Municipal Corporation of Delhi

Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD; ISO: Dillī Nagara Nigama) is the municipal corporation that governs most of Delhi, India. The MCD is among the largest municipal bodies in the world providing civic services to a population of about 20 million citizens in the capital city Delhi.[1] It is headed by the Mayor of Delhi, who presides over elected councillors from 250 wards. The municipal corporation covers an area of 1,397.3 km² (539.5 mi²).[1] The annual budget of the corporation is above ₹16,000 crore (~US$1.95 billion).[2]

Municipal Corporation of Delhi

Dillī Nagara Nigama
Coat of arms or logo
Logo of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
Established7 April 1958
Leadership
Shelly Oberoi, AAP
since 22 February 2023
Aaley Mohammad Iqbal, AAP
since 22 February 2023
Gyanesh Bharti, IAS
since 22 May 2022
Structure
Seats250 (elected) + 10 (nominated)
Political groups
Government (134)
  •   AAP (134)

Official Opposition (104)

Others(12)

Nominated (10)

Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
4 December 2022
Next election
2027
Motto
Tamasō Mā Jyōtirgamaya
Let not the light shine out of darkness
Meeting place
MCD Civic Centre, Minto Road, New Delhi
Website
mcdonline.nic.in

MCD is one of three municipalities in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, the others being New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) which administers the New Delhi area and Delhi Cantonment Board which administers the Delhi Cantonment area. It is the largest and only municipality of Delhi which is elected by the people.

Municipalities of Delhi

History

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Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Civic centre – Headquarters of Municipal Corporation of Delhi

MCD came into existence on 7 April 1958 under an Act of Parliament. Prior to that DMC (Delhi Municipal Committee) was the principal civic body of Delhi. Guru Radha Kishan served for the longest consecutive period as a councilor of the MCD (initially Delhi Municipal Committee).[3] Pt. Trilok Chand Sharma served as the first elected Mayor of Delhi. Since then, the Municipal Body has always been alive in its constitution and functioning to the growing needs of citizens. The 1993 amendment of the Act brought about fundamental changes in composition, functions, governance and administration of the corporation.

Trifurcation

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On 13 January 2012, the Municipal Corporation of Delhi was 'trifurcated', i.e. split into three smaller municipal corporations. The new North Delhi Municipal Corporation and South Delhi Municipal Corporation each contain 104 municipal wards, while the smaller East Delhi Municipal Corporation contains 64 wards.

Reunification

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In March 2022, the state Election Commission indefinitely deferred the municipal elections that were scheduled to be held in April 2022.[4] On 22 March, the Union Government approved the Delhi Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Bill to merge the 3 municipal corporations back to a single body.[5] The Lok Sabha passed the Bill on 30 March 2022,[6] while it was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 5 April 2022.[7] The unified Municipal Corporation of Delhi formally came into existence on 22 May 2022 with IAS officers Ashwani Kumar and Gyanesh Bharti taking charge as Special Officer and Commissioner, respectively.[8] Election was held on 4 December 2022, with Aam Aadmi Party winning the majority of seats.[9]

Municipal Zones in Delhi

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The entire MCD area is divided into 12 zones:[1][10]

  • Central
  • City–SP
  • Civil Lines
  • Karol Bagh
  • Keshav Puram
  • Najafgarh
  • Narela
  • North Shahdara
  • Rohini
  • South Shahdara
  • South
  • West
Ward Committees of Delhi MCD

Each Zone has a ward committee, which consists of all the councillors elected from that ward. These ward committees are structures meant to decentralise administrative powers, and provide local solutions for local problems.[11]

List of Mayors

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No. Name Party Term Ref.
1 Shelly Oberoi Aam Aadmi Party 22 February 2023 – 26 April 2023 [12][13]
2 26 April 2023 – Incumbent [14][15]

List of Deputy Mayors

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No. Name Party Term Ref.
1 Aaley Mohammad Iqbal Aam Aadmi Party 22 February 2023 – 26 April 2023 [12][13]
2 26 April 2023 – Incumbent [14][15]

Standing Committee

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The Standing Committee is the highest decision making executive body of MCD and consists of 18 members. It manages the corporation with financial functions, approval to projects, discussing, finalising and implementing the policies for the capital city etc. It also has powers to appoint sub-committees on issues such as education, environment, parking etc and form regulations.[16]

While 6 of the Committee members are elected directly by the house, the remaining 12 are chosen by ward committees. The committee also has a chairperson and a deputy chairperson, who are elected from among the members. The political party which has majority in the Standing Committee has control over policy and financial decisions of the House.[17]

Members of Standing Committee[18]
  1. Kamaljeet Shehrawat (BJP)
  2. Gajendra Daral (BJP)
  3. Pankaj Luthra (BJP)
  4. Mohini Jindwal (AAP)
  5. Aamil Malik (AAP)
  6. Ramindra Kaur (AAP)

Demographics

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As of 2011 India census,[19] Delhi Municipal Corporation had a population of 11,007,835. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Delhi Municipal Corporation has an average literacy rate of 87.6%, higher than the national average of 74.0%: male literacy is 91.44% and, female literacy is 83.20%. In Delhi Municipal Corporation, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Elections

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2022 election

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Results were announced on 7 December 2022.[20][21]

