Bitexco Financial Tower

Bitexco Financial Tower (Vietnamese: Tháp Tài chính Bitexco) is a skyscraper in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. At its completion in 2010, it became the tallest building in Vietnam and kept this status until January 2011, when it was surpassed by Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower. With 68 floors above ground and three basements, the building has a height of 262.5 metres (861 ft), making it the second tallest building in the city, fourth tallest in Vietnam, and the 412th tallest in the world, as of May 2022.[3]

Bitexco Financial Tower
Tòa nhà Bitexco Financial, Tháp Tài chính Bitexco
Alternative namesTháp Tài Chính, Tháp Bitexco, Tháp Financial Tower, Tòa nhà Bitexco Financial
Record height
Tallest in Vietnam from 2010 to 2011[I]
Preceded bySaigon Trade Center
Surpassed byLandmark 72
General information
TypeShopping mall
Architectural styleFuturistic
LocationDistrict 1, Ho Chi Minh City
Coordinates10°46′18″N 106°42′16″E / 10.77167°N 106.70444°E / 10.77167; 106.70444
GroundbreakingSeptember 2005; 18 years ago (2005-09)
Construction startedJune 2007; 17 years ago (2007-06)
Topped-out2010; 14 years ago (2010)
Opening31 October 2010; 13 years ago (2010-10-31)
OwnerBitexco Group
ManagementTurner International,
Roof262.5 meters (861 ft)
Top floor258.5 meters (848 ft)
Technical details
Floor count68 (and 3 basement floors)
Floor area114,000 square metres (1,230,000 sq ft)
Design and construction
Architect(s)Carlos Zapata Studio, Jean-Marie Duthilleul and Etienne Tricaud AREP[1]
DeveloperBitexco Group
EngineerDSA Engineering (M&E)
Structural engineerLeslie E. Robertson Associates RLLP and VNCC
Main contractorHyundai Engineering and Construction

The tower is owned by Bitexco Group, a Vietnamese multi-industry corporation, with a focus on real estate development. The building also houses the Ho Chi Minh City office of Bitexco Group, while its headquarters are in Hanoi.[4]

The tower was designed by Carlos Zapata, Design Principal and Founder of Carlos Zapata Studio, with French company AREP as architect of record. Designer Zapata, who was born in Venezuela but is based in New York City, drew inspiration for this skyscraper's unique shape from Vietnam's national flower, the Lotus.[5]

The tower was officially inaugurated on 31 October 2010. In 2013, CNN named the Bitexco Financial Tower one of the 25 Great Skyscraper Icons of Construction.[5] In 2015, Thrillist named the Bitexco Financial Tower the #2 Coolest Skyscraper in the World.[6]

History edit

Ground view of the tower.

The groundbreaking ceremony was held in September 2005. Two years later, in June 2007, construction of the tower started. The tower topped out in mid-2010 and had its inauguration ceremony on 31 October 2010.

Reception edit

Amongst other international awards and recognitions, on 30 November 2011, Bitexco Financial Tower received the "Excellence in structure engineering awards 2011" in the "International structure over $100 million" category. NCSEA.[7]

Facilities edit

Bitexco Financial Tower is a mixed use project which includes office, retail, F&B and entertainment space. The tower has around 38,000 square metres of office space, from 7th to 65th floors, and a five-storey retail podium, Icon68, including a food court (which has closed following the COVID-19 pandemic) and seven screen multiplex cinema with around 10,000 square metres from Ground to 4th Floors. At Floor 49, at height around 178 metres, there is an observation deck open to the public.

Vietnam's first non-rooftop helipad is on the 52nd floor of the Bitexco Financial Tower. The helipad extends 22 meters out from the main structure. It is strong enough to carry a helicopter up to 3 tons of weight.

Key design features edit

  • Grand Atrium Lobby
  • Wall & Façade system

The glass from Belgium was purchased and shipped to China for manufacturing. Once in China the low iron heat strengthened glass was cut into 6,000 individual panels. Each panel is double glazed with the outside layer being 8 mm thick and internal air space of 12 mm and an internal panel of 8 mm. Finally the glass was shipped to Ho Chi Minh City and the panels were installed as the building grew higher. Each of the 6,000 sleek glass panels enveloping the Bitexco Financial Tower is individually cut to unique specifications because each floor is unique, giving the building its eye-catching shape.

  • Helipad

Located on the southern side of the Bitexco Financial Tower, the helipad cantilevers from the 52nd floor and resembles a blossoming lotus bud.[3]

Constructed from more than 250 tons of structural steel and requiring 4,000 ultra-strong bolts to hold it together, the helipad took almost a year to plan, build and coordinate before it could be hoisted to its place at height around 191 meters. Its installation alone took about two months.

