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Ibaraki Prefecture (茨城県, Ibaraki-ken) is a prefecture of Japan, located in the Kantō region on the main island of Honshu.[1] The capital is Mito.[2]

Ibaraki Prefecture
茨城県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 茨城県
 • Rōmaji Ibaraki-ken
Flag of Ibaraki Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Ibaraki Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Ibaraki Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Island Honshu
Capital Mito
Government
 • Governor Kazuhiko Ōigawa
Area
 • Total 6,095.58 km2 (2,353.52 sq mi)
Area rank 23rd
Population (February 1, 2017)
 • Total 2,903,925
 • Rank 11th
 • Density 476.40/km2 (1,233.9/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-08
Districts 7
Municipalities 44
Flower Rose (Rosa)
Tree Ume tree (Prunus mume)
Bird Eurasian Skylark (Alauda arvensis)
Website www.pref.ibaraki.jp

Contents

HistoryEdit

Ibaraki Prefecture was previously known as Hitachi Province. In 1871, the name of the province became Ibaraki.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Ibaraki Prefecture
 
Mito
 
Tsukuba
 
Tsuchiura
 
Kashima

Ibaraki Prefecture is the northeastern part of the Kantō region, stretching between Tochigi Prefecture and the Pacific Ocean and bounded on the north and south by Fukushima Prefecture and Chiba Prefecture. It also has a border on the southwest with Saitama Prefecture. The northernmost part of the prefecture is mountainous, but most of the prefecture is a flat plain with many lakes.

As of 1 April 2012, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Suigo-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park and nine Prefectural Natural Parks.[3]

CitiesEdit

Thirty-two (32) cities are located in Ibaraki Prefecture:

  • Mito (the capital city of the prefecture)

Towns and villagesEdit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

MergersEdit

EconomyEdit

Ibaraki's industries include energy, particularly nuclear energy, production, as well as chemical and precision machining industries. The Hitachi company was founded in the Ibaraki city of the same name.

As of March 2011, the prefecture produced 25% of Japan's bell peppers and Chinese cabbage.[5]

DemographicsEdit

Ibaraki's population is increasing modestly as the Greater Tokyo region spreads out.[citation needed]

CultureEdit

Ibaraki is known for nattō, or fermented soybeans, in Mito, watermelons in Kyōwa (recently merged into Chikusei), and chestnuts in the Nishiibaraki region.

Ibaraki is famous for the martial art of Aikido founded by Ueshiba Morihei, also known as Osensei. Ueshiba spent the latter part of his life in the town of Iwama, now part of Kasama, and the Aiki Shrine and dojo he created still remain.[6]

There are castle ruins in many cities, including Mito, Kasama, and Yūki.

Kasama is famous for Shinto, art culture and pottery.[citation needed]

The capital Mito is home to Kairakuen, one of Japan's three most celebrated gardens, and famous for its over 3,000 Japanese plum trees of over 100 varieties.

EducationEdit

SportsEdit

The sports teams listed below are based in Ibaraki.

Football (soccer)Edit

VolleyballEdit

RugbyEdit

BaseballEdit

  • Ibaraki Golden Golds (Regional club)

PuroresuEdit

  • Hitachi Pro Wrestling (Regional group)

TourismEdit

Transportation and accessEdit

PronunciationEdit

The prefecture is often mispronounced "Ibaragi". However, the correct pronunciation is "Ibaraki". According to the author of "Not Ibaragi, Ibaraki",[7] this is most likely due to a mishearing of the softening of the "k" sound in Ibaraki dialect.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ibaraki-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 367, at Google Books; "Kantō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 479, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Mito" at Japan Encyclopedia, p. 642, at Google Books.
  3. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Ibaraki" at Japan Encyclopedia, p. 367, at Google Books.
  5. ^ Schreiber, Mark, "Japan's food crisis goes beyond recent panic buying", The Japan Times, 17 April 2011, p. 9.
  6. ^ Aikikai Foundation Ibaraki Branch Dojo "[1] Founder and Iwama", Retrieved August 25 2017
  7. ^ いばらぎじゃなくていばらき [Ibaragi ja Nakute Ibaraki]

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit