan (2007). "Okay ... what is Lucha Libre?". Mondo Lucha A Go-Go: The Bizarre & Honorable World of Wild Mexican wrestling. HarperCollins Publisher. pp. 29–40. ISBN 978-0-06-085583-3.
  11. ^ "CMLL". Cagematch.net. August 21, 1993. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  12. ^ "CMLL Martes De Coliseo". Cagematch.net. January 18, 1994. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  13. ^ "AAA TV". Cagematch.net. November 25, 1995. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  14. ^ "AAA Sin Limite". Cagematch.net. April 20, 2000. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  15. ^ F4W Staff (May 5, 2015). "On this day in pro wrestling history (May 5): Bruno Vs. Gorilla in Puerto Rico, 2nd annual Von Erich Memorial Parade of Champions". Wrestling Observer Figure Four Online. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
  16. ^ "Wrestling in Monterrey". Cagematch.net. March 2, 2003. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  17. ^ "AAA Sin Limite". Cagematch.net. February 1, 2004. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  18. ^ a b "Mexican National Women's Championship > Title Reigns > 04.05.2007 - 30.01.2009: Marcela". CageMatch. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
  19. ^ Philip Kreikenbohm (May 4, 2007). "CMLL Super Viernes". Cagematch. 244. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  20. ^ a b c polazky (January 31, 2009). "Resultados Arena México (30 en 08)" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
  21. ^ a b c "Estrellita es la nueva Campeona Nacional Femenil". MedioTiempo (in Spanish). November 28, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2012.