District 1, Ho Chi Minh City

District 1 (Quận 1) is the central urban district of Ho Chi Minh City, the largest city in Vietnam. With a total area of 7.7211 km2 (2.9811 sq mi) the district has a population of 204,899 people as of 2010.[1] The district is divided into 10 small subsets which are called wards (phường). District 1 contains most of the city's administrative offices, consulates, and large buildings. District 1 is the busiest district in the city with the highest living standards. Đồng Khởi street and Nguyễn Huệ boulevard in District 1 are the city's two main commercial centers. Đồng Khởi street is an area in high demand for real estate, hitting a record price of $50,000 per square meter in 2007.[2]

District 1

Quận 1
Saigon skyline night view.jpg
Position in HCMC's core
Position in HCMC's core
District 1 is located in Vietnam
District 1
District 1
Location in Vietnam
Coordinates: 10°45′43″N 106°35′41″E / 10.76194°N 106.59472°E / 10.76194; 106.59472Coordinates: 10°45′43″N 106°35′41″E / 10.76194°N 106.59472°E / 10.76194; 106.59472
Country Vietnam
Centrally governed cityHo Chi Minh City
Seat47 Lê Duẩn Boulevard
Wards10 phường
Area
 • Total7.7211 km2 (2.9811 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total205,180
 • Density27,000/km2 (69,000/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Main ethnic groupspredominantly Kinh
Time zoneUTC+07 (ICT)
Websitequan1.hochiminhcity.gov.vn

HistoryEdit

District 1 and the other seven districts of Ho Chi Minh City were founded on May 27, 1959. Before 1975, the first district only had four small subsets (wards) which were Bến Nghé, Hòa Bình, Trần Quang Khải and Tự Đức (named after major historical characters), and the second district had seven different wards which were Bến Thành, Bùi Viện, Cầu Kho, Cầu Ông Lãnh, Huyện Sĩ, Nguyễn Cảnh Chân and Nguyễn Cư Trinh. In May 1976 the first and second districts were combined into the District 1 of today.

AdministrationEdit

District 1 is subdivided into ten wards, namely Bến Nghé, Bến Thành, Cô Giang, Cầu Kho, Cầu Ông Lãnh, Đa Kao, Nguyễn Thái Bình, Nguyễn Cư Trinh, Phạm Ngũ Lão and Tân Định. Each ward has its own People's Committee, subordinate to the People's Committee of District 1.[3]

Demographic and geographical featuresEdit

District 1 has a population of 204,899 people over the total of 7,162,864 in Ho Chi Minh City. The total area of the district is 7.7211 km2 (2.9811 sq mi). The district's density is 26,538 inhabitants per square kilometre (68,730/sq mi), very high compared to Ho Chi Minh City (3,419/km2 (8,860/sq mi)) and Vietnam (259/km2 (670/sq mi)) respectively.

District 1 is located towards the center of Ho Chi Minh City. The district is bordered to the north by Bình Thạnh District and Phú Nhuận District with the Thị Nghè canal as the border, District 3 to the west with Hai Bà Trưng street and Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai street as the border, District 2 to the east with the Saigon River as the border, District 5 to the southwest with Nguyễn Văn Cừ street as the border, and District 4 to the south, with the Bến Nghé canal as a border.[2]

EconomyEdit

When Saigon was governed by South Vietnam, Air Vietnam's head office was located in District 1.[4]

District 1 is considered the financial center of Saigon and Vietnam. It is home to the Ho Chi Minh City Stock Exchange and Vietnamese headquarters of international banks such as HSBC, ANZ, Standard Chartered, Citi, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of China, and Maybank. District 1 also known as the best spot for shopping in Vietnam, with a high concentration of shopping centres and luxury brands.

ConsulatesEdit

Ho Chi Minh City is Vietnam's biggest and busiest city, with a large population of immigrants from around the world living and working there. Because District 1 is the city's central district, many foreign consulates are located there.

