Takamatsu

  (Redirected from Takamatsu, Kagawa)

Takamatsu (高松市, Takamatsu-shi, Japanese: [takaꜜmatsɯ]) is a city in central Kagawa Prefecture on the island of Shikoku in Japan, and is the capital city of the prefectural government. It is designated a core city by the Japanese Government. It is a port city on the Seto Inland Sea, and is the closest port to Honshu from Shikoku island. For this reason, it flourished under the daimyō (feudal lords) as a castle town in the fiefdom of Takamatsu, during the Edo period. Takamatsu is a city with a large concentration of nationwide companies' branch offices, which play a large role in its economy, and it contains most of the national government's branch offices for Shikoku. The castle tower formerly used as the symbol of the city was destroyed during the Meiji period. In 2004, construction of the Symbol Tower, the new symbol of Takamatsu, was completed. The Symbol Tower is in the Sunport area of the city. The Symbol Tower is the tallest building in Takamatsu, and is right next to another tall building The JR Clement Hotel (formerly the ANA Clement Hotel), which is also part of the Sunport complex.

Takamatsu
高松市
From top left: Central Takamatsu, Chūō dōri street, Takamatsu Castle, Marugame-machi shopping mall, Ritsurin Garden
From top left: Central Takamatsu, Chūō dōri street, Takamatsu Castle, Marugame-machi shopping mall, Ritsurin Garden
Flag of Takamatsu
Official seal of Takamatsu
Location of Takamatsu in Kagawa Prefecture
Kagawa-takamatsu-city.svg
Takamatsu is located in Japan
Takamatsu
Takamatsu
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°21′N 134°3′E / 34.350°N 134.050°E / 34.350; 134.050Coordinates: 34°21′N 134°3′E / 34.350°N 134.050°E / 34.350; 134.050
CountryJapan
RegionShikoku
PrefectureKagawa Prefecture
First official recorded667 AD
City SettledFebruary 15, 1890
Government
 • MayorHideto Ōnishi
Area
 • Total375.41 km2 (144.95 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total418,994
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address1-8-15 Banchō, Takamatsu-shi, Kagawa-ken
760-8571
Websitewww.city.takamatsu.kagawa.jp
Symbols
FlowerAzalea
TreePine

The Sunport Takamatsu covers the area of the Symbol Tower, the JR Clement Hotel, and a miniature mall called Maritime Plaza. The Takamatsu Bus station is also right next to Maritime Plaza. Various buses including the Kotoden Bus run through town, to Ritsurin Park, and to the airport. Sunport Takamatsu is also connected to the ports of Takamatsu. Takamatsu Airport is in Takamatsu.

Symbol Tower

On September 26, 2005, the town of Shionoe (from Kagawa District) was merged into Takamatsu.

On January 10, 2006, Takamatsu absorbed the following towns: Aji and Mure (from Kita District), Kagawa and Kōnan (from Kagawa District), and Kokubunji (from Ayauta District).

HistoryEdit

The city was officially founded on February 15, 1890. It had been a political and economic center in this area since the Edo period when the Matsudaira clan made Takamatsu the capital of their han.

Takamatsu was selected as a target by the United States' XXI Bomber Command because the city was thought to be an important focal point of Shikoku's rail and road transit systems, and containing some industry vital to supporting the war effort.

On July 3, 1945, towards the end of World War II, at 6:40 PM (JST) 128 B-29 aircraft took off to bomb Takamatsu. Over 800 tons of incendiary bombs were dropped on Takamatsu, destroying 78% of the built-up areas of the city.[1]

Its name means "Tall Pine(s)".

EconomyEdit

Companies headquartered in the city include:

Asiana Airlines operates a sales office on the twelfth floor of the Nihon Seimei Ekimae Building in Takamatsu.[4]

TourismEdit

The city's major tourist attraction is Ritsurin Garden, a feudal lord garden created in the Edo period. Designated as a Special Place of Scenic Beauty by the Japanese government, Ritsurin Garden is especially popular during spring and autumn where night-time illuminations showcase cherry blossoms and autumn colours respectively.

Takamatsu Castle is known for using seawater in its moat and recently the old keep of the castle was successfully restored and opened for public viewing.[5]

In the east of Takamatsu City lies the Yashima lava plateau which is home to various sightseeing spots. At the base of the mountain is the open air museum Shikoku Mura where aspects of regional history and culture are exhibited. On the mountain itself is Yashima-ji, number 84 of the Shikoku 88 temple pilgrimage. At the top of the mountain there is also an observation deck which offers views across the Seto Inland Sea.

Takamatsu also acts as a hub to access various islands of the Seto Inland Sea. These include, Megijima, Ogijima, Naoshima, Teshima and Shōdoshima. Since 2010, Takamatsu, along with these islands and more, has been host to the Setouchi Triennale, a contemporary art festival with many outdoor exhibitions by prominent artists from across the world.

Sports teamsEdit

EducationEdit

UniversitiesEdit

Geography and demographicsEdit

As of October 1, 2010, the city had an estimated population of 419,429 with a population density of 1,118 persons per km2.[6] The total area is 375.41 square kilometres (144.95 sq mi) following the September 26, 2005, and January 10, 2006, expansions.

