List of largest cities

Determining the world's largest cities depends on which definitions of city are used, as well as the criteria used for size: this article focuses on population. The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city, as not all cities may be classified using the same criteria.[1] Cities may be defined as the cities proper, the extent of their urban area, or their metropolitan regions.[1]

For a view of the largest cities by economic stature and integration within the global economy, see Globalization and World Cities Research Network.

Common methods for defining the boundaries of a city

City proper (administrative)

A city can be defined by its administrative boundaries (city proper). UNICEF[1] defines city proper as "the population living within the administrative boundaries of a city or controlled directly from the city by a single authority." A city proper is a locality defined according to legal or political boundaries and an administratively recognised urban status that is usually characterised by some form of local government.[2][3][4] Cities proper and their boundaries and population data may not include suburbs.[5]

The use of city proper as defined by administrative boundaries may not include suburban areas where an important proportion of the population working or studying in the city lives.[5] Because of this definition, the city proper population figure may differ greatly with the urban area population figure, as many cities are amalgamations of smaller municipalities (Australia), and conversely, many Chinese cities govern territories that extend well beyond the traditional "city proper" into suburban and rural areas.[6]

Metropolitan area

A city can be defined by the inhabitants of its demographic population, as by metropolitan area, labour market area, or similar in a metropolitan area. UNICEF[1] defines metropolitan area as follows:

A formal local government area comprising the urban area as a whole and its primary commuter areas, typically formed around a city with a large concentration of people (i.e., a population of at least 100,000). In addition to the city proper, a metropolitan area includes both the surrounding territory with urban levels of residential density and some additional lower-density areas that are adjacent to and linked to the city (e.g., through frequent transport, road linkages or commuting facilities).

Urban area

A city can be defined as a conditionally contiguous urban area, without regard to territorial or other boundaries inside an urban area. UNICEF[1] defines urban area as follows:

The definition of "urban" varies from country to country, and, with periodic reclassification, can also vary within one country over time, making direct comparisons difficult. An urban area can be defined by one or more of the following: administrative criteria or political boundaries (e.g., area within the jurisdiction of a municipality or town committee), a threshold population size (where the minimum for an urban settlement is typically in the region of 2,000 people, although this varies globally between 200 and 50,000), population density, economic function (e.g., where a significant majority of the population is not primarily engaged in agriculture, or where there is surplus employment) or the presence of urban characteristics (e.g., paved streets, electric lighting, sewerage).

Largest cities

Many of the world's largest cities, metropolitan areas, and urban areas are further delineated into neighborhoods, and even into villages or towns. Major cities usually form the basis of megacities and megalopolis. These can extend well beyond proper area, including megalopolis areas such as Keihanshin, which contains the cities of Kyoto, Osaka, and Kobe. And a megalopolis, otherwise known as a megaregion, can take form in vast areas such as the Southern Rocky Mountain Front, which can contain several metropolitan areas, in this case Denver, Colorado, and Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Megacities

The following cities have a population greater than 10 million within either city proper, metropolitan area, or urban area.

