Observation deck

An observation deck, observation platform, or viewing platform is an elevated sightseeing platform usually situated upon a tall architectural structure, such as a skyscraper or observation tower. Observation decks are sometimes enclosed from weather, and a few may include coin-operated telescopes for viewing distant features.

View from the Shanghai Tower observation deck.
Visitors on the observation deck of the Skylon Tower, which overlooks Niagara Falls.
The observation deck from the original Two World Trade Center in June 1984, with midtown Manhattan in the distance.
Glass balconies attached to the St Eusebius Church in Arnhem, The Netherlands.
Footage of the panoramic views during an 1898 ascent of the Eiffel Tower by the Lumière brothers.

List of public observation decksEdit

List of public observation decks
Rank Name Completion Date Type Location Deck height (m) Total height (m) Notes
1 Shanghai Tower 2015 Skyscraper   Shanghai 562.1 632 121st floor, decks are also on 118th and 119th floors.
2 Ping An Finance Centre 2017 Skyscraper   Shenzhen 562.1 599.1 116th floor (opened on February 10 2018)
3 Burj Khalifa 2010 Skyscraper   Dubai 555.7 829.8 148th floor (opened October 2014[1]) decks are also on 124th floor
4 Canton Tower 2010 Steel Tower   Guangzhou 488 604
5 Lotte World Tower 2017 Skyscraper   Seoul 486 555
6 Abraj Al Bait 2011 Skyscraper   Mecca 484.4 601
7 Shanghai World Financial Center 2008 Skyscraper   Shanghai 474[2] 492.3 100th floor, decks also on levels 94 & 97
8 Tokyo Skytree 2012 Steel Tower   Tokyo 451.2 634 -
9 Taipei 101 2004 Skyscraper   Taipei 449.2 m 509.2 The 101st floor indoor/outdoor rooftop observatory opened to the public on June 14, 2019.[3] Two additional observation decks, an 91st-floor outdoor observatory and the 89th floor indoor observatory is 383.2 metres (1,257 ft).
10 CN Tower 1976 Concrete tower   Toronto 446.7 553.3 Two additional observation decks at 342 m (outdoor) & 346 m (indoor).
11 Willis Tower 1974 Skyscraper   Chicago 412.7 527.3 103rd floor, it is the highest observation deck in the United States
12 Sky100, International Commerce Centre 2011 Skyscraper   Hong Kong 393 484 100th floor 360-degree indoor observatory
13 One World Trade Center 2014 Skyscraper   New York City 386.6 541.3 Observatory on the 100th, 101st and 102nd floors
14 Landmark 81 2019 Skyscraper   Ho Chi Minh City 382 461 Observatory on 79th, 80st and 81nd floors
15 Petronas Towers 1998 Skyscraper   Kuala Lumpur 370 451.9 Observatory on 86th floor of tower 2, in addition there is the skybridge between the two towers on 41st and 42nd floors at 170 meters.
16 Empire State Building 1931 Skyscraper   New York City 369[4] 448.7 102nd floor, additional 86th floor deck (320 m)
17 Oriental Pearl Tower 1994 Concrete tower   Shanghai 351 467.9 15 observation levels, the highest one being outdoors
18 Tuntex Sky Tower 1997 Skyscraper   Kaohsiung 341 347.5 74th floor
19 Jin Mao Tower 1998 Skyscraper   Shanghai 340.1 420.5 88th floor
20 Ostankino Tower 1967 Concrete tower   Moscow 340 540.1 Indoor deck is at 337 m
21 John Hancock Center 1969 Skyscraper   Chicago 313.8 343.5 Observation deck
22 Milad Tower 2007 Concrete tower   Tehran 312 435 Top level
23 China World Trade Center Tower III 2010 Skyscraper   Beijing 311.8 330 81st floor
24 Shun Hing Square 1996 Skyscraper   Shenzhen 298.1 384
25 US Bank Tower 1989 Skyscraper   Los Angeles 297 310 70th floor (Skyslide & Events)

69th Floor (Indoor & Outdoor Observation)