Crime and safetyEdit

The Shinwa-kai yakuza syndicate is based in Takamatsu. The Shinwa-kai is the only designated yakuza group based in the Shikoku region.[7]

In October 2017, Japan Today reported 5 people received minor injuries when a wild boar entered a local Aeon mall.[8]

ClimateEdit

Takamatsu has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot, humid summers, and cool winters. Some rain falls throughout the year, but the months from May to September have the heaviest rain.

Climate data for Takamatsu (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1941−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.9
(66.0)
24.0
(75.2)
25.5
(77.9)
30.9
(87.6)
32.6
(90.7)
36.5
(97.7)
38.2
(100.8)
38.6
(101.5)
37.6
(99.7)
34.0
(93.2)
26.6
(79.9)
21.2
(70.2)
38.6
(101.5)
Average high °C (°F) 9.7
(49.5)
10.5
(50.9)
14.1
(57.4)
19.8
(67.6)
24.8
(76.6)
27.5
(81.5)
31.7
(89.1)
33.0
(91.4)
28.8
(83.8)
23.2
(73.8)
17.5
(63.5)
12.1
(53.8)
21.1
(70.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
6.3
(43.3)
9.4
(48.9)
14.7
(58.5)
19.8
(67.6)
23.3
(73.9)
27.5
(81.5)
28.6
(83.5)
24.7
(76.5)
19.0
(66.2)
13.2
(55.8)
8.1
(46.6)
16.7
(62.1)
Average low °C (°F) 2.1
(35.8)
2.2
(36.0)
5.0
(41.0)
9.9
(49.8)
15.1
(59.2)
19.8
(67.6)
24.1
(75.4)
25.1
(77.2)
21.2
(70.2)
15.1
(59.2)
9.1
(48.4)
4.3
(39.7)
12.8
(55.0)
Record low °C (°F) −7.7
(18.1)
−6.0
(21.2)
−4.4
(24.1)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.8
(37.0)
7.5
(45.5)
15.3
(59.5)
15.8
(60.4)
9.4
(48.9)
2.0
(35.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
−5.3
(22.5)
−7.7
(18.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 39.4
(1.55)
45.8
(1.80)
81.4
(3.20)
74.6
(2.94)
100.9
(3.97)
153.1
(6.03)
159.8
(6.29)
106.0
(4.17)
167.4
(6.59)
120.1
(4.73)
55.0
(2.17)
46.7
(1.84)
1,150.1
(45.28)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 0
(0)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 7.5 8.0 10.8 10.1 9.4 11.5 10.5 7.9 10.5 9.3 7.8 7.9 111.3
Average relative humidity (%) 63 63 62 62 64 72 73 70 72 70 69 66 67
Mean monthly sunshine hours 141.4 143.8 175.0 194.5 210.1 158.2 191.8 221.2 159.6 164.6 145.5 142.7 2,046.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[9]

TransportationEdit

The main train station is Takamatsu Station, operated by JR Shikoku. Trains from here run to destinations around Shikoku, as well as Okayama Station on Honshū via the Seto-Ōhashi Bridge. The private Kotoden railway connects much of Takamatsu, with a hub and department store at Kawaramachi Station, and Takamatsu-Chikko Station nearby Takamatsu Station.

Long-distance coach services operate from the city to destinations such as Ōsaka, Kyoto, Tokyo, and Hiroshima.

Buses and trains operated by Kotoden accept a contactless payment card for travel called an IruCa.[10]

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Takamatsu is twinned with:

Friendship citiesEdit

Takamatsu has friendship arrangements with:

In literatureEdit

Notable peopleEdit

The following politicians, celebrities, and other well-known people are from Takamatsu (listed alphabetically by surname):

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "21st Bomber Command Tactical Mission Report 247, 250, Ocr | Aviation | Armed Conflict".
  2. ^ "Company Information Archived 2010-03-24 at the Wayback Machine." Shikoku Railway Company. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  3. ^ "Corporate Profile Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine." Tadano Limited. Retrieved on April 15, 2015.
  4. ^ "Worldwide Offices Japan." Asiana Airlines. Retrieved on January 19, 2009.
  5. ^ 高松城天守閣復元. www.takamatsujyo.com. Retrieved 2016-01-19.
  6. ^ Hideto, Onishi. "Takamatsu City Profile". Takamatsu City Website. Archived from the original on 27 May 2009. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  7. ^ "2021 Police White Paper Chapter 2 : Furtherance of Organized Crime Countermeasures", 2021, National Police Agency (in Japanese)
  8. ^ "5 injured after wild boar goes on rampage through Kagawa mall, 2007, Japan Today (in English)
  9. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  10. ^ "Takamatsu Japan, what to do there". 20 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
  11. ^ "St. Petersburg". Takamatsu city. Archived from the original on 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
  12. ^ "Tours". Takamatsu city. Archived from the original on 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
  13. ^ "Nanchang". Takamatsu city. Archived from the original on 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
  14. ^ "Nanchang City and Sister Cities Intercommunion". Nanchang Municipal Party Committee of the CPC and Nanchang Municipal Government. Nanchang Economic Information Center. Archived from the original on 2013-05-22. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  15. ^ Hara, Tameichi (1961). "Born A Samurai". Japanese Destroyer Captain. New York & Toronto: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-1-59114-354-3. OCLC 255849609.

External linksEdit