City Nation Image Population
City proper Metropolitan area Urban area[7]
Chongqing   China   30,484,300
[8]
30,484,300
[9]
8,518,000
[a]
Shanghai   China   24,256,800
[11]
24,750,000
[12]
23,416,000
[b]
Beijing   China   21,516,000
[13]
24,900,000
[14]
21,009,000
Lagos   Nigeria   861,300
[15][c]
21,000,000
[16]
13,123,000
[citation needed]
Mumbai   India   12,478,447
[17]
20,748,395
[18]
18,414,288
[18]
Dhaka   Bangladesh   8,906,039
[19]
20,000,000
[20]
Chengdu   China   16,044,700
[21]
11,528,100
[21]
Karachi   Pakistan   14,910,352
[22][23][24][25][26]
Guangzhou   China   14,043,500
[27]
25,000,000[28] 20,800,654
[29]
Istanbul   Turkey   14,025,000
[30]
13,520,000 14,657,000
[30]
Tokyo   Japan   13,839,910
[31]
38,140,000
[32]
38,505,000
[33]
Tianjin   China   12,784,000
[34]
15,469,500
[citation needed]
6,859,779
[35]
Moscow   Russia   12,197,596
[36]
16,170,000 16,800,000
São Paulo   Brazil   12,252,023
[37]
21,700,000
[37]
Kinshasa   DR Congo   11,855,000
[38]
13,265,000 1,038,195
[39]
Delhi   India   11,034,555
[40]
16,314,838
[41]
21,753,486
[18]
Baoding   China   11,194,372
[42]
2,176,857
Lahore   Pakistan   11,126,285
[43]
13,569,000 10,665,000
[44]
Wuhan   China   11,081,000
[45]
8,896,900
[46]
Cairo   Egypt   10,230,350
[47]
18,290,000 22,439,541
Seoul   Korea, South   10,197,604
[48]
12,700,000 25,520,000
[49]
Jakarta   Indonesia   10,075,310
[50]
30,539,000 30,075,310
[51]
Lima   Peru   9,174,855
[52]
10,750,000 9,886,647
[53]
Mexico City   Mexico   9,041,395
[54]
21,654,336
[54]
21,654,336
[54]
London   United Kingdom   8,825,001
[55]
14,040,163 9,787,426
[56]
Bangkok   Thailand   8,750,600
[57]
15,931,300
[citation needed]
15,645,000
[citation needed]
Xi'an   China   8,705,600
[58]
13,569,700
[59]
5,206,253
[39]
Bangalore   India   8,425,970
[17]
10,576,167 8,728,906
[18]
New York   United States   8,622,698
[60]
20,153,634
[61]
23,689,255
[62]
Ho Chi Minh City   Vietnam   8,993,082
[63]
21,310,943
Shenzhen   China   8,378,900
[64][d]
12,084,000
Suzhou   China   10,459,890
[39]
3,302,152
[39]
Nanjing   China   8,230,000
[65]
12,652,000
[66]
Tehran   Iran   8,154,051
[67]
13,532,000 14,595,904
[68]
Rio de Janeiro   Brazil   6,718,903
[37]
12,800,000
[37]
Shantou   China   5,391,028
[69]
11,535,677
Kolkata   India   4,486,679
[17]
14,035,959 14,617,882
[18]
Shijiazhuang   China   4,303,700 10,701,600 4,303,700
Harbin   China   10,635,971
[39]
6,704,573
[39]
Los Angeles   United States   3,884,307
[70]
15,058,000 13,262,220
Buenos Aires   Argentina   3,054,300
[71]
14,122,000 13,074,000
[72]
Osaka   Japan   2,691,742
[73]
19,341,976
[33]
17,444,000
Nagoya   Japan   2,296,014
[73]
9,107,414
[33]
10,177,000
Paris   France   2,229,621 12,405,426 10,601,122
Manila   Philippines   1,780,148
[74]
12,877,253
[74]
24,123,000

Cities and urban areas with over a million inhabitants

The following cities have a population greater than 1 million and less than 10 million within either city proper, metropolitan area, or urban area. They typically are a key component of a megalopolis.

City Nation Image Population
City proper Metropolitan area Urban area
Kuala Lumpur   Malaysia   1,768,000
[75]
7,200,000
[76]
Cebu City   Philippines   922,611
[77]
2,849,213
[77]
2,300,435
[77]
Maputo   Mozambique   1,766,184 1,766,823
Budapest   Hungary   1,759,407
[78]
2,927,944
[79]
3,303,786
Warsaw   Poland   1,753,977
[80]
3,100,844
[79]
Lusaka   Zambia   1,742,979 2,467,467
Kathmandu   Nepal   1,744,240 2,517,023 3,207,205
Tabriz   Iran   1,733,033
[81]
Hyderabad   Pakistan   1,732,693
[43]
Palembang   Indonesia   1,708,413
Tijuana   Mexico   1,696,923 1,895,797
Patna   India   1,683,200 2,231,554 2,046,652
[82]
Montreal   Canada   1,649,519 4,127,100 3,407,963
Davao City   Philippines   1,632,991
[83]
2,516,216
[e]
Harare   Zimbabwe   1,606,000 1,619,000
[84]
Barcelona   Spain   1,604,555
[85]
5,375,774 4,740,000
[86]
Maracaibo   Venezuela   1,599,940
[87]
3,897,655 2,658,355
Caloocan   Philippines   1,583,978
[74][f]
Philadelphia   United States   1,567,872
[88]
6,069,875
[89]
7,183,479
[90]
Novosibirsk   Russia   1,567,087
[91]
Phoenix   United States   1,563,025
[92]
4,574,531 3,629,114
Oran   Algeria   1,560,329
[93]
3,454,078
Semarang   Indonesia   1,555,984 3,183,516
Recife   Brazil   1,645,727
[37]
3,887,261
[94]
Kobe   Japan   1,536,499
[73][g]
Daejeon   Korea, South   1,535,028
Kampala   Uganda   1,507,080
Kawasaki   Japan   1,496,035
[73][h]
Guadalajara   Mexico

