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Arizona (; Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo Navajo pronunciation: [xòːztò xɑ̀xòːtsò]; O'odham: Alĭ ṣonak Uto-Aztecan pronunciation: [ˡaɺi ˡʂonak]) is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the 6th largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.
Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood on February 14, 1912. Historically part of the territory of Alta California in New Spain, it became part of independent Mexico in 1821. After being defeated in the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848. The southernmost portion of the state was acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase.
Southern Arizona is known for its desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters. Northern Arizona features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees; the Colorado Plateau; mountain ranges (such as the San Francisco Mountains); as well as large, deep canyons, with much more moderate summer temperatures and significant winter snowfalls. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff, Alpine, and Tucson. In addition to the internationally known Grand Canyon National Park, which is one of the world's seven natural wonders, there are several national forests, national parks, and national monuments.
About one-quarter of the state is made up of Indian reservations that serve as the home of 27 federally recognized Native American tribes, including the Navajo Nation, the largest in the state and the United States, with more than 300,000 citizens. Although federal law gave all Native Americans the right to vote in 1924, Arizona excluded those living on reservations in the state from voting until the state Supreme Court ruled in favor of Native American plaintiffs in Trujillo v. Garley (1948). Read more...
Selected article -
Hensley & Co., also known as Hensley Beverage Company, is an Anheuser-Busch beer wholesaler and distributor headquartered in the West Phoenix area of Phoenix, Arizona. It markets to almost the entire state of Arizona. As of 2007 it was the third-largest Anheuser-Busch distributor in the United States and one of the largest privately held companies in Arizona.
The company was founded in 1955 by Arizona businessman Jim Hensley
and steadily grew based upon population growth in the region and a close arrangement with Anheuser-Busch. Following Hensley's death in 2000, his daughter Cindy Hensley McCain
became the controlling owner. Due to the prominence of her husband, U.S. Senator and two-time presidential candidate John McCain
, Hensley & Co. is arguably the best-known beer distributorship in America. Previously focused on marketing to the Phoenix, Tempe
, and Prescott Valley
areas, its size and scope increased significantly with the 2016 acquisition of Tucson
-based Golden Eagle Distributors. Hensley Beverage Company maintains an active presence in the Phoenix area in terms of sponsorships and charitable giving. Its representatives have held high positions in several city and state business groups and the company is active in political discussions that affect the industry. Read more...
Selected picture -
Did you know -
- ...that holiday mail seeking a Christmas postmark continued to be sent to Christmas, Arizona, two decades after the town's post office had closed?
||You are invited to participate in WikiProject Arizona, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about Arizona. |
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Selected biography -
Ruth Elizabeth "Bazy" Tankersley (March 7, 1921 – February 5, 2013) was an American breeder of Arabian horses and a newspaper publisher. She was a daughter of Senator Joseph Medill McCormick. Her mother was progressive Republican Congresswoman Ruth Hanna McCormick, making Tankersley a granddaughter of the Senator Mark Hanna of Ohio. Although Tankersley was involved with conservative Republican causes as a young woman, including a friendship with Senator Joseph McCarthy, her progressive roots reemerged in later years; by the 21st century, she had become a strong supporter of environmental causes and backed Barack Obama for president in 2008.
Tankersley's father died when she was a child. When her mother remarried, the family moved to the southwestern United States where Tankersley spent considerable time riding horses. She became particularly enamored of the Arabian breed after she was given a part-Arabian
to ride. At 18 she began working as a reporter for a newspaper published by her mother. She later ran a newspaper in Illinois
with her first husband, Peter Miller, and then in 1949 she became the publisher of the conservative Washington Times-Herald
. That paper was owned by her uncle, the childless Robert McCormick
, who viewed Tankersley as his heir until the two had a falling out over editorial control of the newspaper and her relationship with Garvin Tankersley, who became her second husband. After The Washington Post
absorbed the Times-Herald
, she shifted to full-time horse breeding. Read more...
Images of Arizona
The following are images from various Arizona-related articles on Wikipedia.
The Gadsden Purchase (shown with present-day state boundaries and cities)
A spring training game between the Cubs and White Sox at HoHoKam Park
This ornate grain basket by Akimel O'odham dates from the early 20th century, showing the Native American dimension to the state's culture
View of Monument Valley from John Ford's Point
La conquista del Colorado, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau, depicts Francisco Vázquez de Coronado's 1540–1542 expedition
Cathedral Rock near Red Rock Crossing in Sedona
Saguaro cactus flowers and buds after a wet winter. This is Arizona's official state flower.
A population density map of Arizona
Extent of the Spanish language in the state of Arizona
Party registration by county:
Democrat >= 30%
Democrat >= 40%
Democrat >= 50%
Republican >= 30%
Republican >= 40%
Inspiration Copper Company smelter at Miami, Arizona, c. 1915
Signing of Arizona statehood bill in 1912
1903 editorial cartoon by Bob Satterfield, depicting Arizona and New Mexico as crazed gunfighters intent on gaining access to the "E pluribus unum tavern".
Geronimo (far right) and his Apache warriors fought against both Mexican and American settlers.
The South Rim of the Grand Canyon
The luxury Harvey House hotel opened in 1905 overlooking the South Rim of the Grand Canyon; it remains in operation as the El Tovar Hotel.
Major airfields in Arizona during World War II.
Arizona Territory in 1866
Children of Depression-era migrant workers, Pinal County, 1937
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- Nickname: The Grand Canyon State
- Capital and largest city: Phoenix
- Governor: Doug Ducey (R)
- Total area: 295,254 km2 (113,998 sq mi)
- Population (2009 estimate): 6,595,778
- Date admitted to the Union: February 14, 1912
- Senators: Kyrsten Sinema (D), Martha McSally (R)
- Representatives: Tom O'Halleran (D), Ann Kirkpatrick (D), Raúl Grijalva (D), Paul Gosar (R), Andy Biggs (R), David Schweikert (R), Ruben Gallego (D), Debbie Lesko (R), Greg Stanton (D)
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