Ushiku Daibutsu (牛久大仏) is a statue located in Ushiku, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. Completed in 1993, it stands a total of 120 metres (390 ft) tall, including the 10 m (33 ft) base and 10m lotus platform. The statue held the record for the tallest statue from 1993 to 2008. As of 2018[update], it is one of the top five tallest statues in the world.
|35°58′57″N 140°13′13″E / 35.98250°N 140.22028°E|
|Location||Ushiku, Ibaraki, Japan|
An elevator takes visitors up 85 m (279 ft) to an observation floor. The statue depicts Amitabha Buddha and is made of bronze. It is also known as Ushiku ARCADIA (Amida's Radiance and Compassion Actually Developing and Illuminating Area). It was built to commemorate the birth of Shinran, founder of the Jōdo Shinshū 浄土真宗 or "True Pure Land School" of Buddhism.
Construction was commissioned to Kawada (ja:川田工業, Kawada Kōgyō), applying curtain wall system (ja:カーテンウォール工法, Kāten uōru kōhō).
First, a cast iron steel column was erected at the center supporting the weight of the entire Daibutsu. Then, arranging a steel frame structure around it which was pre-assembled on the ground block by block in advance.
The 100 meter high torso, or body, of the statue was divided into 20 tiers, with each tier consisting of 17 blocks on average. In addition, each component block had welded on 9 bronze sheets, 1.5 meters by 1.5 meters and around 6 millimeters thick, on a steel frame. Those steel frames connected to the main frame as branches of a tree do, forming a complicated outline. The bronze sheets are much lighter compared to that of the Great Buddha at Tōdai-ji temple in Nara, since the one at Ushiku applies steel frame to support the structure. The elaborate design of each hand and arm was also assembled on the ground, then attached on the body with a huge crane lifting each parts.
- Weight: 4,003 tonnes (8,825,000 lb)
- Length of Left Hand: 18.00 m (59.06 ft)
- Length of Face: 20.00 m (65.62 ft)
- Length of Eye: 2.55 m (8.4 ft)
- Length of Mouth: 4.5 m (15 ft)
- Length of Nose: 1.2 m (3.9 ft)
- Length of Ear: 10.00 m (32.81 ft)
- Length of the First Finger: 7.00 m (22.97 ft)
Inside the statue itself is a four-story building, which serves as a museum.
- Level 1, Infinite Light and Infinite Life
- The first floor lobby is dark. In the center of the room a single shaft of light shines from above onto a cauldron of smoking incense. Beyond it is the elevator to the other floors.
- Level 2 (10.0 m), World of Gratitude and Thankfulness
- Mostly dedicated to scriptural studies
- Level 3 (20~30.0 m), World of the Lotus Sanctuary
- 3000 samples of gold Buddha statues
- Level 4 (80~85.0 m), Room of Mt. Grdhrakuta
- Also on the fourth floor are windows looking out from the buddha's chest onto the adjacent flower garden and small animal park.
- Kōtoku-in, temple in Kamakura, home to second largest seated bronze Buddha statue in Japan.
- Tōdai-ji, temple in Nara, home to largest seated bronze Buddha statue in Japan.
- Leshan Giant Buddha in China, the tallest stone Buddha sculpture in the world.
- Tian Tan Buddha, located in Hong Kong, world's tallest seated Buddha statue.
- List of tallest statues, many of which are Buddhist statues
- ^ "10 Tallest Statues of World | The Beautiful Monuments". Holiday Sarthi. 18 January 2020. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
- ^ "Ushiku Daibutsu". Must Love Japan.
- ^ Nagata, Yoshio. 1994. Chōkōsō daibutsu wo Tsukuru (超高層大仏をつくる), Tokyo: Kajima Institute Publishing.