 

1,460,148
[95]
5,086,375
[54]
5,086,375
[54]
Auckland   New Zealand   1,495,000
[96]
1,614,300
[97]
Vijayawada   India   1,491,202
[98]
5,873,588
Fukuoka   Japan   1,483,052
[73]
5,590,378
Gwangju   Korea, South   1,477,780
[99]
Porto Alegre   Brazil   1,483,771
[37]
4,181,836
[94]
Kyoto   Japan   1,474,570
[73][i]
San Antonio   United States   1,469,845
[100]
2,454,061
Santa Cruz de la Sierra   Bolivia   1,453,549
[citation needed]
1,749,000
Munich   Germany   1,450,381
[101]
2,606,021
Kharkiv   Ukraine   1,449,414
[102]
1,650,000
[103]
Yekaterinburg   Russia   1,428,042
San Diego   United States   1,394,928
[100]
3,095,313 2,956,746
Barranquilla   Colombia   1,386,865
[104]
2,370,753
[104]
Milan   Italy   1,359,905
[105]
3,206,465
[j]
Ibadan   Nigeria   1,338,659 2,837,000 3,375,000
Makassar   Indonesia   1,338,633 1,976,168
Córdoba   Argentina   1,330,023
[106]
1,528,000
Prague   Czech Republic   1,324,000
[107]
2,619,000 2,600,000
Mandalay   Myanmar   1,319,452
[108]
1,726,889
Dallas   United States   1,317,929
[109]
7,233,323
[110]
5,121,892
[111]
Montevideo   Uruguay   1,305,082
[112]
1,947,604 1,719,453
Qom   Iran   1,201,158
Ahvaz   Iran   1,184,788 1,260,817
Sofia   Bulgaria   1,260,120 1,682,340 1,547,472
Kazan   Russia   1,251,969 1,560,000
Nizhny Novgorod   Russia   1,250,619
[113]
Abuja   Nigeria   1,235,880 6,000,000
[114]
2,440,000
Calgary   Canada   1,235,171
[115]
1,214,839 1,095,404
Saitama   Japan   1,226,656
[73][k]
Suwon   Korea, South   1,202,310
Hiroshima   Japan   1,196,274
Rosario   Argentina   1,193,605
[116]
1,276,000
[117]
Brisbane   Australia   1,180,285
[118]
2,360,241
[119][120]
Allahabad   India   1,117,094
[citation needed]
Belgrade   Serbia   1,166,763
[121]
1,233,796
[121]
1,659,440
[121]
Campinas   Brazil   1,204,073
[37]
3,043,217
[94]
Ulsan   Korea, South   1,163,690
[49]
Albuquerque   United States   560,218
[122]
915,927
[123]
1,171,664
[124]
Omsk   Russia   1,154,116
[113]
Dakar   Senegal   1,146,053
[125]
2,452,656
[125]
Abu Dhabi   United Arab Emirates   1,145,000
[citation needed]
Monterrey   Mexico   1,109,171
[95]
4,975,651
[54]
4,975,651
[54]
Tripoli   Libya   1,126,000
[citation needed]
2,267,000 2,325,000
Rostov-on-Don   Russia   1,119,900
[126]
T'bilisi   Georgia   1,118,035
[127]
1,485,293
Fez   Morocco   1,112,072
[128]
Birmingham   United Kingdom   1,111,300
[citation needed]
3,683,000 2,440,986
Yerevan   Armenia   1,060,138
[129]
Cologne   Germany   1,057,327
[130]
3,573,500
Tunis   Tunisia   1,056,247
[citation needed]
2,643,695 2,294,547
Bulawayo   Zimbabwe   1,050,000
[citation needed]
1,200,000
[131]
Nur-Sultan   Kazakhstan    1029556
[132]
1,200,000
[133]
Islamabad   Pakistan   1,014,825
[134]
1,829,180
Cartagena   Colombia   1,013,389
[135]
1,013,389 1,013,389
Tucson   United States   545,975 843,168 1,010,025

