Sanuki, Kagawa

Sanuki (さぬき市, Sanuki-shi) is a city in Kagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 September 2022, the city had an estimated population of 46,016 in 20847 households and a population density of and a population density of 290 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 158.63 square kilometres (61.25 sq mi).[2]

Sanuki
さぬき市
Sanuki City Hall
Sanuki City Hall
Flag of Sanuki
Official seal of Sanuki
Location of Sanuki in Kagawa Prefecture
Location of Sanuki
Sanuki is located in Japan
Sanuki
Sanuki
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°19′12″N 134°10′46″E / 34.32000°N 134.17944°E / 34.32000; 134.17944Coordinates: 34°19′12″N 134°10′46″E / 34.32000°N 134.17944°E / 34.32000; 134.17944
CountryJapan
RegionShikoku
PrefectureKagawa
Government
 • MayorShigeki Oyama (since May 2006)
Area
 • Total158.63 km2 (61.25 sq mi)
Population
 (September 1, 2022)
 • Total46,016
 • Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall addressShido 5385-8, Sanuki-shi, Kagawa-ken 769-2195
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
FlowerCosmos
TreePinus
Ogushi Nature Park
Aerial view of Shido district, Sanuki city center

GeographyEdit

Sanuki is located in northeast Ehime Prefecture, on the island of Shikoku, facing the Seto Inland Sea to the north, and the Sanuki Mountains to the south. The city lies just east of the prefecture capital, Takamatsu.

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit

Kagawa Prefecture

Tokushima Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Sanuki has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light snowfall. The average annual temperature in Sanuki is 15.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1606 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in January, at around 26.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around 5.3 °C.[3]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Sanuki has been relatively steady since the 1960s.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 45,243—    
1930 46,450+2.7%
1940 44,972−3.2%
1950 60,675+34.9%
1960 56,901−6.2%
1970 53,532−5.9%
1980 55,576+3.8%
1990 57,604+3.6%
2000 57,772+0.3%
2010 53,019−8.2%

HistoryEdit

The area of Sanuki was part of ancient Sanuki Province and has been inhabited since ancient times, with many kofun burial mounds found within the city limits. During the Edo Period, the area was part of the territories of Takamatsu Domain. Following the Meiji restoration, out became part of Sangawa District, Ehime Prefecture in 1878, which became part of Kagawa Prefecture in 1888. The village of Shido was established with the creation of the modern municipalities system on February 15,1890, and was elevated to town status on February 11, 1898. The area became part of Ōkawa District, Kagawa in 1899. The city of Sanuki was created in 2002 by merging Shido with the neighboring town of Tsuda, Nagao, Sangawa and Ōkawa.[5][6]

GovernmentEdit

Sanuki has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 20 members. Sanuki contributes two members to the Ehime Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is in the Kagawa 2nd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

Sanuki has a mixed economy centered on agriculture and manufacturing, with a number of industrial parks .

EducationEdit

Sanuki has seven public elementary schools and three public middle schools operated by the city government, and three public high schools operated by the Ehime Prefectural Board of Education. In addition, there is one private high school.

TransportationEdit

RailwaysEdit

  JR Shikoku - Kōtoku Line

  Takamatsu-Kotohira Electric Railroad - Nagao Line

  Takamatsu-Kotohira Electric Railroad - Shido Line

HighwaysEdit

Sister city relationsEdit

Local attractionsEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sanuki city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ "Areas of prefectures, cities, etc". Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport, and Tourism. January 1, 2021. p. 64. Retrieved 18 March 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ Sanuki climate data
  4. ^ Sanuki population statistics
  5. ^ "Weekly News." KSB.
  6. ^ Topics Sanuki-shi Official website in Japanese

External linksEdit