Hitachi Province (常陸国, Hitachi no Kuni) was an old province of Japan in the area of Ibaraki Prefecture.[1] It was sometimes called Jōshū (常州). Hitachi Province bordered on Shimōsa (Lower Fusa), Shimotsuke, and Mutsu (Iwase -1718-, Iwashiro -1869-, Iwaki -1718- and -1869-) Provinces. Generally, its northern border was with Mutsu.

Hitachi Province
Province of Japan
7th century–1871

Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Hitachi Province highlighted
CapitalHitachi Kokufu and Mito
• Established
7th century
• Disestablished
Succeeded by
Ibaraki Prefecture
Today part ofIbaraki Prefecture
Hitachi Kokufu Ruins Stone Monument in Ishioka
View of Hitachi Province, Hokusai woodcut in 1830

History edit

The ancient provincial capital (Hitachi Kokufu) and temple (Hitachi Kokubun-ji) were located near modern Ishioka and have been excavated, while the chief shrine was further east at Kashima (Kashima Shrine). The province was established in the 7th century.

In the Sengoku period the area was divided among several daimyōs, but the chief castle was usually in the Mito Castle of the modern city of Mito.

In Edo period, one of the clans originating from Tokugawa Ieyasu, settled in the Mito Domain, known as Mito Tokugawa family or Mito Clan. Mito Domain, was a Japanese domain of the Edo period it was associated with Hitachi Province.

In Meiji era the political maps of the provinces of Japan were reformed in the 1870s, and the provinces became prefectures, and also some provinces were modified or merged, when creating the prefectures.

Historical districts edit

History books about Japan edit

Two renowned history books about Japan were written in this province:

Notes edit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hitachi fudoki" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 336, p. 336, at Google Books.

References edit

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links edit