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Sum of the 2014 population estimates for the "urban-function core district" and "urban-function extended district" of Chongqing, which were 3,677,600 and 4,512,200 respectively.[10]
  2. ^ Shanghai, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Suzhou, Wuxi, Ningbo, Changzhou, Shaoxing, and urban area of Zhangjiaggang-Jiangyin within the prefecture-level cities of Suzhou and Wuxi are treated as separate urban areas which constitute the Yangtze River Delta economic zone. Huai'an (1,856,000; 148 km2), Xuzhou (1,246,000; 233 km2), Nantong (1,036,000; 233 km2), Lianyungang (985,000; 155 km2), Zhenjiang (983,000; 168 km2), Yancheng (797,000; 207 km2), Huzhou (690,000; 111 km2), Taizhou (in Jiangsu Province; 300,000; 117 km2) and Suqian (220,000; 36 km2), as well as urban areas of Yangzhou (1,593,000; 233 km2) and Gaoyou (180,000; 39 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Yangzhou, urban areas of Kunshan (1,596,000; 492 km2), Changshu (1,139,000; 285 km2) and Taicang (523,000; 117 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Suzhou, urban areas of Cixi (1,200,000; 298 km2) and Yuyao (650,000; 122 km2) within the sub-provincial city of Ningbo, urban areas of Jiaxing (1,044,000; 259 km2) and Tongxiang (510,000; 52 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Jiaxing, urban areas of Wenling (510,000; 52 km2), Jiaojiang (375,000; 41 km2) and Huangyan (200,000; 34 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Taizhou (in Zhejiang Province), urban areas of Zhuji (500,000; 117 km2) and Shangyu (400,000; 158 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Shaoxing, urban areas of Yiwu-Dongyang (925,000; 233 km2), Jinhua (520,000; 186 km2), Yongkang (500,000; 223 km2), Dongyang (260,000; 104 km2) and Lanxi (220,000; 34 km2) within the prefecture-level city of Jinhua, and urban area of Fuyang (450,000; 49 km2) within the sub-provincial city of Hangzhou are also excluded.
  3. ^ The population of Ikeja, the local government area and capital of Lagos is included here.
  4. ^ Shenzhen, Dongguan and Foshan are all part of the Pearl River Delta, centered on Guangzhou.
  5. ^ Davao City and its neighbouring cities and towns are all under part of Metropolitan Davao
  6. ^ Quezon City and Caloocan City are both under the administration of Metropolitan Manila
  7. ^ Kyoto and Kobe are both part of the Keihanshin, centered on Osaka.
  8. ^ The cities of Yokohama, Kawasaki and Saitama are all part of the Greater Tokyo Area
  9. ^ Kyoto and Kobe are both part of the Keihanshin, centered on Osaka.
  10. ^ Milan and its neighbouring comunes are all under the administration of Metropolitan City of Milan
  11. ^ The cities of Yokohama, Kawasaki and Saitama are all part of the Greater Tokyo Area

