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Metropolitan areas of Mexico

The metropolitan areas of Mexico have been traditionally defined as the group of municipalities that heavily interact with each other, usually around a core city.[1]

Contents

MethodologyEdit

In 2004, a joint effort between CONAPO, INEGI and the Ministry of Social Development (SEDESOL) agreed to define metropolitan areas to be any of the following:[1]

  • a group of two or more municipalities in which a city with a population of at least 50,000 is located in an urban area that extends over the limit of the municipality that originally contained the core city incorporating, physically or under its area of direct influence other adjacent predominantly urban municipalities, all of which either have a high degree of social and economic integration or are relevant for urban politics and administration
  • a single municipality in which a city of a population of at least one million is located and fully contained (that is, it does not transcend the limits of a single municipality)
  • a city with a population of at least 250,000 that forms a conurbation with other cities in the United States.

Northwestern and southeastern states are divided into a small number of large municipalities, but central states are divided into a large number of smaller municipalities. As such, metropolitan areas in the northwestern states usually do not extend over more than one municipality, and figures usually report population for the entire municipality. However, metropolitan areas in the central states extend over many municipalities.

A few metropolitan areas extend beyond the limits of one state: Greater Mexico City (Federal District, Mexico and Hidalgo), Puebla-Tlaxcala (Puebla and Tlaxcala but excluding the city of Tlaxcala), Comarca Lagunera (Coahuila and Durango), and Tampico (Tamaulipas and Veracruz).

List of metropolitan areas in Mexico by populationEdit

There are 56 metropolitans areas, as defined by the following government bodies:

Rank Metropolitan Area Federative Entity 2015 Pop. 2010 Pop. Change
1 Greater Mexico City DF, Mexico, Hidalgo 20,137,152 18,396,677 +9.46%
2 Greater Guadalajara Jalisco 4,434,252 3,699,136 +19.87%
3 Greater Monterrey Nuevo León 4,106,054 3,374,361 +21.68%
4 Greater Puebla Puebla, Tlaxcala 2,728,790 2,220,533 +22.89%
5 Greater Toluca Mexico 1,936,126 1,451,801 +33.36%
6 Greater Tijuana Baja California 1,840,710 1,751,302 +5.11%
7 Greater León Guanajuato 1,609,717 1,269,179 +26.83%
8 Greater Torreón Coahuila, Durango 1,497,734 1,275,993 +17.38%
9 Greater Juárez Chihuahua 1,495,094 1,218,817 +22.67%
10 Greater Querétaro Querétaro 1,097,028 816,481 +34.36%
11 Greater San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí 1,040,822 850,828 +22.33%
12 Greater Mérida Yucatán 973,046 803,920 +21.04%
13 Greater Mexicali Baja California 936,145 764,602 +22.44%
14 Greater Aguascalientes Aguascalientes 932,298 707,516 +31.77%
15 Greater Saltillo Coahuila 923,636 823,098 +12.21%
16 Greater Culiacan Sinaloa 905,660 805,800 +12.39%
17 Greater Hermosillo Sonora 884,273 784,342 +12.74%
18 Greater Cuernavaca Morelos 875,598 738,326 +18.59%
19 Greater Acapulco Guerrero 863,438 791,558 +9.08%
20 Greater Tampico Tamaulipas, Veracruz 858,620 746,417 +15.03%
21 Greater Chihuahua Chihuahua 851,971 696,495 +22.32%
22 Greater Morelia Michoacán 806,822 659,940 +22.26%
23 Greater Veracruz Veracruz 801,122 642,680 +24.65%
24 Greater Villahermosa Tabasco 755,416 600,580 +25.78%
25 ReynosaGreater Río Bravo Tamaulipas 725,793 524,692 +38.33%
26 Greater Cancún Quintana Roo 676,238 431,128 +56.85%
27 Greater Xalapa Veracruz 666,268 510,410 +30.54%
28 Greater Tuxtla Chiapas 640,881 494,763 +29.53%
29 Greater Oaxaca Oaxaca 593,522 460,350 +28.93%
30 Greater Poza Rica Veracruz 513,308 443,419 +15.76%
31 Greater Pachuca Hidalgo 512,180 375,022 +36.57%
32 TlaxcalaApizaco Tlaxcala 499,504 408,401 +22.31%
33 Greater Matamoros Tamaulipas 493,308 418,141 +17.98%
34 Greater Cuautla Morelos 434,153 358,405 +21.13%
35 Greater Tepic Nayarit 429,161 342,840 +25.18%
36 Greater Orizaba Veracruz 410,372 367,021 +11.81%
37 Greater Nuevo Laredo Tamaulipas 384,018 310,915 +23.51%
38 MonclovaFrontera Coahuila 381,432 317,314 +20.21%
39 Greater Puerto Vallarta Jalisco, Nayarit 379,934 244,536 +55.37%
40 Greater Minatitlán Veracruz 356,020 323,389 +10.09%
41 Greater Coatzacoalcos Veracruz 347,223 307,724 +12.84%
42 ColimaVilla de Álvarez Colima 333,977 210,766 +58.46%
43 Greater Córdoba Veracruz 315,996 276,553 +14.26%
44 ZacatecasGuadalupe Zacatecas 298,143 232,965 +27.98%
45 Greater Tehuacán Puebla 296,894 240,507 +23.45%
46 La PiedadPénjamo Michoacán, Guanajuato 249,854 229,372 +8.93%
47 ZamoraJacona Michoacán 249,805 216,048 +15.62%
48 Greater Piedras Negras Coahuila 245,155 180,701 +35.67%
49 Greater Tulancingo Hidalgo 239,575 193,638 +23.72%
50 Greater Tula Hidalgo 205,848 169,901 +21.16%
51 Greater Guaymas Sonora 203,442 180,316 +12.83%
52 Greater San Francisco del Rincón Guanajuato 182,330 145,017 +25.73%
53 Greater Tehuantepec Oaxaca 161,343 145,567 +10.84%
54 Greater Tecomán Colima 141,465 127,863 +10.64%
55 Greater Ocotlán Jalisco 141,365 125,027 +13.07%
56 Greater Rioverde San Luis Potosí 135,423 128,935 +5.03%
57 Greater Acayucan Veracruz 112,999 102,992 +9.72%
58 MoroleónUriangato Guanajuato 108,648 100,063 +8.58%