26 Abeno Harukas(Abenobashi Terminal Building) 2014 Skyscraper   Osaka 288 300 58th-60th floor (top floor)
27 Zifeng Tower 2010 Skyscraper   Nanjing 287 450
28 Eureka Tower 2007 Skyscraper   Melbourne 285 297.3 Skydeck 88 is at a height of 285 m
29= King Power MahaNakhon 2018 Skyscraper   Bangkok 281.6 314 Observation Deck on 74th 76st and 78nd floor
29= Etihad Towers (Tower 2) 2011 Skyscraper   Abu Dhabi 281.6 305.3 Observation Deck at 300 is located on 75th Floor
30 Eiffel Tower 1889 Wrought iron lattice tower   Paris 276.1 324 3rd floor
31 Menara Kuala Lumpur 1996 Concrete tower   Kuala Lumpur 276 421
32 Columbia Center 1985 Skyscraper   Seattle 275 284 73rd floor
33 Yokohama Landmark 1993 Skyscraper   Yokohama 273 296 69th floor
34 One Liberty Place 1987 Skyscraper   Philadelphia 269 288 57th Floor
35 Bank of America Plaza (Dallas) 1985 Skyscraper   Dallas 268.4 281 71st floor, additional 70th floor 264.6 metres (868 ft).
36 JPMorgan Chase Tower 1982 Skyscraper   Houston 268.2 305.4 60th floor
37 Sydney Tower 1981 Steel Tower   Sydney 268 309 Main indoor observatory. Outdoor Skywalk attraction on roof is located at 279 meters
38 Gran Torre Santiago 2013 Skyscraper   Santiago 261 300 Observation deck named Sky Costanera is located on floors 61 and 62
39 GE Building 1933 Skyscraper   New York City 259.1 259.1 70th floor ("Top of the Rock")
40 Tianjin Tower 1991 Concrete tower   Tianjin 257 415.2
41 40 Wall Street 1929 Skyscraper   New York City 255 283
42 Osaka Prefectural Government Sakishima Building 1995 Skyscraper   Osaka 252 256
43 63 Building 1985 Skyscraper   Seoul 249 250 60th floor
44 Midland Square 2007 Skyscraper   Nagoya 247 247 47th floor
45 Lotus Tower 2019 Concrete tower   Colombo 245 356
46 The Shard 2013 Skyscraper   London 244.8 306 72nd floor Observatory Deck
47 Central Radio & TV Tower 1992 Concrete tower   Beijing 238 405
48 Sunshine 60 1978 Skyscraper   Tokyo 237.6 239.8
49 Federation Tower (Tower West) 2008 Skyscraper   Moscow 235[5] 252 62nd Floor
=50 Q1 2005 Skyscraper   Gold Coast 230 323 77th floor (SkyPoint), with the function hall on the 78th[specify]
=50 West Pearl Tower 2006 Concrete tower   Chengdu 230 339
51 Roppongi Hills Mori Tower 2003 Skyscraper   Tokyo 229.3 238 52nd floor (indoor) & 54th floor (roof-deck)
52 Taipei Nan Shan Plaza 2018 Skyscraper   Taipei 228.5 272 46th floor (indoor)
53 Europaturm 1979 Concrete tower   Frankfurt 227 337.5 Since 1999, the Europaturm has been closed to the public-->
54 Tokyo Tower 1958 Steel truss tower   Tokyo 223.5 332.6 6th floor
55 Macau Tower 2001 Concrete tower   Macau 223 338
56 Sky Tower 1997 Concrete tower   Auckland 220 328 Skydeck observation deck, numbered 60th floor
57 Tour Montparnasse 1972 Skyscraper   Paris 209 209
58 Fernsehturm Berlin 1969 Concrete tower   Berlin 207 368
59 Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building 1990 Skyscraper   Tokyo 202 243.4
=60 Main Tower 1999 Skyscraper   Frankfurt 200 240
=60 Marina Bay Sands 2010 Skyscraper   Singapore 200 200
61 Olympiaturm 1968 Concrete tower   Munich 192 291
62 Vysotsky 2011 Skyscraper   Yekaterinburg 186 188.3 Observation deck was opened on 3 May 2012[6]
63 Bitexco Financial Tower 2010 Skyscraper   Ho Chi Minh City 181 262.5 47th floor
64 Tower of the Americas 1968 Concrete tower   San Antonio 176 229
=65 Umeda Sky Building 1993 Skyscraper   Osaka 170 173
=65 Tallinn TV Tower 1980 Tower   Tallinn 170 314
66 Donauturm 1964 Concrete tower   Vienna 169.4 252
67 N Seoul Tower 1975 Steel tower   Seoul 168.3 236.7 Tower sits atop Namsan Mountain
68 Vilnius TV Tower 1980 Tower   Vilnius 165 326.5
69 Space Needle 1962 Steel tower   Seattle 158.5 184.4
70 Calgary Tower 1968 Concrete tower   Calgary 157.5 190.8
71 Fernsehturm Stuttgart 1956 Concrete tower   Stuttgart 153 216.6
72 Avala Tower 2009 Concrete tower   Belgrade 135 204.5
73 Fukuoka Tower 1989 Tower   Fukuoka 123 234
74 Kuwait viewing sphere 1979 Concrete tower   Kuwait City 120 187 (1990 Liberation Tower of ~300 m is not open to public)
75 Palace of Culture and Science 1955 Multi-function   Warsaw 114 237 Observation Deck on 30th floor
76 Spinnaker Tower 2005 Tower   Portsmouth 110 170
=77 Kyoto Tower 1964 Tower   Kyoto 100 131
=77 Nagoya TV Tower 1954 Tower   Nagoya 100 180
78 Tashkent Tower 1985 Tower   Tashkent 97 375
79 Snejanka Tower, Pamporovo, Bulgaria 1978 Concrete tower   Pamporovo 93 156
80 Kobe Port Tower 1963 Tower   Kobe 90.8 108
81 Sapporo TV Tower 1957 Tower   Sapporo 90 147.2
82 Tsūtenkaku 1956 Tower   Osaka 87.5 108