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "SOWC-2012-DEFINITIONS". UNICEF. Archived from the original on 8 December 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  2. ^ "World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision Population Database". United Nations. Archived from the original on 22 August 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  3. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division – Demographic and Social Statistics". United Nations. Archived from the original on 23 June 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  4. ^ Demographic Yearbook 2005, Volume 57. United Nations. 2008. p. 241. ISBN 978-92-1-051099-8. Archived from the original on 2 May 2016.
  5. ^ a b World Urbanization Prospects: The 2003 Revision. United Nations. 2004. ISBN 92-1-151396-0.
  6. ^ Alexander, Ruth (29 January 2012). "The world's biggest cities: How do you measure them?". BBC News. Archived from the original on 2 March 2015. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  7. ^ Demographia (January 2015). Demographia World Urban Areas (PDF) (11 ed.). Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 December 2016. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  8. ^ 2017年重庆市国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (in Chinese). 凤凰网. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  9. ^ 2016年重庆常住人口3670万人 继续保持增长态势 (in Chinese). 凤凰网. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  10. ^ 2014年重庆市国民经济和社会发展统计公报 [Chongqing Economic and Social Development Statistical Bulletin 2014] (in Chinese). Chongqing Bureau of Statistics. 16 March 2015. Archived from the original on 23 May 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  11. ^ 2014年上海市国民经济和社会发展统计公报 [Shanghai Economic and Social Development Statistical Bulletin 2014] (in Chinese). Shanghai Bureau of Statistics. 28 February 2015. Archived from the original on 9 March 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  12. ^ "National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) People's Republic of China". en.ndrc.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 27 May 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  13. ^ 北京市2014年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 [Beijing Economic and Social Development Statistical Bulletin 2014] (in Chinese). Beijing Bureau of Statistics. 12 February 2015. Archived from the original on 1 March 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  14. ^ (Chinese) 国家统计局北京调查总队, "北京市2013年国民经济和社会发展统计公报", 北京市统计局 Archived 10 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine 13 February 2014.
  15. ^ "Metro Lagos". City Population. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  16. ^ "Population". Lagos State Government. Archived from the original on 18 October 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  17. ^ a b c "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Census of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 May 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
  18. ^ a b c d e "India Stats : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011". pibmumbai.gov.in. Archived from the original on 30 June 2015. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
  19. ^ "Dhaka (Bangladesh): City Districts and Subdistricts - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de.
  20. ^ "Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics-Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh". bbs.gov.bd. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  21. ^ a b 成都市统计局关于2017年成都市主要人口数据的公告 (in Chinese). Government of Chengdu. 12 February 2018. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  22. ^ "Assembly rejects initial census results". The Nation. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  23. ^ "After PPP and PSP, MQM-Pakistan rejects census 2017 results". NewsOne. 29 August 2017. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  24. ^ Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. "Population of Major Cities - Census 2017" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2017.
  25. ^ Preliminary and disputed by all the major political parties in Sindh.
  26. ^ "Karachiites lash out against census results on social media - Samaa TV". samaa.tv. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  27. ^ 2014年广州市国民经济和社会发展统计公报 [Guangzhou Economic and Social Development Statistics Bulletin 2014]. Guangzhou Daily. 22 March 2015. Archived from the original on 12 March 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  28. ^ Crabtree, Justina (20 September 2016). "A tale of megacities: China's largest metropolises". CNBC. Archived from the original on 9 December 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2015. slide 3
  29. ^ "统计年鉴". gzstats.gov.cn. Archived from the original on 14 December 2009.
  30. ^ a b Turkish Statistical Institute – Address Based Population Record System, 2015
  31. ^ "東京都の人口(推計)- Population of Tokyo (estimate)". Tokyo Metropolitan Government Bureau of Statistics Department. Archived from the original on 2 October 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
  32. ^ United Nations (12 March 2017). "The World's Cities in 2016" (PDF). United Nations.
  33. ^ a b c "Demographia" (PDF).
  34. ^ "China: Provinces and Major Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information".
  35. ^ "2013年天津市国民经济和社会发展统计公报数据". Enorth.com.cn. Archived from the original on 26 December 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  36. ^ "RUSSIA: Moscow". mos.ru. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015.
  37. ^ a b c d e f g Manhaes, Gisele Flores Caldas. "IBGE discloses municipal population estimates for 2019". IBGE - Agência de Notícias. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  38. ^ "DemographiaWorld Urban Areas – 8th Annual Edition" (PDF). Demographia. April 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 December 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  39. ^ a b c d e f 国务院人口普查办公室 [Department of Population Census of the State Council]; 国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司编 [Department of Population and Social Science and Statistics, National Bureau of Statistics] (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料. Beijing: 中国统计出版社 [China Statistics Print]. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.
  40. ^ Delhi Metropolitan/City Population section of "Delhi Population Sex Ratio in Delhi Literacy rate Delhi NCR" Check |url= value (help). 2011 Census of India. Archived from the original on 26 January 2017.
  41. ^ "List of Most populated cities of India" Check |url= value (help). www.