The Consulate of Australia Level 20, Vincom Center 47 Lý Tự Trọng, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Cambodia 41 Phùng Khắc Khoan, Đa Kao Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Canada 235 Đồng Khởi, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of China 175 Hai Bà Trưng, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Cuba 45 Phùng khắc Khoan, Đa Kao Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of the Czech Republic 28 Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of France 27 Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Hungary 22 Phùng Khắc Khoan, Đa Kao Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Indonesia 18 Phùng Khắc Khoan, Đa Kao Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Italy 17 Lê Duẩn Ward, Bến Nghé, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Korea 107 Nguyễn Du, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Laos 93 Pasteur, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Malaysia 2 Ngô Đức Kế, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of New Zealand 41 Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Japan 13-17 Nguyễn Huệ, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Panama 7A Lê Thánh Tôn, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Poland 2 Trần Cao Vân, Đa Kao Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Singapore 65 Lê Lợi, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Sweden 8A/11 D1 Lầu 5 Thái Văn Lung, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of Switzerland 2 Ngô Đức Kế, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of the United Kingdom 25 Lê Duẩn, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City
The Consulate of the United States of America 4 Lê Duẩn, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City

[3]

EducationEdit

Many of the best public schools in the city are located in District 1. Vietnam's system of private schools is relatively new and is still in the developing stage.[citation needed]

KindergartenEdit

Name Address Notes
Trường Mầm Non Sân Lá Cọ - Stamford Grammar 4Bis Phùng Khắc Khoan
Tuổi Hồng 21 Yersin
Tân Định 26 Đặng Dung
Tuổi Thơ 97 Nguyễn Du
Cô Giang 50 Hồ Hảo Hớn
Nguyễn Cư Trinh 122 Trần Đình Xu
Lê Thị Riêng 39 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu
Hoa Lư 1 Nguyễn Bỉnh Khiêm
Hoa Lan 541 Trần Hưng Đạo
Nguyễn Thái Bình 121-123 Ng Thái Bình
Phạm Ngũ Lão 329 Phạm Ngũ Lão
30/4 174-176 Pasteur
20/10 85A Nguyễn Trãi
Bến Thành 87 Sương Nguyệt Anh
Bé Ngoan 108 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu
Hoa Quỳnh 34 Nguyễn Phi Khanh
Baby 31A Lý Tự Trọng
Panda 18 Phan Kế Bính
Asia-Pacific 26/6 Nguyễn Bĩnh Khiêm
Nemo 14V Nguyễn Đình Chiểu
Ngôi nhà nhỏ 16 Phan Liêm International citizens
Sapa 1 Nguyễn Hữu Cảnh International citizens
Dân lập Mạnh Mẫu 96 Thạch Thị Thanh International citizens
Chuyên biệt Tương Lai 27A Trần Nhật Duật International citizens

[5]

High SchoolEdit

Name Established Address School type Website
Trần Đại Nghĩa High School for the Gifted (formerly La San Taberd Institute, Ho Chi Minh City Pedagogical School and Ho Chi Minh City Primary School of Pedagogy (as Campus 2) - Central Pedagogy College Ho Chi Minh City)[6] 1874 - 1976 ( La San Taberd Institute)

1976 - 2000 (Ho Chi Minh City Pedagogical School and Ho Chi Minh City Primary School of Pedagogy (as Campus 2) - Central Pedagogy College Ho Chi Minh City)[7]

2000 - Now

Campus 1:

Gate 1: 20 Lý Tự Trọng street, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City.

Gate 2: 53 Nguyễn Du street, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City.

Campus 2:

2/6A Lương Định Của street, Bình Khánh Ward, District 2, Ho Chi Minh City.