Parties Popular vote Seats (126 needed for majority)
Votes % ± % Contested Won +/-
Aam Aadmi Party 30,84,957 42.05%  15.82% 250 134  85
Bharatiya Janata Party 28,67,472 39.09%  3.01% 250 104  77
Indian National Congress 8,56,593 11.68%  9.41% 247 9  22
Independent 2,53,631 3.46% 3  3
Others 2,15,627 2.94% 0  5
NOTA 57,545 0.78%
Total 73,35,825 100% 250

2017 election

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The votes were counted and result was declared on 26 April 2017.[22][23]

North Delhi Municipal Corporation
Party Symbol Seats won Seats +/− Vote %
Bharatiya Janata Party   64  5 35.63
Aam Aadmi Party   21  21 27.88
Indian National Congress   16  13 20.73
Others 3  13 15.76
Total 104 - 100
South Delhi Municipal Corporation
Party Symbol Seats won Seats +/− Vote %
Bharatiya Janata Party   70  26 34.87
Aam Aadmi Party   16  16 26.44
Indian National Congress   12  17 20.29
Others 6  25 18.40
Total 104 - 100
East Delhi Municipal Corporation
Party Symbol Seats won Seats +/− Vote %
Bharatiya Janata Party   47  12 38.61
Aam Aadmi Party   12  12 23.40
Indian National Congress   3  16 22.84
Others 2  8 15.15
Total 64 - 100

2012 election

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The votes were counted and result was declared on 17 April 2012.[24][25]

North Delhi Municipal Corporation
Party Symbol Wards won
Bharatiya Janata Party   59
Indian National Congress   29
Bahujan Samaj Party   7
Others 9
Total 104
South Delhi Municipal Corporation
Party Symbol Wards won
Bharatiya Janata Party   44
Indian National Congress   29
Bahujan Samaj Party   5
Others 26
Total 104
East Delhi Municipal Corporation
Party Symbol Wards won
Bharatiya Janata Party   35
Indian National Congress   19
Bahujan Samaj Party   3
Others 7
Total 64

References

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  1. ^ a b c "Municipal Corporation of Delhi". mcdonline.nic.in. Retrieved 25 May 2022.
  2. ^ "No tax hike approved in final MCD budget". Retrieved 28 March 2023.
  3. ^ "Delhi in 70 years.", Hindustan Times, 15 August 2017.
  4. ^ "MCD elections preparations on hold, state poll body issues notice". Hindustan Times. 22 April 2022. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
  5. ^ "Union Cabinet clears Bill to merge three municipal corporations of Delhi". mint. 22 March 2022. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  6. ^ "Lok Sabha approves Bill to reunify Delhi's MCDs after 10 years". Hindustan Times. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  7. ^ "Rajya Sabha passes Delhi Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Bill, 2022". The Hindu. 5 April 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  8. ^ "Delhi's unified municipal corporation formally comes into existence". Firstpost. 22 May 2022. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
  9. ^ "Delhi MCD election results: AAP wins civic body polls, ends BJP's 15-year run". The Indian Express. 8 December 2022. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
  10. ^ "Zones - Municipal Corporation of Delhi". mcdonline.nic.in.
  11. ^ "At the core of the MCD tussle: Zonal bodies, aldermen". Hindustan Times. 7 January 2023. Retrieved 2 May 2023.
  12. ^ a b "Delhi MCD mayoral polls | AAP'sl Shelly Oberoi is new Mayor, Aaley Iqbal is Deputy Mayor". The Hindu. 22 February 2023. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
  13. ^ a b "AAP's Shelly Oberoi is new Delhi mayor, Aaley Mohammed Iqbal her deputy". Hindustan Times. 22 February 2023. Retrieved 26 April 2023.
  14. ^ a b "AAP's Shelly Oberoi Elected As Delhi Mayor, Aaley Md Iqbal Her Deputy After BJP Withdraws". TimesNow. 26 April 2023. Retrieved 26 April 2023.
  15. ^ a b "Mayor her Deputy Mohammad Iqbal re-elected unopposed in MCD poll". www.business-standard.com. 26 April 2023. Retrieved 26 April 2023.
  16. ^ "AAP has won the mayor polls. Can it now control MCD?". The Indian Express. 22 February 2023. Retrieved 24 February 2023.
  17. ^ "All-powerful MCD Standing Committee is the bone of contention between AAP and BJP". news.webindia123.com. Retrieved 24 February 2023.
  18. ^ "दिल्ली MCD स्टैंडिंग कमेटी चुनाव में BJP पार्षदों ने की क्रॉस वोटिंग, AAP को फायदा; कांग्रेस की एकता में भी फूट". Hindustan (in Hindi). Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  19. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  20. ^ "Party Wise Votes Share" (PDF). 8 December 2022.
  21. ^ "Delhi MCD election results: AAP wins civic body polls, ends BJP's 15-year run". The Indian Express. 8 December 2022. Retrieved 26 April 2023.
  22. ^ "Municipal Corporation of Delhi election results 2017". Hindustan Times. New Delhi. 26 April 2017. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  23. ^ "MCD Results 2017 | State Election Commission, NCT of Delhi". sec.delhi.gov.in. Retrieved 26 April 2023.
  24. ^ "MCD Election 2012 Results - Party, Ward and Corporation Wise". www.elections.in. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  25. ^ "MCD election results 2012: BJP voted back to power". Zee News. 17 April 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2022.
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28°33′58″N 77°14′42″E / 28.566°N 77.245°E / 28.566; 77.245