  42. ^ 最新中国城市人口数量排名(根据2010年第六次人口普查). elivecity.cn. 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  43. ^ a b "POPULATION OF MAJOR CITIES CENSUS - 2017" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  44. ^ "World Urban Areas" (PDF). Demographia. 1 April 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 December 2016.
  45. ^ "武汉常住人口突破1100万 城市吸引力稳步提升". 长江日报. 26 March 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  46. ^ "武汉常住人口突破1100万 城市吸引力稳步提升". 长江日报. 26 March 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  47. ^ "Egypt". citypopulation.de. Archived from the original on 9 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  48. ^ "Seoul Statistics". Seoul Metropolitan Government. Archived from the original on 3 March 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  49. ^ a b 통계표명 : 주민등록 인구통계 (in Korean). Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs. Archived from the original on 3 March 2011. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  50. ^ "Data Jumlah Penduduk DKI Jakarta (2014)". Dinas Kependudukan dan Pencatatan Sipil Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  51. ^ "Data Jumlah Penduduk DKI Jakarta (2014)". Data.jakarta.go.id – Jakarta Open Data. Pemerintah Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  52. ^ "PERU: Lima population" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informatica.
  53. ^ "PERÚ: ESTIMACIONES Y PROYECCIONES DE POBLACIÓN TOTAL POR SEXO DE LAS PRINCIPALES CIUDADES". Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informatica (INEI) (in Spanish). March 2012. p. 32. Archived from the original on 16 July 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2015 – via Scribd.
  54. ^ a b c d e f g Rodríguez, Guillermina (May 2019). "México - Indicadores Regionales de Actividad Económica 2019" (PDF). Banamex (in Spanish). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 July 2019.
  55. ^ "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2017". ONS. 28 June 2018. Archived from the original on 12 July 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  56. ^ Cite error: The named reference euro1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  57. ^ "Table 1 Population by sex, household type and household by type, average size of private household by region and area: 2010". Statistic tables, NSO website. National Statistics Office. Archived from the original on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  58. ^ "西安市2015年国民经济和社会发展统计公报". xatj.gov.cn/. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  59. ^ "4-5各市、县(市、区)常住人口(2013-2014年)-tjsql.com". tjsql.com. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  60. ^ Community Facts for New York city, New York Archived 16 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  61. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 – Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico – 2016 Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  62. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 – Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico – 2016 Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  63. ^ "Average population by province". General Statistics Office of Vietnam. Archived from the original on 29 June 2016.
  64. ^ "Shenzhen Statistics". Shenzhen Government Online. Archived from the original on 25 May 2017.
  65. ^ "Census (2015)" 南京市2015年1%人口抽样调查数据出炉 常住人口823万. Nanjing Municipal Bureru Statistucs. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  66. ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013.
  67. ^ "IRAN: Tehran City (Census 2011)". CITY POPULATION.DE. Archived from the original on 9 July 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  68. ^ وضعیت توسعه شهری ایران نگران‌کننده است/ شهرهای اقماری تهران برای فروش حریم مسابقه گذاشته‌اند. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
  69. ^ "现将汕头市2010年第六次全国人口普查分区县常住人口[2]数据公布如下:". 汕头市2010年第六次全国人口普查 主要数据公报[1]. Archived from the original on 24 April 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  70. ^ "Census Estimates (2012)". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 15 August 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  71. ^ "Argentina: Provinces and Agglomerations". citypopulation.de. Archived from the original on 25 October 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  72. ^ "Censo 2010. Resultados provisionales: cuadros y gráficos" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INDEC). Archived from the original on 20 December 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
  73. ^ a b c d e f g Cite error: The named reference japancensus was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  74. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  75. ^ "Population by States and Ethnic Group". Department of Information, Ministry of Communications and Multimedia, Malaysia. 2015. Archived from the original on 12 February 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  76. ^ "KL on track to megacity status". Focus Malaysia. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  77. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  78. ^ "Population by type of settlement – annually". Hungarian Central Statistical Office. 12 April 2016. Archived from the original on 7 April 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  79. ^ a b "Functional Urban Areas – Population on 1 January by age groups and sex". Eurostat. 1 April 2016. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  80. ^ "Population by type of settlement – annually". Statistical Office in Warsaw. 31 December 2016. Archived from the original on 17 January 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  81. ^ "نتايج سرشماري - جمعيت و خانوار به ترتيب استان، شهرستان". Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 14 March 2017.
  82. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  83. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  84. ^ "World Urban Areas" (PDF). Demographia. Retrieved 24 November 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 December 2016.
  85. ^ "Ajuntament de Barcelona". Generalitat of Catalonia. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  86. ^ Demographia: World Urban Areas Archived 26 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine – Demographia, 2016
  87. ^ "Estado Zulia. Municipio Maracaibo. Población estimada por municipios y parroquias, al 30 June 1990-2015". Internet Archive Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 14 November 2009. Retrieved 3 March 2016.