List of highest observation decks by typeEdit

Type Name and Location Constructed Height Notes
Enclosed Ping An Finance Centre, Shenzhen, China 2017 562.2 m (1,844 ft)
Skywalk On Waterfall Huangtengxia Tourist Attraction, Guangdong, China 2018 500 m (1,640 ft)
On Glass Bridge Zhangjiajie Glass Bridge, Zhangjiajie, China 2016 360 m (1,181 ft)
Outdoor Burj Khalifa, Dubai, UAE 2014 555.7 m (1,823 ft)
Observation Platform On Mountain Kowloon Peak, Kowloon, Hong Kong 602 m (1,975 ft)
On Tower Canton Tower, Guangzhou, China 2011 488 m (1,601 ft)
Skywalk Jin Mao Tower, Shanghai, China 1994 420.5 m (1,380 ft)
On Skyscraper Ping An Finance Centre, Shenzhen, China 2017 562.2 m (1,844 ft)
On Bridge Zhangjiajie Glass Bridge, Zhangjiajie, China 2016 360 m (1,181 ft)
Dam Jinping-I Dam, Sichuan, China 2013 305 m (1,001 ft)

Timeline of world's highest observation decksEdit

This is a timeline of the development of world's highest observation decks since the inauguration of the Washington Monument in 1885.

Held record Name and Location Constructed Height of highest observation deck Notes
From To
1885 1889   Washington Monument, Washington D.C., United States 1889 152.3 m (500 ft) Was the world's tallest structure when completed.
1889 1931   Eiffel Tower, Paris, France 1889 275 m (902 ft) Two further observation decks 57 & 115 m.
1931 1973   Empire State Building, New York City, United States 1931 369 m (1,211 ft)[4] A second observation deck is located on the 86th floor at 320 metres above ground.
1973 1974   World Trade Center, New York City, United States (article) 1973 399.4 m (1,310 ft) Measured from sea level, street level was 10 feet above sea level. Indoor observatory on the 107th floor of South Tower opened on April 4, 1973. Destroyed during the September 11 attacks.
1974 1975   Sears Tower (since renamed Willis Tower), Chicago, United States 1974 412.4 m (1,353 ft) Measured from the Franklin Street entrance, 103rd floor observation deck opened on June 22, 1974
1975 1976   World Trade Center, New York City, United States (article) 1973 419.7 m (1,377 ft) Measured from sea level, street level was 10 feet above sea level. Outdoor observatory on rooftop of the South Tower opened on December 15, 1975. Destroyed during the September 11 attacks.
1976 2004   CN Tower, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 1976 446.5 m (1,465 ft) Two further observation decks 342 and 346 metres above ground.
2004 2008   Taipei 101, Taipei, Republic of China (Taiwan) 2004 449.2 m (1,474 ft) Two other observation decks are at 392 m (1,286 ft) (91st-floor outdoor observatory) and 383 m (1,257 ft) (89th-floor indoor observatory).
2008 2011   Shanghai World Financial Centre, Shanghai, People's Republic of China 2008 474 m (1,555 ft) Other observation decks are at 423 m (1,388 ft) and 439 m (1,440 ft).
2011 2014   Canton Tower, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China 2011 488 m (1,601 ft) The outdoor rooftop observation deck opened in December 2011. There are also several other indoor observation decks in the tower, the highest at 433.2 m (1,421 ft).
2014 2016   Burj Khalifa, Dubai, UAE 2010 555.7 m (1,821 ft) Opened on October 15, 2014 on the 148th floor. There is another observation deck at 452.1 m (1,483 ft) on the 124th floor, which has been open since the building was opened to the public.
2016 Present   Shanghai Tower, Shanghai, China 2015 562.1 m (1,844 ft) Opened on July 1, 2016. there are also 2 more observation decks on the 118th and 119th floor, at 546 and 552 meters respectively.

Under constructionEdit

Approved


See also List of tallest buildings and structures in the world#World's highest observation deck

Observation deck galleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Willett, Megan (17 October 2014). "Dubai's Burj Khalifa Now Has The Highest Observation Deck In The World At 1,821 Feet, decks are also on 124th floor And It Looks Incredible". businessinsider.com. Business Insider. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  2. ^ "Skyscraper Page". Retrieved 2010-03-27.Atlanta, Cincinnati, CN, Detroit, Eiffel, GE, Las Vegas, Sears, Seattle, Shanghai, Tianjin
  3. ^ "Taipei 101 to open top floor to public for the first time".
  4. ^ a b "The Empire State Building". Wired New York. Retrieved 2007-12-23.
  5. ^ "Смотровая площадка Башня Федерация".
  6. ^ "Открытие смотровой площадки в БЦ "Высоцкий"".