Most of the materials used to construct the helipad were purchased from Europe and South Korea and the manufacturing took place in Bu Gang, a city near Seoul. Once the fabrication of the helipad was completed, it was shipped to Vietnam.

To ensure proper assembly, the entire helipad was pre-assembled on the ground of a factory in Đồng Nai Province in Vietnam – a process that took about three weeks.

When the helipad was ready to be lifted into place, the roads surrounding the southern face of the Bitexco Financial Tower were closed for safety reasons and the helipad was transported into the centre of District 1. The massive yet delicate operation of lifting the helipad began. It was lifted in parts and attached to the 52nd storey of the Bitexco Financial Tower, 191 meters above Ho Chi Minh City.

Bitexco Financial Tower Helipad
  • Vertical Transportation

Bitexco Financial Tower operates Otis double-deck elevators with specialised Compass System which is the most modern and advanced elevator system in Vietnam. With speed up to 7 meters per second, it was the fastest lift system in South East Asia at the time of installation. There are 3 separate elevator zones servicing the tower with 14 passenger and 2 service lifts, plus further lifts to serve the retail and parking areas.

  • Saigon Skydeck on 49th floor

The Saigon Skydeck soft opened for visitors from overseas and domestically on 1 January 2011, officially opening in July that same year. The observation deck offers 360-degree panoramic views of Ho Chi Minh City, guest facilities and a gift shop. Saigon Skydeck opens daily and a ticket costs around $10.[8]

View from the ground up

Floor plan edit

The following is the breakdown of floors.[9][10]

Floor Use
66–68 Mechanical
60–65 Top Office Suites
58–60 The World of Heineken
53–58 Top Office Suites
52 Helipad, EON Helibar
51 EON 51, fine-dining restaurant
50 EON Cafe
49 Saigon Skydeck
7–48 Grade A Office
G–6 Icon 68 Shopping Center
B1–B3 Parking

Office demand in Ho Chi Minh City edit

Due to the rapid economic growth of Saigon in particular and dynamic economic development of Vietnam in general, the construction of office buildings in Ho Chi Minh City has been rapid. Bitexco Financial Tower has fulfilled the need for international standard office space in this city. The unit price of prime grade offices now in Saigon can be up to US$40/metre square/per month or more,[citation needed] for the most demanded space. Since the opening up and growth of the Vietnamese economy, both foreign and domestic enterprises have invested significantly in the construction of high-rise buildings in Vietnam. Before 1995, Saigon city centre featured generally French Colonial and other rather basic low-lying buildings. Since then, the city has seen a dramatic increase in high-rise buildings as the country has often maintained an average 8–8.5% annual GDP growth rate. Saigon, the country's economic hub, has achieved 12% GDP growth rate, at some times, although this has been dampened in recent years by the general world recession but not as greatly as has been felt in other parts of the world.[11]

HCMC Skyrun edit

Since 2011, Bitexco Financial Tower has hosted the annual HCMC Skyrun, Vietnam's longest running stair climbing race. The race starts on the ground floor and finishes at the helipad on the 52nd floor. In 2011, Thomas Dold of Germany ran up in a time of 4 minutes 51 seconds, setting the men's course record. Italy's Valentina Belotti, climbed in a time of 6 minutes 19 seconds, setting the women's course record.

Gallery edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Home".
  2. ^ "Bitexco Financial Tower". SkyscraperPage.
  3. ^ a b "Bitexco iFinancial Tower". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  4. ^ "About - Bitexco Group of Companies". Archived from the original on 10 March 2013.
  5. ^ a b "25 great skyscrapers: icons of construction". CNN. 20 August 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  6. ^ "THE WORLD'S 10 COOLEST SKYSCRAPERS". Thrillist Media Group. 16 June 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  7. ^ "2011 Excellence in Structural Engineering Awards". NCSEA. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
  8. ^ Saigon Skydeck. Saigon Skydeck. Retrieved on 2014-06-23.
  9. ^ "Office Tower". Bitexco Financial Tower. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Saigon Skydeck and the World of Heineken Combo Ticket". Bitexco Financial Tower. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  11. ^ "VietNamNet - Office hunt a game of cat and mouse". Archived from the original on 11 July 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2007.

External links edit

Preceded by Tallest Building in Vietnam
262.5 m
Succeeded by
Preceded by Tallest Building in Ho Chi Minh City
262.5 m
Succeeded by