Ushiku Daibutsu

Ushiku Daibutsu (牛久大仏) is a statue located in Ushiku, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. Completed in 1993, it stands a total of 120 metres (390 ft) tall, including the 10 m (33 ft) base and 10m lotus platform. The statue held the record for the tallest statue from 1993 to 2008. As of 2018, it is one of the top five tallest statues in the world.[1]

Ushiku Great Buddha
(牛久大仏)
Ushiku.jpg
Image of the Ushiku Daibutsu
Coordinates35°58′57″N 140°13′13″E / 35.98250°N 140.22028°E / 35.98250; 140.22028Coordinates: 35°58′57″N 140°13′13″E / 35.98250°N 140.22028°E / 35.98250; 140.22028
LocationUshiku, Ibaraki, Japan
DesignerŌtani Kōshō
Typestatue
Materialbronze
Height
  • statue: 100 metres (330 ft)
  • including base: 120 metres (390 ft)
Completion date1993

An elevator takes visitors up 85 m (279 ft) to an observation floor. The statue depicts Amitabha Buddha and is made of bronze. It is also known as Ushiku ARCADIA (Amida's Radiance and Compassion Actually Developing and Illuminating Area). It was built to commemorate the birth of Shinran, founder of the Jōdo Shinshū 浄土真宗 or "True Pure Land School" of Buddhism.[2]

ConstructionEdit

Construction was commissioned to Kawata (ja:川田工業, Kawata Kōgyō), applying curtain wall system (ja:カーテンウォール工法, Kāten uōru kōhō).[3].

First, a cast iron steel column was elected at the center supporting the weight of the entire Daibutsu. Then, arranging a steel frame structure around it which was pre-assembled on the ground block by block in advance.

The 100 meters' high torso, or the body, of the statue has been devided into 20 tiers, and each tier consisted of 17 blocks on average. In addition, each component block had welded on 9 bronze sheets, 1.5 meters by 1.5 meters and around 6 milimeters thick, on a steel frame. Those steel frames connected to the main frame as if branches of a tree do and formed a complicated outline. The bronze sheets are much lighter compared to that of the Great Buddha at Tōdai-ji temple in Nara, since the one at Ushiku applies steel frame to support the structure. The elaborate design of each hand and arm was also assembled on the ground, then attached on the body with a huge crane lifting each parts.

DetailsEdit

  • Weight: 4,003 tonnes (8,825,000 lb)
  • Length of Left Hand: 18.00 m (59.06 ft)
  • Length of Face: 20.00 m (65.62 ft)
  • Length of Eye: 2.55 m (8.4 ft)
  • Length of Mouth: 4.5 m (15 ft)
  • Length of Nose: 1.2 m (3.9 ft)
  • Length of Ear: 10.00 m (32.81 ft)
  • Length of the First Finger: 7.00 m (22.97 ft)

Inside the statue itself is a four-story building, which serves as a museum.

Level 1, Infinite Light and Infinite Life
The first floor lobby is dark. In the center of the room a single shaft of light shines from above onto a cauldron of smoking incense. Beyond it is the elevator to the other floors.
Level 2 (10.0 m), World of Gratitude and Thankfulness
Mostly dedicated to scriptural studies
Level 3 (20~30.0 m), World of the Lotus Sanctuary
3000 samples of gold Buddha statues
Level 4 (80~85.0 m), Room of Mt. Grdhrakuta
Also on the fourth floor are windows looking out from the buddha's chest onto the adjacent flower garden and small animal park.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "10 Tallest Statues of World | The Beautiful Monuments". Holiday Sarthi. 18 January 2020. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Ushiku Daibutsu". Must Love Japan.
  3. ^ Nagata, Yoshio [ja]. 1994. Chōkōsō daibutsu wo Tsukuru (超高層大仏をつくる), Tokyo: Kajima Institute Publishing.

External linksEdit

Records
Preceded by
Sendai Daikannon
100 m (328 ft)
World's tallest statue
1993–2008
Succeeded by
Spring Temple Buddha
128 m (420 ft)