Transnational conurbationsEdit

 
The Mexico–U.S. border separates densely populated Tijuana, Mexico (right), from San Diego, United States (left). The border shared between Mexico and the United States is the most frequently crossed international border in the world, with 250 million legal crossings every year.[2][3]
 
A 3D rendered image of the Nuevo Laredo - Laredo Metropolitan Area, a binational urban agglomeration divided by the Rio Grande.

The United States shares a 2,000 mi (3,000 km) border with Mexico. It is the most frequently crossed international border in the world, with about 250 million legal crossings every year.[2] The distribution of the population in Mexico, especially, in urban areas, has been changed significantly by the economic interaction between settlements in its north and the United States. The increasing population concentration in the north of Mexico is strongly associated with the development of the maquila industries there and the eventual economic effects of North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).[4]

Metropolitan areas at the border with the US form transnational conurbations with deep economic and demographic interaction. For example, the San Diego – Tijuana metropolitan area consists of San Diego County in the US and the municipalities of Tijuana, Playas de Rosarito, and Tecate in Mexico. The total population of the region has been estimated to be just over 5 million in 2009, making it by far the largest binational metropolitan area shared between the US and Mexico.[5] The National Population Council (CONAPO) recognizes the existence of such metropolitan areas and defines them as the municipalities with a city of at least 200,000 inhabitants and sharing processes of conurbation with cities of the US:[1]

Rank Metropolitan Area Mexican State American State Population
1 Tijuana - San Diego Baja California California 5,009,170[5]
2 El Paso - Juarez Chihuahua Texas 2,345,182[5]
3 Reynosa - McAllen Tamaulipas Texas 1,500,000[5]
4 Matamoros - Brownsville Tamaulipas Texas 1,136,995[5]
5 Mexicali - Calexico Baja California California 956,223[5]
6 Nuevo Laredo - Laredo Tamaulipas Texas 747,494[5]
7 Nogales - Nogales Sonora Arizona 234,809[nb 1]
8 Piedras Negras - Eagle Pass Coahuila Texas 230,205[nb 2]
9 San Luis Río Colorado - San Luis Sonora Arizona 188,152[nb 3]
10 Ciudad Acuña - Del Río Coahuila Texas 183,750[nb 4]

Mexico City megalopolisEdit

 
The Central Mexico Megalopolis.

A megalopolis is defined as a long chain of continuous metropolitan areas, or territories that are relatively integrated amongst each other, a clear example being the Northeast Megalopolis in the United States. In 1996, the Programa General de Desarollo Urbano del Distrito Federal first proposed this concept to refer to the Mexico City megalopolis, or "megalopolis of central Mexico", which was later expanded by PROAIRE, a metropolitan commission on the environment.[6]

A megalopolis is known in Spanish as a corona regional de ciudades ("regional ring of cities"). The megalopolis of central Mexico was defined to be integrated by the metropolitan areas of Mexico City, Puebla, Cuernavaca, Toluca and Pachuca, which may also conform complex subregional rings themselves (Greater Puebla has a regional ring with Atlixco, San Martín Texmelucan, Tlaxcala, and Apizaco).

The megalopolis has 173 municipalities (91 in the State of Mexico, 29 in the State of Puebla, 37 in the State of Tlaxcala, 16 in the State of Morelos, and 16 in the State of Hidalgo) as well as the 16 boroughs of the Federal District,[6] with a total population of almost 27 million people.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Sum of legal residents of Nogales, Sonora (213,976) and Nogales, Arizona (20,833).
  2. ^ Sum of legal residents of Eagle Pass Metropolitan Area's population (48,401) and Piedras Negras, Coahuila (154,360).
  3. ^ Sum of legal residents of San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora (164,342) and San Luis, Arizona (23,810).
  4. ^ Sum of legal residents of Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila (135,605) and Del Rio, Texas (46,682).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c s/espanol/metodologias/otras/zonas_met.pdf "CONAPO Áreas Metropolitanas" (PDF). 
  2. ^ a b David M. Bridgeland, Ron Zahavi. Business Modeling: A Practical Guide to Realizing Business Value. Morgan Kaufmann, 2008. p. 134. ISBN 0-12-374151-3.
  3. ^ "Borders and Law Enforcement". U.S. Embassy Mexico. Archived from the original on 3 September 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  4. ^ Michael Pacione. Urban geography: a global perspective. Routledge, 2005. p. 105. ISBN 0-415-34305-4.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Metropolitan areas in the Americas". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2007-10-01. Retrieved 8 December 2009. 
  6. ^ a b Área metropolitana del Valle de México PROAIRE

External linksEdit