Public, High school, Secondary school, Gifted education, co-ed Homepage


Bùi Thị Xuân High School (formerly Nguyễn Bá Tòng School)[8] 1956 - 1978 (Nguyễn Bá Tòng School)

1978 - Now

73-75 Bùi Thị Xuân street, Phạm Ngũ Lão Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City. Public, High school, co-ed Homepage
Lương Thế Vinh High School 2004 - Now[9] 131 Cô Bắc street, Cô Giang Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City. Public, High school, Secondary school, co-ed Homepage


Trưng Vương High School (formerly Trưng Vương Sài Gòn High School for Women)[10] 1954 - 1975 (Trưng Vương Sài Gòn High School for Women)

1975 - Now

3A Nguyễn Bỉnh Khiêm street, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City. Public, High school, co-ed Homepage


Ernst Thälmann High School (formerly Chợ Đũi kindergarten for Local Girls, Tôn Thọ Tường Primary School for Girls, Phan Văn Trị Primary School, Cô Giang Secondary School)[11][12] 1931 - 1950 (Chợ Đũi kindergarten for Local Girls)

1950 - 1954 (Tôn Thọ Tường Primary School for Girls)

1954 - 1962 (Phan Văn Trị Primary School)

1962 - 1979 (Cô Giang Secondary School)

1979 - Now

8 Trần Hưng Đạo street, Phạm Ngũ Lão Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City. Semi-public, High school, co-ed Homepage
High School for Gifted Sports and Physical Education 2002 - Now[13] 43 Điện Biên Phủ street, Đa Kao ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City. Public, High school, Sports school, co-ed Homepage
The Asian International School (Thái Văn Lung Campus and Trần Nhật Duật Campus 1 and 3 )

1999 - Now (Primary School - IPS)[14]

2002 - Now (High School - AHS)[15]

Thái Văn Lung Campus:

2 Bis Thái Văn Lung Street, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City.[16]

Trần Nhật Duật Campus 1 and 3:

29-33 and 39C Trần Nhật Duật Street, Tân Định Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City.[16]

Trần Nhật Duật Campus 2:

41/3 - 41/4 Bis Trần Nhật Duật Street, Tân Định Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City.[17]

Private, High school (only in Thái Văn Lung Campus), Secondary school, Primary school, co-ed Homepage
Asia Pacific College 2006 - Now[18] 33 C-D-E Nguyễn Bỉnh Khiêm Street, Đa Kao Ward, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City. Private, High school, Primary school, Kindergarten, co-ed Homepage

UniversityEdit

Name Established Address
Posts and Telecommunications Institute of Technology - 11 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu street
Hoa Sen University - 8 Nguyễn Văn Tráng
Conservatory of Ho Chi Minh City - 112 Nguyễn Du
Ho Chi Minh City University of Social Sciences and Humanities 1955 10 - 12 Đinh Tiên Hoàng
Faculty of Pharmacy, Ho Chi Minh City Medicine and Pharmacy University - 41 Đinh Tiên Hoàng
Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City - 125 Cống Quỳnh

Office buildingsEdit

Many grade A office towers are located in District 1, HCMC.

Name Address
Zen Plaza 54-56 Nguyễn Trãi Street, District 1, HCMC
Vietcombank Tower 5 Mê Linh Square, District 1, HCMC
TNR Tower 180-192 Nguyễn Công Trứ Street, District 1, HCMC
Saigon Finance 9 Đinh Tiên Hoàng Street, District 1, HCMC
Kumho Asiana Plaza 39 Lê Duẩn Street, District 1, HCMC
HD Tower 25bis Nguyễn Thị Minh Khai Street, District 1, HCMC
The Green Power Tower 35 Tôn Đức Thắng Street, District 1, HCMC
Central Plaza 17 Lê Duẩn Street, District 1, HCMC
Deutsches Haus 33 Lê Duẩn Street, District 1, HCMC
Saigon Centre 65 Lê Lợi Street, District 1, HCMC
Saigon Tower 29 Lê Duẩn Street, District 1, HCMC
Melinh Point Tower 2 Ngô Đức Kế Street, District 1, HCMC
Opera View 161 Đồng Khởi Street, District 1, HCMC
HMC Tower 193 Đinh Tiên Hoàng Street, District 1, HCMC
Havana Tower 132 Hàm Nghi Street, District 1, HCMC
CJ Building 2-4-6 Lê Thánh Tôn Street, District 1, HCMC
Citilight Tower 45 Võ Thị Sáu Street, District 1, HCMC
Ruby Tower 81 – 85 Hàm Nghi Street, District 1, HCMC
Sunwah Tower 115 Nguyễn Huệ Street, District 1, HCMC
Sailing Tower 111A Pasteur Street, District 1, HCMC
Times Square 22 – 36 Nguyễn Huệ Street, District 1, HCMC
Le Meridien 3C Tôn Đức Thắng Street, District 1, HCMC
President Place 93 Nguyễn Du Street, District 1, HCMC
Diamond Plaza 34 Lê Duẩn Street, Bến Nghé Ward, District 1, HCMC
Bitexco Financial Tower 2 Hải Triều Street, District 1, HCMC
President Place 93 Nguyễn Du Street, District 1, HCMC