  88. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2015 Population". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  89. ^ "Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: July 1, 2014 to July 1, 2015 - United States -- Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  90. ^ "Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: July 1, 2014 to July 1, 2015 - United States -- Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  91. ^ "Численность населения по муниципальным районам и городским округам Новосибирской области на 1 января 2015 года и в среднем за 2014 год" (PDF). Novosibirsk Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  92. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 1 February 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  93. ^ "ALGERIA: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria". Citypopulation.de. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2014.
  94. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference brazil2 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  95. ^ a b Secretaría de Desarrollo Agrario, Territorial y Urbano (March 2018). "Delimitación de las zonas metropolitanas de México - 2015". gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  96. ^ "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2016 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 23 October 2016.
  97. ^ "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006–16 (2017 boundary)". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 16 September 2017.
  98. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Census of India 2011. p. 10. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 November 2011.
  99. ^ Cite error: The named reference egov.go.kr was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  100. ^ a b "One Million Milestone". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 22 October 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  101. ^ "Muenchen in Zahlen". Archived from the original on 28 December 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  102. ^ "Чисельність населення (щомісячна інформація)". Central Directorate of Statistics of Kharkov region. 1 February 2018. Archived from the original on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  103. ^ "Major Agglomerations of the World". citypopulation.de. 1 January 2017. Archived from the original on 4 July 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  104. ^ a b "Resident population by age, nationality and borough". Alcaldía de Barranquilla - City Hall of Barranquilla (Spanish). Archived from the original on 28 September 2015.
  105. ^ "Resident population by age, nationality and borough". City of Milan – Statistical Department. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017.
  106. ^ "INDEC: estimaciones de población" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  107. ^ "Prague Population 2017 - World Population Review". worldpopulationreview.com. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  108. ^ Census Report. The 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census. 2. Naypyitaw: Ministry of Immigration and Population. May 2015. p. 57. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  109. ^ Bureau, US Census. "The South Is Home to 10 of the 15 Fastest-Growing Large Cities". Archived from the original on 15 July 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  110. ^ "Dallas Bureau of Economic Analysis". Bureau of Economic Analysis. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  111. ^ "United States Urban Areas". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 22 July 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2017.
  112. ^ "Censos 2011 - Instituto Nacional de Estadística". www.ine.gub.uy. Archived from the original on 12 July 2017.
  113. ^ a b "ВПН-2010". gks.ru. Archived from the original on 15 March 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  114. ^ Editor, Online (29 March 2016). "FCT Minister Harps on Development of Satellite Towns". Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  115. ^ "Census Profile: Calgary, Alberta (Population Centre)" (PDF). Statistics Canada. 1 April 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
  116. ^ "Provincia de Santa Fe, departamento Rosario. Población total por país de nacimiento, según sexo y grupo de edad. Año 2010" (PDF). INDEC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 August 2014.
  117. ^ "Encuesta Permanente de Hogares. Resultados del segundo trimestre de 2012" (PDF). INDEC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 October 2013.
  118. ^ "Brisbane (C) Local Government Area community profile". Archived from the original on 18 April 2017. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  119. ^ "2011 Census Community Profiles: Brisbane". ABS Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 10 July 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
  120. ^ "Ten years of growth: Australia's population hot spots". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 28 July 2017. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  121. ^ a b c "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  122. ^ https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2017.html
  123. ^ http://www.abq.org/Demographics.aspx
  124. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2018/GCTPEPANNR.US41PR
  125. ^ a b UN Data Archived 19 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Projection based on 2002 census.
  126. ^ "(Russian)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 July 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  127. ^ "Preliminary Results of 2014 General Population Census of Georgia" (PDF). NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE OF GEORGIA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  128. ^ "Morocco 2014 Census".
  129. ^ "Armstat" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  130. ^ "Muenchen in Zahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). Archived from the original on 14 July 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  131. ^ History of Zimbabwe. Demographia. Retrieved 11 August 2017. ISBN 9781435733497. Archived from the original on 11 August 2017.
  132. ^ "stat.gov.kz". stat.gov.kz.
  133. ^ Жулмухаметова, Жадра (31 October 2017). "Чиновники работают над тем, чтобы уместить в Астане два миллиона человек". InformBuro.kz. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  134. ^ Cite error: The named reference auto9 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  135. ^ http://www.dane.gov.co/files/investigaciones/poblacion/proyepobla06_20/Municipal_area_1985-2020.xls

External links