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List of capitals in Japan


In Japan, a prefectural capital is officially called todōfukenchō shozaichi (都道府県庁所在地, "seat of the prefectural government"), but the term kento (県都, "prefectural capital") is also used (dōto (道都, in the -dō, but never "futo" or "toto")).

List of Japanese prefectural capitalsEdit

Capital Prefecture  
Island Pop.¹ ISO Status
  Akita Akita Tōhoku Honshū 327,651 JP-05 Core city
  Aomori Aomori Tōhoku Honshū 304,657 JP-02 Core city
  Chiba Chiba Kantō Honshū 943,568 JP-12 Designated city
  Fukui Fukui Chūbu Honshū 268,210 JP-18 Special city
  Fukuoka Fukuoka Kyūshū Kyūshū 1,434,650 JP-40 Designated city
  Fukushima Fukushima Tōhoku Honshū 288,602 JP-07 City
  Gifu Gifu Chūbu Honshū 411,753 JP-21 Core city
  Hiroshima Hiroshima Chūgoku Honshū 1,164,885 JP-34 Designated city
  Kagoshima Kagoshima Kyūshū Kyūshū 604,268 JP-46 Core city
  Kanazawa Ishikawa Chūbu Honshū 455,952 JP-17 Core city
  KobeKobe Hyōgo Kansai Honshū 1,532,305 JP-28 Designated city
  KochiKōchi KochiKōchi Shikoku Shikoku 345,418 JP-39 Core city
  KofuKōfu Yamanashi Chūbu Honshū 198,757 JP-19 Special city
  Kumamoto Kumamoto Kyūshū Kyūshū 670,014 JP-43 Core city
  Kyoto Kyoto Kansai Honshū 1,468,065 JP-26 Designated city
  Maebashi Gunma Kantō Honshū 317,167 JP-10 Core city
  Matsue Shimane Chūgoku Honshū 195,008 JP-32 Special city
  Matsuyama Ehime Shikoku Shikoku 514,771 JP-38 Core city
  Mito Ibaraki Kantō Honshū 263,299 JP-08 Special city
  Miyazaki Miyazaki Kyūshū Kyūshū 368,984 JP-45 Core city
  Morioka Iwate Tōhoku Honshū 298,959 JP-03 Core city
  Nagano Nagano Chūbu Honshū 377,328 JP-20 Core city
  Nagasaki Nagasaki Kyūshū Kyūshū 446,551 JP-42 Core city
  Nagoya Aichi Chūbu Honshū 2,243,564 JP-23 Designated city
  Naha Okinawa Kyūshū Ryūkyū Islands 313,436 JP-47 Core city
  Nara Nara Kansai Honshū 366,863 JP-29 Core city
  Niigata Niigata Chūbu Honshū 811,613 JP-15 Designated city
  OitaŌita OitaŌita Kyūshū Kyūshū 467,617 JP-44 Core city
  Okayama Okayama Chūgoku Honshū 700,646 JP-33 Designated city
  Osaka Osaka Kansai Honshū 2,649,601 JP-27 Designated city
  OtsuŌtsu Shiga Kansai Honshū 330,044 JP-25 Core city
  Saga Saga Kyūshū Kyūshū 239,003 JP-41 Special city
  Saitama Saitama Kantō Honshū 1,197,471 JP-11 Designated city
  Sapporo Hokkaidō Hokkaidō Hokkaidō 1,896,704 JP-01 Designated city
  Sendai Miyagi Tōhoku Honshū 1,029,576 JP-04 Designated city
  Shinjuku[1] Tokyo Kantō Honshū 314,262 JP-13 Special wards
  Shizuoka Shizuoka Chūbu Honshū 709,888 JP-22 Designated city
  Takamatsu Kagawa Shikoku Shikoku 417,671 JP-37 Core city
  Tokushima Tokushima Shikoku Shikoku 265,248 JP-36 City
  Tottori Tottori Chūgoku Honshū 199,319 JP-31 Special city
  Toyama Toyama Chūbu Honshū 420,584 JP-16 Core city
  Tsu Mie Kansai Honshū 287,849 JP-24 City
  Utsunomiya Tochigi Kantō Honshū 508,114 JP-09 Core city
  Wakayama Wakayama Kansai Honshū 371,504 JP-30 Core city
  Yamagata Yamagata Tōhoku Honshū 254,724 JP-06 Special city
  Yamaguchi Yamaguchi Chūgoku Honshū 191,714 JP-35 City
  Yokohama Kanagawa Kantō Honshū 3,643,641 JP-14 Designated city

Notes: ¹ as of May 1, 2008

Non-capitals which share a name with their prefectureEdit

In most cases, a city that share a name with its prefecture is a prefectural capital. However, there are some municipalities that are not capitals.

Capitals that are not the largest city/metropolitan area in their prefectureEdit

Those in italics are prefectural capitals, or metropolitan areas of them.

  Fukushima Prefecture
1.   Iwaki 348,322  1. Kōriyama Metropolitan Area 537,493
2.   Kōriyama 338,887  2. Fukushima Metropolitan Area 412,353
3.   Fukushima 294,724  3. Iwaki Metropolitan Area 365,864
  Gunma Prefecture
1.   Takasaki 342,662  1. Takasaki Metropolitan Area 532,271
2.   Maebashi 317,114  2. Maebashi Metropolitan Area 458,996
  Mie Prefecture
1.   Yokkaichi 307,418  1. Yokkaichi Metropolitan Area 606,071
2.   Tsu 288,874  2. Tsu Metropolitan Area 308,375
  Shizuoka Prefecture
1.   Hamamatsu 812,692  1. Shizuoka Metropolitan Area 999,360
2.   Shizuoka 709,772  2. Hamamatsu Metropolitan Area 919,933
  Tottori Prefecture
1.   Tottori 199,263  1. Yonago Metropolitan Area 252,387
2.   Yonago 148,234  2. Tottori Metropolitan Area 249,067
  Yamaguchi Prefecture
1.   Shimonoseki 284,693  1. Shimonoseki Metropolitan Area 287,935
2.   Yamaguchi 191,740  2. Ube Metropolitan Area 258,180
3.   Ube 175,334  3. Yamaguchi Metropolitan Area 178,402


City populations are as of July 2008.
Metropolitan area populations are as of 2000. (Urban Employment Areas)


  1. ^ 都庁の所在地 Archived 2014-04-19 at the Wayback Machine Shinjuku is the location of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building, Tokyo not having itself been a "municipality" since 1943.