Tourist sightsEdit

Historical sightsEdit

Buildings such as the Saigon Notre-Dame Basilica, the Saigon Opera House, the Central Post Office, the City Hall, Phạm Ngũ Lão Street, the former Republic of Vietnam President's Reunification Palace, Ho Chi Minh City Museum of Fine Arts, Hotel Majestic, and Rex Hotel are some of the most famous historical sights in District 1. Besides these places, most streets in District 1 built and designed since 1946 were completed by the French. Most of the buildings constructed since the French colonial era are still standing, with most having been recently renovated.

Other AttractionsEdit

The Bitexco Financial Tower is the tallest building in the city as of the beginning of 2016, and a symbol of modernity mixed with cultural influences. In addition, the Bùi Viện and Nguyễn Huệ districts are also interesting places for visitors.

District 1 Skyline from Saigon River

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Districts of Vietnam". Statoids. Retrieved March 20, 2009.
  2. ^ a b HCMC city government Archived September 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-07-24. Retrieved 2010-11-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 10 April 1969. 557. "Head Office: 116 Boulevard Nguyen-Hue. Saigon. South Vietnam."
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-30. Retrieved 2010-11-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Giới thiệu trường Trần Đại Nghĩa, Website Trường THPT Chuyên Trần Đại Nghĩa TPHCM
  7. ^ LƯỢC SỬ THÀNH LẬP TRƯỜNG, Website Trung học Thực Hành Sài Gòn
  8. ^ Giới thiệu Kỷ yếu Trường THPT Bùi Thị Xuân - 60 năm xây dựng và phát triển, Website TRƯỜNG THPT BÙI THỊ XUÂN
  9. ^ Kỷ niệm 10 năm ngày thành lập Trường THPT Lương Thế Vinh (TP.HCM): Con số của sự tròn đầy, Website Báo Giáo dục Thành Phố Hồ Chí Minh | giaoduc.edu.vn
  10. ^ THPT Trưng Vương - ngôi trường cổ kính đầy thơ mộng, Website Báo Pháp Luật TP. Hồ Chí Minh | PLO.VN
  11. ^ Date With the Wrecking Ball: Ernst Thälmann Secondary School, SAIGON 1950s. Published on Monday, 09 May 2016 - Written by Tim Doling.
  12. ^ Sài Gòn Xưa, Published on 04 July 2018 - Written by Sài Gòn Xưa.
  13. ^ Giới Thiệu Trường THPT Năng Khiếu Thể Dục Thể Thao, Website TRƯỜNG THPT NĂNG KHIẾU TDTT TP HỒ CHÍ MINH.
  14. ^ About IPS, The Asian International School Website.
  15. ^ About AHS, The Asian International School Website.
  16. ^ a b School campuses, The Asian International School Website.
  17. ^ School campuses, The Asian International School Website.
  18. ^ About us, About us.

External linksEdit